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F267. H&P ALTERED U.S. MODEL 1822 SPRINGFIELD MUSKETThis H&P Civil War period conversion musket is .69 caliber with a 42" barrel retained by three flat barrel bands with springs. It is browned finish with a smooth walnut stock. It is marked with a {spread-winged eagle} over US forward of the hammer, and in three vertical lines: "SPRING / FIELD / 1830" at the tail of the lock: patent breech marked 1861 and H&P: a clear script "JT" cartouche and an A/2 reclassification cartouche, with a legible script "JS" final inspection cartouche behind the trigger guard. The gun retains the H&P added 1858 pattern leaf rear sight; the H&P added front sight blade on upper band, a socket bayonet lug, and a correctly modified button head ramrod dished for conical ammunition and sling swivels.  The New Jersey firm of Hewes & Phillips altered some 20,000 US Model 1816/22/18 and Model 1835/40 flintlock muskets to percussion during the American Civil War, roughly 8,000 "Type I" rifled and sighted alterations for the state of New Jersey and some 12,000 “Types II” for the US Ordnance Department, most of these being smooth bore. This is a classic "Type I," rifled with three lands and grooves with a clean out screw in the bolster with “NJ” New Jersey markings on the barrel. The gun is in Fine++ condition. Retains some brown finish mixed with an oxidized brown patina; markings in metal are crips and clear; markings in wood slightly worn, but strong. Mechanically functional with a very good bore with the last few inches nearest the muzzle dirty and somewhat pitted. The stock is crisp with sharp edges, showing scattered bumps, dings and marks, some minor hairline grain cracks are present as well, but appear non-structural. $1600.00


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F297. CONFEDERATE RICHMOND ALTERED M1836 PISTOL WITH ADAMS BOLSTER: With the coming of the Civil War, most southern states had limited quantities of weapons, and what they had was often obsolete. Virginia had a large supply of older flintlock arms in various state of repair; most of which would be altered to percussion. This is one of those reworked pistols. It is a Confederate altered US Model 1836 Flintlock Pistol. It shows all the hallmarks of an Adams alteration with a classic 'three-faceted” bolster with the circular shadow of the rod used to hold it in place while it was brazed to the barrel and assembly hash marks “XII” beside a brass inlay. The lock proper functions in both half and full cock and the ram-rod is original. $1400.00








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F307. CONFEDERATE ROLLER-BUCKLE BELT WITH COLT NAVY SLIM-JIM HOLSTER & HARTFORD COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER: This is a Confederate Roller-Buckle belt with a Colt Navy Slim-Jim holster, complete with a Hartford Colt 1851 Navy Revolver. The serial number 92654 matches on the lower & upper receiver, the loading lever, the trigger guard and the wedge; however, the back strap has a different number; 80716. Serial number 92654 dates to 1859 and 80716 to 1857. Many of the 90xxx Colt Navy Revolvers were purchased by Southern states prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. The Hartford make on the top of the barrel is well worn, but readable; the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock positions; the nipples, front site and all screws are original, and there is even some original silver on the trigger guard. The Confederate Roller-Buckle belt is in good shape with one repair as shown in the photos, and the Colt Navy Revolver Slim-Jim Holster has beautiful patina and the single loop with a very cool period repair on the reverse. The holster is soft at its top from wear, but displays well with the revolver and the belt. This price is for the revolver, belt and holster. $2600.00



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F310. AUSTRIAN M1842 CAVALRY CARBINE: This is a Civil War M1842 Import Austrian M1842 Cavalry Carbine. The stock is in great shape with a few bumps and dings and is all original with a very pleasing patina. The lock is dated 1852 and in great working order and the hammer holds in both positions. The firing nipple shows wear but still in good shape; the barrel is dark with deep rifling, and both the original front and rear sights are intact.  A wonderful example that will make a great addition to any Confederate or Union Cavalry display. $1100.00


