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EL01.  ENFIELD 1853 MUSKET LOCK, TOWER 1861: This is a musket lock for an 1853 Enfield musket. It fully functional in half & full cock, and is all original. It is marked with the Crown and TOWER 1861 on the face plate, and maker marked MOXHAM on the inside plate. $295.00

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EL02.  ENFIELD 1853 MUSKET LOCK, TOWER 1862: This is a musket lock for an 1853 Enfield musket. It fully functional in half & full cock, and is all original. It is marked with the Crown and TOWER 1862 on the face plate, but hard to make out the makers name on the inside plate. $325.00

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F98. RIFLED  M-1816 – RARE;  POSSIBLE GREENWOOD OF OHIO: This is a very nice example of a relatively scarce rifled US M-1816 Musket believed to have been altered by Miles Greenwood of Cincinnati, OH for the state of Ohio, during the first year of the American Civil War. Greenwood received state owned M-1816 muskets in both original flint and those that had already been altered to percussion by the national armories. He altered those that needed to be altered to percussion, and further modified the guns by rifling them. Greenwood was also contracted to install long-range rear sights to 1/20th of the guns (5%) that he rifled, leaving the balance (95%) with the original sites and being rifled.  The US arsenals had previously experimented with the rifling of percussion altered M-1816/22/28 muskets during 1856 and 1857 and found that doing so weakened the barrel sufficiently as to make it unsafe. The issue was a combination of the barrel being thinned out by the rifling process and the additional breech pressure created by the use of expanding base ammunition. The end result was that a substantial number of the rifled M-1816 muskets burst in the field, and the project was abandoned. Greenwood apparently had more success with the alteration of the muskets, and a Cincinnati newspaper article noted that Greenwood’s altered .69 caliber muskets had better penetrating power than the standard .58 rifle muskets, with his altered guns being able to penetrate steel plates a greater distance than the .58 guns. The guns that he altered became known locally as “Greenwood Rifles”, and a number of early war Ohio regiments went off to war carrying muskets that Greenwood had improved.  Greenwood delivered his first 1000 altered arms to the state of Ohio on July 24, 1861. The gun offered here is a classic example of an altered rifled US M-1816musket believed done by Greenwood . 

The gun is in great condition overall! The metal mostly has a smooth even light brown patina. The stock is original and retains 98% of the original finish with some bumps and dings, and a small chip near the barrel tang.  The lock-plate retains the original 1836 date, but the US and maker names were buffed down during the conversion, but is still readable: The orginal maker was Marine T. Wickham. On the left side of the stock you can see the faint remains of the painted number 27. On the underside of the barrel it is marked "LXXIX" and where the barrel and bolster are welded it is marked "48 X   X 48". The barrel has 3-grove rifling, which is very rare; and a correct Greenwood front sight is in place as well. It is a larger built up version of the original brass front sight blade that was used when the musket was a flintlock.  I believe the ram-rod is a replacement and not period, but it has a nice matching patina.   It is a nice musket with pretty good eye-appeal and  also included is an original bayonet, which perfictly fit the barrel.

Overall this is a really nice, completely original and untouched example of a very scarce rifled US M-1816 possible altered by Miles Greenwood. The gun is in nice, complete condition, with lots of eye appeal and will be a great addition to any collection of Civil War era long arms, especially for a collector with an interest in Western Theater units, Ohio units or a connoisseur of altered flintlock muskets. With so few altered M-1816 muskets being rifled, this is hard gun to find for sale and one that you will not likely find available again for some time. $1475.00

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F114.  CONFEDERATE ARSENAL CONVERSION MUSKETThis musket is a Confederate arsenal or field conversion musket, which is in great untouched attic condition.  It originally was a M1816 flintlock and you can see the Springfield mark and an eagle head on the lock plate.  The drum bolster is crudely configured, and the hammer almost has a blacksmith made look to it.  All metal parts have the same aged patina, and the stock matched as well.  Under the middle band you can see a period arsenal repair to the stock. Even the original ram rod has the same matching patina.  Confederate conversion muskets are a good buy since they are more affordable, and underscore the make-do disposition of the Confederate war machine.  I have discounted this for the collector looking for a Confederate carried musket, but at a great entry level point for the new or young collector. $795.00

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F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issued.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen.  The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife, and many of these bayonets had to be fitted to the gun. It is hard to find one, especially a Dahlgren Bowie, which will fit. I have a Dahlgren Bowie that appears to have been tooled to fit this rifle, and it is showed attached to the rifle in the last photo.  It goes on with ease and is a perfect fit. The information on that knife is listed separately for sale "U510" and if purchased with this rifle, I can make a package price. $1600.00

