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U310.  RARE HEINISCH BOWIE KNIFE: This is a rare American Bowie knife by the noted American Cutler Rochus Heinisch, of Newark, New Jersey. American Bowie knives are very rare; many times rarer than Sheffield Bowies that dominated the U.S. market place in the early to mid-1800s. Heinisch Bowie knives are extremely rare; and according to Bill Williamson, all appear to have been made in the 1850's. There are very few known specimens that have surfaced to date. This Bowie knife measures 13 1/2" in overall length, and is a handful of Knife; a heavy, full sized Bowie weighing nearly a pound (15 oz.). The 8" clip blade x 1 1/16" wide x from 3/32" thick stock has a 4 1/8" false edge on top, with the ricasso being hot stamped, "R. HEINISH". The blade tang extends through the end of the hilt and is capped off with a threaded brass nut. The blade has been period sharpening, and retains its original blade shape with a full tip. There are no nicks to the blade when running your finger over the edge. There are a few areas of light black spots on the blade, as can be expected, but overall; the blade is in excellent condition. The 3 5/8" wide integral S shaped cross guard and ferrule, as well as the 5 3/8" long birds head hilt, are made from separate Iron castings, and the cross guard and hilt are tight and rigid. The hilt is incised with dozens of lozenge shaped indentation's that appear to have been ground into the hilt to help with the grip of this heavy Bowie, and slightly lighten it. There are good traces of the original black Japanning inside these incisions. This knife was located in California, which accounts for the scabbard.  It is not original to the knife, but is a 19th century scabbard for a California knife.  A nearly identical Heinisch Bowie knife with a 12 5/8" blade and brass mounted sheath sold in an April 2006 auction for $9,080 (around $10K including buyer's premium, tax (S/H).

In the famous William R. Williamson article on Heinisch Bowies, he states that the name of R. Heinisch can be added to the select little group of American cutlers who made Bowie and fighting type knives of quality. He writes about Rochus Heinisch, Jr. (son of New Jersey cutler Rochus Heinisch Sr.) who was a Lieutenant in Company A of the Union forces during the U.S. Civil War. As an officer of the 26th Regiment of New Jersey Infantry Volunteers, he was involved in a charge of Confederate forces by crossing the Rappahannock River, 3 miles south of the town of Fredericksburg, Virginia, on June 5th, 1863. A copy of this article from the Gun Report in 1972 will be provided to the purchaser of this Bowie knife. Here is an opportunity to own a Rare American made Civil War period bowie knife. A nearly identical Heinisch Bowie knife with a 12 5/8" blade and brass mounted sheath sold in an April 2006 auction for $9,080, and currently there is an identical one available on N, Flayderman INC for $8200.00, which shows how rare a Bowie Knife it truly is!  This is available for much less and a GREAT buy!!  $6000.00

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U375. HIGH-GRADE NON-REGULATION BRITISH PATTERN 1822 CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABER FISH-TAIL POMMEL:  This is a high-grade Non-regulation British pattern 1822 cavalry officer's saber with a gold washed hilt, and gold washed etched blade.  The blade is Clauberg maker marked and "Iron Proof" on the spine, and retains theoriginal blade washer. The hilt is tight and the grip is 100% original shark-skin and triple wire. The scabbard is brown metal with brass mounts.$2700.00

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U383. RARE HEINISCH BOWIE KNIFE: This is a rare American Bowie knife by the noted American Cutler Rochus Heinisch, of Newark, New Jersey. American Bowie knives are very rare; many times rarer than Sheffield Bowies that dominated the U.S. market place in the early to mid-1800s.  Heinisch Bowie knives are extremely rare; and according to Bill Williamson, all appear to have been made in the 1850's. There are very few known specimens that have surfaced to date.  This being a previously unseen design, and only the second I have handled.

This Bowie knife measures 12 1/4" in overall length with its original scabbard.  The 7 3/8" clip blade x 1 1/16" wide shows period sharpening, and hot stamped, "R. HEINISH". The blade tang extends through a walnut grip with a brass ferrule at the brass cross guard, and a brass pale where the tang is pinned. The tang is loose due to shrinkage.  The sheath is original to the knife with a little shrinkage and the tip missing. On the grip are stamped the initials "J.R.M." however, there is nothing else indicating a units and there are too many soldiers with those initials to make a positive identification. In the famous William Williamson article on Heinisch Bowies, he states that the name of R. Heinisch can be added to the select little group of American cutlers who made Bowie and fighting type knives of quality.  Here is an opportunity to own a Rare American made Civil War period bowie knife. $1700.00

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U470: TIFFANY SWORD, STAFF & FIELD OFFICERS CIVIL WAR SWORD, PRESENTATION GRADE:  This is an absolutely outstanding Tiffany Style Staff & Field with Collins marked blade. It is beautiful. Although there are no other marks, it is most certainly a product constructed by Tiffany that was sold to a dealer/vender for marketing. It has a classic Tiffany style silver grip that is identical to those on Tiffany products and as most are aware, Tiffany used Collins (this is dated 1862) as its main supplier of high quality blades, even on its finest presentation grade swords. The blade is excellent with beautiful etching and the German silver scabbard is adorned with decorative mounts. Mounts and hilt retain almost all of the original gold finish.$4750.00

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U525. CLAUBERG CAVALRY OFFICER SABER – MODEL 1840 DEEP GUARD & KNUCKLEBOW VARIANT:  This is a Clauberg cavalry officer saber, model 1840 deep guard & knuckle bow variant as shown on pages 140 – 143 in John H. Thillmann’s book {Civil War Cavalry & Artillery Sabers}, and are identified as Clauberg by the unique characteristics attributed to this maker. These are difficult to find!  The hilt is tight; the grip retains 100% original triple strand wire with shark-skin grip, and the leather blade washer keeps the frosty blade tight. The blade has the brass PROVED disk, and is in mint condition with standard etching showing the Eagle and U.S. in the center panel. The scabbard is dent free, but shows wear on the mounts and drag. The screws for the top mounts are gone and the center portion have shifted a little, but the patina attests to this occurring long ago, and the wear indicated the saber was carried. This is a great example of a field used Cavalry Officers saber. $2900.00

