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F117.   M1816 - CONFEDERATE - CONVERSION MUSKETThis is an outstanding example of a Confederate converted M1816 musket. The lock, bolster are very unique and not of a Northern design. In fact, when you remove the barrel and the lock you will find the Roman numeral III marked on several parts.  It is on the wood under the lock, on the underside of the barrel, and on three of the internal lock parts.  This was a common practice associated with many Confederate repaired and altered musket.  The ram-rod has a cork screw twist that is often seen in other Confederate muskets.$2595.00


F118. M1851 CARBINE - TYPE I: This is an Austrian M1851 Carbine - Type I with a raised cheek piece common to many Austrian arms.  The stock is in outstanding condition. The action is strong, and works in both half and full cock positions. It does not have the two carry rings. The barrel bore has strong lands & groves. This one was designed to have a ram-rod. The M1851 carbine has long been considered an early war Federal import.



F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issued.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen.  The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife, and many of these bayonets had to be fitted to the gun. It is hard to find one, especially a Dahlgren Bowie, which will fit. I have a Dahlgren Bowie that appears to have been tooled to fit this rifle, and it is showed attached to the rifle in the last photo.  It goes on with ease and is a perfect fit. The information on that knife is listed separately for sale "U510" and if purchased with this rifle, I can make a package price.



F144.  CONFEDERATE JS MARKED ENFIELD –  INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERED BUTT PLATE & RAM-ROD:  The P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is a classic example of a Confederate marked and imported musket that clearly saw extensive use in the field and fired many shots against Federal troops. The gun is marked in the wood behind the trigger guard with the classic J S / ANCHOR mark, and the buttplate tang is engraved with the inventory number 3423. The gun is a typical Birmingham contractor produced musket for export. The gun has the typical Birmingham style lock markings, a simple double line engraved lock with a Crown to the rear of the hammer and 1862 / TOWER forward of the hammer; however, the hammer is an arsenal replaced Springfield hammer with a brass washer, and the bayonet is also Union, but modified to fit the Enfield. These two parts have been with the gun since the Civil War and the deep brown patina is perfict from top to bottom. The ram-rod is also number marked, but with a different number; 1697. This Enfield is in outstanding attic condition and has never been sanded or cleaned.  The J S / ANCHOR is just the way you want to find it.  



F153. RARE CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY  :During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP Bond, James Kerr, Parker, Field & Co, CW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company provided Rifle Muskets are found with the following marks and were acquired from many additional suppliers:

This Confederate Enfield is in near mint condition with a barrel that appears unfired. The original nipple has no damage and retains its original case coloring. The stock is amazing with only a small hair-line crack from the trigger tang running back on the right side. Near the butt plate tang is the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark.  This inspection mark also appears on the flat area opposite the lock. The lock is marked with the Crown, Tower, 1862 and the underside of the stock is a supplier marked JOHN  MARSON.  All the original bands are present as well as the sling swivels and rear site. All metal parts have the same plum-brown patina.



F155. CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO. MARKED BARNETT ENFIELD MUSKET :  During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. This is a Barnett Confederate P53 Enfield musket. The gun is complete and is Confederate marked Sinclair, Himilton & Co. by the butt-plate tang. It is a Barnett and has all original barrel parts in great condition and still has strong rifling in the barrel. Recently, a similarly marked Barnett M1853 3-band Enfield rifle sold for $4200.00.  This example is almost identical in condition, but available for $1000.00 less, which is a 30% discount.



F157. AUSTRIAN LORENZ RIFLE:  This Austrian Lorenz has been in a private collection and just recently surfaced at the Wheaton Civil War sword.  It is in great original condition and has indication of being Confederate carried. As most collectors know, the Union was not known for doing any arsenal/repair work on most foreign imported weapons.  This musket has a replaced hammer, which is often found on Confederate arsenal repaired muskets, and there are initials “WSP” carved in the cheek-rest of the stock, which is another common Confederate trait.  The lock-plate is stamped “853” and the gun retains the original complete rear site. The markings match on all the barrel bands, and the ram-rod is original, though tight in the ram-rod channel. The action is crisp and locks in both half and full cock. The barrel is full-length in the original .54 caliber and retains original rifling.  Both of the sling swivels are present and they still pivot. The stock has a fantastic look with excellent grain pattern.  


