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F247. PATTERN 1858 BAR-ON-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE: This is a British Pattern 1858 Bar-on-Band Enfield Rifle. The gun shows light wear, has a Tower 1861 lock that properly works; has strong rifling; is marked “London Tower 1862” on the stock and two crowns stamped near the trigger tang, and the stock makers information stamped in the ramrod channel. On the opposite side from the lock is the name E. LORTON. $1300.00

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F252. CONFEDERATE - PATTERN 1860 IRON MOUNTED RIFLE & NUMBERED RAMROD: This is a Pattern 1860 2-band rifle. It is a London made gun by Potts & Hunt and has all original factory mounts, screws, barrel and barrel bands. There is a faint Confederate viewer mark near the trigger tang, which may be from Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. The ramrod is number 507 and was with the gun when acquired, but there are no numbers on the stock. It most likely was switched during the heat of battle. On the underside of the stock forward of the trigger guard is a hole. The lock properly functions; all metal parts have matching patina, and the rifling is gone and now has a smooth bore. There are no sling swivels and where one would be to the rear, there is a screw. This gun originally was configured for the Royal Marine Corps, but has not British inspection marks and it was sold to the Confederacy instead. A bayonet comes with the gun. It is British inspected, has an oval C.G maker mark and serial number 151, but I do not know how long the two have been together. $1800.00

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“T.S”

F266. CONFEDERATE 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE – BLOCK “T.S” MARKED - UNION CAPTURED & REISSUED: This is a Confederate 1853 Enfield Rifle with a rare block T.S mark forward of the butt plate tang, and an 1862 dated Tower lock. The butt plate is marked with an A over 45, which is for a Northern unit designation, most likely A company, 45th Mass. The gun was either battlefield captured or taken off a Southern blockade runner ship, and reissued. There were several Northern State units issued captured Enfield’s; however, without a little more information I do not know which one got this rifle. On the underside forward of the trigger a soldier carved his initials C K.  A quick search of the civil war data-base found over 1000 Confederate and 6500 Union soldiers with these initials, making a match impossible. The gun in in great condition with expected wear; the barrel and retention bands have matching patina; the bore has strong rifling; the rear site works; the lock work in both half and full cock; and both sling swivels are present.  Here is a rarely seen T.S marked Confederate Enfield rifle, which was Union captured and reissued. $2200.00

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F267. H&P ALTERED U.S. MODEL 1822 SPRINGFIELD MUSKETThis H&P Civil War period conversion musket is .69 caliber with a 42" barrel retained by three flat barrel bands with springs. It is browned finish with a smooth walnut stock. It is marked with a {spread-winged eagle} over US forward of the hammer, and in three vertical lines: "SPRING / FIELD / 1830" at the tail of the lock: patent breech marked 1861 and H&P: a clear script "JT" cartouche and an A/2 reclassification cartouche, with a legible script "JS" final inspection cartouche behind the trigger guard. The gun retains the H&P added 1858 pattern leaf rear sight; the H&P added front sight blade on upper band, a socket bayonet lug, and a correctly modified button head ramrod dished for conical ammunition and sling swivels.  The New Jersey firm of Hewes & Phillips altered some 20,000 US Model 1816/22/18 and Model 1835/40 flintlock muskets to percussion during the American Civil War, roughly 8,000 "Type I" rifled and sighted alterations for the state of New Jersey and some 12,000 “Types II” for the US Ordnance Department, most of these being smooth bore. This is a classic "Type I," rifled with three lands and grooves with a clean out screw in the bolster with “NJ” New Jersey markings on the barrel. The gun is in Fine++ condition. Retains some brown finish mixed with an oxidized brown patina; markings in metal are crips and clear; markings in wood slightly worn, but strong. Mechanically functional with a very good bore with the last few inches nearest the muzzle dirty and somewhat pitted. The stock is crisp with sharp edges, showing scattered bumps, dings and marks, some minor hairline grain cracks are present as well, but appear non-structural. $1600.00

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F273. 1853 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE: This 1853 3-Band Enfield Rifle is fresh to the market and in original uncleaned condition. The stock has a deep brown finish and all the steel has a deep plum-brown patina, and the brass has an even patina. The lock is dated 1862, and all the barrel bands are original and complete with the sling swivels. The ram-rod is period, but extends past the barrel’s end, and the bore is dark with strong rifling. There are no marks in the stock forward of the butt plate or above or below the trigger guard. This is not a Confederate gun, but one carried by a Union soldier. Shipping is calculated in the price. $1300.00  