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U542. W. CLAUBERG 1840 CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER – AMES DESIGN:  One of the most popular Cavalry Officers' sabers during the Civil War was made by Ames, and several foreign manufacturers copied the design for retailers in America. Ames ultimately sued for copy-right infringement and won bringing an end to the importation of the copies.  However as a result, these sabers are almost as rare to find as the Ames version, but valued at a fraction of the cost. This saber is Clauberg made with the flying eagle on the inside of the guard with traces of original gold wash. The grip is 100% original shark-skin with triple wire. The unsharpened Clauberg marked blade is lightly etched with faint original frosting, and US and the spread Eagle in the center panels. The scabbard is one of the better ones I have seen with a bright steel finish and all original brass mounts. An Ames version would be valued $7000-$9000, but here is a chance to own a unique example of a Cavalry Officers' saber well below the cost of the Ames version.  $2900.00

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U566. UNUSUAL STYLE IMPORT NON-REGULATION U.S. CAVALRY OFFICER:  This saber is likely made in Solingen for the American Civil War and is considered a Non-Regulation pattern, and is a style seldom encountered. It is a smooth bird’s head shape pommel with an integral back strap. The grip is sharkskin, triple copper wire wrap with the center strand being dragoon twist. The knuckle bow has no slot for a saber knot. There are two cavalry style branches also undecorated. There are two shield shape langets and a flat disk quillon. The blade has the flat spins of the 1840 pattern. The ricasso is short with no markings. The 12.5 inch etched panel is beautifully done with scroll work and an American Eagle under stars and an E. Pluribus Unum ribbon. The reverse has a stand of arms in place of the Eagle. The scabbard body is German Silver. The mounts appear to be silver with heavy gilt.  The top mount is a long, 4.5 inch throat with a banded carry ring with line chased designs. The center mount matches, but smaller in size and the drag has the same chase-work of a line design aroundthe blade and at the top.$1900.00

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U587. M1860 CAVALRY SABER –EMERSON & SILVER 1864: This is a M1860 light Cavalry Saber made by Emerson & Silver, Trenton N.J. It is dated 1864 and inspection marked. The hilt has a nice even patina and retains 100% original leather and twisted wire, and the original blade washer holds the blade tight. It has a few dark spots with grayish patina, but no rust. The original scabbard has post-Civil War plating, which was common during the Indian War period. $775.00

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U615. SAUERBIER TYPE-3 CAVALRY OFFICER SABER, 1ST VARIATION: This Sauerbier Type-3 Cavalry Officer Saber, 1st Variation is a great example of the quality work Sauerbier produced. The large guard is designed with multiple branches that split into 5 sections. The grip is 100% original black leather with triple-strand wire. The original scallop-cut blade washer holds the 32 1/2 inch blade tight. The blade is free of pitting or rust, but has some dark areas with period sharpening and some very small service nicks. The etching is strong with the Sauerbier maker mark and a large blocked U. S. The scabbard is brown metal to include the flame style throat, large chased ring mounts, and a heavy fancy drag unique to this maker. Sauerbier swords are simple a work of art, and a must for any Civil War edge weapon collector. $3100.00 REDUCED $2500.00

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U616. HORSTMANN M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD:

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U619. M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD – BOATSWAIN JOHN A. FLOYD: This Model 1852 Naval Officers sword is identified to Boatswain John A. Floyd. The sword is not maker marked, but might be an Ames product; however, it is marked by the retailer A. W. Pollard & CO. Boston, MA.  The hilt retains much of the original gold wash and it tight, and on the outside guard is etched JOHN A FLOYD.  The grip material, which is original, is unusual in that it is a fine brass mesh material with twisted brass wire. The scabbard is missing the drag, and the back seam is open below the second mount. Both mounts retain 100% original gold was and have the retention screw. The top mount has JOHN A FLOYD etched on the back side.

John Adams Floyd was born in Boston November 26, 1826 and a resident of Abington, Massachusetts, and died May 13, 1894 at the age of sixty-eight.

He enlisted in the Navy April 18, 1838 as a Landsman for three years, and served on the USS Columbus (Date of Enlistment - May 26, 1838) and on the USS Cyane (May 27, 1838 – May 29,1842) until discharged.  However, he did not stay out long and would shortly reenlist, but under the alias Charles Smith. The reason for the name change is unknown.

On April 19, 1843 he reentered the navy as a Seaman and was assigned to the receiving ship, USS Pennsylvania (Date of Enlistment – May 22, 1843). He would then be assigned to the USS Macedonia (May 23, 1843 – May 10, 1845), when he was discharged. He would again reenlist as Charles Smith on October 13, 1846 as a Seaman for the “Cruise” and serves on the USS Vincennes (Date of Enlistment – April 13, 1847).

On May 16, 1862, Floyd would again enlisted in the Navy for the Civil War serving on the USS North Carolina (May 16, 1862 – June 30, 1862); the USS Adirondack (July 1, 1862 – September 7, 1862) up until it sank; and the USS Conemaugh as a Chief Boatswain’s Mate (September 8, 1862 – December 16, 1864) until his discharge and promotion. On December 22, 1864 he would promote as an officer to Acting Boatswain and be assigned to the USS Richmond for the remainder of the war until mustered out on August 15, 1865.  Boatswain Floyd was on the USS Richmond and present with Farragut's fleet. He was recognized for his bravery while leading a rescue party to save crew members from a stranded ship on the sand bar in Mobile Bay.

I have had this sword for over a year while looking for a replacement drag. If you have one for sale, I will buy it. Complete military record with 199 pages of historical documentation included with  the sword.$2300.00

