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U375. HIGH-GRADE NON-REGULATION BRITISH PATTERN 1822 CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABER FISH-TAIL POMMEL:  This is a high-grade Non-regulation British pattern 1822 cavalry officer's saber with a gold washed hilt, and gold washed etched blade.  The blade is Clauberg maker marked and "Iron Proof" on the spine, and retains theoriginal blade washer. The hilt is tight and the grip is 100% original shark-skin and triple wire. The scabbard is brown metal with brass mounts.

$2800.00

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U383. RARE HEINISCH BOWIE KNIFE: This is a rare American Bowie knife by the noted American Cutler Rochus Heinisch, of Newark, New Jersey. American Bowie knives are very rare; many times rarer than Sheffield Bowies that dominated the U.S. market place in the early to mid-1800s.  Heinisch Bowie knives are extremely rare; and according to Bill Williamson, all appear to have been made in the 1850's. There are very few known specimens that have surfaced to date.  This being a previously unseen design, and only the second I have handled.

This Bowie knife measures 12 1/4" in overall length with its original scabbard.  The 7 3/8" clip blade x 1 1/16" wide shows period sharpening, and hot stamped, "R. HEINISH". The blade tang extends through a walnut grip with a brass ferrule at the brass cross guard, and a brass pale where the tang is pinned. The entire tire is loose due to shrinkage.  The sheath is original to the knife and is in strong condition with a little shrinkage and the tip missing. On the grip are stamped the initials "J.R.M." however, there is nothing else indicating a units and there are too many soldiers with those initials to make a positive identification.

In the famous William Williamson article on Heinisch Bowies, he states that the name of R. Heinisch can be added to the select little group of American cutlers who made Bowie and fighting type knives of quality.  Here is an opportunity to own a Rare American made Civil War period bowie knife.

$1950.00

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U387.  M1840 CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER - MINT:  This is a classic M1840 Cavalry Officers' saber in mint condition.  The guillion adornment has a radiating fan near the top edge of the quillion.  The two branches have the expected laurel leaf cast design.  The pommel cap is in the regulation Phrygian helmet pattern. The grip is shark-skin with braded wire. The entire hilt is tight, and generous amounts of original gold wash is still present. The mint-condition frosty blade is held tight by the original leather washer.  The 35 " blade is adorned with an Eagle, "E PLURIBUS UNUM" cross cannons and a large US.  The scabbard is a style seen on Soligen made sabers. It is steel and believed to have been bright when made.  The chased mounts are all brass including the throat, suspension rings and drag. The ring mounts have a center heavy brass band with a scribed line border and are press or friction fit.  The scallop cut drag is the same design as the bands, but secured with a screw.  This is an excellent example of a M1840 Cavalry Officers' saber.

$3500.00

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U470: TIFFANY SWORD, STAFF & FIELD OFFICERS CIVIL WAR SWORD, PRESENTATION GRADE:  This is an absolutely outstanding Tiffany Style Staff & Field with Collins marked blade. It is beautiful. Although there are no other marks, it is most certainly a product constructed by Tiffany that was sold to a dealer/vender for marketing. It has a classic Tiffany style silver grip that is identical to those on Tiffany products and as most are aware, Tiffany used Collins (this is dated 1862) as its main supplier of high quality blades, even on its finest presentation grade swords. The blade is excellent with beautiful etching and the German silver scabbard is adorned with decorative mounts. Mounts and hilt retain almost all of the original gold finish.

$4600.00

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U510. DAHLGREN BOWIE BAYONET KNIFE: This is a Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife.  Prior to the Civil War, Commander John Dahlgren developed a Bowie-style fighting knife, but in order to get it funded he marketed it as a bayonet for the Navy rifle musket (Plymouth rifle). It is rare to find one that will fit a Plymouth rifle because they had to be tooled to fit, but this one actually fits the rifle I have listed for sale F120.  This knife is all original with its original scabbard. The patina on the brass is even and never cleaned. The lug-nut locking spring is operational, the wood grip is complete, and the blade has a sharp point and never sharpened. The blade is maker marked Ames, Navy inspected and dated 1863.  The inspection markings are very rare because you will see a Navy anchor on both the blade and the back-end of the knife, which indicated it was not only inspected but issued. This makes it a scarce example! The scabbard is complete with no breaks or repairs, and retains all complete mounts.  As mentioned, it fits the Plymouth Rifle I have for sale, but is being sold separately. If both are purchased, I will give a package deal. The Bowie is priced:

$2800.00

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U525. CLAUBERG CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER – MODEL 1840 DEEP GUARD & KNUCKLEBOW VARIANT:  This is a Clauberg cavalry officers' saber – model 1840 deep guard & knuckle bow variant as shown on pages 140 – 143 in John H. Thillmann’s book {Civil War Cavalry & Artillery Sabers}. These are identified to Clauberg by the unique characteristics attributed to this maker. The hilt is tight; the grip retains 100% original triple strand wire and shark-skin grip, and the leather blade washer keeps the frosty blade tight. The blade has the brass PROVED disk, and is in mint condition with standard etching showing the Eagle and U.S. in the center panel.  The brown field scabbard is also in great condition with no dings or dents and has a great deep brown patina.  Overall, one of the best examples I have seen of this sword in near-mintcondition.