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F288.  P1856 2-BAND ENFIELD RIFLEThis is a Pattern 1856 2-Band Enfield rifle complete with all original swivels; both barrel-bands; rear site; ram-rod, 1861 dated lock, and nipple protector with chain. The lock properly functions, and the three-grove bore is crisp and bright. On the underside of the stock below the trigger guard are two sets of viewer marks: W C and E.T.C. These marks are not associated with the Confederacy, and since there are no British military proof marks, this rifle most likely is Union carried. The stock is solid and all the steel has matching attic patina. Overall, an outstanding example of a Civil War P1856 Enfield 2-Band rifle. $2100.00

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98488

98828

F293. COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER; HARTFORD CT, 1860 – POSSIBLE SOUTH CAROLINA: This Hartford CT marked Colt 1851 Navy Revolver was made in 1860 and may possibly be associated with South Carolina. We know of two 1851 Navy revolvers lettered by Colt as being shipped to South Carolina: 98488 was one of a shipment of 50 guns sent to Gravely and Pringle in Charleston SC on January 15, 1861, and 98828 was one of a shipment of 60 guns sent to South Carolina on January 3, 1861. This gun is serial number 98433 and is well within the number range for the 110 guns sent to South Carolina. The revolver retains approximately 25% original cylinder scene; all original nipples; generous amounts of silver plating on the trigger guard and back strap; original grips with 40% original varnish; and properly functions. The serial number 98433 matches except for the wedge, which is unmarked. $2300.00

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F297. CONFEDERATE RICHMOND ALTERED M1836 PISTOL WITH ADAMS BOLSTER: With the coming of the Civil War, most southern states had limited quantities of weapons, and what they had was often obsolete. Virginia had a large supply of older flintlock arms in various state of repair; most of which would be altered to percussion. This is one of those reworked pistols. It is a Confederate altered US Model 1836 Flintlock Pistol. It shows all the hallmarks of an Adams alteration with a classic 'three-faceted” bolster with the circular shadow of the rod used to hold it in place while it was brazed to the barrel and assembly hash marks “XII” beside a brass inlay. The lock proper functions in both half and full cock and the ram-rod is original. $1400.00

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F307. CONFEDERATE ROLLER-BUCKLE BELT WITH COLT NAVY SLIM-JIM HOLSTER & HARTFORD COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER: This is a Confederate Roller-Buckle belt with a Colt Navy Slim-Jim holster, complete with a Hartford Colt 1851 Navy Revolver. The serial number 92654 matches on the lower & upper receiver, the loading lever, the trigger guard and the wedge; however, the back strap has a different number; 80716. Serial number 92654 dates to 1859 and 80716 to 1857. Many of the 90xxx Colt Navy Revolvers were purchased by Southern states prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. The Hartford make on the top of the barrel is well worn, but readable; the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock positions; the nipples, front site and all screws are original, and there is even some original silver on the trigger guard. The Confederate Roller-Buckle belt is in good shape with one repair as shown in the photos, and the Colt Navy Revolver Slim-Jim Holster has beautiful patina and the single loop with a very cool period repair on the reverse. The holster is soft at its top from wear, but displays well with the revolver and the belt. This price is for the revolver, belt and holster. $2600.00

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F310. AUSTRIAN M1842 CAVALRY CARBINE: This is a Civil War M1842 Import Austrian M1842 Cavalry Carbine. The stock is in great shape with a few bumps and dings and is all original with a very pleasing patina. The lock is dated 1852 and in great working order and the hammer holds in both positions. The firing nipple shows wear but still in good shape; the barrel is dark with deep rifling, and both the original front and rear sights are intact.  A wonderful example that will make a great addition to any Confederate or Union Cavalry display. $1100.00

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CLICK THE ABOVE PHOTOS TO SEE THE ORIGINAL COLLEGE HILL ARSENAL DESCRIPTION

F319: CONFEDERATE IMPORTED PATTERN 1858 ENFIELD NAVAL RIFLE WITH MATCHING NUMBERED RAMROD:  I purchased this Confederate rifle from Tim Prince of (College Hill Arsenal) and have provided a hyper-link to his original listing so you can read a detailed description.

The Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle was in many respects similar to the standard Pattern 1856 rifle, but with a few minor cosmetic differences and one major performance difference. The P1858 was a brass mounted rifle, instead of iron mounted, and had the rear sling swivel attached to the front bow of the trigger guard, rather than being screwed into the toe of the stock. The P1858 retained the 1,100-yard rear sight and 33” barrel of the P1856 rifles, but the barrel was much heavier and was rifled with 5 grooves instead of the 3 used on the P1856 rifles.  The heavier barrel and improved rifling pattern made the P1858 rifles more accurate than the P1856. The heavier barrel also dissipated heat more effectively, resulting in less change to the point of aim / point of impact after repeated firings. This barrel and rifling pattern were so successful that the British military adopted the heavier, 5-groove barrel for use on later production Pattern 1860 Short Rifle in 1860, superseding the earlier Pattern 1856 rifles. The gun remains in about GOOD+ to NEAR VERY GOOD condition when grading by NRA Antique Arms standards, which translates to “Confederate Very Good” due to the hard use Confederate long arms tended to see. As noted, the gun has the engraved Confederate inventory number 823 on the tang of the brass butt plate with the matching inventory number engraved on the shank of the ramrod. It is difficult to explain how incredibly rare it is to find a Confederate numbered Enfield that retains its original matching numbered ramrod. Only a very few such Enfields of all pattern survive today. As would be expected, the standard JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark is found on the lower wrist of the stock, behind the trigger guard tang. There is also a weak {CROWN}/B/SA/T behind the trigger guard indicating that the gun was produced by a member of the Birmingham Small Arms Trade. The name of the contractor who produced the gun, Thomas Turner, is stamped in the toe line of the stock and reads T TURNER. All of the markings in the wood remain fully legible but all suffer some weakness and smearing due to wear on the stock. The rifle is clearly marked on the lock plate with the typical English {CROWN} to the rear of the hammer and TOWER / 1861 forward of the hammer. The interior of the lock is marked with a small TT (Thomas Turner) over the mainspring and with the file slash mating mark | | | on the top edge of the plate. The same mating mark appears on the necks of both the lock mounting screws and the breech plug tang screw, as well as under the barrel. The lock functions on the full cock position, but the half cock notch is damaged as is the nose of the sear, so the hammer will not hold at the half cock position. The skirt around the hammer nose is also chipped and damaged from heavy use. The lock has a mostly smooth, moderately oxidized appearance with a mottled brown and gray coloration, showing some scattered surface roughness and some light pitting. An original “Snap Cap” (percussion cone protector) is present, attached by an iron split ring to the trigger guard sling swivel and is complete with the original and correct pattern flat, teardrop shaped brass chain. The steel cone protector is in place at the end, but most of the original leather padding is missing. The markings on the lock remain deeply struck and are fully legible. The barrel of the rifle was marked with the standard Birmingham commercial provisional proof, definitive proof and view marks, as well as a pair of 25 gauge marks, indicating .577 caliber. However due to heavy oxidation and moderate pitting in the breech area from heavy use, the markings are mostly illegible. The bottom of the barrel is marked with the mating mark | | | as well as with the initials of the master contractor Thomas Turner, TT.  The barrel is also marked by the Birmingham barrel maker who delivered it to Turner, BEASLEY BROS. The barrel has a thickly oxidized and untouched patina and a rich chocolate color with some tiny flecks of trace blue scattered here and there. The barrel is mostly smooth forward of the rear sight, with some scattered surface roughness and light pitting over this portion of the barrel. The breech and bolster area show moderate to heavy pitting and significant wear and erosion due to substantial use. This is the result of the extremely caustic nature of the percussion cap flash. The bolster also shows an old, brazed repair to shore it up and potentially to fill an area of blow out. The repair is very old and is typical of many of the coarse and simple repairs made to Confederate arms that saw substantial use. The percussion cone (nipple) is heavily worn, battered and damaged as well. The bore of the rifle retains the original and correct pattern 5-groove rifling, and rates about GOOD. The rifling remains visible along the entire length of the bore, although it is weak near the muzzle. The bore is heavily oxidized as well, matching the exterior of the barrel, and shows moderate pitting along its entire length. The gun lost its original rear sight at some point during its lifetime and quality reproduction Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket sight has been attached to the barrel in the correct position. The original front sight remains in place near the muzzle of the rifle. The original bayonet lug, which accepts the Pattern 1859 Type II Cutlass Bayonet, is in place on the barrel, near the muzzle. The lug is marked with the mating number 61, which would have been found stamped on the pommel cap of the cutlass bayonet that had been fit to the rifle. The gun retains both of its sling swivels, but the two screw protecting doughnuts on the ends of the Palmer patent barrel band tension screws are missing. This is not uncommon. As noted, the original Enfield short rifle ramrod is present in the channel under the barrel and is numbered to the gun. The rod is full-length but has damaged threads on the end. The brass furniture has a dull golden patina that is quite attractive. As noted, the butt plate tang is engraved with the Confederate inventory control number 823, which remains full visible, although some minor impact marks make the “8” look somewhat like a “3”. The engraving style with the flat top on the “3” makes it quite clear that the first number is in fact an “8”. The stock of the rifle rates about NEAR VERY GOOD. The stock is full-length and solid with no breaks or repairs noted. There is some wood loss behind the bolster due to “burn out”. This would be expected on any percussion rifle that shows as much erosive pitting in the breech and bolster area and matches the balance of the gun perfectly. The stock shows moderate wear with some softening of the sharp edges and hard lines but does not appear to have been sanded. There are some tiny surface chips of wood missing around the edge of the lock mortise and around the rear edge of the breech plug tang. None of this is significant or major but is mentioned for exactness. The stock shows the numerous scattered bumps, dings and impact marks from actual use and service, but no abuse or significant damage. Again, the stock wear matches the overall wear and use indicated on the balance of the gun. Overall, this is a solid and very scarce example of a real Confederate Naval contract Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle. With only about 20 CS numbered Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles known with numbers under 1,000, these are very scarce examples indeed. That fact that this gun retains its original matching numbered ramrod is almost unbelievable for a gun that saw four solid years of war. This gun can be directly tied to a specific contract, a specific blockade runner and a specific port of entry on a specific date. Rarely can that much specific information be directly attached to Civil War used long arm. The only detraction at all is the replacement rear sight and adding an original rear sight to the gun would make it 100% period and correct. This is a great Confederate gun that saw heavy use and has a really wonderful, untouched look. Rarely to real Confederate Naval Rifles appear on the market for sale, and this is a solid and very attractive example that you will be proud to own and display. $9250.00