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U620. AMERICAN ETCHED (WAR OF 1812): - ENGLISH P-1796 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER: In 1796 the British War Department adopted a newly designed saber for use by the Light Cavalry based upon John Gaspard Le Merchant military experiences in the field. Le Merchant saw the inadequacies in the British cavalry saber design while he was serving as a brigade major with the British Cavalry in Flanders, during the Low Countries campaign in the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars (1793-1795). Upon returning to England, he enlisted the aid of English cutler and sword maker Henry Osborn and between them was born the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber. The saber had a curved blade with relatively short slashing tip, referred to as a “hatchet” tip. The blade was typically between 32 ½” and 33” long and had a simple stirrup shaped iron guard with languets on either side of the guard. The grip had a grooved wood core wrapped with braided cord and then wrapped with leather. A pair of iron ears extended from the back-strap on either side of the grip’s center, and a transverse pin reinforced the grip to the back-strap attachment; strengthening it and keeping the grip from wobbling or working itself loose from the hilt. The design was strictly for hacking and slashing, and not for thrusting designed as a standard fighting saber for the use of the light cavalry troopers and no “officers” pattern were made. While the British War Department often created specific, official “officers’” pattern swords for wear with dress uniforms, etc. no specific officers’ light cavalry saber was authorized or codified. As such, a variety of enhanced variants of the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber were produced for use and wear by officers. Some were little more than lightened versions of the trooper saber with wire wrap on the grip and some level of ornamentation on the blade, varying from simple acid etching to fire blued blades with gold gilt decorations. Heavily ornamented hilts were available as well. The popularity of Le Merchant’s design is also seen in the number of American sabers (often called “Bird’s Head” pommels) that are known from the era of the late 1790s through the early 1820s, often utilizing the same stirrup guard (often called “D” or “P” guards) in both brass and iron. The form seems to have been quite popular with mounted American militia officers during the Federal Era, and variants are known with connection to infantry, cavalry and artillery officers. As many American swords and sabers in the post-Revolutionary War through pre-War of 1812 era originated with the cutlers and swords makers in England, it is not surprising that current British military patterns were frequently imported by American retailers. Some American retailers acquired only their blades from England and hilted the swords themselves, but other retailers purchased completed swords from the English for sale in America.

This is a wonderful example of a British Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Officers’ Sword that was clearly intended for the American market. The saber appears to be a slightly lighter version of the common trooper’s saber with the exception that the grip has no reinforcing ears, and the leather-covered grip has an additional wire wrap. However, when the blade is drawn from the iron scabbard, the acid etched blade with American military motifs is immediately apparent. Approximately 15” of the 29 ½” long curved blade is etched with a variety of martial images. The obverse starts with floral splays and an arched bridge near the ricasso, with the word WARRENTED etched over the bridge. This is followed by a martial panoply of drums, canons, flags and pole arms, with the central pole arm being tipped with the “liberty cap”. Next is another floral splay that is topped with a spread-winged American eagle. The eagle clutches the usual olive branch in it left talon and 3 arrows in its right, and has a banner bearing the de facto motto of the United States E. Pluribus Unum (out of many, one), secured in its beak. The breast of the eagle is an American flag shield with 11 vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16 stars on the upper portion. The number of stars is interesting; suggesting the saber dates to between 1796 and 1803, although it could date as late as 1820. In 1796 Tennessee entered the union as the 16th state, the first since the adoption of the 15-star flag in 1795. The 17th state, Ohio, entered the union in 1803, and was followed by Louisiana (#18) in 1812, Indiana (#19) in 1816 and Mississippi (#20) in 1817. However, the 15-star flag remained the official American flag until 1820, when it was replaced with a new 20-star flag. This does not mean that flags with different star counts were not used during the time, and for a period a 16-star and 16-stripe flag was used unofficially, circa 1797-1803. Above the American eagle is another floral splay. The reverse of the saber starts with the same style of floral decoration and arched bridge near the ricasso, and continued with floral splays up the blade. The central image is another martial panoply featuring a drum, a canon, pole arms (with the central one again tipped with a “Liberty Cap”) and a shield with an American flag motif. Again the shield has 11-vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16-stars on the upper portion. Above the martial display is another floral splay. The curved blade is 29 ½” in length and 1 1/8” wide at the ricasso and the spine is a ¼” wide at that location as well. A single, wide fuller extends from the ricasso approximately 21 ½” towards the tip of the saber. The stirrup hilt and back strap are of iron, as they would be for any but the highest end English P-1796 officer’s saber. The hilt is 4 ½” long and the overall length of the saber is about 34 ½”. The rear of the guard is slotted for a saber knot and a pair of 15/16” long iron languets, the same width as the blade, extend form the front of the guard. The top of the guard extends 1 ½” above the blade and is tipped with a flat, round quillon. The wooden grip is grooved with an obvious palm-swell and covered in thin dark brown leather. Seven wraps of bronze or copper wire are present in the grooves. The wire has a wound center strand, flanked by two plain strands of wire, quite similar to the wire found on US Model 1833 Dragoon sabers. Interestingly the 1833 Dragoon was based upon the replacement for the Pattern 1796 saber, the Pattern 1821 saber. Other than the word “WARRENTED” no other identifying mark can be found on the saber other than a very tiny letter stamped on the spine, which may be a “C” or “G”. If it is a “G”, it may suggest Thomas Gill made the saber for the American market. The saber is in about FINE overall condition. The frosted etching on both sides of the blade is very clear and crisp and is about 90%+ present. The highly polished blade retains about 85%+ of its original bright polish as well. The etched panels show only some minor discoloration from freckled surface oxidation and some scattered flecks of discoloration. The last 8” of the blade, from the end of the fuller to the tip has been very lightly cleaned, and some minor surface scratches are visible in the polished steel. The blade is free of any significant dings or nicks, but a few tiny impact marks can be felt along the cutting edge if you carefully run your thumb along it. This is typical of any old sword that probably saw some light use, and then some additional action as a family heirloom "toy" reenacting the deeds of grandpa or great-grandpa. The iron stirrup hilt and back strap have an untouched mottled gray and brown patina with a mostly dark brown even coloration along the back strap, and some small areas of scattered minor surface oxidation scattered over the hilt. The leather wrap is original and is about 80%+ present, with largest single area of loss being at the obverse rear of the grip, where it has flaked away and another piece of leather has lifted and may flake off soon as well. The other areas of loss are some small wear spots on the reverse of the grip. The wire all appears to be original, and remains relatively tight and secure, with only some minor looseness noted at the obverse rear where the leather wrap has started to flake. The saber is accompanied by its original iron scabbard, and fits it perfectly. The scabbard retains both original iron suspension rings and is complete, including its throat. The scabbard was painted black a very long time ago, possibly during the period of use or immediately thereafter as a means of protecting a family heirloom. The scabbard was then decorated on the obverse with gold paint in a floral motif between the mounts. Only about 30%-40% of this paint remains, having worn off the scabbard from handling, storage and use over the years. The scabbard remains solid with the only condition issues worth noting being a tiny seam crack, about ½” long, 3 ¼” below the lower drag, and pair of deep dents between the mounts on the reverse. The upper dent is the deeper and larger of the two. A smaller, thumb-sized dent is also present on the obverse just below the upper mount. The scabbard matches the saber well and the old painted decorations really add to the overall eye appeal of the saber.

