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A279. IDENTIFIED - CIVIL WAR PERIOD MODEL 1852 NAVAL OFFICERS' SWORD: This is an Ames M1852 Naval Officer’s sword identified to Acting Ensign George F. Bayley. He initially enlisted in the Massachusetts 3rd cavalry, but was discharged for disabilities on 16 June, 1862 at New Orleans Louisiana. He later accepted a commission in the United States Navy as an Acting Ensign and served on the USS Cornubia & USS Pampero. 1864-1866. Braley had his name and service period etched on his sword. The etching is in Old English script inside a rectangular panel above the original Ames etching. The marker mark is faint, but readable with magnification. The brass guard and pommel cap retain 100% original gold wash; the grip and wire are 100% original and complete; and there is a period replaced leather blade washer, which holds it all tightly together. The blade showed wear with period sharpening and some minor small nicks. No scabbard. Shipping & Insurance included. $1600.00

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A249. ILLINOIS PRESENTATION - GERMAN SILVER HILT MODEL 1850 STAFF & FIELD  SWORD: This is a German Silver hilt Model 1850 Staff & Field Sword presented to an Illinois Captain in the 134th Infantry Regiment. The etched blade is worn out and has no decoration or maker's mark, but has a recessed brass "PROOF" escutcheon on the obverse ricasso. The silver grips are wrapped in gilded-brass wire. The guard is a half-basked style with pierced floral designs and the letters "US". The blued-metal scabbard has a brass throat, two mounting bands and drag. The obverse side of the mounting rings are decorated with floral designs; the obverse side of the drag features an engraved Federal shield, eagle, and "US". The reverse side of the upper mounting band is engraved:

Presented to

CAPt. J. Pike

Co. G. 134.Reg. Ill. Vol

by his fellow students

of the

University of Chicago

June 1, 1864

Joshua Pike was born at West Jefferson, Ohio in 1840. His family moved to Barry, Illinois. He was attending classes at the University of Chicago but set aside his studies to enlist in the Union army on May 31, 1864 and was commissioned a captain. He served in Co. G., 134th Illinois Volunteer Infantry until he mustered out on October 25, 1864. He returned to the University of Chicago to complete his education. Condition: Very good. The blade has a smooth, gray patina with some scattered dark spots. The hilt has a dark patina. Moderate to heavy dents in the scabbard's drag. A binder with historical information is included, and shipping with insurance is included. $2900.00

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A274. 9TH MARYLAND - HIGH-GRADE PRESENTATION M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is an outstanding example of a Clauberg High-Grade presentation sword.  The attached historical information provides a detail description of the sword as well as information on the officer to which it was presented.

Presented to

Capt. Jas. W. Brady

by Company B 9th Md Infy.

Harper’sFerry, Va.

                                  Oct 28 1863.

Captain James W. Brady joined the 9th Maryland Infantry, which was a six-month unit, and it appears he was in a pre-war militia unit and remained active in the local militia after his enlistment ended. He served as the Provost Marshall in Harper’s Ferry during his time of service. This historical binder provided his history to include is Muster Sheets and Pension File.  This folder is included with the sword, and Shipping & Insurance is free. $7900.00

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F491. 2ND ILLINOIS CAVALRY ISSUED & IDENTIFIED - COLT MODEL 1861 NAVY REVOLVER: This is a VERY GOOD+ to LOW FINE condition example of the scarce Colt New Model Navy Percussion Revolver, better known to collectors as the Model 1861 Navy Revolver. It has a documenting that it was shipped to the United State Navy Department; Commanding Officer; U.S. Navy Yard Boston, Massachusetts on December 20, 1861 in a lot of 200 guns. It would later be sold or transferred to the Army, and issued on 01 July, 1864 to Private Henry C. Stover; Company “C” 2nd Illinois Cavalry Regiment as documented in the Springfield records and confirmed by the 2nd Illinois Cavalry Regiment files at the National Archives.