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F313. SMITH CARBINE CAVALRY VERSION – 2nd WEST VIRGINIA CAVALRY: This is an example of the Smith Carbine - Cavalry version: serial number 4137. Serial number 4110 went to Company D, 2nd West Virginia Cavalry and serial number 4139 was issued to the Company H, 2nd West Virginia Cavalry Regiment; and though I cannot say for certain, there is a high probability this gun also went to the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry! Smith carbines were made by several contractors, and this one was made & marked by American Machine Works, Springfield MA. The gun is in great condition with an even plum-brown patina over the original blue on the barrel with the remaining metal having a smooth gray iron patina with the smallest amount of case-coloring. The stock is sound with a discernable cartouche and some scattered dings and dents, but no major issued. The action is crisp and the bore has nice rifling and is bright. It has the original saddle ring and retention bar; rear site with all the blades, but the front site is missing the aiming blade. The barrel is marked (L.F.R). As previously mentioned, there is a good likelihood this gun was carried by a 2nd West Virginia Cavalry soldier. The 2nd West Virginia Cavalry had extensive combat experience and by the end of 1864, the regiment was part of General George Armstrong Custer's 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps and continued to fight in the Shenandoah Valley, and were responsible for eliminating Confederate General Jubal Early's Army of the Valley from the war. $2900.00


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F321. CONFEDERATE PURCHASED JS-ANCHOR MARKED KERR REVOLVER: The London Armoury Company Kerr’s Patent Revolver is one of the most distinctive and instantly recognizable of all Civil War era handguns. The Kerr patent revolver was invented by James Kerr, who was awarded two patents for improvements to Roberts Adams’ earlier revolver designs. Kerr had been a founding member of the London Armoury Company, which was established on February 9, 1856 and of which Adams was the Managing Director during the late 1850s. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, Caleb Huse (the South’s primary purchasing agent in England) engaged the London Armory Company to produce all the Kerr’s Patent revolvers that they could for delivery to the Confederacy. It is believed that nearly all of the L.A.C.’s output of Kerr revolvers from April of 1861 through the close of the Civil War was produced on contract for the Confederacy, with about 9,000 pistols produced and shipped to the south during that time. The estimate regarding revolver production is based upon the extant examples with Confederate provenance or marks, which tend to exist in the 1,5XX to about the 10,XXX serial number range. However, a handful of legitimate CS inspected Kerr’s do appear in the 7XX to 1,5XX range, indicating that some of the earliest purchases were filled from already assembled revolvers on hand. To date, at least three separate Confederate government contracts have been identified for the purchase of Kerr revolvers. Two were army contracts, and one was a 1,000-gun contract for the Confederate Navy. One of the standard indicators of CS importation and usage of a Kerr revolver is the presence of the JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark that is found on the front of the wooden grip of the pistols, below the grip frame tang. This is the inspection mark of John Southgate, who acted as a “viewer” (arms inspector) for the Confederacy.  

The Kerr’s Patent Revolver offered here is a well-used Confederate inspected example is in about VERY GOOD condition. This gun retains a very clear Confederate JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark in the checkered grip on the front strap. The gun is serial numbered 1897 on the right side of the frame and on the cylinder. The left side of the frame is marked with the two-line arced cartouche that reads LONDON / ARMOURY. Alternating (Crown) / V and (Crown) / GP London commercial view and proof marks are also found between the chambers of the cylinder. The left upper flat of the octagonal barrel is marked near the frame: L.A.C. along with the commercial London view and proof marks of a {Crown} / GP and {Crown} / V, reading from the muzzle to the frame. The original cylinder pin retention spring is present and fully functional, and the action works, with the revolver timing, indexing and locking up as it should most of the time, but sometimes is sluggish. The gun has an even brown patina with patches of darker surface oxidation; complete grips; lanyard stub, but no ring. Despite the wear and finish loss, the revolver retains good edges and lines with some scattered bumps, dings and pitting present on the metal. The bore of the revolver remains in about VERY GOOD condition as well with strong rifling its entire length, with light pitting. A clear Confederate JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark is present on the face of the grip and remains quite visible. Overall, this is a nice, solid example of a Kerr’s Patent Revolver complete with a clear JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark. $4600.00