While it is impossible to know the exact date of manufacture and the exact period of use of this sword, it is almost certainly c1800 and most likely pre-War of 1812. The number of stars in the etched panels and the overall pattern are typical of earlier, rather than later Federal Era officer’s swords, which tend to be more heavily embellished. This sword, with its relatively short 29 ½” blade was almost certainly an infantry officer’s or artillery officer’s saber and the iron scabbard suggest use while mounted. This is a very attractive sword with a wonderful blade and lovely etching. It would be a wonderful addition to any collection of early American swords. This is a scarce pattern, and I have only seen a handful of these English P-1796 officer type swords etched with American martial motifs. It is a sword you will no doubt be very glad to add to your collection and to display on your wall. $1895.00 REDUCED $1700.00

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U624. NON-REGULATION FOOT OFFICERS SWORD:

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U627. M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD by P. (PHILLIP) H. TUSKA: This M1850 Foot Officer sword has in the past be misidentified as being a Tomes product, but has recently been id'ed as being retailed by P. (Phillip) H. Tuska. Tuska was a military outfitter in New York, NY and only in business 2-years, 1861-1863, making this a true Civil War sword. All his swords have identical features to include a black leather grip with triple-wire; “T” marked blade; a large eagle with a turned down beak and upwarded turned wings; and US vertical to the blade. The scabbard leather body is similar to that made by Ames and Roby. The hilt on this sword is tight with 100% original leather and wire. The white leather washer keeps the 31 inch blade tight. The blade retains light original frosting and is deeply etched.  The scabbard fits tight with all original mounts and screws and is solid, but has some minor leather lose and crazing. $1150.00

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U631. SAUERBIER M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD - PRESENTED TO ASST. SURGEON, NEW YORK 11TH REGIMENT NATIONAL GUARD INFANTRY: This is a high quality Sauerbier Staff & Field sword presented Asst. Surgeon Joseph Ward. The sword retains 95% original gold wash on all the brass and 100% original grip and wire, as well as a frosty blade. The presentation is on the reverse side of the top mounts and reads as follows.

Presented by

Wm Rankin Esq

To hisGrandson

Joseph B. Ward , MD

Newark, N.J.

June 25th 1862

The New York Eleventh Regiment, Washington Rifles was a National Guard unit and prior to April 27, 1835, there are no positive records of this regiment on file.  At that time the organization was known as the 2d Regiment, Washington Guards, New York State Light Infantry; about 1856 this designation was changed to 11th Regiment, "Washington Rifles."  It was disbanded January 14, 1899.

Its Service in the War of the Rebellion was short. It left New York City, its home station, May 28, 1862, commanded by Col. Joachim Maidhof, and was mustered into the service of the United States for three months, at Harper's Ferry, W. Va.  It served in the 2d Brigade, Sigel's Division, Department of Shenandoah, from June 8, 1862, and at Harper's Ferry, and was mustered out at New York City, to date September 16, 1862. In June 18, 1863, its ten companies, left the State under orders for thirty days' service, commanded by Colonel Maidhof, and preceded to Harrisburg, Pa.; it served in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Department Susquehanna, and was mustered out of the United States service, July 20, 1863, in New York City.

11th Regiment National Guard Infantry

Left State for Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 28, 1862.Attached to 2nd Brigade, Sigel's Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, and duty at Harper's Ferry until September. Mustered out September 16, 1862.

Again left State for Harrisburg, Pa., June 18, 1863.Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna. Skirmish at Oyster Point, Pa., June 28. Mustered out July 20, 1863.

Joseph Ward was the units Assistant Surgeon during its initial 3-month service. He enlisted on 5/28/1862 at New York City, NY as an Asst. Surgeon and on 5/28/1862 was commissioned into Field & Staff, NY 11th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 9/16/1862 at New York, NY.

Thought his military service was short, it is not often you find a presentation sword for a medical doctor during the Civil War. $4500.00 REDUCED $3800.00

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U634. MODEL 1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD – SWORD OF COMMANDER GEORGE WINGATE (USN 1863-1887) by JOSEPH STARKEY, LONDON: This sword is published and featured on pages 111-112 of U.S. Naval Officers There Swords and Dirks by Peter Tuite. Tuite wrote the following description: “An imported presentation grade sword made in London. The obverse blade has the owner’s name: George E. Wingate, upside down along the blade. The obverse ricasso shows a six-sided star with a centered 1/4 inch diameter brass insert marked Proved. The reverse ricasso etching shows the manufacturer’s name: Joseph/Starkey/Conduit St/London.

George Wingate was a Civil War volunteer who was appointedan acting ensign in 1863 and retired as a commander in 1887. Wingate was born in New Hampshire and was appointed an Acting Ensign on 4 November 1863. During the Civil War, he initially served on the bark Arthur in the West Gulf Squadron under David Farragut. He later served with the North Atlantic Squadron under David Porter on the double-ended gunboat Oseola. His ship joined in the attack on Fort Fisher. He made a career of the Navy and was promoted to master in March 1868, and lieutenant in Dec 1868. In 1870 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander and rose to his final rank of commander in 1887. In addition to sea service, his career included tours of duty in the torpedo service, lighthouse inspection, and commander of the Malden, Mass Nitro Depot.  He retired on 3 June 1897 and died on 7 June 1897.