F171. "G"- MARKED 1854 LORENZ RIFLE - IDENTIFIED TO A TEXAS SOLDIER: This is a "G" Marked Lorenz Rifle, which came out of Texas and is identified to a soldier from the Texas 11th Infantry through family history. The gun was imported into the Confederacy by the state of Georgia as is evident by the "G" stamp on the side of the musket. It turns out that many of these "G" marked Lorenz rifle came through the blockade via Texas, and may explain how it ended up being issued to a Texas soldier.

The rifle is in outstanding condition. The stock is in great condition and never sanded. On the right side of the stock is the "G" mark, and a three half-cycle design to which itsmeaning is unknown to me. On the left side of the stock are the initials J. S. (most likely is the initials of the first soldier who carried this gun), and a six point star. All metal parts are original and have matching patina; the rear-site is complete and works; all sling swivels are present; and the ramrod is original. Finally, the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock, and the rifling is sharp and strong. Included is the guns original bayonet and it scabbard, both are in amazing condition and fit like a glove. With the gun is a letter from the descendant of Private Phillip K. Koonce, 11th Texas Infantry. It documents how this rifle was passed down from generation to generation and that Phillip K. Koonce owned it as his last known rifle.  Records indicate the existence of a Confederate Pension and he was buried in Shelby County Texas, White Rock Cemetery. Research is complete and I obtained the Pension File for Private Phillip K.Koonce, which will be included.

Koonce initially started in a Home Guard unit then joined the 11th Texas Infantry (Roberts Regulars) around December 1863, and remained with the 11th up to its surrender and disbandment in May 1865. He was with the unit for the Red River campaign, and engagements including Wilson's Farm, Carroll's Mill, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill in Louisiana.

Here is an outstand “G” marked Lorenz rifle identified to a Texas soldier.



F173.  CONVERSION MUSKET – CONFEDERATE:  This original flint-lock musket was converted to percussion; however, it is only the third I have seen which retained the original hammer with a piece of iron held in place as the striker. This is believed to be a Confederate conversion and there are no known Northern examples. In fact, there is a photos on page 41 of the book “Confederate Longarms and Pistols” by Hill & Anderson of a similar musket conversion. The walnut stock has seen heavy use, and there are several brass and iron pins holding the stock together, again something I have only seen in Southern used muskets. Also, the trigger action is soft and sometimes does not hold in the half-cocked position. This is not an expensive musket, but one that shows heavy use and great Confederate characteristics. The bayonet in the photos did not come with the rifle and is only included in the photos to show the gun was modified to except one making it a combat serviceable weapon. $795.00


F178. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1853:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The P-1853 Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.”. This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine –  and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching assembler hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s under side to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard. Upon closer examination, I found assembler hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel,which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

A respected collector/friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

These two-band rifles are scarce and this is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

A search of censes records for the state of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

The 50th Tennessee Regiment, was organized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. This is a great carbine which will easily be a center piece in any collection.



F186. WHITNEY ENFIELD RIFLE - MUSKET, SECONDARY CONFEDERATE: Between 1860 and 1863, Whitney produced somewhere between 3,300 and 3,500 of his “Enfield” rifle muskets. Other than having a general appearance similar to the Enfield, the guns were really an amalgamation of parts available to Whitney. The guns had 40” long, .58 caliber barrels that generally resembled that of the US M-1855 and M-1861 series of muskets, with round bolsters with clean out screws. Like most Whitney arms, the gun barrels were batch or serial numbered with an alphanumeric mark on top, behind the rear sight. The muskets either had a long-base Whitney designed rear sight that resembled that of the P-1853 Enfield and early US M-1855s, or had a Whitney “Mid-Range” rear sight that was a single L-shaped leaf with aperture that was mounted in a base similar to the US M-1858 and M-1861 rear sight. The front sight/bayonet lug was of the US pattern, with the outer diameter of the barrel being designed to accept either US M-1855 or British P-1853 pattern socket bayonets. The locks were a uniquely Whitney design. They were flat and were flush mounted in the mortise with a rounded rear, and an odd projection between the bolster and the hammer. The hammers were similar to US M-1855 and M-1861 hammers in profile, but again, distinctly Whitney. The lock was secured by two bolts that passed through brass lock escutcheons with rounded ears, similar to the British Enfield design, but again, slightly different. The trigger guard was more similar to US than British designs, in that it was two piece with the guard bow attached to a separate trigger plate. However, the bow was made of brass and the plate was iron. The brass guard bows were likely overruns from the US M-1841 Mississippi rifle contract, as they are of that exact pattern. The stock had either a Whitney style end cap or a British style brass Enfield cap, apparently based upon availability. Pair of sling swivels was provided; one on the face of the trigger guard bow and one on wide upper barrel band. The two types of ramrods that were provided with the guns were distinctly Whitney designs. Both had steel shanks and brass heads. One style had a cupped, semi-tulip shaped head similar to those on US M-1855 and M-1861 rifle muskets, and the other had a sort of trumpet style brass head, left over from M-1841 rifle production. The stocks were modified P-1853 Enfield stocks, altered to fit the components that Whitney installed in them. While the majority of the guns appear to have been finished bright, at least some (if note more) were apparently blued, as a handful of extant examples retain at least portions of their original, period blued finish. This finish would have been appropriate if Whitney was really trying to pass these second class arms off as real P-1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets.