The Model 1861 Navy was the pinnacle of Colt’s percussion revolver production and blended some of the best features of both the popular Old Model Navy (aka Model 1851) and New Model Army (aka Model 1860) revolvers into one pistol. The gun was .36 caliber, as implied by the name “Navy”, with a six chambered cylinder and had a 7 ½” round barrel. The loading lever was of the Model 1860 Army “creeping style” and for all practical purposes the front half of the revolver was a scaled down version of Model 1860 Army in .36 caliber. The rear portion of the revolver was pure “Navy” with the classic Model 1851 grip frame and grip angle, which would live for generations as the pattern for the grip design of the classic Colt Model 1873 Single Action Army.

The Model 1861 Navy was more streamlined than the earlier Model 1851 variant and the new loading lever was a significant improvement over the older toggle action design. While the revolvers were not purchased in huge numbers by the US government during the American Civil War, they did serve in reasonably large numbers, proportional to their production. Only 38,843 of the pistols were produced during its production run from 1861 to 1873, with less than 28,000 being manufactured before the end of 1865. Most sources place US government purchases at about 2,000 guns, but based upon recorded serial number data, more were purchased on the open market, as well as by the various states and by individual soldiers.

According to the Springfield Research Service serial number record books, several Model 1861 Navy revolvers were reported in the hands of troopers from Companies F & L, 13th Illinois Cavalry during 1864. These guns are scattered in the serial number ranges of 2496 – 4324, 7636 – 12482 and 16001 – 16236. Model 1861 Navy revolvers also show up in the records of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry (Companies C & D, scattered from 4255 – 7709), the 9th Illinois Cavalry (Company D) and the 10th Illinois Cavalry (Company B). Colt Model 1861 Navy revolvers are also listed among the small arms issued to Company L of the 2nd KY Cavalry (US), and Company E of the 11th Ohio Cavalry. The members of Company M, 1st Arkansas Cavalry privately purchased a handful of the pistols as well. This wide range of serial numbers and issue of the pistols clearly indicates that many more of the revolvers were purchased by the states and saw use during the war than the 2,000 Ordnance Department purchased and inspected revolvers.

The fact that a minimum of three Illinois Volunteer cavalry regiments were at least partially armed with the revolvers suggests that Illinois may have made a significant purchase of the revolvers directly from Colt or other sources such as the U. S. Navy or Ordnance Department. At least one delivery of 50 “New Model” Navy revolvers to the state of Illinois is contained within surviving Colt documents. 

This Colt New Model 1861 Navy Revolver is in VERY GOOD+ to LOW FINE condition and is serial number 4403, placing its production in 1861 with all serial numbers matching to include the wedge. The grips are tight to the backstrap and no doubt are original and will have an ink numbered with the last three digits of the serial number inside the backstrap cut out.

The lower left front of the frame reads COLT’S / PATENT, and the side of the cylinder is marked COLT’S PATENT No 4403. The naval battle scene roll engraved on the cylinder is worn, but visible, and the top of the 7 1/2” round barrel is marked with the standard one-line New York address: 

— ADDRESS COL. SAML COLT NEW – YORK U. S. AMERICA —

The gun does not bear any government inspector marks; however, the lack of these markings does not in any way mean that the gun did not see Civil War service.  As noted, the Colt letter documents its shipment the U. S. Navy, and the Springfield records and files at the National Archives documents its use by Private Henry C. Stover; Company “C” 2nd Illinois Cavalry Regiment as discussed above.

The gun is tight and essentially untouched except for the replaced screw above the wedge, and is basically a plum-brown gun. It shows scattered freckles of oxidation and darkening here and there and some freckled areas of minor surface roughness, with some pinpricking and light pitting around the muzzle and of course on the face and rear of the cylinder. The frame has more of a mottled gray patina, which is lighter than the plum brown tone that is prevalent on the barrel and cylinder.

