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F98. M1816 CONVERSION RIFLE-MUSKET & BAYONET:

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F99. M1816 CONVERSION MUSKET- RIFLED BORE & 4 HAMMERS:

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F117.   M1816 - CONFEDERATE - CONVERSION MUSKETThis is an outstanding example of a Confederate converted M1816 musket. The lock, bolster are very unique and not of a Northern design. In fact, when you remove the barrel and the lock you will find the Roman numeral III marked on several parts.  It is on the wood under the lock, on the underside of the barrel, and on three of the internal lock parts.  This was a common practice associated with many Confederate repaired and altered musket.  The ram-rod has a cork screw twist that is often seen in other Confederate muskets.$2595.00

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F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issued.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen.  The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife, and many of these bayonets had to be fitted to the gun. $1495.00

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F144.  CONFEDERATE JS MARKED ENFIELD –  INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERED BUTT PLATE & RAM-ROD:  The P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is a classic example of a Confederate marked and imported musket that clearly saw extensive use in the field and fired many shots against Federal troops. The gun is marked in the wood behind the trigger guard with the classic J S / ANCHOR mark, and the buttplate tang is engraved with the inventory number 3423. The gun is a typical Birmingham contractor produced musket for export. The gun has the typical Birmingham style lock markings, a simple double line engraved lock with a Crown to the rear of the hammer and 1862 / TOWER forward of the hammer; however, the hammer is an arsenal replaced Springfield hammer with a brass washer, and the bayonet is also Union, but modified to fit the Enfield. These two parts have been with the gun since the Civil War and the deep brown patina is perfict from top to bottom. The ram-rod is also number marked, but with a different number; 1697. This Enfield is in outstanding attic condition and has never been sanded or cleaned.  The J S / ANCHOR is just the way you want to find it.  $5500.00

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F152.  CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY: During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. This is a great example of an untouched out of the attic Confederate marked Enfield rifle-musket with a Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark so strong & sharp it needs no magnification to read. The lock is marked with a Crown to the rear, and 1862 Tower forward of the hammer. The Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark on this gun is a Crown over S H / G 3.   Additionally, and thought faint, you can see the outline of the I.C. oval cartouche on the stock flat opposite the loc. This mark is usually found on Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marked guns as one of their inspector marks. After years of research and comparison to otheridentified and know Confederate Enfield muskets, the Crown over S H / G # is now considered 1 of 4 known markings use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. The numbers 1-5 are believed to be associated with the supplier.  The lock is maker marked S&W and the stock is marked H&E. The wood has never been sanded and has a nice light color with great original patina, and all the metal parts have the same even plum-brown patina. The lock functions properly, the nipple is original, and the rifle bore has strong rifling. This gun also come with an original bayonet that fits tight.  If you are looking to add to your collection a Confederate Enfield which shows use, but not abuse, this is it! $2600.00

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F153. RARE CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY  :During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP Bond, James Kerr, Parker, Field & Co, CW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company provided Rifle Muskets are found with the following marks and were acquired from many additional suppliers:

This Confederate Enfield is in near mint condition with a barrel that appears unfired. The original nipple has no damage and retains its original case coloring. The stock is amazing with only a small hair-line crack from the trigger tang running back on the right side. Near the butt plate tang is the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark.  This inspection mark also appears on the flat area opposite the lock. The lock is marked with the Crown, Tower, 1862 and the underside of the stock is a supplier marked JOHN  MARSON.  All the original bands are present as well as the sling swivels and rear site. All metal parts have the same plum-brown patina.$3400.00

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F155. CONFEDERATE - BARNETT ENFIELD RIFLE - SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO. MARKED : During the Civil War, a large number of 1853 Enfield rifles were supplied to the Confederacy by Barnett; however, they often reached out to other makers to help fill the contract. This Barnett Confederate P53 Enfield rifle is complete, and is marked Sinclair, Hamilton & Co. by the butt-plate tang. It is marked Barnett on the lock plate and has all original parts and still has strong rifling in the barrel. The stock is on great condition and the lock functions well and holds in both half & full cock position. $2800.00 REDUCED $2400.00

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F171. "G"- MARKED 1854 LORENZ RIFLE - IDENTIFIED TO A TEXAS SOLDIER: This is a "G" Marked Lorenz Rifle, which came out of Texas and is identified to a soldier from the Texas 11th Infantry through family history. The gun was imported into the Confederacy by the state of Georgia as is evident by the "G" stamp on the side of the musket. It turns out that many of these "G" marked Lorenz rifle came through the blockade via Texas, and may explain how it ended up being issued to a Texas soldier.