While the guns were hardly uniform and followed no specifically established military pattern, Whitney managed to sell some 3,300-3,500 of them between 1860 and 1863. His largest customer was the state of Maryland, who ordered 2,000 of the guns immediately after the John Brown raid on the Harpers Ferry Arsenal. Various sources note that the guns were delivered in 1861 and used to arm the Maryland Volunteer Militia. According to Flayderman’s Guide to Antique American Arms, some 370 of those guns were captured by southern sympathizers during the April 19, 1861 riots in Baltimore. In November of 1860 the state of Georgia contracted for 1,700 of the guns, but it is believed that no more than 1,225 were actually delivered. In late 1860, the Clarke County, Mississippi militia (known as the Enterprise Guards) purchased 75 of the Whitney Enfield rifle muskets. The “Enterprise Guards” eventually became the core of Company B of the 14th Mississippi Volunteer Infantry. The US Ordnance Department acquired 100 of the guns on the open market through Schuyler, Hartley & Graham of New York, purchasing them on August 10, 1861. After the outbreak of hostilities, it appears that some smaller amounts of the guns were sold through agents such as William Read & Son and Fitch & Waldo.

The Whitney Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is in about Exceptional overall condition. The gun is a classic Whitney pattern Enfield with a full-length, 40” 6-groove barrel, brass nose cap, brass trigger-guard steel butt-plate, steel tipped Whitney rammer and a long-range Whitney rear sight. The gun is all original, and all steel parts have a plum-brown patina. The entire stock is in amazing condition with, Enfield pattern barrel bands. The barrel is unmarked, other than with the serial number behind the front sight. The bore of the gun is in about VERY GOOD condition. It retains strong rifling, but shows light scattered pitting along its entire length. The lock of the gun is crisply marked in a single line, forward of the hammer: E. WHITNEY, and functions flawlessly on all positions, crisply engaging the half cock and full cock positions, and responds to the trigger, as it should. The gun retains its Whitney pattern, long base, long-range rear sight, as well as the front sight/bayonet lug. Both sling swivels are present on the gun, and the original Whitney ramrod with a steel tulip shaped head is present in the channel under the barrel. The rod is full length and retains good threads at its end. The brass furniture all has a deep, unclean patina that is very attractive.

Many of the known Maryland Whitney Enfield are marked and identified to the Maryland Volunteer Militia. This gun does not have those markings and is believed to have gone to the state of Georgia.  Overall this is a really attractive, crisp and untouched example of a rather rare and important Whitney produced Enfield rifle musket. These guns do not appear on the market very often. Whether you are a collector of Whitney long arms, or simply a collector of Civil War era military arms, you will be very happy with thiswonderful rifle musket.




F201. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #24240, which is just a little earlier then the US Government contact, but close.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and much original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States.



F202.  3-BAND 1853 ENFIELD MUSKET with REBEL BLACKSMITH MADE RAMROD: This is a model 1853 3-Band Enfield rifle-musket made for export to America for the Civil War, and totally void of English inspection marks. I believe this one was sold to the North (Union), but recovered off a battlefield by the Confederates and put in service to defend the South. The stock is all original with many dings and dents, but has never been sanded. The rear and front sight are original, and there is still strong rifling in the bore. It has the original rear sling swivel, but not the front. The ramrod is not original, but a Confederate wartime replacement made by a blacksmith. It is very crude and covered with hammer marks and is threaded at the end. On the butt of the stock is the circular Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp, on the underside near the trigger tang is another BSAT stamp. On the underside of the stock is maker name: Joseph Wilson.  The barrel was made by Ezra Millward, but is also marked with the retailer name Joseph Wilson.  Matching assembly marks “M  X \ \” appear on the bottom of the barrel, lock, and underside of the trigger housing. If the barrel would not have been clean at one time.  