$3000.00

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U542. W. CLAUBERG 1840 CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER – AMES DESIGN:  One of the most popular Cavalry Officers' sabers during the Civil War was made by Ames, and several foreign manufacturers copied the design for retailers in America. Ames ultimately sued for copy-right infringement and won bringing an end to the importation of the copies.  However as a result, these sabers are almost as rare to find as the Ames version, but valued at a fraction of the cost. This saber is Clauberg made with the flying eagle on the inside of the guard with traces of original gold wash. The grip is 100% original shark-skin with triple wire. The unsharpened Clauberg marked blade is lightly etched with faint original frosting, and US and the spread Eagle in the center panels. The scabbard is one of the better ones I have seen with a bright steel finish and all original brass mounts. An Ames version would be valued $7500-$8900, but here is a chance to own a unique example of a Cavalry Officers' saber well below the cost of the Ames version. 

$2850.00

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U564. M1821 NON-REGULATION FRENCH INFANTRY OFFICERS SWORD:  WOW, what an amazing blade! This is a M1821 Non-Regulation French Infantry Offricers sword, which was imported into the United State and where carried by Infantry and Artillery officers before and during the Civil War. Often you will find these unetched, and if etched, in well-used condition.  This one is in amazing condition with an etched blade that is perfect in all aspects. The hilt has a nice patina, and with the exception of a small piece of leather missing, the grip is perfect.  The metal scabbard is dent free.  No maker or retailer marks.  

$1075.00

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U566. UNUSUAL STYLE IMPORT NON-REGULATION U.S. CAVALRY OFFICER:  This saber is likely made in Solingen for the American Civil War and is considered a Non-Regulation pattern, and is a style seldom encountered. It is a smooth bird’s head shape pommel with an integral back strap. The grip is sharkskin, triple copper wire wrap with the center strand being dragoon twist. The knuckle bow has no slot for a saber knot. There are two cavalry style branches also undecorated. There are two shield shape langets and a flat disk quillon. The blade has the flat spins of the 1840 pattern. The ricasso is short with no markings. The 12.5 inch etched panel is beautifully done with scroll work and an American Eagle under stars and an E. Pluribus Unum ribbon. The reverse has a stand of arms in place of the Eagle. The scabbard body is German Silver. The mounts appear to be silver with heavy gilt.  The top mount is a long, 4.5 inch throat with a banded carry ring with line chased designs. The center mount matches, but smaller in size and the drag has the same chase-work of a line design aroundthe blade and at the top.

$1795.00

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U587. M1860 CAVALRY SABER –EMERSON & SILVER 1864: This is a M1860 light Cavalry Saber made by Emerson & Silver, Trenton N.J. It is dated 1864 and inspection marked. The hilt has a nice even patina and retains 100% original leather and twisted wire. The original blade washer holds the blade tight. It has a few dark spots with grayish patina, but no rust. The original scabbard has post-Civil War plating, which was common during the Indian War period. Free Shipping at this price.  

$775.00

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U588.  SAUERBIER M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD: Sometimes, I find a sword which is unique in many ways and gets me excited.  This is such a sword!  It might not be minty and bright, or shiny as many high-end pieces, but this has the age and wear that truly indicated it was carried in battle.  It is an unmarked Sauerbier M1850 Staff & Field sword in a Roby Staff & Field scabbard. Was it originally purchased in this configuration, or did the officer obtain a field replacement.  One will never know, but the patina on the brass matches on the sword and scabbard, and the fit is perfect.  As far as I am concern, it is all original to the war.  The pommel cap, and screw, and blade match Sauerbier designs. The grip retains 100% original shark-skin material, but is missing all but one strand of wire. The blade washer is gone, but the blade is tight. The blade is tired, but you can still see the original etching.  Also, the blade show original period sharpening. The scabbard retains all original mounts and screws and wood liners, and has great patina.  Oh, if this sword could only speak…I hear the faint sounds of battles in Virginia, Pennsylvania, maybe Shiloh or the march to the sea.  This sword will display well in any collection. Free shipping.

$1050.00

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U616. HORSTMANN M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD: This is a Horstmann M1852 Naval Offices sword.  It retains 100% of its original gold wash on the hilt and all scabbard mounts. The original white shark-skin grip is perfict with all original triple-strand wire. The red felt blade washer is complete and in great condition, and it holds the blade tight. The blade is marked with the Gebruder Weyersberg king’s head and the W. H. Horstmann & Sons Philadelphia mark etched in the blade. The etching is strong and much original frosting is present, but there is some black spotting in the blade. The black leather scabbard is complete with all original mounts and screws. I have seen similar examples selling in the $2200-$2500 range, but I have priced this below those prices.

$1800.00

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U618. SAUERBIER NON-REG. ARTILLERY STAFF OFFICERS SWORD: This Sauerbier pattern has a relatively small, half basket guard with foliate decoration basket and knuckle-bow. The pommel has additional scroll work on the crown rim. The quillon is decorated as is a small reverse counter guard. The curved blade has an unstopped fuller and a secondary fuller starting 15 inches from the guard. The etching is scroll work on the obverse and the Sauerbier address: H. Sauerbier / Newark / NJ, scroll work and a large U.S., on the reverse. The maker mark is fain, but readable, and the remaining etching is strong. Iron Proof is on the spine of the blade. The curved blade is identical to a known mounted officer example with a leather scabbard with brass mounts; however, this example has a steal scabbard with steal mounts, a steel throat piece, and a brass drag making it an artillery officer’s sword. A rare find!

$2400.00

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U619. M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD – BOATSWAIN JOHN A. FLOYD: This Model 1852 Naval Officers sword is identified to Boatswain John A. Floyd. The sword is not maker marked, but might be an Ames product; however, it is marked by the retailer A. W. Pollard & CO. Boston, MA.  The hilt retains much of the original gold wash and it tight, and on the outside guard is etched JOHN A FLOYD.  The grip material, which is original, is unusual in that it is a fine brass mesh material with twisted brass wire. The scabbard is missing the drag, and the back seam is open below the second mount. Both mounts retain 100% original gold was and have the retention screw. The top mount has JOHN A FLOYD etched on the back side.