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F151.  CONFEDERATE 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE MUSKET - SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO - ARROW MARKED: During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP Bond, James Kerr, Parker, Field & Co, CW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS  marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company provided Rifle Muskets are found with the following marks and were acquired from many additional suppliers:

This is a Confederate 1853 Enfield rifle musket with the scares Sinclair Hamilton & Co. mark located on the stock by the butt plate tang. The musket stock is in great condition with no cracks or breaks with evidence of use, but not abused. All the metal has the same deep rich brown patina, and all parts are original to the gun. The lock has the standard CROWN and is dated 1862, and this gun was furnished by Isaac Hollis & Sons and is maker marked on the underside of the stock, on the lock, barrel, and lock chamber.  The bore shows heavy use, but you can still see some rifling.

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F159.  INSPECTED - STARR MODEL 1858 ARMY REVOLVER: This is an excellent example of the unique Starr Model 1858 Army, which functions both double & single Action. While the design was innovative and way before its time, the self-cocking mechanism was delicate and expensive and lead to the Starr company to drop the model in preference to a cheaper and more robust single action only design, the Model 1863. Although referred to as a "double action" revolver, the large trigger actually only cocked the hammer and rotated the cylinder, it did not fire the gun. Pulling the large trigger all the way to the rear pressed a very tiny recessed trigger that actually released the hammer to fire.

The gun is a 6 shot, .44 caliber revolver with a 6" barrel. The action is very crisp and works well. The gun is mechanically tight and times and locks up perfectly. The serial number 23057 is readily visible on the frame, the cylinder and face of the hammer. The US Sub-inspector initial L appears on several places. The gun retains a generous amount of original bluing on the entire gun, and is military inspected.

Overall this is a great M-1858 Starr Army and would be an excellent addition to any Civil War era handgun collection. $2395.00

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F164. COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER – 1853: This Colt 1851 Navy Revolver is an amazing find considering it is has an early production date. It has all matching serial number 28009 to include the wedge, which places it in middle production range for 1853. It shows wear, and the cylinder scene is all but gone; however, you can still see the serial number. Also, there is good rifling; the action is tight; it indexes properly, and it retains all original nipples. It has untouched brown patina and has been properly cared for while in a private collection for the past 60 years. It is fresh to the market. I do believe one screw has been replaced. This gun no doubt saw action in the Civil War!  $2575.00

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F165.SAVAGE NAVAL REVOLVER – MARTIALLY MARKED: The Savage-North revolver, a product of the Savage Revolving Firearms Company, was patented by Henry S. North and Edward Savage of Middletown, Connecticut. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company, established in 1860, was the successors to North & Savage and E. Savage. Their original 1861 contract with the government was for 5, 500 arms at a cost of $20.00 each. However, in the first two years of the war, the government purchased 11,284 of these revolvers at an average cost of $19.00. Over 10,000 went to the Army with most being delivered by June of 1862. The Navy had one formal contract during the Civil War calling for Savage to deliver 800 revolvers at $20.00 each. These standard war time models were ordered on May 7, 1861.  300 were delivered in May, 200 in June, 100 in July and the last 100 in September. These 800 were in addition to 300 delivered to the Navy in 1860. Navy issues can be found with anchor stampings and Naval inspector markings. The Savage-North revolver is a direct descendant of the Savage & North Figure 8 Model Revolver and the Alsop revolver sharing many similarities with both arms. Alsop was also located in Middletown, CT. and three members of the Alsop family served on the Savage Revolving Firearms Company board of directors. Therefore, the relationship between the two companies and the two weapons was more than coincidental.

This Savage Navy Revolver is one of the best I have seen in a while, and came out of a private collection where it has been for the past 60 years.  It is 100% original and retains much of the original finish.  It is martially marked on the top of the barrel with a Navy Anchor, and the cylinder is inspected P over J.R.G. The action in tight and indexes correctly, and the cylinder retains all original nipples, which are in amazing condition. It has a great bore, and look at the tall front site. The grips are original and fit perfectly. This gun has one of the lowest serial numbers I have seen in a while, 1518.  This is an amazing find and one that will enhance any collection. 