F204.  SPENCER REPEATER CARBINE – 3RD IOWA CAVALRY REGIMENT: There is probably no weapon of the Civil War more representative of the overwhelming force of the industrial North against the South than the US M-1860 Spencer Carbine Spencer. Various single-shot, breech-loading percussion carbines were the standard issue cavalry long arms prior to the war; however, the Spencer firmly established an era of the repeating metallic cartridge carbines by the end of 1863. The .52 caliber 56-56 RF Spencer round was much more comparable to a real service rifle load and delivered far greater downrange stopping power. The Spencer was also very fast to reload, with a 7 round tubular magazine that fed through the buttstock, troopers could carry pre-loaded magazine tubes and reload almost as quickly as today’s shooter exchanges magazine. While the Spencer shooter did have to manually cock the hammer for each shot, the robust design and powerful cartridge combined to make it the most prized and feared cavalry long arm of the Civil War. Roughly 50,000 of these were produced (in the 11,000 to 61,000 serial number range) between 1863 and 1865, and almost all of them saw service during the war. After the war, many were altered and modified at US armories and many remained in service through the early 1870’s; however, this gun is all original with no modifications.

This is a great example of the US M-1860 Spencer carbine. The gun is 100% complete, correct and original in every way. The action works perfectly, both in terms of cycling the breech, cocking and firing the gun.  The gun retains its original sling ring and buttstock swivel, and the original rear sight is in place and flips up as it should. The gun retains very legible and clear markings on the receiver, the top of which is marked in three lines: SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO BOSTON, MASS, / PAT’D MARCH 6, 1860. The gun is in great overall condition with even smoky brownish gray patina in the receiver area, and a smooth barrel with an even plum-brown patina. The bore retains strong 3-groove rifling, is bright, with excellent rifling. The original magazine tube is present with the gun and is also in great condition.  The stock is in nice condition with much original finish, and while it is not typical to find a carbine with visible cartouches, this one has two that are faint but readable. The buttstock is solid and free of any breaks, cracks or repairs with a letter H carve in it. Both the buttstock and the forearm do show some scattered bumps and dings from service and use, but there are no significant wear issues or any damage worthy of note

The serial number 42022 is clearly stamped into the rear of the upper receiver, in front of the buttstock joint.  A check of the Springfield Research serial number books reveals the closest noted serial number to be 42023, which is a Spencer carbine issued to Company G 3rd Iowa Cavalry Regiment, and there is another Spencer 42125 issued to Company C. 3rd Iowa Cavalry.  No doubt this Spencer saw service with the 3rd Iowa Cavalry Regiment.

3rd Regiment, Iowa Cavalry


Organized at Keokuk August 30 to September 14, 1861. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., November 4-6, and duty there till February 4, 1862. (Cos. "E," "F" "G" and "H" detached to Jefferson City, Mo., December 12, 1861, and duty in Northern and Southern Missouri till July, 1863. See service following that of Regiment.) Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," "I," "K," "L" and "M" moved to Rolla, Mo., February 4-6, 1862. (Cos. "I" and "K" detached to garrison, Salem, Mo., February 11, 1862. Scout to Mawameck February 12. Expedition to Mt. Vernon February 18-19. Action at West Plains February 20. Scouting after Coleman's guerillas till April. Actions near Salem February 28 and March 18. Rejoin Regiment near Forsythe April, 1862.) Regiment march to join General Curtis February 14-18. (Co. "L" detached at Springfield, Mo.) Attached to Curtis' Army of Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, February to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Tennessee, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Tennessee, to June, 1863. Bussy's Cavalry Brigade, Herron's Division, Dept. of Tennessee, to August, 1863. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to June, 1865. District of Georgia to August, 1865.