John Adams Floyd was born in Boston November 26, 1826 and a resident of Abington, Massachusetts, and died May 13, 1894 at the age of sixty-eight.

He enlisted in the Navy April 18, 1838 as a Landsman for three years, and served on the USS Columbus (Date of Enlistment - May 26, 1838) and on the USS Cyane (May 27, 1838 – May 29,1842) until discharged.  However, he did not stay out long and would shortly reenlist, but under the alias Charles Smith. The reason for the name change is unknown.

On April 19, 1843 he reentered the navy as a Seaman and was assigned to the receiving ship, USS Pennsylvania (Date of Enlistment – May 22, 1843). He would then be assigned to the USS Macedonia (May 23, 1843 – May 10, 1845), when he was discharged. He would again reenlist as Charles Smith on October 13, 1846 as a Seaman for the “Cruise” and serves on the USS Vincennes (Date of Enlistment – April 13, 1847).

On May 16, 1862, Floyd would again enlisted in the Navy for the Civil War serving on the USS North Carolina (May 16, 1862 – June 30, 1862); the USS Adirondack (July 1, 1862 – September 7, 1862) up until it sank; and the USS Conemaugh as a Chief Boatswain’s Mate (September 8, 1862 – December 16, 1864) until his discharge and promotion. On December 22, 1864 he would promote as an officer to Acting Boatswain and be assigned to the USS Richmond for the remainder of the war until mustered out on August 15, 1865.  Boatswain Floyd was on the USS Richmond and present with Farragut's fleet. He was recognized for his bravery while leading a rescue party to save crew members from a stranded ship on the sand bar in Mobile Bay.

I have had this sword for over a year while looking for a replacement drag. If you have one for sale, I will buy it. Complete military record with 199 pages of historical documentation included with  the sword.

$2600.00

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U620. AMERICAN ETCHED (WAR OF 1812): - ENGLISH P-1796 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER: In 1796 the British War Department adopted a newly designed saber for use by the Light Cavalry based upon John Gaspard Le Merchant military experiences in the field. Le Merchant saw the inadequacies in the British cavalry saber design while he was serving as a brigade major with the British Cavalry in Flanders, during the Low Countries campaign in the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars (1793-1795). Upon returning to England, he enlisted the aid of English cutler and sword maker Henry Osborn and between them was born the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber. The saber had a curved blade with relatively short slashing tip, referred to as a “hatchet” tip. The blade was typically between 32 ½” and 33” long and had a simple stirrup shaped iron guard with languets on either side of the guard. The grip had a grooved wood core wrapped with braided cord and then wrapped with leather. A pair of iron ears extended from the back-strap on either side of the grip’s center, and a transverse pin reinforced the grip to the back-strap attachment; strengthening it and keeping the grip from wobbling or working itself loose from the hilt. The design was strictly for hacking and slashing, and not for thrusting designed as a standard fighting saber for the use of the light cavalry troopers and no “officers” pattern were made. While the British War Department often created specific, official “officers’” pattern swords for wear with dress uniforms, etc. no specific officers’ light cavalry saber was authorized or codified. As such, a variety of enhanced variants of the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber were produced for use and wear by officers. Some were little more than lightened versions of the trooper saber with wire wrap on the grip and some level of ornamentation on the blade, varying from simple acid etching to fire blued blades with gold gilt decorations. Heavily ornamented hilts were available as well. The popularity of Le Merchant’s design is also seen in the number of American sabers (often called “Bird’s Head” pommels) that are known from the era of the late 1790s through the early 1820s, often utilizing the same stirrup guard (often called “D” or “P” guards) in both brass and iron. The form seems to have been quite popular with mounted American militia officers during the Federal Era, and variants are known with connection to infantry, cavalry and artillery officers. As many American swords and sabers in the post-Revolutionary War through pre-War of 1812 era originated with the cutlers and swords makers in England, it is not surprising that current British military patterns were frequently imported by American retailers. Some American retailers acquired only their blades from England and hilted the swords themselves, but other retailers purchased completed swords from the English for sale in America.