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F321. CONFEDERATE PURCHASED JS-ANCHOR MARKED KERR REVOLVER: The London Armoury Company Kerr’s Patent Revolver is one of the most distinctive and instantly recognizable of all Civil War era handguns. The Kerr patent revolver was invented by James Kerr, who was awarded two patents for improvements to Roberts Adams’ earlier revolver designs. Kerr had been a founding member of the London Armoury Company, which was established on February 9, 1856 and of which Adams was the Managing Director during the late 1850s. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, Caleb Huse (the South’s primary purchasing agent in England) engaged the London Armory Company to produce all the Kerr’s Patent revolvers that they could for delivery to the Confederacy. It is believed that nearly all of the L.A.C.’s output of Kerr revolvers from April of 1861 through the close of the Civil War was produced on contract for the Confederacy, with about 9,000 pistols produced and shipped to the south during that time. The estimate regarding revolver production is based upon the extant examples with Confederate provenance or marks, which tend to exist in the 1,5XX to about the 10,XXX serial number range. However, a handful of legitimate CS inspected Kerr’s do appear in the 7XX to 1,5XX range, indicating that some of the earliest purchases were filled from already assembled revolvers on hand. To date, at least three separate Confederate government contracts have been identified for the purchase of Kerr revolvers. Two were army contracts, and one was a 1,000-gun contract for the Confederate Navy. One of the standard indicators of CS importation and usage of a Kerr revolver is the presence of the JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark that is found on the front of the wooden grip of the pistols, below the grip frame tang. This is the inspection mark of John Southgate, who acted as a “viewer” (arms inspector) forthe Confederacy.

The Kerr’s Patent Revolver offered here is a well-used Confederate inspected example is in about VERY GOOD condition. This gun retains a very clear Confederate JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark in the checkered grip on the front strap. The gun is serial numbered 1897 on the right side of the frame and on the cylinder. The left side of the frame is marked with the two-line arced cartouche that reads LONDON / ARMOURY. Alternating (Crown) / V and (Crown) / GP London commercial view and proof marks are also found between the chambers of the cylinder. The left upper flat of the octagonal barrel is marked near the frame: L.A.C. along with the commercial London view and proof marks of a {Crown} / GP and {Crown} / V, reading from the muzzle to the frame. The original cylinder pin retention spring is present and fully functional, and the action works, with the revolver timing, indexing and locking up as it should most of the time, but sometimes is sluggish. The gun has an even brown patina with patches of darker surface oxidation; complete grips; lanyard stub, but no ring. Despite the wear and finish loss, the revolver retains good edges and lines with some scattered bumps, dings and pitting present on the metal. The bore of the revolver remains in about VERY GOOD condition as well with strong rifling its entire length, with light pitting. A clear Confederate JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark is present on the face of the grip and remains quite visible. Overall, this is a nice, solid example of a Kerr’s Patent Revolver complete with a clear JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark. $4600.00

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"Z"