The cylinder retains about 65%+ of the Ormsby roll engraved Republic of Texas vs. the Mexican Navy battle scene. The cylinder retains all six original cones (nipples), and most of the safety pins are present on the rear of the cylinder.

The bore of the pistol rates about VERY FINE++. It is partly bright, with sharp rifling. The pistol is in FINE mechanical condition and functions as it should. The revolver times, indexes and locks up correctly and the action retains a nice, crisp feel to it. The brass frame has an attractive golden color. There is no silver-plated finish on the grip frame and was probably never plated. The gun was likely produced with the “military finish” which included a lower level of polish to the metal resulting in a duller blue, skipped the silver-plating process for the brass parts and utilized oil finished, rather than varnished wood grips. The one-piece walnut grip is in about VERY GOOD++ condition and is free of any breaks, cracks, or repairs. The edges remain crisp but the lower right leading edge does show a small missing chip.

Overall, this is a relatively crisp, well-marked and mechanically fine example of one of the less commonly encountered Colt revolvers from the American Civil War period. With less than 39,000 produced, and less than 28,000 of them produced before the end of 1865, these guns can be hard to find compared to the approximately 200,000 Colt Model 1860 Army revolvers and approximately 215,000 Colt Model 1851 Navy revolvers produced. The 1861 Navy production only equaled about 19% of Colt 1860 Army production and 17% of Colt 1851 Navy production. As such, they are about five times rarer than the more commonly encountered Colts of the era. By that logic, the guns should be five times as valuable as their more numerous brethren! This is a very nice example that presents well and has a nice, honest, and attractive appearance.  The gun will be a wonderful addition to your collection of Civil War era secondary martial revolvers and is a gun you will really enjoy displaying with your collection. 

Henry C. Stover was from Bath Illinois and enlisted on 31 July 1861 as a Private, and on 12 August 1861 mustered into Company “C” Illinois 2nd Cavalry. His Muster Cards show he was present with Company “C” Illinois 2nd Cavalry July 1861 to April 1863; Detailed as an Orderly for Colonel Keppner, Memphis Tennessee May 1863 to Dec 1863; Detached service Fort Pickering – 3rd Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery (1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery) Nov to Dec 1863; mustered out 1 Jan 1864 and discharged in order to reenlistment to continue service as Orderly for Colonel Keppner, Memphis Tennessee until April 1864. In May 1864, Stover returns to Company “C” Illinois 2nd Cavalry to June 1865; after which he is listed as a deserter in August 1865; but later Mustered Out in November, 1865 while in San Antonio Texas. A review on his pension file shows he sustained two line-of-duty injuries: 1 April, 1862 he was kicked in the head by his horse, which led to the loss of hearing and his left eye, and on 2 November 1862, at Bolivar Tennessee, his great (large) toe was shot off in battle while guarding a forage train. Included is the original Colt letter, a copy of the Springfield records, and a history binder complete with copies of the soldier’s muster sheets and pension file. Shipping & Insurance included. $4600.00

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A269. HIGH GRADE – SAUERBIER – GRANT HEAD POMMEL CAP- MEDICAL SURGEON PRESENTATION SWORD: This is an extremely rare example of a high-grade Sauerbier sword presented to a Civil War medical surgeon. It is not maker marked; however, it has several unique characteristics associated with Sauerbier to include the etched scabbard with its distinctive Sauerbier drag. It is 1 of 5 known examples with a General Grant Head pommel depicting his full head, and 1 of 2 known swords with an Abalone grip in an octagon shape. The hilt style is that of a 1840-50’s Militia Officers sword with a silver plated open cross guard with a chain guard, and the presentation on both sides of the center panels.