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F330. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER - KANSASThe Lefaucheux Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War. The primary importer was George Schuyler who purchased 10,000 revolvers for the US government. Other importers included Herman BokerSchuyler, Hartley & GrahamGeorge RaphaelAlexis Godillot of Paris and even Tiffany & Company. US cavalry units that received pinfire revolvers included the 5th IL, 2nd & 5th KS, 6th KY, 8th MO, 1st WI and the 9th MO State Militia Cavalry. The Springfield Research Service serial number books list the serial numbers for 69 Lefaucheux revolvers that were in the possession of Company B of the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry during 1863. These 69 revolvers range from serial number 33,895 through 42,522. This 9,000+ range of serial numbers within a single company of US cavalry makes it relatively easy to extrapolate that Lefaucheux revolvers within the 25,XXX through at least the 45,XXX range are within the realistic realm of US purchased revolvers that saw Civil War use. Additionally, Company D of the 2nd Kansas Cavalry had several issued guns between the number range 20203 - 34952. Confederate units under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest had at least a few hundred of these revolvers in their possession in late 1864. A May 25, 1864 Ordnance Report from Meridian, Mississippi by Forrest showed his 1st Division in possession of 190 French Pistols and his 3rd Division in possession of another 160. It is almost certain that these French Pistols were Lefaucheux revolvers. Additionally, in 1864 the Selma Arsenal was offering Lefaucheux revolvers for sale to Confederate officers. The serial number for this revolver is 34388, which is within the 25,XXX through 45,XXX range of the US purchased guns, and it is highly probable the gun was carried by a 2nd Kansas Calvary soldier. The gun is complete with the original unloading rod; locking cylinder latch; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; original grips; crisp rifling and properly functions. The Lefaucheux mark is on top of the 6 1/4-inch barrel and on the side. The serial number is LF 34388 is deeply stamped. The grips are complete with much original finish, and the cylinder and functioning load door retain much of the original blue finish. US Government purchased Lefaucheux are hard to find! $1600.00


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F334. SMITH & WESSON #2 OLD ARMY REVOLVER: The Smith & Wesson No 2 Old Army revolver was a six shot, .32 caliber single action revolver that fired a .32 caliber rimfire cartridge. The revolver was introduced in 1861 and remained in production until 1874. During that time some 77,155 of the revolvers were manufactured. Those pistols under serial number 35,731 were produced prior to May 1, 1865 and are considered Civil War use. The gun was very popular for soldiers and officers on both sides during the conflict.  From the stand point of size, the Smith & Wesson No 2 was probably one of the most practical pistols to carry in the field. It was lighter and easier to deal with than a Colt Navy or Colt Army percussion revolver. This Smith & Wesson No 2 is serial number 8182, which puts it early in the American Civil War. The serial number is very clearly stamped in the bottom of the grip frame and is also stamped inside of the right grip panel. The gun is mechanically excellent with a crisp action and a very tight lock up, and times and indexes exactly as it should. Typically, these “tip up” revolvers are found with excessive play in the hinge between the barrel and frame and they tend to wiggle. This one is nice and tight. The top of the barrel rib is clearly marked: Smith & Wesson Springfield. MASS, and the cylinder is marked: PATENTED APRIL 3, 1855. JULY 5, 1859 & DEC. 18, 1860. Traces of original blue finish is visible under the brown patina. $1300.00


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F342. SAVAGE NAVY REVOLVER: The Savage “Navy” self-cocking revolver is possibly the most ungainly handguns of the Civil War. The .36 caliber, 6-shot revolver had a 7” octagonal barrel and an innovative ring-cocking action and a moving gas seal cylinder. The gun featured a unique ring-shaped cocking lever inside the heart shaped trigger guard, which was used to advance the cylinder and cock the hammer. The shooter could then fire the gun with the traditional trigger. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company secured its first official US military contract directly with the US government on October 16, 1861. This contract called for Savage to deliver 5,000 pistols between October 1861 and March 1862. Another contract was received from the government in November of 1861 to supply an additional 5,000 revolvers between November 1861 and May of 1862. Of the approximately 20,000 Savage “Navy” models produced during the Civil War, the US Ordnance Department took delivery of 11,384 of the guns, and the Navy took delivery of 1,126. The balance of approximately 8,500 guns wereoffered for civilian sale. This gun appears to be one of the private/civilian sales,which individual soldiers and officers could purchase, and the serial number #6547 makes it an early gun.  It is all original and has an even gray patina; the cylinder properly functions with all original nipples and the action is tight; the front site is original and the grips are as well. The maker mark on the top is hard to photo due to the stippling created from gun power, but it is there under magnification. $1800.00