The rifle is in outstanding condition. The stock is in great condition and never sanded. On the right side of the stock is the "G" mark, and a three half-cycle design to which itsmeaning is unknown to me. On the left side of the stock are the initials J. S. (most likely is the initials of the first soldier who carried this gun), and a six point star. All metal parts are original and have matching patina; the rear-site is complete and works; all sling swivels are present; and the ramrod is original. Finally, the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock, and the rifling is sharp and strong. Included is the guns original bayonet and it scabbard, both are in amazing condition and fit like a glove. With the gun is a letter from the descendant of Private Phillip K. Koonce, 11th Texas Infantry. It documents how this rifle was passed down from generation to generation and that Phillip K. Koonce owned it as his last known rifle.  Records indicate the existence of a Confederate Pension and he was buried in Shelby County Texas, White Rock Cemetery. Research is complete and I obtained the Pension File for Private Phillip K.Koonce, which will be included.

Koonce initially started in a Home Guard unit then joined the 11th Texas Infantry (Roberts Regulars) around December 1863, and remained with the 11th up to its surrender and disbandment in May 1865. He was with the unit for the Red River campaign, and engagements including Wilson's Farm, Carroll's Mill, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill in Louisiana.

Here is an outstand “G” marked Lorenz rifle identified to a Texas soldier. $4900.00

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F178. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1853:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The P-1853 Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.”. This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine –  and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching assembler hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s under side to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard. Upon closer examination, I found assembler hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel,which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

A respected collector/friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

These two-band rifles are scarce and this is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

A search of censes records for the state of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

The 50th Tennessee Regiment, wasorganized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. This is a great carbine which will easily be a center piece in any collection. $8900.00

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F186. WHITNEY ENFIELD RIFLE - MUSKET, SECONDARY CONFEDERATE:

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F201. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #24240, which is just a little earlier then the US Government contact, but close.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and much original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States. $1300.00

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F202.  3-BAND 1853 ENFIELD MUSKET with REBEL BLACKSMITH MADE RAMROD: This is a model 1853 3-Band Enfield rifle-musket made for export to America for the Civil War, and totally void of English inspection marks. I believe this one was sold to the North (Union), but recovered off a battlefield by the Confederates and put in service to defend the South. The stock is all original with many dings and dents, but has never been sanded. The rear and front sight are original, and there is still strong rifling in the bore. It has the original rear sling swivel, but not the front. The ramrod is not original, but a Confederate wartime replacement made by a blacksmith. It is very crude and covered with hammer marks and is threaded at the end. On the butt of the stock is the circular Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp, on the underside near the trigger tang is another BSAT stamp. On the underside of the stock is maker name: Joseph Wilson.  The barrel was made by Ezra Millward, but is also marked with the retailer name Joseph Wilson.  Matching assembly marks “M  X \ \” appear on the bottom of the barrel, lock, and underside of the trigger housing. If the barrel would not have been clean at one time.  $1500.00

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F205. ENFIELD - PATTERN 1861 SHORT RIFLE: There are several patterns Enfield short rifles; Pattern 1856 rifle with a 33-inch barrel rifled with three broad lands and grooves and a back sight graduated to 1,100 yards;  Pattern 1858 Bar on Band; Pattern 1858 Naval rifle, and the Pattern 1860 & 1861 rifle. Of all these rifles, the ones with the lowest numbers imported were the Pattern 1860 & 1861 rifle.  Both have iron mounts and heavy barrels with five broad lands and grooves, but the rear sight on the Pattern 1860 were graduated to 1100 yards, where the Pattern 1861 was graduated to 1250 yards. As such, both Pattern 1860 & 1861 Rifle are rare, but known Confederate examples do exist and saw action during the American Civil War.  