Expedition to Fayetteville, Ark., February 22, 1862. Battles of Pea Ridge March 6-8. (Cos. "D" and "M" escort prisoners to Rolla, Mo., March 12-31.) March to Batesville via Cassville, Forsythe, Osage and West Plains April 6-May 1. (Cos. "L" and "M" detached at Lebanon, Mo., operating against guerillas till November, 1862; then join Cos. "E," "F," "G" and "H"). (Co. "D" guard train to Rolla, Mo., May 25 to June 20.) Action at Kickapoo Bottom, near Sylamore, May 29. Sylamore May 30. Foraging and scouting at Sulphur Rock June 1-22. Waddell's Farm, Village Creek, June 12. March from Batesville to Clarendon on White River June 25-July 9. Waddell's Farm June 27 (Co. "K"). Stewart's Plantation, Village Creek, June 27. Bayou Cache July 6 (Co. "I"). Hill's Plantation, Cache River, July 7. March to Helena July 11-14. Duty there and scouting from White River to the St. Francis till June, 1863. Expedition from Clarendon to Lawrenceville and St. Charles September 11-13, 1862. LaGrange September 11. Marianna and LaGrange November 8. Expedition to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Oakland, Miss., December 3. Expedition up St. Francis and Little Rivers March 5-12, 1863 (Detachment). Expedition to Big and Little Creeks and skirmishes March 6-10. Madison, Ark., March 9 (Detachment). Madison, Ark., April 14 (Detachment). LaGrange May 1. Polk's Plantation, Helena, May 25. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-8. Siege of Vicksburg June 8-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Near Canton July 12. Canton, Bolton's Depot and Grant's Ferry, Pearl River, July 16. Bear Creek, near Canton, July 17. Canton July 18. At Flowers' Plantation till August 10. Raid from Big Black on Mississippi Central Railroad and to Memphis, Tenn., August 10-22. Payne's Plantation, near Grenada, August 18. Panola August 20. Coldwater August 21. Moved to Helena, Ark., August 26; thence moved to Little Rock, arriving October 1. Duty at Berton, Ark., October 1 to December 20. Expedition to Mt. Ida November 10-18. Near Benton December 1. Expedition to Princeton December 8-10. Ordered to Little Rock December 20. Regiment Veteranize January 5, 1864. Veterans on furlough January 6 to February 5. At St. Louis, Mo., February 6 to April 26. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., April 26. Operations against Forest May to August. Sturgis' Expedition to Guntown, Miss., June 1-13. Near Guntown June 10. Ripley June 11. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21. Saulsbury July 2. Near Kelly's Mills July 8. Cherry Creek July 10. Huston Road July 12. Okolona July 12-13. Harrisburg, near Tupelo, July 14-15. Old Town or Tishamingo Creek July 15. Ellistown July 16 and 21. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Holly Springs August 8. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13, 14 and 19. College Hill August 21. Hurricane Creek August 22. Repulse of Forrest's attack on Memphis August 21 (Detachment). Moved to Brownsville, Ark., September 2. Campaign against Price in Arkansas and Missouri September-November. Independence, Big Blue and State Line October 22. Westport October 23. Battles of Charlot, Marias des Cygnes, Mine Creek, Little Osage River October 25. White's Station, Tenn., December 4 (Detachment). Grierson's Raid from Memphis on Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 27, 1864, to January 6, 1865 (Detachment). Near White's Station December 25. Okolona December 27. Egypt Station, Miss., December 28. Mechanicsburg January 3, 1865. At the Pond January 4. Moved from Vicksburg, Miss., to Memphis, Tenn.; thence to Louisville, Ky., January 6-15, 1865, and rejoin Regiment. Regiment at St. Louis, Mo., and Louisville, Ky., till February, 1865. Moved to Chickasaw, Ala.; Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Montevallo March 31. Six-Mile Creek March 31. Maplesville April 1 (Co. "L"). Ebeneezer Church, near Maplesville, April 1. Selma April 2. Fike's Ferry, Cahawba River, April 7 (Co. "B"). Montgomery April 12. Columbus, Ga., April 16. Capture of Macon April 20. Duty at Macon and at Atlanta, Ga., till August. Mustered out August 9, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 79 Enlisted men killed and mortallywounded and 4 Officers and 230 Enlisted men by disease. Total 318.

Companies "E," "F," "G" and "H" orderedto Jefferson City, Mo., December 12, 1861. Attached to Army of Southwest Missouri to February, 1862. District of North Missouri to August, 1862. District of Southwest Missouri to November, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, District of Southeast Missouri, to June, 1863. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of Southeast Missouri, to August, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Arkansas Expedition, to October, 1863.