F322. CONFEDERATE CLEANED & REPAIRED “Z” MARKED - M1816 SPRINGFIELD MUSKET: The recently published book “CAPTURED & COLLECTED: CONFEDERATE REISSUED ARMS” by Cpt. Steve W. Knott, USN (ret.) is an outstanding reference source for the identification of rifles recovered from the battlefield and returned to Richmond to be repaired; refurbished; cleaned; and reissued.  Some of these guns have obvious repairs, and others where fully functional and just needed cleared; but in all cases, each gun was tested for functionality and then approved for re-issue by an inspector. This gun has a Belgium conversion; it is smooth bore; has an original ram-rod; an 1838 Springfield lock, and a barrel with the same date. The stock is in great condition with no breaks, and the carved initials “PB” and the faint carving of some other initials possibly “C C.” On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the letter “Z”. The “Z” mark is associated with Captain Louis Zimmer, who was involved with Confederate cleaning and repair operations at Richmond. There is a second mark, but it is hard to discern. As a smooth-bore musket, this would have been an early battlefield recovered gun carried by a Union troop before being issue a 1861 Springfield rifle. $1900.00

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ID’ED 8TH VERMONT ISSUED 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE

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F329. CONFEDERATE JS - ANCHOR MARKED & SERIAL NUMBERED P-1853 ENFIELD: The most iconic imported arms to see service with the Confederacy during the American Civil War is the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, marked with the Confederate JS-Anchor viewer’s mark of John Southgate, combined with an engraved Confederate inventory number on the tang of the brass butt plate. If a collector were to have only one true Confederate imported weapon in their collection, one of these Confederate marked Enfields would be the perfect addition. According to Confederate Chief of Ordnance Josiah Gorgas’s February 3, 1863 summary of imported arms, some 70,980 “Long Enfield Rifles” were purchased from the beginning of the war through the end of 1862. The majority of these arms were purchased from the firms of S. Isaac, Campbell & Company or Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. During the course of the war, Sinclair, Hamilton & Company appears to have received as many as five contracts for P-1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets from the Confederate central government. The second of these contracts for 30,000 P-1853 “Long Enfields’ is the one represented by the guns with the JS / (ANCHOR) mark, along with the engraved butt plate tang inventory numbers. These inventory numbers ran from 1-10,000 in three series. The first series had no suffix after the number, while the second had an “A” suffix under the inventory number and the third had a “B” suffix. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through “Five Furnishers: London gunmakers EP Bond; Parker, Field & Co; James Kerr; C.W. James; and W.C. Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock, just forward of the butt plate tang: B for Bond, F for Parker, Field & Co, J for James, K for Kerr and S for Scott & Son.

This Enfield is marked with a JS-Anchor on the underside below the trigger guard, a J forward of the butt plate, and the serial number 9526 on the butt plate. It is all original with matching assembly mark \ | /; except the unnumbered ram-rod and no rear site. These often are lost during battle. The stock has two set of soldier’s initials “H F N” & “A.F.W” but no additional marks that would help with an identification. There is a crack in the comb of the stock that was period repaired with pins. It was well done and the gun is solid. The lock properly holds in both half and full cock is functions, and the bore has strong rifling. Enfield rifles with these markings are difficult to fine! $4500.00

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F330. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER - KANSASThe Lefaucheux Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War. The primary importer was George Schuyler who purchased 10,000 revolvers for the US government. Other importers included Herman BokerSchuyler, Hartley & GrahamGeorge RaphaelAlexis Godillot of Paris and even Tiffany & Company. US cavalry units that received pinfire revolvers included the 5th IL, 2nd & 5th KS, 6th KY, 8th MO, 1st WI and the 9th MO State Militia Cavalry. The Springfield Research Service serial number books list the serial numbers for 69 Lefaucheux revolvers that were in the possession of Company B of the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry during 1863. These 69 revolvers range from serial number 33,895 through 42,522. This 9,000+ range of serial numbers within a single company of US cavalry makes it relatively easy to extrapolate that Lefaucheux revolvers within the 25,XXX through at least the 45,XXX range are within the realistic realm of US purchased revolvers that saw Civil War use. Additionally, Company D of the 2nd Kansas Cavalry had several issued guns between the number range 20203 - 34952. Confederate units under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest had at least a few hundred of these revolvers in their possession in late 1864. A May 25, 1864 Ordnance Report from Meridian, Mississippi by Forrest showed his 1st Division in possession of 190 French Pistols and his 3rd Division in possession of another 160. It is almost certain that these French Pistols were Lefaucheux revolvers. Additionally, in 1864 the Selma Arsenal was offering Lefaucheux revolvers for sale to Confederate officers. The serial number for this revolver is 34388, which is within the 25,XXX through 45,XXX range of the US purchased guns, and it is highly probable the gun was carried by a 2nd Kansas Calvary soldier. The gun is complete with the original unloading rod; locking cylinder latch; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; original grips; crisp rifling and properly functions. The Lefaucheux mark is on top of the 6 1/4-inch barrel and on the side. The serial number is LF 34388 is deeply stamped. The grips are complete with much original finish, and the cylinder and functioning load door retain much of the original blue finish. US Government purchased Lefaucheux are hard to find! $1600.00