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F347. 11TH NEW YORK CAVALRY 1860 NEW ARMY REVOLVER - “CRISPIN REVOLVER CARBINES”: Captain Silas Crispin, acting as the Ordnance Department’s representative in New York was contacted with a proposed sale of 1000 Colt 1860 Armies with shoulder stocks, and being authorized to purchase them, they were acquired and delivered on March 1,1862 for the 11th New York cavalry. These pistols, complete with shoulder stocks, were purchased on the open market and did not pass through the Government inspection process; however, they do have some unique characteristics that enable them to be positively identified. In the book "The Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver" by Charles W. Pate, there is a detailed account of these revolvers - pages 311-318:  Approximate serial number range 15000-23000. Unit associations - 11th New York Cavalry. Revolver characteristics - Third Model (third-type frame) four-screw frame with OMN-like capping cut in recoil shield and no capping grove. Revolver markings – Standard “O” by all serial numbers above or below the serial number on barrel, frame, trigger guard and backstrap, but not the cylinder; "44 Cal" stamped on left rear trigger guard and no military inspectors marks. This revolver has serial number 16552 “O” on all parts except the matching cylinder 16552. The wedge is numbered (17553), which is within the ranges for the revolvers for the 11th New York Cavalry and most likely was switch by soldiers when cleaning their guns. The gun has an even brown patina, original grips, good rifling, and properly functions. This is a rare find and positively identified to the 11th New York Cavalry. $3500.00


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F352. 55TH MASSACHUSETTS INFANTRY REGIMENT (COLORED TROOPS) – IDENTIFIED ENFIELD RIFLE, CARTRIDGE BOX & FIELD MIRROR: In the Mid-1980’s, an Enfield Rifle, Cartridge box and a field shaving mirror were sold at an estate sale by an African-American (Black) family, who were descendants of a Colored Soldier from the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiments. These items were sold off individually and after a 30+ year search, have been reunited. Unfortunately, the record of the sale is not available, and the family history is gone, but luckily each item was Civil War period marked with the soldier’s name: Steven Ward. The name Steven L Ward is stenciled on the flat area of the Enfield opposite the lock, as well as on the field Shaving mirror, and the name Steven Ward is stenciled on the underside of the cartridge box flap, and the backside of the shoulder strap. These two versions of the name are helpful, but present a challenge for a positive identification since no living descendant exist, and will require extensive research of the names and each item for characteristics unique to the 55th Massachusetts infantry. The Civil War data-base list two Union soldiers named Stephen L. Ward, and eighteen soldiers with the name Stephen Ward, of which three were African-American (Colored).  Many of these soldiers can be eliminated because they had late enlistments; served in non-combat or non-infantry units, or were not issued Enfield rifles.  This narrows the list to the two soldiers with the name Stephen L. Ward, and the three African-American (Colored) privates.

Of the two named Stephen L. Ward, one was from the 1st Michigan Light Artillery and enlisted 9/6/1864 and mustered-out 8/1/1865. His enlistment period is late in the war and he would not have been issued an Enfield Rifles. The second soldier was from the 13th New Jersey Infantry, and though he had an early enlistment of 8/25/1862 and survived the war, his unit did not receive Enfield rifles, but carried Springfield Rifles.  Based on these facts, these two soldiers can be ruled out in regards to these identified items. This leaves the three African-American (Colored) soldiers with the same name Stephen Ward.

The first enlisted on 7/19/1863 into the US Colored Troop, 4th Cavalry, New Orleans. This unit was issued cavalry carbines and would not have received Enfield rifles. The second enlisted on 5/27/1865 into Company A, 128th United States Colored Infantry. As a late-war Federal unit, it is possible it received Enfield rifles, but more likely Springfield rifles. Also, as a late-war enlistment, this solder would have been issued a model 1864 cartridge not the 1861 version.

The third Colored soldier is Private Stephen Ward of the 55th Massachusetts Infantry. He enlisted 5/29/1863 into the 55th Massachusetts Infantry and was killed in action on 11/30/1864 at Honey Hill, SC. He was born in Tennessee and was most likely a slave who escaped to Ohio. This 55th was issued Confederate Enfield Rifles from captured blockade runner ships, purchased in Prize Auctions by the State of Massachusetts.  This, as well as some other details mention later, make it highly probable this identified group belongs to Private Stephen Ward of the 55th Massachusetts Infantry. CLICK TO READ THE COMPLETE HISTORY FOLDER.  $12,500.00