The grip is 5 1/2 inches long and topped with the pattern pommel. The grip has 8 turns of a triple wire on a course grained shagreen wrap, I has a relatively heavy twisted round copper gilt wire in the center with single strands of much finer gilt wire on each side. The straight blade is 28 1/4 inches long, 1 1/18 inches wide at the ricasso. It has a single wide fuller. The once frosty blade is deeply etched. The obverse has the owner’s name etched George E. Wingate with a fancy boarder, a fouled anchor with shield, a floral, a blank oval formed by crisp stars, completed by a ship’s mast with tops containing a battle ax, pike, trident, all topped with a pennant engraved USN an foliate above. The reverse blade has a floral, a long necked eagle atop a crude cannon topped by sunrays, a fouled line with oak leaves and acorns, and a foliate above. The scabbard mounts are English-made and are gilded and designed different from the standard pattern. All mounts also are raised, chased on both sides and have rounded edges with no screws.   Wingate’s Widow Pension file is included.$2500.00

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U636.   SAUERBIER M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD:  This M1850 Foot Officers sword is a product of Sauerbier from New Jersey and though it is unmarked, it has the distinct features associated with Sauerbier: the screw attaching the guard to the pommel cap; the unstopped fuller;  and the pommel cap nut.  The guard is the design with the small US in the center and it is tight with no movement. The pommel cap has additional chase-work; the leather grip has a little wear, but 100% triple-strand wire. The leather blade washer holds the blade tight. Also, it is frosty with outstanding etching to include Lady Justice holding a scale above her head and a large US on one side and military motif to with cross cannons, which could indicate the sword was for an artillery officer. The scabbard has the throat and drag unique to Sauerbier, is dent free, and a nice gray-brown patina. $2000.00

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U638. PRESENTATION AMES 1850 MOUNTED OFFICERS SWORDS with HIGH-GRADE BRASS SCABBARD: This is an Ames Model 1850 Mounted Officers sword with a high-grade brass scabbard with a presentation. It reads Governor’s Guard to Dr. James Kent. July 4th 1860. There were several pre-war militia units that used the title Governor’s Guard. I believe this sword is associated with the Governor’s Guard from New York City. I have yet to connect the Governor’s Guard to a Dr. James Kent; however, the only James Kent listed in the Civil War data base as an officer was Lieutenant Colonel James Kent of the New York 21st Infantry. This may be his sword.  During my initial research, I did find reference to a military pass in the Columbia University Archives: Military Pass issued to James Kent Jr., signed by James Kent Jr. and Drake De Kay, July 4, 1861; which peaks the imagination and calls for more research.

There are two versions of the mounted offices sword, which are identical in all aspects except for the US etching. The earlier examples have the block US and the later version with the script style US. This example is has block lettering; however, it is larger is style to the standard version often seen. In fact, the eagle on this blade is much different with a spread wing flying design with the E Pluribus Unum ribbon under the bird.  The knuckle-bow is cast in a single piece and not spliced and more shallow then the standard Foot Officers sword. The blade is Ames marked with deep etching and a gray patina. The heavy brass scabbard has a beautiful raised eagle between the double ring top mount, the presentation between the mounts, and attractive chase work between the middle mount and the drag. The scabbard is also Ames marked. This is an extremely rare sword! $3200.00 REDUCED $2900.00

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U643.  M1840 ENLISTED CAVALRY SABER MODEL 1840, TYPE 2 – HORSTMANN, EMERSON & SILVER : This Model 1840 enlisted saber is a unique piece not only because it is a Civil War period saber, but is a great example of the cooperation between sword makers and retailers at that time. Emerson & Silver, located in Trenton New Jersey, was a major producer of edge weapons, and Horstmann, located in Philadelphia, was a major retailer of military supplier during the Civil War. On the blade is the Keystone symbol associated with Emerson & Silver, which identifies the maker, and the Horstmann retailer mark. The scabbard throat piece has 1 screw on the riverside side, making this a Type-2 version. The hilt is plain in design with 100% original leather and wire, and the blade is un-etched. The scabbard is dent free, but shows wear on the drag, and has a deep rich brown patina. This is a great example a Horstmann Type-2 Enlisted saber with a blade by Emerson & Silver. $1700.00

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U646. HIGH-GRADE M1850 ARTILLERY OR INFANTRY OFFICER STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This sword is so unique that no other example is currently known to exist. It is a High-Grade M1850 Staff & Field sword most likely carried by and Artillery officer because of the curved shape of the blade, which conforms to other Artillery Officer sword.  From the unique design of the blade and scabbard we know this was made by Sauerbier. The hilt is tight with a flying eagle on the pommel cap, 100% blade shark-skin grip all original triple-strand wire. The 34 1/4 inch curved blade has the unstopped fuller associated with Sauerbier, but is unmarked. The etching displays some original frosting and is decorated with the American flag and Shield, a UNION etched banner, and a flying eagle with US and the word UNION on the opposite side. The Sauerbier scabbard is one-of-kind with it pewter inlayed brass mounts and ornate chase etching between the mounts to include a flying eagle holding a UNION banner, etched vine works with E PLURIBUS UNUM. The photos do not due the blade justice. $8000.00

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U647. PRESENTATION SWORD BELONGING TO LIEUTENANT  COL. JAMES C. RICE;  GETTYSBURG,  LITTLE ROUND TOP: The existence of this sword and the fact it survived the war was just discovered. It is a Horstmann M1850 Staff & Field, Heavily Curved Blade with a Silver-Foiled Scabbard. The hilt is the standard designed with shark-skin grip and triple wire with a standard etched blade marked Horstmann on both sides, and a good amount of original frosting. The Silver-Foiled Scabbard has rarely been seen and is more properly referred to as “close plating.” John Thillmann writes about this style Horstmann sword and scabbard in his book on Civil War Army Swords; pages 328-329. The scabbard body is original to the sword, fits like a glove and shows evidence of being carried. It has uncommon fancy brass mounts which retain original screws. In fact, you can see plating worn-off in areas exposing the underlying steel. This is especially noticeable between the top two mounts where the carrying officer would hold the scabbard. As of result, the engraved presentation, which is on the back side of the scabbard, is worn down and not noticeable at first, which account for its unknown existence for so long.  On close examination the presentation reads:

Lieut. Col. Rice, Forty-fourth Regiment N. Y. S. V. Presented by his Albany Friends.'

Most of the presentation swords during the early years of the Civil War were not fancy as those seen in later years. Often they were standard sword with maybe a fancier scabbard, and the presentation engraved on or between the mounts.

Rice was born in Worthington, Mass., Dec. 27, 1829. He attended school, but was mainly self-educated until he entered Yale, where he graduated in 1854. He engaged in teaching for a while at Natchez, Miss., became literary editor of a newspaper, and then commenced the study of law. A year later he removed to New York City, where he was admitted to the bar in 1856 and began to practice. When the Civil War began, Rice enlisted as a private on 28 May 1861 in the 39th New York Infantry Regiment quickly, was chosen adjutant and becoming a Captain of Company B and fought at the First Battle of Bull Run. Rice was mustered out of the 39th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment on 12 Sep 1861. The next day Rice became lieutenant colonel of the newly formed 44th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment (also known as People's Ellsworth Regiment).