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F334. SMITH & WESSON #2 OLD ARMY REVOLVER: The Smith & Wesson No 2 Old Army revolver was a six shot, .32 caliber single action revolver that fired a .32 caliber rimfire cartridge. The revolver was introduced in 1861 and remained in production until 1874. During that time some 77,155 of the revolvers were manufactured. Those pistols under serial number 35,731 were produced prior to May 1, 1865 and are considered Civil War use. The gun was very popular for soldiers and officers on both sides during the conflict.  From the stand point of size, the Smith & Wesson No 2 was probably one of the most practical pistols to carry in the field. It was lighter and easier to deal with than a Colt Navy or Colt Army percussion revolver. This Smith & Wesson No 2 is serial number 8182, which puts it early in the American Civil War. The serial number is very clearly stamped in the bottom of the grip frame and is also stamped inside of the right grip panel. The gun is mechanically excellent with a crisp action and a very tight lock up, and times and indexes exactly as it should. Typically, these “tip up” revolvers are found with excessive play in the hinge between the barrel and frame and they tend to wiggle. This one is nice and tight. The top of the barrel rib is clearly marked: Smith & Wesson Springfield. MASS, and the cylinder is marked: PATENTED APRIL 3, 1855. JULY 5, 1859 & DEC. 18, 1860. Traces of original blue finish is visible under the brown patina. $1300.00

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F337. M-1858 Starr Army Revolver: This is a very nice example of a M-1858 Starr Army revolver. The design was innovative for its time and the self cocking mechanism was delicate and expensive, and lead to the Starr company dropping the model in preference to a cheaper and more robust single action design; the Model 1863. Although referred to as a “double action” revolver, the large trigger actually only cocked the hammer and rotated the cylinder, it did not fire the gun. Pulling the large trigger all the way to the rear pressed a very tiny recessed trigger that actually released the hammer to fire the gun. During the time it was produced, approximately 22,000 Starr M-1858 Army revolvers were produced, with about 16,100 going to fill US government contracts. The remaining production (about 6,000 or about 27%) were sold commercially to the public. This brown gun is one of those government contract models with all matching serial number #15427, and two excellent US military cartouches on the grips, as well as having unique art-work carved on both grip sides plus a five-point stars. $1600.00

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1851 COLT NAVY REVOLVER

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F340. REMINGTON MODEL 1858 NEW ARMY REVOLVER: This Remington Model 1858 New Army Revolver is serial number #48027, which is two numbers from a gun issued to the 1st Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry; however, it does not have a cartouche on the grips and is considered a Civilian version.  It may not have passed government inspection since the maker stamp on the top of the barrel is weak. This also may account for the amount of original blue on both the barrel and cylinder, and the case-coloring on the frame. The action is tight as are the grips, which have the original finish. If the maker mark were stronger and a cartouche on the grip, this would easily be a $3500.00 gun. However, for those reason it is less, but still a great gun at this price. $2400.00

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F342. SAVAGE NAVY REVOLVER: The Savage “Navy” self-cocking revolver is possibly the most ungainly handguns of the Civil War. The .36 caliber, 6-shot revolver had a 7” octagonal barrel and an innovative ring-cocking action and a moving gas seal cylinder. The gun featured a unique ring-shaped cocking lever inside the heart shaped trigger guard, which was used to advance the cylinder and cock the hammer. The shooter could then fire the gun with the traditional trigger. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company secured its first official US military contract directly with the US government on October 16, 1861. This contract called for Savage to deliver 5,000 pistols between October 1861 and March 1862. Another contract was received from the government in November of 1861 to supply an additional 5,000 revolvers between November 1861 and May of 1862. Of the approximately 20,000 Savage “Navy” models produced during the Civil War, the US Ordnance Department took delivery of 11,384 of the guns, and the Navy took delivery of 1,126. The balance of approximately 8,500 guns wereoffered for civilian sale. This gun appears to be one of the private/civilian sales,which individual soldiers and officers could purchase, and the serial number #6547 makes it an early gun.  It is all original and has an even gray patina; the cylinder properly functions with all original nipples and the action is tight; the front site is original and the grips are as well. The maker mark on the top is hard to photo due to the stippling created from gun power, but it is there under magnification. $1800.00