This is a wonderful example of a British Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Officers’ Sword that was clearly intended for the American market. The saber appears to be a slightly lighter version of the common trooper’s saber with the exception that the grip has no reinforcing ears, and the leather-covered grip has an additional wire wrap. However, when the blade is drawn from the iron scabbard, the acid etched blade with American military motifs is immediately apparent. Approximately 15” of the 29 ½” long curved blade is etched with a variety of martial images. The obverse starts with floral splays and an arched bridge near the ricasso, with the word WARRENTED etched over the bridge. This is followed by a martial panoply of drums, canons, flags and pole arms, with the central pole arm being tipped with the “liberty cap”. Next is another floral splay that is topped with a spread-winged American eagle. The eagle clutches the usual olive branch in it left talon and 3 arrows in its right, and has a banner bearing the de facto motto of the United States E. Pluribus Unum (out of many, one), secured in its beak. The breast of the eagle is an American flag shield with 11 vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16 stars on the upper portion. The number of stars is interesting; suggesting the saber dates to between 1796 and 1803, although it could date as late as 1820. In 1796 Tennessee entered the union as the 16th state, the first since the adoption of the 15-star flag in 1795. The 17th state, Ohio, entered the union in 1803, and was followed by Louisiana (#18) in 1812, Indiana (#19) in 1816 and Mississippi (#20) in 1817. However, the 15-star flag remained the official American flag until 1820, when it was replaced with a new 20-star flag. This does not mean that flags with different star counts were not used during the time, and for a period a 16-star and 16-stripe flag was used unofficially, circa 1797-1803. Above the American eagle is another floral splay. The reverse of the saber starts with the same style of floral decoration and arched bridge near the ricasso, and continued with floral splays up the blade. The central image is another martial panoply featuring a drum, a canon, pole arms (with the central one again tipped with a “Liberty Cap”) and a shield with an American flag motif. Again the shield has 11-vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16-stars on the upper portion. Above the martial display is another floral splay. The curved blade is 29 ½” in length and 1 1/8” wide at the ricasso and the spine is a ¼” wide at that location as well. A single, wide fuller extends from the ricasso approximately 21 ½” towards the tip of the saber. The stirrup hilt and back strap are of iron, as they would be for any but the highest end English P-1796 officer’s saber. The hilt is 4 ½” long and the overall length of the saber is about 34 ½”. The rear of the guard is slotted for a saber knot and a pair of 15/16” long iron languets, the same width as the blade, extend form the front of the guard. The top of the guard extends 1 ½” above the blade and is tipped with a flat, round quillon. The wooden grip is grooved with an obvious palm-swell and covered in thin dark brown leather. Seven wraps of bronze or copper wire are present in the grooves. The wire has a wound center strand, flanked by two plain strands of wire, quite similar to the wire found on US Model 1833 Dragoon sabers. Interestingly the 1833 Dragoon was based upon the replacement for the Pattern 1796 saber, the Pattern 1821 saber. Other than the word “WARRENTED” no other identifying mark can be found on the saber other than a very tiny letter stamped on the spine, which may be a “C” or “G”. If it is a “G”, it may suggest Thomas Gill made the saber for the American market. The saber is in about FINE overall condition. The frosted etching on both sides of the blade is very clear and crisp and is about 90%+ present. The highly polished blade retains about 85%+ of its original bright polish as well. The etched panels show only some minor discoloration from freckled surface oxidation and some scattered flecks of discoloration. The last 8” of the blade, from the end of the fuller to the tip has been very lightly cleaned, and some minor surface scratches are visible in the polished steel. The blade is free of any significant dings or nicks, but a few tiny impact marks can be felt along the cutting edge if you carefully run your thumb along it. This is typical of any old sword that probably saw some light use, and then some additional action as a family heirloom "toy" reenacting the deeds of grandpa or great-grandpa. The iron stirrup hilt and back strap have an untouched mottled gray and brown patina with a mostly dark brown even coloration along the back strap, and some small areas of scattered minor surface oxidation scattered over the hilt. The leather wrap is original and is about 80%+ present, with largest single area of loss being at the obverse rear of the grip, where it has flaked away and another piece of leather has lifted and may flake off soon as well. The other areas of loss are some small wear spots on the reverse of the grip. The wire all appears to be original, and remains relatively tight and secure, with only some minor looseness noted at the obverse rear where the leather wrap has started to flake. The saber is accompanied by its original iron scabbard, and fits it perfectly. The scabbard retains both original iron suspension rings and is complete, including its throat. The scabbard was painted black a very long time ago, possibly during the period of use or immediately thereafter as a means of protecting a family heirloom. The scabbard was then decorated on the obverse with gold paint in a floral motif between the mounts. Only about 30%-40% of this paint remains, having worn off the scabbard from handling, storage and use over the years. The scabbard remains solid with the only condition issues worth noting being a tiny seam crack, about ½” long, 3 ¼” below the lower drag, and pair of deep dents between the mounts on the reverse. The upper dent is the deeper and larger of the two. A smaller, thumb-sized dent is also present on the obverse just below the upper mount. The scabbard matches the saber well and the old painted decorations really add to the overall eye appeal of the saber.

While it is impossible to know the exact date of manufacture and the exact period of use of this sword, it is almost certainly c1800 and most likely pre-War of 1812. The number of stars in the etched panels and the overall pattern are typical of earlier, rather than later Federal Era officer’s swords, which tend to be more heavily embellished. This sword, with its relatively short 29 ½” blade was almost certainly an infantry officer’s or artillery officer’s saber and the iron scabbard suggest use while mounted. This is a very attractive sword with a wonderful blade and lovely etching. It would be a wonderful addition to any collection of early American swords. This is a scarce pattern, and I have only seen a handful of these English P-1796 officer type swords etched with American martial motifs. It is a sword you will no doubt be very glad to add to your collection and to display on your wall.

$1895.00

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U623. HIGH-GRADE, SILVER HILT NON-REGULATION SWORD: One of my favorite sword designs is the Non-regulation officer’s swords because of the wide variety that exist. This is a plain two-guard hilt similar to a Cavalry style, but not Calvary because of the blade. This sword is in near-mint condition, which makes it a challenge to photograph. The hilt is silver-plated, has 100% original shark-skin grip and wire, and is tight. The blade is bright with frosted panels, and is so bright you can see the camera and my arm in the reflection. Sorry about that!  The scabbard is original German silver with a steel drag. I believe this style sword most likely was carried by a mounted artillery officers. It is a great find and will be a great addition to any sword collection.