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F167. REMINGTON 1861 ARMY REVOLVER - OLD MODEL ARMY:  This is an example of the scare Remington “Old Model” (aka M-1861) Army percussion revolver, which is in original condition and never modified. The M-1861 was intended to be an improvement on the older Beals Model Army revolvers. Only 850 of the .44 “Army” caliber Beals revolvers were purchased by the Ordnance Department and they are very rare guns today. The M-1861 or “Old Army” percussion revolver included the improvements covered under William Elliott’s patent #33,932 of December 17, 1861. This patent allowed the cylinder arbor pin to be removed from the frame, freeing the cylinder, without lowering the loading lever. Other improvements included a redesigned frame that left the barrel threads exposed at the rear of the frame. This reduced the amount of metal used in the frame, saving cost and weight. Remington received a contract on July 13, 1862 for 20,000 of their new M-1861 .44 Army revolvers. During the next 6 months, Remington delivered a total of 4,902 of their M-1861 .44 caliber revolvers to the Ordnance Department. In use, the “improvements” covered under Elliott’s patent were not really improvements. The grooved loading lever that allowed the removal of the arbor pin without lowering it also allowed the pin to move forward under the inertia of recoil. When this happened, the revolver became inexorably locked up and non-functional. As a result, most of the M-1861 revolvers were returned to the Remington factory where the channel was blocked to prevent the movement of the pin, or the loading lever was replaced with the old pattern, solid type lever. As a result, the M-1861 “Old Army” was redesigned as the “New Model Army” (aka M-1863) and all deliveries under US Ordnance contracts from January 1863 onward were of the new version of the revolver. Even the 15,098 outstanding revolvers from the June of 1862 contract, that were delivered in 1863, were “New Model” instead of “Old Model” Army revolver. The development of the “New Model” occurred concurrently with the production of “Old Model” revolvers. As production continued into the later part of 1862, M-1861 Old Model revolvers began to emerge from Ilion with safety notches on the rear of the cylinder and loading levers that blocked the cylinder arbor pin. All of the Remington “army” caliber revolvers were serial numbered in the same range, starting with the Beals series, and through the M-1861 and M-1863 variants. As production of the models was sometimes concurrent (Beals & M-1861s simultaneously, and M-1861s and M-1863 simultaneously as well) it is difficult to separate the models by serial number except within ranges. Beals models were produced in the 1-3000 range, M-1861s in the 3,000-22,000 range and M-1863s in the 15,000 to the end of production (about 135,000). The range of 10,000 to 22,000 is often called the “transitional range” where some of the “Old Model” revolvers appear with some of the “New Model” features. During the course of the American Civil War, Remington would deliver some 115,557 .44 revolvers to the US Ordnance Department. However, only 850 would be the oldest Beals pattern guns (0.7%) and 4,902 would be the M-1861 “Old Model” Army (4%). The balance would all be the M-1861 “New Model” revolvers. Eventually more than 70 US cavalry regiments would be armed with .44 caliber Remington revolvers, including the 4th & 6th US Regular Cavalry, the 4th US Colored Cavalry and volunteer US cavalry regiments from some 20 different states and territories!

This is an original unaltered Remington Model 1861 “Old Model” revolver. It is rare to find one, especially one in such good working order.  The gun is 100% complete, correct and original in every way. The pistol has an even brown patina with traces of original blue on the barrel. The silver cone front site is intact and shows little wear. The cylinder is marked with the serial number 6082, which is also stamped on the underside ofthe barrel. Serial number 6082 places production in NOVEMBER, 1862. The action is tight and indexes correctly. The original grips showwear and normal dings, but you can still see the faint outline of the cartouche on the left grip. Also, there are sub-inspection marks on the entire gun. The barrel is well marked in two lines with the usual “Old Model” markings: PATENTED DEC. 17 1861 / MANUFACTURED BY REMINGTONS’ ILION, N.Y. These early Remington’s are often missing for even advanced Civil War pistol collections, and this would be a nice example to add to your collection or display. $2900.00

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F169. REMINGTON NEW MODEL 1858 ARMY REVOLVER:  This Remington New Model 1858 Army Revolver is out of a private collection and is being offered for sale for the first time in 60 years. Its serial number 19144 places its production in April 1863 smack in the middle of the Civil War.  This gun retains lot of origin blue on the barrel and cylinder and is in great condition. The action is tight an indexes well. The grips are original to the gun and have the correct US government cartouche on the left side. There is additional carving on the grip to include: “Dead Shot” on the right side; “Trapper” on the left side; and the name “Merl Sawes” on the bottom of the grips.  The patina and the lettering on the carvings indicate it is period to the gun and done by the same hand.  This is an outstanding gun and in amazing condition. $3900.00