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F343. SAVAGE NAVY REVOLVERThe Savage “Navy” self-cocking revolver is possibly the most ungainly handguns of the Civil War. The .36 caliber, 6-shot revolver had a 7” octagonal barrel and an innovative ring-cocking action and a moving gas seal cylinder. The gun featured a unique ring-shaped cocking lever inside the heart shaped trigger guard, which was used to advance the cylinder and cock the hammer. The shooter could then fire the gun with the traditional trigger. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company secured its first official US military contract directly with the US government on October 16, 1861. This contract called for Savage to deliver 5,000 pistols between October 1861 and March 1862. Another contract was received from the government in November of 1861 to supply an additional 5,000 revolvers between November 1861 and May of 1862. Of the approximately 20,000 Savage “Navy” models produced during the Civil War, the US Ordnance Department took delivery of 11,384 of the guns, and the Navy took delivery of 1,126. The balance of approximately 8,500 guns were offered for civilian sale. This gun appears to be one of the private/civilian sales, which individual soldiers and officers could purchase, and the serial number #1878 makes it a very early gun.  It is all original and retains much original blue finish; the cylinder properly functions with all original nipples and the action is tight; the front site is original and the grips are as well. The maker mark on the top is very crisp. $2900.00

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F347. 11TH NEW YORK CAVALRY 1860 NEW ARMY REVOLVER - “CRISPIN REVOLVER CARBINES”: Captain Silas Crispin, acting as the Ordnance Department’s representative in New York was contacted with a proposed sale of 1000 Colt 1860 Armies with shoulder stocks, and being authorized to purchase them, they were acquired and delivered on March 1,1862 for the 11th New York cavalry. These pistols, complete with shoulder stocks, were purchased on the open market and did not pass through the Government inspection process; however, they do have some unique characteristics that enable them to be positively identified. In the book "The Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver" by Charles W. Pate, there is a detailed account of these revolvers - pages 311-318:  Approximate serial number range 15000-23000. Unit associations - 11th New York Cavalry. Revolver characteristics - Third Model (third-type frame) four-screw frame with OMN-like capping cut in recoil shield and no capping grove. Revolver markings – Standard “O” by all serial numbers above or below the serial number on barrel, frame, trigger guard and backstrap, but not the cylinder; "44 Cal" stamped on left rear trigger guard and no military inspectors marks. This revolver has serial number 16552 “O” on all parts except the matching cylinder 16552. The wedge is numbered (17553), which is within the ranges for the revolvers for the 11th New York Cavalry and most likely was switch by soldiers when cleaning their guns. The gun has an even brown patina, original grips, good rifling, and properly functions. This is a rare find and positively identified to the 11th New York Cavalry. $3500.00

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"T"

F348. CONFEDERATE CLEANED & REPAIRED “T” MARKED P1853 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE WITH A SERIAL NUMBERED “2793 A” BUTT PLATE: This is an exceptional example of a Confederate Pattern 1853 3-band Enfield Rifle that was recovered off a battlefield, sent back to Richmond to be refurbished; cleaned; repaired; and reissued. When you look at a C&R weapon, they are repaired, and the parts may not have matching assembly marks or will not be a perfect fit. Some people think these guns should be unflawed as if original, but that is incorrect and often not the case!  It is the flaws that show what work was performed to make the gun serviceable. In fact, you hope to find the repair issues! Under the butt plate the stock is marked “\I/”, but the serial number butt plate is marked “|” and is number “2793 A.” There is a ding on top of the number 7 that makes it initial look like a 9, but under magnification you can see the original number. The barrel, lock and lock screws are marked “IIII” and the barrel retention screw is marked “II”. All the barrel bands are unmarked. The stock, barrel and ram-rod have been shorten by 2 inches; the hammer has a brazed repaired; and the front site has been moved and repaired, and the noise-cap replaced. Serial number butt-plate guns have 1861 dated locks, but this one is dated 1862, which is another C&R repair. From the amount of work, it is obvious the original rifle sustained a good amount of battle damage. Finally, this rare serial number butt plate may be original or a C&R replaced part. There are only a few known “A” numbered guns and this now qualifies as one since it went through the C&R repaired process. On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the C&R inspection letter “T", which is rarly seen. Finally, I found no other Confederate inspection marks on the stock, leading to the question: Was the gun originally Confederate or Union captured? This is a great example of a Confederate C&R Enfield Rifle with a “A” Serial Number butt plate. $6500.00