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F362. CONFEDERATE “K” MARKED - NUMBERED P-1853 ENFIELD: During the early days of the war, Confederate purchasing agents secured contracts for the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, and according to Confederate Chief of Ordnance, Josiah Gorgas’s, some 70,980 “Long Enfield Rifles” were purchased from the beginning of the war through the end of 1862. These numbers only account for Confederate central government purchases, and not those purchased by states or by profiteered. The majority were purchased from S. Isaac, Campbell & Company or Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company entered into several contracts with the Confederacy to deliver P-1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets, with the typical contract terms requiring 30,000 stands of arms to be delivered over a six-month period. During the course of the war, Sinclair, Hamilton & Company appears to have received at least five of these Confederate central government contracts for P-1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets. The second of these contracts for 30,000 P-1853 “Long Enfields’ is the one represented by the guns with the JS / (ANCHOR) inspection mark, along with the engraved butt plate tang inventory control numbers. These numbers ran from 1-10,000 in three series. The first series had no suffix after the number, while the second series of 10,000 had an “A” suffix under the inventory number and the third series of 10,000 had a “B” suffix. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through “Five Furnishers.”  The London furnishers were the longtime gunmakers EP Bond and Parker, Field & Co, with James Kerr receiving a tiny portion of the contract (only 500 guns). The balance was delivered by the Birmingham firms CW James and W.C. Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked the guns delivered with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, F for Parker, Field & Co, J for James, K for Kerr and S for Scott & Son. An October 31, 1861 dated letter from Sinclair, Hamilton & Co. notes that the contract was divided between the furnishers as follows: 

CW James: 10,000
Scott & Sons: 8,000 guns
E.P. Bond: 6,000 guns
Parker, Field & Co: 5,500 guns
James Kerr: 500 guns

Kerr represent slightly less than 2% of the total deliveries. To date only 6 of the 500 P-1853s delivered by James Kerr under this contract have been noted. Of the 6 known specimens, 2 are marked CARR / LONDON on the lock, three have blank, unmarked locks and one is marked 1861 / TOWER. Two of the guns are the obsolete “Type II” P-1853 Enfield rifle musket with solid barrel bands retained by springs, and the other are the typical “Type III” Enfield pattern arms that were imported by both sides. Due to the very small delivery total and extremely low survival rate, James Kerr furnished, P-1853 Enfields are extremely rare and the hardest examples to locate! It is often missing from even the most advanced collections of Confederate imported Enfields. This gun is in attic condition and is complete with the original ram-rod, barrel bands and sling swivels, but missing the rear site blade. The butt plate and ram-rod have matching serial number 5945 and the letter “K” is stamped in the stock forward of the butt plate tang. It is also JS Anchor stamp, though it is light hard to see without magnification. I just acquired this rifle and it will be available for inspection and sale at the upcoming Chickamauga Civil War & Military Show, Dalton GA. Currently, I have limited photos, but they are of all the important marks. $14,000




F361. 135TH COLOR TROOPS IDENTIFIED 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE: During the Civil War, the majority of Colored Troops were issued Model 1853 Enfield rifles that were either surplus or captured Confederate guns. This was the case for the 135th United States Colored Troop Regiment. Private Jacob Hobbs (Jacob Hops) was issued an 1864 Tower Enfield Model 1853 rifle and he carved his name in the stock.  A detail data-base search of this name was conducted and found no match for any other Union or Confederate soldiers, but a pension file card for Jacob Hobbs was discovered, as well as North Carolina records showing this name attributed to Jacob Hops. The Enfield rifle has a Tower 1864 lock, is in great condition, properly functions, has the original ram-rod and strong rifling. On the side of the stock is carved “Jacob Hobbs.” The rifle is currently with my show inventor and I only have the one photo, but it will be available at the Chickamauga Civil War & Military Show, Dalton GA 29-30 January, 2022.  Please stop by my table and see this important piece of history. A historical binder is included. $2400.00


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F363. 59TH ILLINOIS IDENTIFED – 1863 TYPE-1 SPRINGFIELD RIFLE-MUSKET: This is a Springfield Model 1863 Type-1 rifled musket manufactured by Springfield Armory. The Model 1861 was the most commonly used longarm in the American Civil War, with over 700,000 manufactured. The Model 1863 also has the distinction of being the last muzzle-loading longarm produced by the Springfield Armory and was produced in two variants. The Type I eliminated the band springs and replaced the flat barrel bands with oval clamping bands. It also featured a new ramrod, a case-hardened lock, a new hammer, and a redesigned bolster. This gun is fully functional with all original parts except a replaced nipple, and the original .58 caliber barrel was smooth bored most likely after the war. The gun is tack decorated on both sides with two Corps badges on the stocks right side; a Crescent Moon with a star (7th Corps) and a convex, curved cross (16th corps); a large U S, and tacks outlining the lock plate. On the other side there are tacks around the lock screws and tacks between where some sort of disk or coin once was. On the opposite side of the stock are the initials H. H. R. and 95 ILL.  