This rifle is the rarer Pattern 1861 with the graduated 1250 yard sight. The gun is totally void of any British military inspection marks. The stock has never been cleaned or sanded and it is marked RENDER & CO. LONDON. I found no marks near the butt or trigger tang. The lock has the CROWN and is marked TOWER 1862. The ram-rod channel, barrel bands, barrel, barrel screw, and lock screws are all marked \ III with the lock being maker marked C & G and / \.  The lock fit tight and is totally original to the gun and properly functions. The nipple protector and chain are original, and the rifling is strong.  The linen sling is a high-quality reproduction. The rifle came out of the state of Virginia. $2200.00

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F206. CONFEDERATESINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO. MARKED 1853 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE: During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP BondJames KerrParker, Field & CoCW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company provided Rifle Muskets are found with the following marks and were acquired from many additional suppliers:

This Confederate 1853 3-band Enfield rifle is marked with the Oval SHC, which is believed to be the last of several marks use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Co. as they filled their final contract for these rifles by the Confederate government.  As such, there are not as many Oval SHC rifle, available, and this is only the third I have found. If was discovered in Mississippi and most likely was carried by a soldier from that state. This rifle is all original with great un-touched brown patina on all steel parts, and a dark stock and matching parts, as well as matching assembly numbers. The stock is maker marked JOHN  MARSON and XX III (23) in the ram-rob channel. The barrel is maker marked SMITH and the number 23 twice. The lock is maker marked SMITH and the number 23, and both lock retention screws are marked XX III (23). Also, all three barrel bands are numbered 23, and the only part with a different number is the barrel retention screw with the mark X\ //.   

The Oval SHC mark is by the butt plate tang, and on the flat area opposite the lock, and between the top barrel band and the brass nose cap there is the outline of a large oval, but the SHC is worn since the is where a soldier held the top of the rifle.  This third mark is extremely rare and only this first time I have found this marking. The rifle still retains the original rear sight, which still works, and there remains good rifling in the bore, though it is dark and can use a good cleaning. $3600.00 REDUCED $3100.00

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F207. STARR .36 CAL. NAVAL REVOLVER: This Starr revolver is a unique revolver developed prior and used during the Civil War.  It was designed with a sliding switch on the trigger to allow the soldier or sailor to use the gun in a double-action configuration, or single-action by cocking it with the main trigger and using a second smaller trigger to fire the gun.  You will see the more common Army version all the time, but the Naval .36 Caliber version is rare to find.  This Navy Starr revolver has a brown-gray patina and only small traces of original blue. The frame is marked Starr Patent Jan. 15. 1856 on one side, and Starr Arms Co. New York on the other side. All screws are original to the gun. The bore has strong rifling and the cylinder has original nipples, and they are all very nice. The cylinder, grip, upper receiver, and lower receiver under the grip have matching serial number 2636, the trigger has number 2372; however, its patina matches the gun and I have no doubt was factory installed.  The one piece grip is in very nice condition, and has a sailor’s name, FORD, carved in it. Overall, this great example of a rare and not often seen Navy Starr Revolver and is a great piece of Civil War naval history. $1750.00

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F208. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #33390, which puts it is the middle of the US Government contact.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and some original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States. $1400.00

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F210: WHITNEY NAVY REVOLVER -SCARCE 1ST TYPE, 2ND MODEL:  

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F211. COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER, 1858: This is a good solid example of a Colt 1851 Navy Revolver that was built in 1858, and marked with the Hartford Address, which only appeared on this model from approx. 1858 up to April 1861.  Many collectors feel the Colt revolvers with the Hartford address have a strong association to the Confederacy. It has the standard 7-1/2" octagonal barrel with six shot cylinder and walnut grips. There appears to be a factory error with the serial number because 87789 appears on all parts to include the grip, except for one part numbered 88789. These numbers are within the same production time frame, and the die-stamped numbers are the same; human error.  Even the fragile hand-inked number on the inside of the grips is still visible and matching; 87789. There is still some trace silver on some brass, and some original blue on the underside of the loading lever. Overall the gun is brown. The cylinder scene is visible as well as the COLT PATENT No. 88789. The nipples are to perfict and I believe they have beenreplaces. The rifling is strong and the action is tight. $2700.00 REDUCED $2500.00