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CLICK THE ABOVE ICON TO READ THE COMPLETE HISTORY FOLDER

F352. 55TH MASSACHUSETTS INFANTRY REGIMENT (COLORED TROOPS) – IDENTIFIED ENFIELD RIFLE, CARTRIDGE BOX & FIELD MIRROR: In the Mid-1980’s, an Enfield Rifle, Cartridge box and a field shaving mirror were sold at an estate sale by an African-American (Black) family, who were descendants of a Colored Soldier from the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiments. These items were sold off individually and after a 30+ year search, have been reunited. Unfortunately, the record of the sale is not available, and the family history is gone, but luckily each item was Civil War period marked with the soldier’s name: Steven Ward. The name Steven L Ward is stenciled on the flat area of the Enfield opposite the lock, as well as on the field Shaving mirror, and the name Steven Ward is stenciled on the underside of the cartridge box flap, and the backside of the shoulder strap. These two versions of the name are helpful, but present a challenge for a positive identification since no living descendant exist, and will require extensive research of the names and each item for characteristics unique to the 55th Massachusetts infantry. The Civil War data-base list two Union soldiers named Stephen L. Ward, and eighteen soldiers with the name Stephen Ward, of which three were African-American (Colored).  Many of these soldiers can be eliminated because they had late enlistments; served in non-combat or non-infantry units, or were not issued Enfield rifles.  This narrows the list to the two soldiers with the name Stephen L. Ward, and the three African-American (Colored) privates.

Of the two named Stephen L. Ward, one was from the 1st Michigan Light Artillery and enlisted 9/6/1864 and mustered-out 8/1/1865. His enlistment period is late in the war and he would not have been issued an Enfield Rifles. The second soldier was from the 13th New Jersey Infantry, and though he had an early enlistment of 8/25/1862 and survived the war, his unit did not receive Enfield rifles, but carried Springfield Rifles.  Based on these facts, these two soldiers can be ruled out in regards to these identified items. This leaves the three African-American (Colored) soldiers with the same name Stephen Ward.

The first enlisted on 7/19/1863 into the US Colored Troop, 4th Cavalry, New Orleans. This unit was issued cavalry carbines and would not have received Enfield rifles. The second enlisted on 5/27/1865 into Company A, 128th United States Colored Infantry. As a late-war Federal unit, it is possible it received Enfield rifles, but more likely Springfield rifles. Also, as a late-war enlistment, this solder would have been issued a model 1864 cartridge not the 1861 version.

The third Colored soldier is Private Stephen Ward of the 55th Massachusetts Infantry. He enlisted 5/29/1863 into the 55th Massachusetts Infantry and was killed in action on 11/30/1864 at Honey Hill, SC. He was born in Tennessee and was most likely a slave who escaped to Ohio. This 55th was issued Confederate Enfield Rifles from captured blockade runner ships, purchased in Prize Auctions by the State of Massachusetts.  This, as well as some other details mention later, make it highly probable this identified group belongs to Private Stephen Ward of the 55th Massachusetts Infantry. CLICK TO READ THE COMPLETE HISTORY FOLDER.  $12,500.00

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“Z”

F353. CONFEDERATE - "Z" MARKED - CAPTURED, CLEANED, REPAIRED & REISSUED SPRINGFIELD RIFLEThis is an example of a Springfield rifle, which was Confederate captured, cleaned, repaired, and reissued (C&R). The gun is in great condition with no breaks or major issues. On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the letter “Z”. Many captured and reissued Confederate weapons simply required a light cleaning in order to pass inspection. Others, required more extensive work. Some people think these guns should be unflawed as if original, but that is incorrect and often not the case!  It is the flaws that show what work was performed to make the gun serviceable. In fact, you hope to find the repair issues! After completing the work, the weapon would have been tested for functionality and then approved for re-issue by an inspector and marked with their respective stamp “A, F, Q, T, Z, D” before being shipped off for issuance in the Army of Northern Virginia. This gun is in great condition, and looks like the repair was a replaced barrel. When Springfield produced the rifle, a matching production year was stamped on the lock plate and the barrel. Here the lock is dated 1862, but no date on the barrel, but you can see vice-clamp marks, which is common on Confederate repaired rifles. The action holds in both half & full cock, and the bore has strong rifling. On the underside of the stock near the butt-plate are two carves XX’s. This was most likely done by a soldier and not during the C&R process. $3200.00

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