A search of the Civil War data base for the 95th Illinois infantry regiments found one and only one match: Corporal Henry H. Rowe. He was an 18 years-old farmer from Hebron, Illinois and enlisted 11 August 1862 as a private and promoted to Corporal. He survived the war and mustered out 17 August, 1865.  The 95th Illinois was formed late summer of 1862. All companies were formed out of Boone and McHenry Counties and were mustered into federal service on September 4, 1862. After training at Camp Fuller near Rockford the regiment took to the field, proceeding to Jackson by way of Cairo and Columbus. There they joined the growing army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant, who was preparing to advance on the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg. The 95th was assigned to the XVI Corps and took part in Grant's northern Mississippi Campaign in late 1862. This abortive first move against Vicksburg ended when the Union supply line at Holly Springs was disruption by Confederate cavalry under General Earl Van Dorn. Along with the rest of the army, the 95th retreated back into Tennessee. Reassigned to the XVII Corps under General James McPherson in January 1863, the regiment spent time in occupies Memphis before embarking down the Mississippi River River to Lake Providence. There the regiment received its "baptism of fire" by skirmishing with some Confederate raiders on February 10, 1863. In early April they moved to Milliken's Bend in preparation for the beginning of the Vicksburg Campaign. The Ninety-fifth was temporarily detached from the Second Brigade, Seventeenth Army Corps and assigned to the Brigade made up for the Red River expedition. The Ninety-fifth was engaged at the capture of Fort De Russey and in the battles of Old River, Cloutierville, Mansuar, Yellow Bayou and all the movements of that advance and retreat. In the battle of Bayou, the Sixteenth Corps was hotly engaged, and the Ninety-fifth fought during a portion of time under one of the severest fires of artillery it ever experienced in a field fight.  I was not able to determine Corporal Rowe’ s service in the VII Corps.  The VII Corps designation was used twice: Department of Virginia and Department of Arkansas. It is possible Rowe served was assigned to a unit under either of these VII Corps, but his muster sheets are currently unavailable. Here is an opportunity to add an Illinois identified Springfield rifle that saw action with the 95th Illinois Infantry Regiment. $3200.00


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F364. ENGLISH PATTERN - 1856 ENFIELD 2-BAND RIFLE:  This is an English Pattern – 1856 Enfield 2-band rifle. It is complete with all original barrel band, sling swivels, adjustable real site, steel butt plate and trigger guard, and ramrod. The lock is TOWER marked and dated 1861 and properly functions in both half and full cock, and the nipple is original. The stock has expected dings and bumps and is complete with no breaks, and is maker marked T. TURNER. Also, to the real of the trigger guard and swivel is stamped a CROWN and B S A for the Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA). All the steel has the same matching plum-brown patina. The barrel has no longer rifled and smooth bore. $1800.00


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 F365. EXTREMELY RARE - JAPANESE BOSHIN WAR - BRITISH PATTERN 1861 CAVALRY CARBINE: The Boshin War is also referred to as the Japanese Revolution, the Boshin Senso, or the Yang Earth Dragon’s War of the Year. From 1868 to 1869, various forces who supported the Tokugawa Shogunate and who wanted for the Imperial Court to regain control over the country fought each other in a series of battles. According to records, the origins of the war can be traced back to the discontent of young samurai warriors and several nobles of the shogunate’s failure to efficiently handle the events brought about by the end of Japan’s isolation policy a decade earlier. The primary way in which the “traditionalists” sought to overwhelm the Shogunate forces was to modernize their own armies and to acquire modern firearms from England, Europe and the United States. The end of the American Civil War in 1865 had made a huge number of obsolete percussion-muzzleloading rifles and rifle muskets available on the secondary market from international arms traders like Schuyler, Hartley & Graham. While these guns were being replaced with modern metallic cartridge breechloaders in most of the world, a muzzleloading Enfield pattern rifle or rifle musket was a huge technological advantage against the traditional smoothbore Tanegashima-tsutsu matchlocks in Japan. The traders were only too happy to arm what was looking to be a Japanese civil war.