Presented to

 

Thos R. Cosby

 

Surg U.S. Vol

 

by the

 

Officers  Friends

 

Female Nurses

 

&

 

Patients of

 

Col Coll Hosp

 

Jun 1st 1864

 

Dr. Thomas Russell Crosby, 1816-1872, offered himself for examination before the Army Board at Philadelphia, and passed so creditably that he was at once commissioned as Brigade Surgeon and place in charge of Columbian College Hospital, near Washington. He found the hospital in a miserable condition, and made it his special duty to bring it up to the correct standard of what an army hospital should be. So successful was he that although he often asked to be relieved and detailed to duty in the field, his request was never granted, but he was retained in charge of this hospital until it was closed, receiving the brevet of Colonel United States Volunteers, as a mark of appreciation from Government when he was mustered out. A binder with historical information is included, and Shipping & Insurance is free. $7500.00

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CN07. CONFEDERATE CEDAR CANTEEN - IDENTIFIED - 14TH REGIMENT LOUISIANA INFANTRY: This Confederate Cedar Canteen is identified to Private Joh Gottling of the 14th Louisiana Infantry.  He enlisted on 1 June 1861 as a private.  It is a standard Confederate cedar canteen and is complete with all original wood, two steel bands, and three steel retention straps with some black string attached for support. The front circular section of the canteen is somewhat warped in and not flush with the groves. Slightly off to the left side and lightly scratched in is a name, which upon close examination is identified as Joh Gottling. He is the only Confederate Soldier listing in the Civil War data base & National Park records with this name.

Private Jon Fedrick enlisted in New Orleans for theduration of the war on 1 June, 1861 into Company “C” 14th Louisiana Infantry. He was born in Germany, his occupation was a River Man with a residence of New Orleans, and was 26 when he enlisted. He fought at the Siege of Yorktown, April 5, 1862; Williamsburg, May 5; Seven Pines, April 30, May 1, June 1 & 2; Ellison’s Mills, June 27; Cold Harbor; Frazier’s Farm, June 30; Cedar Run, Aug 9, 1862; Bristoe Station, Aug 26, 1862; Manassas No. 2, Aug 27; Chantilly, Sep1; Harper’s Ferry, Sept 15; and Sharpsburg (Antietam), Sept 17 where he was wounded in the thigh and made a Prisoner of War. He was Paroled on Sep 27, 1862 and sent to Fort McHenry for exchange on Oct 13, 1862.  On Oct 23, 1862 he was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 4, Richmond, Virginia.  By November, 1862 he  is listed as absent with our leave and the as a deserter, but a good soldier while in the Company! Shipping & Insurance included. $2800.00

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C470. MISSISSIPPI SIDE KNIFE: This Confederate Side knife was discovered and purchased in Mississippi by Rebel Relics - Brian Akins. When acquired, there was a verbal story that it belonged to a Mississippi soldier, but there was no additional history. On close examination, the name “W H Harris” was found carved on the top of the grip and initials “W H” on the right side. The initial search of the Civil War data base identified several Mississippi soldiers with this name, and more was needed for a positive identification. On the lead ferrule, the letter “E” was found carved on both sides, which most likely is a unit identification. With this added information, a search for a Mississippi soldier enlisted in a unit with a “Company E” commenced and two soldiers were found: William Hansford Harris "E" Co. Mississippi 18th Infantry and William H. Harris "E" Co. 2nd Partisan Rangers Mississippi Infantry. Since both have similar names, this knife could belong to either, and so historical information on both is provided.

William Hansford Harris: On 4/20/1861 he mustered into "E" Co. Mississippi 18th Infantry. He was discharged for disability from battle wounds on 11/15/1861. He was wounded in battle twice: first in the leg, and then in the arm, which was amputated. This led to his discharge. He survived.

William H. Harris:  On 9/1/1862 he mustered into "E" Co. Mississippi 2nd Part Rangers Cavalry. His muster sheets show that he was wounded near Ripley Mississippi, but remained with the unit at least until October 1864.