$1400.00

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U624.NON-REGULATION FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: Next to the standard M1850 Foot Officers sword, the Non-Regulation Foot Officer sword is the most common sword carried by company grade officers (Lieutenants and Captains) during the Civil War. To coin the phrase: they are a dime a dozen. However, it is one of my favorite swords and I love finding them. This sword definitely saw the elephant and shows wear, but not abuse. The steel metal hilt and back-strap have an untouched brown patina, which matches the scabbard. The grip retains 100% original sharkskin, but is missing some original wire. The blade is rust free with dark areas, but has all original etched, which is faint is some areas, and is Solingen marked. The scabbard is original with a door ding half way between the drag and bottom mount. I am going to offer free shipping with this sword. $575.00

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U627. M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD by P. (PHILLIP) H. TUSKA: This M1850 Foot Officer sword has in the past be misidentified as being a Tomes product, but has recently been id'ed as being retailed by P. (Phillip) H. Tuska. Tuska was a military outfitter in New York, NY and only in business 2-years, 1861-1863, making this a true Civil War sword. All his swords have identical features to include a black leather grip with triple-wire; “T” marked blade; a large eagle with a turned down beak and upwarded turned wings; and US vertical to the blade. The scabbard leather body is similar to that made by Ames and Roby. The hilt on this sword is tight with 100% original leather and wire. The white leather washer keeps the 31 inch blade tight. The blade retains light original frosting and is deeply etched.  The scabbard fits tight with all original mounts and screws and is solid, but has some minor leather lose and crazing.

$1500.00

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U628. HORSTMANN PATTERN 1822 CAVALRY OFFICERS SABER: This is a Horstmann pattern M1822 Cavalry officers saber in “MINT” condition.  I doubt there is a better example on the market. The steel hilt has beautiful patina and is tight with 100% original shark-skin wrap and wire. It also retain the original leather finger loop on the inside guard. The red blade washer holds the frosty blade tight. The blade is flawless with outstanding etching, and marked with the Gebruder Weyersberg king’s head and the Horstmann & Sons Philadelphia mark. The scabbard is dent free and has great original brown patina. This will be hard to improve upon.

$1900.00

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U629. M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD: This is a Civil War period M1852 Naval Officers sword by Friedrick Plucker Jr., Solingen Germany. His Rabbit Head mark can be seen on the blade. The sword is complete and all original, shows period use, but not abuse. The hilt is tight and retains 100% shark-skin grip and triple-strand wire. There is a little shrinkage on the left-hand side of the grip. The 29 x 1 inch wide blade is fully etched, unsharpened, has a strong tip, and some light pitting at the last 4 inches. The etching is deep and crisp with the naval anchor, eagle, USN, and other military symbols. The scabbard is complete and original with no breaks or weak spots. The brass mounts are very heavy and retain original retention screws. M1852 Naval Officers Sword are not as common as M1850 Foot Officers swords, and especially one for Friedrick Plucker Jr.

$1200.00    

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U630. SCHUYLER, HARTLEY & GRAHAM – M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: Schuyler, Hartley & Graham, NY were assembles and retailers of military supplies and the swords they sold were often high quality and high end.  This M1850 Foot Officer sword fits in that category. The hilt retains much original gold was, has 100% original shark-skin grip and triple stand wire, and detailed chase work on the pommel and guard.  They were known for having a wider blade, and a mirror finish, as this sword has. The etching is strong with much original frosting, and just a few dark spots. The leather scabbard is complete with all original brass fittings complete with original screws.

 $2300.00

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U634. MODEL 1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD – SWORD OF COMMANDER GEORGE WINGATE (USN 1863-1887) by JOSEPH STARKEY, LONDON: This sword is published and featured on pages 111-112 of U.S. Naval Officers There Swords and Dirks by Peter Tuite. Tuite wrote the following description: “An imported presentation grade sword made in London. The obverse blade has the owner’s name: George E. Wingate, upside down along the blade. The obverse ricasso shows a six-sided star with a centered 1/4 inch diameter brass insert marked Proved. The reverse ricasso etching shows the manufacturer’s name: Joseph/Starkey/Conduit St/London.

George Wingate was a Civil War volunteer who was appointedan acting ensign in 1863 and retired as a commander in 1887. Wingate was born in New Hampshire and was appointed an Acting Ensign on 4 November 1863. During the Civil War, he initially served on the bark Arthur in the West Gulf Squadron under David Farragut. He later served with the North Atlantic Squadron under David Porter on the double-ended gunboat Oseola. His ship joined in the attack on Fort Fisher. He made a career of the Navy and was promoted to master in March 1868, and lieutenant in Dec 1868. In 1870 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander and rose to his final rank of commander in 1887. In addition to sea service, his career included tours of duty in the torpedo service, lighthouse inspection, and commander of the Malden, Mass Nitro Depot.  He retired on 3 June 1897 and died on 7 June 1897.

The grip is 5 1/2 inches long and topped with the pattern pommel. The grip has 8 turns of a triple wire on a course grained shagreen wrap, I has a relatively heavy twisted round copper gilt wire in the center with single strands of much finer gilt wire on each side. The straight blade is 28 1/4 inches long, 1 1/18 inches wide at the ricasso. It has a single wide fuller. The once frosty blade is deeply etched. The obverse has the owner’s name etched George E. Wingate with a fancy boarder, a fouled anchor with shield, a floral, a blank oval formed by crisp stars, completed by a ship’s mast with tops containing a battle ax, pike, trident, all topped with a pennant engraved USN an foliate above. The reverse blade has a floral, a long necked eagle atop a crude cannon topped by sunrays, a fouled line with oak leaves and acorns, and a foliate above. The scabbard mounts are English-made and are gilded and designed different from the standard pattern. All mounts also are raised, chased on both sides and have rounded edges with no screws.   Wingate’s Widow Pension file is included.