This English Pattern 1861 Cavalry Carbine is in amazing condition and complete with all original parts to include barrel bands; swinging ramrod; sling swivels; nipple protector and chain; adjustable rear site, and a strong 5-grove minty bore. The lock has a Crown and is marked TOWER 1862 and is void of British military marks. The stock is maker marked KYNOCH & Co. BIRMINGHAM, and to the right is a 16-petalled chrysanthemum.This flower is also stamped in the breach beside the hammer.

The Imperial Seal of Japan or National Seal of Japan, also called the Chrysanthemum Seal, Chrysanthemum Flower Seal, or Imperial chrysanthemum emblem is one of the national seals and a crest used by the Emperor of Japan and members of the Imperial Family. By 1872, it was decreed that all breechloading firearms be transferred to Imperial government control in Tokyo and soon thereafter all Enfield pattern rifles be forwarded to Imperial arsenals for alteration to breechloader; however, this carbine was not altered and is in its original configuration.

Tim Prince wrote the following:

A very interesting gun for a lot of reasons. First of all even though George Kynoch went into business in 1862, he did not become a major force in gun making until he acquired William Tranter’s factory circa 1884-85. Additionally the gun has a Pattern 1861 cavalry carbine rear sight, rather than the Pattern 1856 small leaf rear sight. The Pattern 1856 Cavalry carbine was updated to the Pattern 1861 with the new rear sight, the adoption of 5-groove rifling and changing from the Palmer clamping barrel bands to the new Baddeley patent bands. Since this gun has the earlier Palmer bands I’ll bet it’s still a 3-groove gun that Kynoch refurbished and updated prior to sale to Japan. Note also there are 2 sling swivels and no saddle bar & ring, probably Japanese requests. Almost none of the British military Pattern 1861 cavalry carbines were ever issued in percussion, most were held in storage and were altered to Snider before they were ever issued. From a Civil War standpoint, there is no evidence that any of the Pattern 1861 cavalry carbines were imported.   (Barrel is 5-grove)  then it is technically a Pattern 1861. That’s a very rare carbine in percussion.

Though not an American Civil War weapon, this unique and extremely rare Enfield Cavalry Carbine has amazing history. $2100.00


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F366. CHECKERED STOCK VOLUNTEER ENFIELD RIFLE: This is a very high-grade Checkered Stock Volunteer Enfield, which are usually an iron mounted Pattern 1856 type rifle. These have a stock made of better grade walnut with checkering, a high-grade finish and infrequently additional features. This gun is complete and in near-mint condition with all original parts to include the nipple protector and chain. The lock is marked CROWN / YOUNG GLASGOW / 1859. On the underside of the stock by the swivel there is a circle-cross stamped into the wood.  I have seen this mark on a number of Civil War guns, but have no idea what it represents. If this gun made it to the Civil War, it most likely was a private purchase. $2500.00


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F368. WHITNEY NAVY REVOLVER: This is a Whitney Navy percussion revolver from the era of the American Civil War. The Whitney Navy was a 6-shot, .36 caliber, single action percussion revolver that was manufactured from the late 1850s through the early 1860s. Some 33,000 Whitney Navy revolvers were produced during the production run, with many seeing US government use. The US Army acquired 10,587 of the revolvers between 1861 and 1864 and the US Navy purchased an additional 6,226 between 1863 and 1865. The state of New Jersey purchased 920 Whitney Navy revolvers in 1863, but 792 of those guns were subsequently resold to the US Army in 1863 and 1864. A number of Whitney Navy revolvers also appear to have been acquired by the South and saw service during the American Civil War. Some were purchased prior to the outbreak of hostilities and many more after the conflict started. These later production guns were no doubt obtained through a combination of capturing weapons and purchasing the guns surreptitiously from secondary retailers rather than Whitney. At least two-dozen Whitney Navy revolvers are known to have been repaired for use by the 4th Virginia “Black Horse” Cavalry, and a handful of identified Whitney Navy revolvers with Confederate provenance exist was well. It is not surprising that the revolver found favor on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line.  This Whitney Navy revolver appears to have been US government purchased and is marked with an Anchor on the top of the barrel, and was period plated to protect it from exposure to salt water. It is maker marked on the barrel, but also has the name A A WHITE scratched in as well.  I did a quick search of this name and have not yet found a US sailor of naval officer, but found plenty of cavalry soldiers, both Union and Confederate that may have carried this gun. The original take-down lever has been period replaced with a steel pin, which may be a Confederate alteration.  The gun is tight and properly cycles, and hold in both half and full cock. The grips are original and have the same serial number as on the loading leaver; 25353, and the rifling is strong. $1500.00



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