Shortly afterward he became colonel of the regiment; he led it in the Peninsula Campaign at Yorktown, Hanover Court House, Gaines' Mill, and Malvern Hill. At the Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), Colonel Rice took command of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps when its commander, Daniel Butterfield took command of the consolidated 1st and 2nd Brigades and other ranking officers were wounded on the second day of battle. Rice returned to command of the 44th New York and led it at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

At the Battle of Gettysburg, Rice and his regiment were sent to the defense of Little Round Top. During the fighting, brigade commander Colonel Strong Vincent was mortally wounded and Rice once again assumed command of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps and led it for the remainder of the battle. He performed distinguished service at Gettysburg while commanding a brigade during the second day's fight, by holding the extreme left of the line against repeated attacks and defending Round Top from a flank movement. For this he received a Brigadier-General's commission in the volunteer army Aug. 17, 1863.

In March, 1864 General Rice was in command ofthe 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, V Corps which he led in the advance on Mine Run and in the operations in the Wilderness, and was mortally wounded at Laurel Hill, VA. As he lay dying he muttered the words "turn me over that I may die with my face to the enemy." He died on the Spotsylvania battlefield on May 10, 1864. He was buried at Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York.

On receiving his appointment in the 44th  New York, Lieut. Col. Rice was the recipient of a beautiful sword, belt, &c., from the ladies and gentlemen of Albany. The following account of the presentation is taken from the Albany Evening Journal of October 19th, 1861:

A large company of ladies and gentlemen met at the house of A. McClure last evening, on the occasion of the presentation of sword, &c., to Lieut. Col. Rice, of the Ellsworth regiment. Among those present were Gov. Morgan, Hon. Erastus Corning, John G. Saxe, Esq., and other distinguished citizens. The Presentation Address was made by Mrs. William Barnes, who spoke with great feeling and in a vein of patriotic fervor, which stirred the hearts of all who listened. It will be long before the recipient will forget her eloquent words and impressive counsels. Lieut. Col. Rice responded in an address marked at once by earnestness and scholarly finish. He pledged those present that the sword, of which he was the recipient, should return to its scabbard, when the war was ended, untarnished; and that no friend should have cause to blush over his record. He was deeply affected, and spoke with the pathos of earnest feeling.

"The sword is beautifully finished, and bears the following inscription: 'Lieut. Col. Rice, Forty-fourth Regiment N. Y. S. V. Presented by his Albany Friends.'

The wear on the sword and scabbard indicates it was carried by RIce, and most likely saw service in the early battles of the Civil War to possibly include Gettysburg.

Silver plated scabbard are difficult to photograph, so I apologies for the quality of the photos. The sword looks better when held in your hands.

Included with this sword is a binder completed of all military records for Rice, and a CD Disk of the history of the 44th New York Regiment. This is a momentous find and extremely important historic artifact related to the American Civil War and the Battle of Gettysburg. $28,000

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U649. SAUERBIER PLAIN HILT TYPE-1 OFFICERS CAVALRY SABER: This unmarked saber has a plain Type-1 hilt with the turn-downed pommel cap unique to Sauerbier. There were two sizes for the guard, and this one is the slightly smaller example. The grip is 100% original shark-skin with a single twisted brass wire. The original blade washer is present and the 34 1/2 inch M1860 style blade is bright with much original frosting mixed with some dark spots here and there (no pitting), and detailed etching to include a raised wing eagle and large U.S. The scabbard is a matching Type-1 style with wide plain brass mounts having only a single scribed line at the border. All mounts retain the original screws and have a pleasing patina. This is a great example of a Sauerbier Plain Hilt Type-1 Officers Cavalry Saber.$1950.00  

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U650. SAUERBIER PLAIN HILT TYPE-1 OFFICERS CAVALRY SABER: This unmarked saber has a plain Type-1 hilt with the turn-downed pommel cap unique to Sauerbier. There were two sizes for the guard, and this one is the slightly smaller example. The grip is 100% original black leather with a single twisted brass wire. The original blade washer is present, and the 35 inch M1860 style blade is bright with traces of original frosting and a few minor nicks. The scabbard has a bright steel body with heavy ornate brass mounts. All mounts retain the original screws and have a pleasing patina. This is a great example of a Sauerbier Plain Hilt Type-1 Officers Cavalry Saber.$2050.00  

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U651. AMES M1860 NAVAL CUTLASS & SCABBARD: This is an Ames M1860 Naval Cutlass complete with the original scabbard. The hilt is tight with 100% original leather and no wire, which is common. Its rack number is 12M 655. The blade is Ames marked and dates 1862, but no inspection mark making this most likely a state or Army purchased cutlass. The leather blade washer is original, and there is some minor surfacepitting. The scabbard is original and complete including the tip and all rivets. It has a few soft spots, but no breaks, and has taken on a brown patina to the leather. It is not often that you find a cutlass complete with the scabbard. $1400.00

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U652. M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD, HORSTMANN: This M1850 Staff & Field sword was retailed by Horstmann.  It is in great condition with 95% original gold wash on the brass, a frosty blade, and a dent free scabbard. The slight wear on the sword indicates it was carried, but not abused and well maintained. Truly, a great looking sword! $2800.00

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U653. EMERSON & SILVER – SILVER HILT OFFICERS SWORD:  This sword, though not maker marked, is a product of Emerson & Silver of New Jersey. It is a Silver-Hilt foot or Staff Officers sword. The front of the guard is shaped like a foot officer’s sword, but has the US on both sides making it a Staff & Field version.  The hilt it tight with a great German silver grip with all original wire. The blade has very light etching, which is another common characteristic of Emerson & Silver, and has the white buff leather blade washer. What really makes this sword unique is the scabbard.  It is leather covered steel, which was something new at the time of the Civil War. Most of the time, the leather is damaged and partially or completely gone. This one is complete with all original mounts and screws and great chase work on the front. $2500.00 REDUCED $1900.00