Engaged in operations against guerillas about Booneville, Glasgow, Fulton and in North Missouri at Lebanon, and in Southwest Missouri covering frontier from Iron Mountain to Boston Mountains till June, 1863. Companies "L" and "M" joined November, 1862. Actions at Florida, Mo., May 22, 1862. Salt River, near Florida, May 31. Boles' Farm, Florida, July 22 and 24. Santa Fe July 24-25. Brown Springs July 27. Moore's Mills, near Fulton, July 28. Kirksville August 26. Occupation of Newtonia December 4. Hartsville, Wood's Fork, January 11, 1863. Operations against Marmaduke April 17-May 2. Cape Girardeau April 26. Near Whitewater Bridge April 27. Castor River, near Bloomfield, April 29. Bloomfield April 30. Chalk Bluffs, St. Francis River, April 30-May 1. Davidson's march to Clarendon, Ark., August 1-8. Steele's Expedition to Little Rock August 8-September 10. Reed's Bridge or Bayou Metoe August 27. Shallow Ford, Bayou Metoe, August 30. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Rejoined Regiment at Little Rock October 1, 1863.

The overall condition of this Spencer is really great, and it is not easy to find a Spencer in this condition for sale these days. This is a really attractive M-1860 Spencer Carbine that is 100% complete, correct and original and has tons of eye appeal. The gun is an original Civil War carbine that was not altered after the war. This is a truly outstanding, “no apologies” Spencer that would be a fantastic addition to any Civil War collection. Even if Civil War carbines are not your area of collecting interest, no collection of Civil War arms is complete without a Spencer.  



F205. ENFIELD - PATTERN 1861 SHORT RIFLE: There are several patterns Enfield short rifles; Pattern 1856 rifle with a 33-inch barrel rifled with three broad lands and grooves and a back sight graduated to 1,100 yards;  Pattern 1858 Bar on Band; Pattern 1858 Naval rifle, and the Pattern 1860 & 1861 rifle. Of all these rifles, the ones with the lowest numbers imported were the Pattern 1860 & 1861 rifle.  Both have iron mounts and heavy barrels with five broad lands and grooves, but the rear sight on the Pattern 1860 were graduated to 1100 yards, where the Pattern 1861 was graduated to 1250 yards. As such, both Pattern 1860 & 1861 Rifle are rare, but known Confederate examples do exist and saw action during the American Civil War.  

This rifle is the rarer Pattern 1861 with the graduated 1250 yard sight. The gun is totally void of any British military inspection marks. The stock has never been cleaned or sanded and it is marked RENDER & CO. LONDON. I found no marks near the butt or trigger tang. The lock has the CROWN and is marked TOWER 1862. The ram-rod channel, barrel bands, barrel, barrel screw, and lock screws are all marked \ III with the lock being maker marked C & G and / \.  The lock fit tight and is totally original to the gun and properly functions. The nipple protector and chain are original, and the rifling is strong.  The linen sling is a high-quality reproduction. The rifle came out of the state of Virginia.     



F206. CONFEDERATESINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO. MARKED 1853 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE: During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP BondJames KerrParker, Field & CoCW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company provided Rifle Muskets are found with the following marks and were acquired from many additional suppliers:

This Confederate 1853 3-band Enfield rifle is marked with the Oval SHC, which is believed to be the last of several marks use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Co. as they filled their final contract for these rifles by the Confederate government.  As such, there are not as many Oval SHC rifle, available, and this is only the third I have found. If was discovered in Mississippi and most likely was carried by a soldier from that state. This rifle is all original with great un-touched brown patina on all steel parts, and a dark stock and matching parts, as well as matching assembly numbers. The stock is maker marked JOHN  MARSON and XX III (23) in the ram-rob channel. The barrel is maker marked SMITH and the number 23 twice. The lock is maker marked SMITH and the number 23, and both lock retention screws are marked XX III (23). Also, all three barrel bands are numbered 23, and the only part with a different number is the barrel retention screw with the mark X\ //.   

The Oval SHC mark is by the butt plate tang, and on the flat area opposite the lock, and between the top barrel band and the brass nose cap there is the outline of a large oval, but the SHC is worn since the is where a soldier held the top of the rifle.  This third mark is extremely rare and only this first time I have found this marking. The rifle still retains the original rear sight, which still works, and there remains good rifling in the bore, though it is dark and can use a good cleaning.  