$2800.00

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U636.   SAUERBIER M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD:  This M1850 Foot Officers sword is a product of Sauerbier from New Jersey and though it is unmarked, the distinct features associated with Sauerbier; the screw attaching the guard to the pommel cap; the design of the unstopped fuller; and the pommel cap nut are obvious.  The guard is the design with the small US in the center and it is tight with no movement. The pommel cap has additional chase-work; the leather grip has a little wear, but 100% triple strand wire. The leather blade washer holds the blade tight. Also, it is frosty with outstanding etching to include Lady Justice holding a scale above her head and a large US on one side and military motif to include cross cannons, which could indicate the sword was for an artillery officer. The scabbard has the throat and drag unique to Sauerbier, is dent free, and a nice gray-brown patina.

$2600.00

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U637. NON-REGGULATION STAFF & FIELD OFFICERS SWORD: This is a brass hilt Non-Regulation Staff & Field Officers sword made by W. Clauberg, Solingen, and marked IRON PROOF on the top spine of the blade. The Foot Officers version would have a steel guard, where the Staff & Field version was brass and normally gold washed. This brass hilt retains small traces of the original gilt with the brass having a deep patina. It also has the spread eagle over US on the front with E. pluribus Unum, but these words are faint from wear. The grip retains 100% original shark-skin and triple wire. The original blade washer keeps the hilt and blade tight. The blade is frosty with very strong etching of US and the American eagle, and on a scale of 1-10, the blade is a 9 plus. The original scabbard is dent free, retains the original wood liner and has much of the original brown finish. This is a great looking example of a Non-Regulation Staff & Field sword which was carried by many Union Officers from state units.

$1675.00   

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U638. PRESENTATION AMES 1850 MOUNTED OFFICERS SWORDS with HIGH-GRADE BRASS SCABBARD: This is an Ames Model 1850 Mounted Officers sword with a high-grade brass scabbard with a presentation. It reads Governor’s Guard to Dr. James Kent. July 4th 1860. There were several pre-war militia units that used the title Governor’s Guard. I believe this sword is associated with the Governor’s Guard from New York City. I have yet to connect the Governor’s Guard to a Dr. James Kent; however, the only James Kent listed in the Civil War data base as an officer was Lieutenant Colonel James Kent of the New York 21st Infantry. This may be his sword.  During my initial research, I did find reference to a military pass in the Columbia University Archives: Military Pass issued to James Kent Jr., signed by James Kent Jr. and Drake De Kay, July 4, 1861; which peaks the imagination and calls for more research.

There are two versions of the mounted offices sword, which are identical in all aspects except for the US etching. The earlier examples have the block US and the later version with the script style US. This example is has block lettering; however, it is larger is style to the standard version often seen. In fact, the eagle on this blade is much different with a spread wing flying design with the E Pluribus Unum ribbon under the bird.  The knuckle-bow is cast in a single piece and not spliced and more shallow then the standard Foot Officers sword. The blade is Ames marked with deep etching and a gray patina. The heavy brass scabbard has a beautiful raised eagle between the double ring top mount, the presentation between the mounts, and attractive chase work between the middle mount and the drag. The scabbard is also Ames marked. This is an extremely rare sword!

$3800.00

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U640.  PATTERN 1821 ENLISTED CAVALRY SABER: This is a pattern 1821 enlisted cavalry saber. This example is totally void of foreign marks and was imported into the United States and used by many state militia both north and south of the Mason Dixon line.  This is the saber that would have seen action in many conflicts between 1821 and 1865 to include: Texas war on Independence, Texas-Indian wars, Black Hawk War, Mexican & American War, and the Civil War as well as many smaller engagements. This saber is in great condition and has been well cared for over the years. The steel hilt has a deep plum-brown patina, is tight, and retains 100% original leather and retains all the main strand of original wire. The blade is nick free and has a great uncleaned patina with some areas of dark spots, but no rust or pitting; and the scabbard is dent free, and also has the same matching patina. This sword has been properly cared for over the years account for its excellent condition.

$750.00

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U641.  SILVER HILT - M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: This German silver hilt Model1850 Foot Officers is the mount officers version because it is in a metal scabbard. It is marked W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS PHILIDELPHIA and IRON PROOF on spine of the blade. The hilt retains 100% original gold wash, has a German silver grip with all original triple wire. The 31 inch blade is etched in the standard pattern of the period with US and the American eagle on their respective sides, and is frosty with a mirror finish. There is some dark spotting, so it is not mint condition. The original red felt washer is present, but has darkened with age. The scabbard fits like a glove, and the outline of the throat-piece matches the contact area on the guard. The scabbard has a steel body with brass mounts, and a few minor dings.

$1900.00

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U642. M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD - SCHUYLER, HARTLY & GRAHAM. This is an outstanding example of a standard Model 1850 Staff & Field Sword from Schuyler, Hartley & Graham, New York. I have a Schuyler, Hartley & Graham M1850 Foot Officer sword (item U630) and both have the same blade style, pommel cap, and grip, and I believe these were made by SH&G. The hilt on this sword is tight and retails much original gold wash and 100% original grip and wire. The 30 1/2 inch blade has deep frosty etching with the American eagle on both sides, crossed flags, a fancy US, and the words Stand by the Union, as well as be maker marked; and is nick and rust free. The scabbard is free of dents, has a brown finish and all original mounts with traces of original gold wash. This is one of the finest examples of this sword I have seen in a while!  