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U658. AMES M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD, PA 85th Infantry ID’ed: This sword was recently discovered in Western Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh and is believed to have belonged to 2nd Lieutenant Robert G. Taylor, PA 85th Infantry. This identification is based on the initials R G T found carved in the leather scabbard above the drag, information in the Civil War Data base, and the unique characteristics of this sword. The sword was made by Ames and is marked on the blade and the scabbard. The hilt retains 95% original gold wash, 100% original shark-skin grip and double strand brass wire, and is tight. The blade is nick and dent free with a frosty blade with block US etching, which was used prior to 1863; after which script etching was used. This helps identify the time period the sword was made and most likely purchased. The black leather scabbard is strong with no breaks, but some crazing and the mounts retrain good amounts to gold wash.  The Civil War Data base identified four officers with the initials RGT: an Asst. Surgeon, a Chaplain, a Sergeant, and 2nd Lieutenant Robert G. Taylor. Since a Surgeon and Chaplain are commission as Staff & Field Officers, they would not carry a M1850 Foot Officers sword. The Sergeant (Robert G. Thompson) was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 4/11/1865, which is about two years after Ames made the design change to the US etching. As a result of where the sword was discovered, its condition, and the Civil War Data Base information, it is believed this sword belonged to 2nd Lieutenant Robert G. Taylor, PA 85th Infantry.  Lieutenant Taylor enlisted on 11/12/1861 and was commissioned into “E” Co. PA 85th Infantry and resigned on 11/22/1862. His enlistment was a little longer than 12 months, which account for the swords fine condition. Since Taylor enlistment was short, the following is a quick synopsis of his time with the PA 85th Infantry: left Pennsylvania for Washington, D.C. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D. C., until March 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Moved to the Peninsula March 28. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Reconnaissance to Seven Pines May 24-27. Skirmishes at Seven Pines, Savage Station and Chickahominy May 24. Seven Pines May 29. Battle of Seven Pines, Fair Oaks, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Brackett's June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe August 16-23, then to Suffolk September 18, and duty there until December. Reconnaissance to Franklin on the Blackwater October 3. Ordered to New Berne, N.C.  More research is pending. This is a very nice example of an Ames M1850 Foot Officers sword identified to a Pennsylvania officer with combat experience at the beginning of the war. More research pending.$1900.00

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U569.  EMERSON & SILVER M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: This is an Emerson & Silver M1850 Foot officers’ sword.  The hilt is tight with generous amounts of original gold-wash, original shark-skin grip with triple strain wire, and frosty mint condition blade held tight with the original white-buff leather washer. The etching is truly beautiful, to include the Emerson & Silver marking.  The steel scabbard has developed a nice even brown patina, and ring mounts are serial number stamped 25, but the drag is marked 52 in error, kind of neat in a way. $1900.00

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U670. AMES M1840 HEAVY CAVALRY SABER: This is an outstanding example of the Ames M1840 Heavy Cavalry saber. It retains 100% original grip and wire, as well as the original leather blade washer. The blade is bright with a mirror finish with some spotting, but no pitting or rust. Due to the blade being bright, it was a little difficult photographing, but it is nice. The scabbard is dent free and bright and original. The blade is Ames marked and dated and inspected 1849. Also, the pommel cap is inspected. In 1849 the government contracted was for 2,000 sabers; however, Ames was still filling the 1848 order and a total of 2,490 sabers were delivered in 1849. 1849 dated sabers were too late for the Mexican War, but were in the arsenal at the start of the Civil War and heavily use by both Confederate and Union soldiers. $1300.00

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U672. EMERSON & SILVER M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD:

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U673. GETTYSBURG - ROBY PRESENTATION M1850STAFF & FIELD SWORD, CHAPLAIN 111TH NEW YORK INFANTRY: This sword came out of a long-time collection of New York State identified swords, and a search of records at the National Archives, as well as all Civil War data base files, reveal only one Field & Staff Officers associated with this name.

John Nelson Brown

 Chaplain 111th New York Volunteer Infantry

The presentation reads:

Presented to

Lieut J. N. Brown

by H. S. Brown

He is the only Staff & Field officer (Chaplain) associated with this name for all New York regiments, as well as all other State troops fighting for the Union. Chaplain Brown was mustered in August 1862 and was with the regiment when it surrendered at Harper’s Ferry in September 1862. He was present for the Battle of Gettysburg, and is documented as being on the front line preaching to the soldiers, and giving comfort to the injured and dying during the battle. He would be present during the Battle of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, as well as Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg.

This style sword was authorized for carry by all S & F officers regardless of rank, and since Chaplain's did hold dual rank in the Civil War and were assigned to a Staff & Field position, the sword is appropriate for him as a Lieutenant and Chaplain. The identity of the presenter H. S. Brown is currently unknown, but most likely is a relative.

The sword is made by Roby, Chelmsford Massachusetts. The hilt is tight and retains good traces of original gold wash, and has 100% original shark-skin grip and triple strand wire. The blade is bright and frosty with outstanding etching. The scabbard is dent free, retains all original mounts, and the presentation on the top Roby marking are east to read. Included with the sword is a binder containing historical information, and Browns’ military and pension file.  This sword has been hidden away for many years in a private collection and only recently surfaced for sale.  Here is an opportunity to not only own a piece of Civil War history, but a sword carried by a Chaplain during the pivotal battle of Gettysburg. $6700.00

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U679. AMES TYPE-2 M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is an earlier version of the Ames M1850 Type-2 Staff & Field sword as is evident by the block etched US on the blade. The hilt is tight with no movement, and retains original gold on the basket, but not the pommel cap or scabbard mounts. The remaining bass has a mixed reddish-brown patina. The shark-skin grip and double strand wire is 100% original. The blade washer holds the blade is tight.  Blade length is 32 inches and retains much original frosting with the standard eagle; block etched US and Ames marking. The type-2 scabbard is complete with all brass fittings and original screws. It is dent free and the brass mounts have the same matching patina as the hilt.  The blue scabbard has taken on a nice rich brown patina. This sword shows evidence of being carried, but was well maintained. $2300.00 REDUCED $1900.00

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U682. HIGH-GRADE UNMARKED ROBY M1850 PRESENTATION GRADE STAFF & FIELD SWORD:  This is an amazing high-grade unmarked M1850 presentation grade Staff & Field sword. After comparing it to several Ames and Roby swords, it is believed to be made by Roby. The hilt retains almost all its original gold wash, and has beautiful chase work. The shark-skin grip and wire is 100% original. The blade retains 100% original frosting and is decorated with several battle scenes that simply are amazing. The scabbard is in near-mint condition with fancy mounts that have great chase work on all sided. Also, included are the original gold washed hanger chains.  It will be hard to find a better example! $6995.00