F207. STARR .36 CAL. NAVAL REVOLVER: This Starr revolver is a unique revolver developed prior and used during the Civil War.  It was designed with a sliding switch on the trigger to allows the soldier or sailor to use the gun in a double-action configuration, or single-action by cocking it with the main trigger and using a second smaller trigger to fire the gun.  You will see the more common Army version all the time, but the Naval .36 Caliber version is rare to find.  This Navy Starr revolver has a brown-gray patina and only small traces of original blue. The frame is marked Starr Patent Jan. 15. 1856 on one side, and Starr Arms Co. New York on the other side. All screws are original to the gun. The bore has strong rifling and the cylinder has original nipples, and they are all very nice. The cylinder, grip, upper receiver, and lower receiver under the grip have matching serial number 2636, the trigger has number 2372; however, its patina matches the gun and I have no doubt was factory installed.  The one piece grip is in very nice condition, and has a sailor’s name, FORD, carved in it. Overall, this great example of a rare and not often seen Navy Starr Revolver is a great piece of Civil War naval history.



F208. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #33390, which puts it is the middle of the US Government contact.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and some original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States.



F209. SAVAGE NAVY REVOLVER - POSSIBLE CONFEDERATE USAGE: The Savage Navy revolver self-cocking revolver is one of the weirdest, most recognizable and possibly most ungainly handguns of the Civil War era. The .36 caliber, 6-shot revolver had a 7” octagon barrel and a unique action. The gun featured a unique ring shaped cocking lever inside, the heart shaped trigger guard, which was used to advance the cylinder and cock the hammer. The shooter could then fire the gun with the traditional trigger. The gun was the final version of a family of self-cocking revolvers that were built upon the Figure-8 design of JS North. Beyond its unique action, the gun was revolutionary in that it was a “gas seal” revolver. The cylinder moved forward when the action cocked, and a recess in the chamber mouth engaged a tapered forcing cone at the rear of the barrel. The effect was a gas seal between the chamber and the barrel, which practically eliminated the loss of gas and pressure from the usual gap between the barrel and cylinder. This meant that the gas from power charge was more effectively converted into propulsion for the bullet and increased its velocity for a given powder charge, over convectional revolver designs. With the coming of the Civil War, the need for revolvers outweighed any misgivings that the military may have had about the design, and the coveted contracts were almost immediately forthcoming. The state of Massachusetts procured 285 of the Savage revolvers early in the conflict. Additional arms were sold to military outfitters and arms retailers like Schuyler, Hartley & Graham and William Syms & Brothers. Both of these companies sold Savage Navy revolvers to the US government during early 1862, for as much as $25 per gun. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company secured the first US military contract, directly with the US government on October 16, 1861. This contract called for Savage to deliver 5,000 pistols between October 1861 and March 1862 at the price of $20 per revolver. Another contract was received from the government in November of 1861 to supply an additional 5,000 revolvers, at $20 each, between November 1861 and May of 1862. Savage completed their initial contract in a timely fashion, but had trouble delivering the guns from the second contract on the agreed to schedule. The second contract was temporarily voided by the Ordnance Department, but after negotiating with Savage, an agreement was reached where the 4,500 outstanding guns from that contract would be delivered at the lower rate of $19.00 per pistol. The deliveries under the second contract were completed by July of 1862. Of the approximately 20,000 Savage “Navy” models produced during the Civil War the US Ordnance Department took delivery of 11,384 of the guns, and the Navy took delivery of 1,126. The balance of approximately 8,500 guns, were offered for civilian sale, although most those revolvers no doubt ended up seeing action during the war as well. The pistols saw significant field service during the war, and were issued to at least 26 US cavalry regiments and were listed among the arms of some half dozen or more Confederate cavalry regiments. US volunteer cavalry regiments that were issued Savage Navy revolvers included the 6th, 10th & 13th Illinois, the 5th & 15th Kansas, 11th Kentucky, the 3rd, 4th & 7th Missouri, 7th New York 3rd Ohio, 7th Pennsylvania, 1st & 2nd Wisconsin, 1st Vermont and the Potomac Brigade. The revolvers were also issued to the 1st through 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry. The two regiments who carried the most Savages on their ordnance rolls were the 4th Missouri State Militia Cavalry with 714 and the 2nd Wisconsin with 400. Confederate cavalry units that listed the Savage Navy among their arms were the 11th Texas, 7th Virginia, and the 34th & 35th Virginia Cavalry Battalions.