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F212. COLT 1861 NAVY REVOLVER-1863: This Colt 1861 Navy revolver is serial number 13821, which places its production in 1863 and in the middle of the Civil War. It is a Civilian version of the revolver complet with an original brown leather holster. Overall, it is a light-brown gun with faint traces of case coloring on the sides, with the same serial number 13821 on all parts except the wedge, which is unmarked. The gun is tight and the action properly works. The cylinder scene is strong and all the nipples are original. The grips are original with almost all the factory finish. The barrel has some light pitting on each side where it had contact with a holster. The bore is bright with no pitting and strong rifling. This is a great example of a Civil War Colt 1861 Navy revolver. The holster by its self would be $350.00, but is included in the price. $2600.00 REDUCED $2500.00

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F213. STARR .36 CAL. NAVAL REVOLVER: This Starr revolver is a unique revolver developed prior and used during the Civil War.  It was designed with a sliding switch on the trigger to allow the soldier or sailor to use the gun in a double-action configuration, or single-action by cocking it with the main trigger and using a second smaller trigger to fire the gun.  You will see the more common Army version all the time, but the Naval .36 Caliber version is rare to find.  This Navy Starr revolver has a gray-brown patina and only small traces of original blue. The frame is marked Starr Patent Jan. 15. 1856 on one side, and Starr Arms Co. New York on the other side. All screws are original to the gun. The bore has strong rifling, the cylinder nipples appear original, the original grip has a trace cartouche on the left side, and the upper and lower receiver, as well the grip, have matching serial number 2294. Overall, this is a great example of a rare and not often seen Navy Starr Revolver. $1750.00 REDUCED $1650.00

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F214. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 6 inch revolver has serial number #32716, which is in the middle of the US Government contact.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and some original blue finish and original finished grips, but mostly a brown gun. $1400.00

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F215. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The Confederacy also purchased several, but the exact number and serial number range for the Southern acquired pin-fire revolvers is unknown. This gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and original finished grips. The 6 1/4 inch barrel gun is engraved the top and side. It is Lefaucheux maker marked with an early low serial number LF 7727. $1300.00

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F216.  MODEL1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSION: The M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

This rifle is an example of the percussion conversion with a seven grooved barrel, and the rifling is very strong. The stock is in great condition showing normal dings and wear. The original lock plate is marked US DERINGER PHILADA, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in full cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, and both swing swivels are present.  These are getting harder to find in such nice condition. $1200.00

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F217.  CONFEDERATE ALTERED M1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSIONThe M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

This rifle is an example of the M1817 Common Rifle I suspect was Confederate altered. First, the bore was rifle with eight straight groves with no twist. This was done to improve accuracy with Buck & Ball ammunition, not a standard bullet. When I opened the patch-box cover, I saw four hash marks ////, and I found those same marks on the barrels retention screw.  The stock is in average condition showing hard use with normal dings and expected wear for a gun used in combat. The original lock plate is marked US  R JOHNSON MIDDLETON, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in both full & haft cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, but the rear swing swivels is missing.  The straight rifling is worn from heavy use, but can been seen with a good bore light. $1200.00

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F218. CONFEDERATE - BARNETT ENFIELD RIFLE – "BARNETT LONDON" STAMP: During the Civil War, a large number of 1853 Enfield rifles were supplied to the Confederacy by Barnett; however, Barnett was not able to meet the demand and the company had to purchase arms on the open market to fill the Southern contract. When this occurred, Barnett would stamp “BARNETT LONDON” on the wood opposite of the lock.  This is one such rifle and it is the exact example illustrated on page 150 of the book: “The English Connection,” which is a great reference book on England’s contribution to the Confederacy. The rifle has a TOWER 1862 lock, shows wear, and has the number 49 stamped on the butt plate. The gun is completely original and all parts to include the ram-rod channel have the same matching maker hash marks. The bore has the faint shadow of rifling, but is almost shoot smooth. Here is a rare Enfield! $2600.00

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