$2800.00

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U643.  M1840 CAVALRY OFFICERS SABER – HORSTMANN, EMERSON & SILVER AND SAUIEBIER: This Model 1840 Cavalry Officers Saber is a unique piece not only because it is a Civil War period sword, but is a great example of the cooperation between sword makers and retailers at that time. Emerson & Silver and Sauerbier were both located in New Jersey and were major producer of edge weapons during the Civil War. Often they would use parts from each other to produce a finished product, and it is common to find their swords in the others scabbard. Horstmann & Son was a retailer located in Philadelphia, and they purchase from both makers. On the blade of this saber is a Keystone symbol associated with Emerson & Silver, which identifies the maker, and Horstmann mark to identify the retailer. The scabbard throat piece and mount are unique to Sauerbier. All this put together makes this sword completely original. The hilt is plain in design with 100% original leather and wire, and the blade is un-etched. The scabbard is dent free, but shows wear on the mounts and drag. The screws for the top two mounts are gone and the center portion mounts have shifted a little, but the patina attests to this occurring long ago. This is a great example of a field used Cavalry Officers saber.

$1600.00

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U644. M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD - SCHUYLER, HARTLEY & GRAHAM: Most examples of the Civil War M1852 Naval Officers sword are either an Ames or Horstmann (W. Clauberg, Solingen) product, and it is rare to find specimens by other makers or retailers. This is the first example of a Schuyler, Hartley & Graham M1852 Naval Officers sword I have ever acquired.  I located it at the 2016 Baltimore Antique Arms show this past March. This sword is in near-mint condition with the slightest of wear on the grip, and some minor areas of dark spots on the blade.  The hilt and scabbard mounts retain 100% original gold wash. The scabbard leather is complete and solid. The white shark-skin grip is near perfect with 100% original wire. The blade is frosty with amazing etching to include the Schuyler, Hartley & Graham mark, Anchors, and a stylish US over N. Simply one of the best!

$2900.00 

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U649. SAUERBIER PLAIN HILT TYPE-1 OFFICERS CAVALRY SABER: This saber has a plain Type-1 hilt with the turn-downed pommel cap unique to Sauerbier. There were two sizes for the guard, and this one is the slightly smaller example. The grip is 100% original shark-skin with a single twisted brass wire. The original blade washer is present and the 34 1/2 inch M1860 style blade is bright with much original frosting mixed with some dark spots here and there (no pitting), and detailed etching to include a raised wing eagle and large U.S. The scabbard is a matching Type-1 style with wide plain brass mounts having only a single scribed line at the border. All mounts retain the original screws and have a pleasing patina. This is a great example of a Sauerbier Plain Hilt Type-1 Officers Cavalry Saber.

$2300.00  

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U651. AMES M1860 NAVAL CUTLASS, SCABBARD & FROG: This is an Ames M1860 Naval Cutlass complete with the original scabbard and frog. The hilt is tight with 100% original leather and no wire, which is common. Its rack number is 12M 655. The blade is Ames marked and dates 1862, but no inspection mark making this most likely a state or Army purchased cutlass. The leather blade washer is original, and there is some minor surface pitting. The scabbard is original and complete with all the rivets including the tip. It has a few soft spots, but no breaks. The frog is very unique. Both have taken on a brown patina to the leather. It is not often that you find a cutlass complete with the scabbard and frog.

$1795.00

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U576.  SCHULER, HARTLEY & GRAHAM – MODEL 1860 STAFF OFFICERS SWORD: This is a rare example of French made Civil War Model 1860 Staff Officers sword retailed by Schuler, Hartley & Graham New York.  The 32” diamond shape blade (which is correct) is etched and marked Schuler, Hartley & Graham New York and French maker marked.  The Klingenthal “B” is on the ricasso reserve side, and the counterguard underside is marked “FBD” with a sword piercing helmet (F.Delecour).  The reverse clam shell folding guard is full sized with a plain field, but in the down position because the retention button is frozen.  The plain brown scabbard has all brass mounts with Civil War style top-ring mounts with a plain simple drag.  The hilt retains much original gold wash and has Mother-of-Pear grips, which are in mint condition. Look at John H. Thillmann's book “Civil War Army Sword” page 448 for comparison information. A Civil War Model 1860 Staff & Field sword is rare to find especially is such fine condition, but since the claim shell cannot be placed in the full open position, I have discounted the price accordingly. 

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U533.  P.S. JUSTICE – HIGH GRADE/PRESENTATION CAVALRY SABER - 7TH NEW YORK HEAVY ARTILLERY: Here is a very rare original Civil War cavalry officer saber and we even know that belong to. This is the very tough to find version of Civil War cavalry officer saber made by the firm of P. S. Justice of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At the time of the publication of the Civil War cavalry and artillery saber book by John Tillmann, he states that there were only three known Justice made cavalry officer swords they were aware of. This one is a higher grade manufacture than the ones illustrated and described in the book. As you can see in the images this one is finely crafted and in very attractive condition. The blade is full-length at 32 3/4 inches. At the base of the blade it is stamped on the reverse "P.S. Justice PHILADA". Each side of the blade has beautiful etching still vividly clear. At the base it has the crossed flags with the etched motto "STAND BY THE UNION". Each side also has the liberty Cap design engraving. The front side has the union Eagle and the backside has the ornate script lettering "US". The sword guard and pommel are each made of brass and are the classic style utilized by Justice. Each of these pieces is unadorned like that of the standard Justice cavalry sabers. The original handle of the sword is still intact and is in very attractive condition. The original sharkskin grip is present with the double twist wire made of brass wrapped around it and the double twist wire is flanked on each side by the single strand brass wire. The sword is accompanied by the original brass and metal scabbard. As you can see the drag and mounts are made of brass in each of the pieces are crafted of officer quality. The mount has the ornate floral pattern with the scallop design and in the center of the scallop it has the shield pattern. On the back of the top mount it has the presentation which is done in jeweler quality design that reads "Presented to A.V.B. Lockrow / by the Members of Co. E. / 7th N.Y. Art." When we looked the soldier up we found that Arthur V. B. Lockrow enlisted at the age of 19 years old in Albany New York on August 11, 1862. He held the rank of first Lieut. as he was commissioned in the company E of the seventh New York Heavy Artillery. He served until October 2 of 1863 when he resigned at Fort Reno in Washington DC. During this time they served not only as heavy artillery but also infantry in the defenses of Washington. You can tell that the men of the Regiment thought highly of the young lieutenant by giving him such a beautiful sword. A brief history of the seventh Regiment will accompany the sword at no additional cost. Don't miss your chance at such a beautiful sword that is as rare as it is beautiful.