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U683. AMES M1852 NAVAL OFFICER SWORD:  This Ames M1852 Naval Officer sword is in near-mint condition. The hilt is tight with 100% white shark-skin grip and double-strand twisted wire, and near 100% original gold wash. The Ames marked blade has the original blade washer and 100% frosted etching, with a great tip. The scabbard is one of the best I have seen with all its mounts and screws, no breaks, little crazing, and better than 95% original black finish. $2300.00

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U684. SAUERBIER NON-REGULATION STAFF & FIELD OFFICER SWORD:

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U687. NON-REGULATION FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: This is a Non-Regulation Foot Officers sword. Let me start by saying the photos do not do this sword justice. This is the way I like to find a sword. The patina is an even deep dark brown on the steel hilt and the scabbard. The blade shows some wear, but retains much original frosting. The guard and grip is tight, and retains 98% original shark-skin. The blade is maker marked W. Walscheid Solingen with the brass prove mark. The scabbard has two small door ding. If you are looking for a nice example with great patina, this is the one. $1150.00 REDUCED $875.00

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U688: HIGH-QUALITY, PRESENTATION-GRADE STAFF & FIELD SWORD:

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U693.   SAUERBIER M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD: This M1850 Foot Officers sword is a product of Sauerbier from New Jersey and is marked as such, and has the distinct features associated with Sauerbier: the screw attaching the guard to the pommel cap and the unstopped fuller.  The guard is the standard design and it is tight with no movement. The pommel cap has additional chase-work; the leather grip is 100% complete with triple strand wire. The nicely etched blade is held tight with the original blade washer.  The scabbard has the flame-throat, simple mounts and a drag unique to Sauerbier. It is dent free with nice patina. $1900.00

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U692. ROBY M1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is a Roby Model 1850 Staff & Field sword with its original brown metal scabbard. This sword shows evidence of being carried, but not abused. The hilt has a little movement, has traces of original gold wash, and has 100% original sharkskin grip and triple-strand wire. The Roby marked blade has a gray patina with original frosting, nice etching with evidence of period sharpening. The scabbard is bent and rust free, is Roby marked, and retains all original mounts and screws.  $1900.00

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U694. HIGH-GRADE, PRESENTATION QUALITY DAMASCUS BLADE STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is an amazing high-grade, presentation quality Damascus blade Staff & Field Officer sword original retailed by Bailey & Company of Philadelphia. Bailey, Banks & Biddle (BB&B) was a renowned upscale jewelry firm that made and sold high quality merchandise and during the period of the Civil War, Bailey & Co. produced extremely high-quality ornate swords for Union officers. This sword is of European origin, Solingen to be exact. At the ricasso of the blade you can see the Solingen mark under the gold wash directly below the Bailey & Co. retailer mark. The hilt, back-strap and pommel cap all retain 100% original gold wash. The face of the guard is adorned with oak leaves and egg corns, and leave vines continue on the back-strap up to an American eagle on the pommel cap. This grip is either Silver or German silver and is very solid with 100% triple-strand wire. The original red felt blade washer keeps the gold-washed 33 inch pipe-back Damascus blade tight, and you can see the Damascus steel from the tip to hilt with a unique 12-inch false edge. 100% of the original gold-wash is present where applied, and where not, the etching is mirror-like and frosty.  Also, an American eagle is in the center of the etched area holding an E Pluribus Unum banner. The scabbard is complete with ornate mounts to include an eagle, shield, cannon and US marked throat piece; Lady Liberty on the top mount; winged eagle and shield on the middle mount; and a marching soldier with a drawn sword and US flag on the drag. The body of the scabbard is dent-free and retains 100% original brown finish, and has the original wood inner liners. The only blemish is some period sharpening on the blade, which indicates it was carried during the war.  Simply WOW! $12,000 REDUCED $9,750.00

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U695. BOSTON M1850 FOOT OFFICER SWORD - HAMILTON RUDDICK, BOSTON: This sword was inspected by a well-respected sword-smith who identified the sword has being made by Hamilton Ruddick, Boston.  This is only the second known M1850 Foot Officer Sword made by this maker and very rare. The guard retains 50% plus original gold wash and it tight. The grip looks to be shark-skin, but is in fact a thin metal foil (German silver or pewter) and is also rare to see. The blade is bright with deep etching and no rust, pitting or nicks. The scabbard is very solid with all original mounts and screws with surface crazing on the bottom portion. Overall, this is a nice example of a Civil War Foot Officers sword from a seldom seen maker. $1700.00

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U700. TOMES, SON & MELVAIN CAVALRY OFFICER SABER: This is an import Cavalry Officer Saber retailed by Tomes, Son & Melvain, New York; 1859-1864. It is a typical import saber, but with some exceptional etching. At first glance the blade appears un-etched, but on a close examination, you will see some interesting art work.  The Tomes, Son & Melvain retailer marked in pen-etched in the ricasso area and is faint. Continue up the blade and you find a knight in armor, an eagle hold an E Pluribus Unum banner, cross musket and sword, the head of an Alligator. The Alligator head is very unusual and makes you wonder if this sword was pre-war purchased by an Southern officer before he resigned his Union commission. On the opposite side of the blade you will see a sword with unfurled flags, U. S., a hider less horse, a crossed sword and bugle, and the head of an eagle with a large beak.  All this etching is visible to the eye, but faint and enhanced with magnification. The blade is free of pitting or rust and has a few very small nicks, and appears to have been cleaned and lubricated over the years. The blade is tight with no movements as a result of the two original blade washers; one a red felt washer under the standard leather washers. The hilt has deeply cast and chased design with the original matching pommel cap. The grip retains 100% original sharkskin and wire; center dragoon strand with two flanking stands. The scabbard body is dent and rust free with all original brass mounts. The screws for the throat piece and the drag do not appeal original, and the drag has a door dent. A Tomes, Son & Melvain saber is a rare find in and of its self, but with an Alligator etched on the blade, there is a good possibility this saber belonged to a Cavalry Officer from a Southern state where alligator are prevalent. One will never know. $2800.00

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