The knife is 17 1/2 inches long with a 13-inch spear-pointblade made from a file. You can still see file teeth marks all over the blade. The blade is period sharpened and has an even patina. The grip looks to be walnut with a lead ferrule, a brass cross-guard, and a brass plate with three pins. The original sheath is brown leather, bottom stitch, and reinforced with heavy wire at its end.  As mention above, the name “W H Harris” is carved on the top of the grip and initials “W H” on the right side, and the letter “E” is carved on both sides of the ferrule.  The knife is in superb condition and most likely carried by one of the two identified Mississippi Soldiers. There is a high probability the knife was made is Mississippi.  Shipping & Insurance included. $3750.00

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A259. HIGH-GRADE M1850 STAFF & FIELD PRESENTATION SWORD  - 198TH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY: This is a High-Grade presentation sword retailed by Horstmann, Philadelphia, PA. On the back side of the top mounts is the following presentation:

A Testimony to

Capt Thomas C Spackman

Co. E 198th Regt.

Residence Bucks County PA; Enlisted on 7/11/1861 as a Private; on 7/11/1861 he mustered into "K" Co. PA 32nd Infantry; He was Mustered Out on 6/17/1864 at Philadelphia, PA; On 9/9/1864 he was commissioned into "E" Co. PA 198th Infantry;  He was discharged for wounds on 6/26/1865 at Philadelphia, PA; He was listed as Wounded 3/29/1865 Lewis' Farm, VA (Wounded in abdomen); Hospitalized 5/1/1865 Washington, DC (Armory Square Hospital); Promotions: Corporal 3/1/1862; Sergeant 7/31/1862; 1st Sergeant 8/1/1862; 2nd Lieutenant 2/1/1863;1st Lieutenant 9/16/1863; Captain 9/9/1864 (As of Co. E 198th PA Infantry); Major 3/29/1865 by Brevet.  History binder included. Shipping & Insurance included. $6500.00

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U995. HIGH-GRADE POST - CIVIL WAR PRESENTATION SWORD - COMPANY A “CHARLESTOWN CADETS” 5TH REGIMENTS M.V.M: This is an amazing High-Grade post - Civil War Presentation sword attributed to the “Charlestown Cadets” Boston Massachusetts. The 5th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia was a peacetime infantry regiment that was activated for federal service in the Union army for three separate tours during the American Civil War. In the years immediately preceding the war and during its first term of service, the regiment consisted primarily of companies from Essex County as well as Boston and Charlestown. The sword is an ornate staff & field sword with a German silver grip; gold washed guard and pommel cap in a German silver scabbard with high-grade fancy mounts.  The top mount is etched “CC” for Charlestown Cadets, and on the reversed side between the mounts if the presentation:

Presented to Captain H. C. Cutter by the

Charlestown Cadets and Friends

May 24th 1869

Cutter entered service as a Private and promoted to Corporal in the “H” company, 5th Regiment M.V.M. during the latter part of the Civil War for an enlistment of 100 Days. He would remain with the unit and promote to Captain of the Charlestown Cadets. Shipping is included. $5500.00

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U992. 1ST CONNECTICUT HEAVY ARTILLERY ID'ED FOOT OFFICERS SWORD:  This sword belonged to Lieutenant Nelson B. Gilbert of the 1st. Connecticut Heavy Artillery. The characteristics of the sword indicate that it most likely was made by Sauerbier. The leather grip and twisted wire, as well as the hilt and pommel cap, are 100% original and tight. The blade shows wear, but the etching is strong. The original top-stitched leather scabbard has crazing, but is strong and firm, and retains all original mounts, which show a high copper content. The top mount is engraved as follows:

Lt N B Gilbert

1st Arty C V

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On 5/22/1861, Gilbert  was commissioned into "H" Co. CT 1st Heavy Artillery and was discharged on 2/15/1864. On 10/27/1864 he was commissioned into CT 3rd Light Artillery and Mustered Out on 6/23/1865 at Virginia. His unit was heavy involved in several engagements throughout the war. $2400.00

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