This is an early martially marked revolver with matching serial number 7849. A cartouche is visible on the left grip. Additionally, there are assembly marks on several parts of the gun, either //// or ****(Dots). Also, the grips are original with serial number 7849 and //// on the inside. These marks may indicate the gun was Confederate captured and arsenal inspected before being place back into service for the South. Overall it is a brown gun, but there is trace original blue and some case coloring on the ram-rod housing part and other parts. The gun is tight and is fully operational, and the cylinder timing is correct. This pistol is mechanically excellent and functions exactly as it should in every way. The top strap of the revolver is clearly marked in three lines:

JANUARY 10 1859. MAY 15 1860



F210: WHITNEY NAVY REVOLVER -SCARCE 1ST TYPE, 2ND MODEL:  The most famous and easily recognized revolver manufactured by Eli Whitney, Jr. was his Navy Model. This revolver came on the scene just prior to the War Between the States.  An improved second model was developed as the War began and sales increased as Whitney worked to market his revolver.  The Navy Model is 36 caliber with a standard barrel length of 7 5/8 inches. The term “Navy” referred to the caliber and size of the revolver. These revolvers were purchased by both the US Army and Navy. Approximately 35,500 Whitney Navy revolvers were manufactured, including about 1,500 of the First Model and approximately 34,000 of the Second Model. Both models went through a few improvements, resulting in four “types” of the First Model; and five “types” of the Second Model.  Whitney used a unique cylinder scene that included a Shield with half of it being the US Stars & Stripes and half being the English Coat of Arms. Facing the shield on either side was an American Eagle and England’s Trafalgar Lion. This scene covered one side of the cylinder and was duplicated on the other side. Later, one side of the cylinder was replaced with a Naval scene with an American Shield with a ribbon across the shield.  On the ribbon is written “Whitneyville”. Whitney obtained a contract with the US Army in 1862, and provided about 7,602 revolvers through 1863. The Army also obtained Whitney revolvers through other private vendors as well, resulting in over 10,000 Whitney Navy revolvers being used by the Army. The US Navy purchased 6,226 Whitney revolvers during 1863-1865. About 50% of the 34,000 Second Models were purchased by Army & Navy.

This is a fantastic early example of a Whitney Navy Revolver that dates just prior to the beginning of the Civil War and is one of the nicest early 2nd Models I have seen in a long time. The Second Model was Whitney's response to improvements needed to the fragile First model. It featured a thicker top strap on the frame, a brass trigger guard, and rounded grip panels. There are 5 distinct variations or "types" of 2nd Models, this one being the first and most desirable variation with the ball-type loading lever catch and the single safety notch on the back of the cylinder. The gun has all matching numbers throughout (1842) to include the grips, and the top of barrel is marked "E. WHITNEY N HAVEN" and has a Naval anchor stamped at the barrels base. The grips each have a strong cartouche, and sub-contract inspector marks are on many of the visible gun parts. The action is tight and properly works, all the nipples are original, and the rifling is strong. The gun has a pleasing gray-brown patina. If you've been looking for a nice example of an early Whitney revolver with that elusive single safety notch on the cylinder, this is an exceptional example in great condition!



FC02. REMINGTON NEW ARMY REVOLVER, NEW JERSEY: This Remington New Army revolver retains lots of original blue with a nice brown patina mixed in. The serial number 71211 places production in May 1864. On the left side you will see the N.J. stamp indicating this was a government purchased gun for New Jersey State. The action is tight and the gun properly functions. The grips are original and show some wear, with a small chip on the right rear area. This is a nice gun with lots of original finish.


FC04. STARR ARMES CO. SINGLE ACTION 1863 ARMY REVOLVER: This is a Starr Single Action Army Revolver was designed as an improved and less costly successor to the Starr Double-Action Revolver. Next to the Colt and Remington, it was the major handgun bought by the U. S. Government. You often find these guns either in minty condition or beat down and gray.  To find one like this is rare.  It shows use, but not abuse.  It retains at least 80% + original blue with areas of nice brown patina. The action is tight and properly functions. The right side of the grip has a cartouche, and the serial number 39331 matches on all parts. The loading lever catch is weak.   



FC03. STARR ARMES CO. DOUBLE ACTION 1858 ARMY REVOLVER: This is a Starr Army Revolver often referenced as being double action.  It is not truly a double-action revolver, but a self-cocking with a separate firing trigger. This gun retains 25% original blue on the barrel and 40% on the cylinder, blue spots throughout and nice rich brown patina. The serial number is 8019, which matched on all parts. The gun properly functions and the action is tight, and the trigger works in both settings. Overall this is a very nice gun!




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