I found an image of a young 7th New York Heavy Artillery officer armed with a Cavalry Officers saber standing by a heavy gun at Fort Reno.  I cannot say for sure, but I suspect it is Lt. Lockrow, but the photos show the variety of sword carried by Artillery Officers from state units.

This is currently the only know example of a P.J. Justice Cavalry Officers saber with an etched blade with chased mounts that is presented. 

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U543. SAUERBIER CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABER, MID GRADE TYPE 1, PLAIN MOUNTS: Sauerbier cavalry officer's sabers are seldom encountered and always have distinctive features. This example is a mid-grade type 1 Officer's saber with plain mounts, and is the exact one featured on page 349 of the book “Civil War Cavalry & Artillery Sabers” by John H. Thillmann. It has an etched blade with a large panel with the maker mark, and bold block lettered US. The hilt is deeply engraved with a great chased quillion, guard and knuckle bow. The pommel cap is the unique Sauebier turned down version with a recessed spanner nut, and the grip is the typical oversized version with 100% original leather and wire.

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U633.  HIGH-QUALITY PRESENTATION GRADE STAFF & FIELD SWORD:  As the end of the Civil War approached, more and more manufacturers produced high-quality presentation grade swords as awards and for ceremonial wear. This is one such sword with a heavy brass guard, brass grip with Lady Columbia on one side and a brass US on the other in a high-grade scabbard.  The blade is Clauberg Solingen maker mark and lightly etched like an Emerson & Silver blade with a spread eagle on one side and US on the other. The blade has a light gray patina with much original frosting. The scabbard is shark-skin covered leather with ornate mounts.  This is an amazing sword!  

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U639. AMES MOUNTED M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: Very few Ames Foot Officer Swords are found with the correct Ames heavy steel scabbard. They are presumed to be made as a Model 1850 Light Artillery Foot Officers sword. There are two versions, which are identical in all aspects except for the US etching. The earlier examples have the block US and the later version with the script style US. This example is the latter. The knuckle-bow is cast in a single piece and not spliced and more shallow then the standard Foot Officers sword. The hilt on this sword is tight and retains lots of original gold wash and the grip is 100% complete with original wire. The original blade washer holds the blade tight in place and the 30 ½ inch blade is Ames maker marked with frosty etching that include the standard eagle and script US. There are no nicks or pitting, but one blemish area above the E Pluribus Unum ribbon.  The scabbard is all complete with all mounts and retains some original gold wash on the mounts and has taken on a blue-brown patina. There are no dents or dings, but you can see wear on the drag indicating it was carried. These metal scabbards were ideal for officers on horseback, light artillery, cavalry, H.Q. Staff couriers and the like.  Great find!

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U648. SAUERBIER STAFF & FIELD SWORD- ORNATE HILT: This Sauerbier Staff & Field Sword has an ornate hilt with an exceptional amount of cast embellishment and chase design on the brass surface, and mother-of-pear and/or abalone inserts in the pommel cap. The grip and wire are 100% original and complete. The unmarked Sauerbier blade has a small area of pitting, but is bright with great etching and lots of original frosting. The scabbard is in great condition with ornate mounts with an openwork floral pattern often seen on Sauerbier cavalry saber scabbards. This is an outstanding example of a rare and highly collectable sword.

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U650. AMES M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD – RARE VARIENT: This is an Ames Model 1850 Foot Officers sword; however, it is a rare and seldom seen variant in that the blade to totally un-etched except for the Ames marking. The sword is in mint condition and the blade is so bright it is difficult to photograph. The hilt and pommel cap retain 100% original gold wash and the original shark-skin grip and wire is 100% complete. The original white buff blade washer holds the brilliant flawless blade tight. At the base of the blade is the Ames scroll maker mark. The black leather scabbard is complete with no break, but does have cracks and crazing to its finish; however, all the mounts retain 100% gold wash. This is almost a near-mint sword if not for the scabbard.  This is a variant often missing from a collection of Ames foot officer sword.

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U652. SAUERBIER STAFF & FIELD SWORD- ORNATE HILT: This Sauerbier Staff & Field Sword has an ornate hilt with an exceptional amount of cast embellishment and chase design on the brass surface, and two abalone inserts in the pommel cap, and traces of gold wash. The grip and wire are 100% original and complete. The unmarked Sauerbier blade has great etching with a large block-letter U S, no original frosting, but a nice even gray patina. The scabbard is in very nice condition with plain mounts, brass rings, a brown patina and no dents or dings. This is a very nice example of a rare and highly collectable sword.

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