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F170.COLT MODEL 1860 ARMY REVOLVER: This is a Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver with all matching serial number 96754, which places it in production in 1863 at the middle of the Civil War. This gun saw use as is evident by its wear, but not abuse. It has an even plum-brown patina on the entire gun. It retains all original screws and the action properly indexes and it tight. The original grips show wear and shrinkage and some minor loss of wood; however, you can still see the outline of the cartouche on the left grip.  Great looking Civil War Colt revolver. $2400.00

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F171. "G"- MARKED 1854 LORENZ RIFLE - IDENTIFIED TO A TEXAS SOLDIER: This is a "G" Marked Lorenz Rifle, which came out of Texas and is identified to a soldier from the Texas 11th Infantry through family history. The gun was imported into the Confederacy by the state of Georgia as is evident by the "G" stamp on the side of the musket. It turns out that many of these "G" marked Lorenz rifle came through the blockade via Texas, and may explain how it ended up being issued to a Texas soldier.

The rifle is in outstanding condition. The stock is in great condition and never sanded. On the right side of the stock is the "G" mark, and a three half-cycle design to which itsmeaning is unknown to me. On the left side of the stock are the initials J. S. (most likely is the initials of the first soldier who carried this gun), and a six point star. All metal parts are original and have matching patina; the rear-site is complete and works; all sling swivels are present; and the ramrod is original. Finally, the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock, and the rifling is sharp and strong. Included is the guns original bayonet and it scabbard, both are in amazing condition and fit like a glove. With the gun is a letter from the descendant of Private Phillip K. Koonce, 11th Texas Infantry. It documents how this rifle was passed down from generation to generation and that Phillip K. Koonce owned it as his last known rifle.  Records indicate the existence of a Confederate Pension and he was buried in Shelby County Texas, White Rock Cemetery. Research is complete and I obtained the Pension File for Private Phillip K.Koonce, which will be included.

Koonce initially started in a Home Guard unit then joined the 11th Texas Infantry (Roberts Regulars) around December 1863, and remained with the 11th up to its surrender and disbandment in May 1865. He was with the unit for the Red River campaign, and engagements including Wilson's Farm, Carroll's Mill, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill in Louisiana.

Here is an outstand “G” marked Lorenz rifle identified to a Texas soldier. $5600.00

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F174.  CONFEDERATE ANCHOR-S  MARKED ENFIELD MUSKET: This is an example of a Confederate P53 Enfield musket, which is Anchor-S stamp by the butt plate tang.  The JS-Anchor viewer stamp, which is well known on Confederate Enfields, was changed to an Anchor-S in 1863; as a result, Enfields dated 1863 will be found with either viewer’s stamp while those from 1864 only have the anchor-S. The stock on this gun was refinished and as a result the value is much lower making it a good buy for the person looking for a Confederate musket, but not at the $3000 plus price point.  All the fittings are original and have matching patina; the lock is fully operational and holds in both half and full cocked positions; the barrel still has rifling; the rear site is frozen in position because the site blades are bent inward; both swivel rings are gone, and the ram-rod is a high-grade replacement.  This Confederate musket at a much reduced price. $1600.00

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F177.  SPANISH MODEL 1857 TWO-BAND ENFIELD PERCUSSION RIFLE - POSSIBLE CONFEDERATE  ASSOCIATION:  This is an 1860 dated Spanish M1857 two-band percussion rifle that has an “YBARZABAL/EIBAR” maker marked lock plate. Generally these rifles conform in appearance to the British Enfield Two-Band Rifle. It is serial #1668 on all parts; .577 caliber with a 33” barrel with excellent, bright bore. The metal has an overall dark plum-brown patina with traces of dull gray at the muzzle and on some of the projecting edges, and on the barrel bands and other furniture. The rifle features a distinctive clamped-on rear sight, unique to Spanish military arms of the period, which has both a folding long range ladder and stepped base with extremely high 500 meter “ears”. The walnut stock has a very dark military oil finish with scattered light handling marks and blemishes, heaviest on the comb of the stock and on the left side opposite the lock plate. The mechanism is tight, functions flawlessly, and the original steel ramrod is included. These are interesting weapons that are seldom seen in the United States and, while never procured for the North, may have a possible Confederate association. In a July 19, 1861 letter from Havana, Cuba, W.G. Betterton and J. E. Chalard wrote to Theodore Lewis, acting confidential Confederate agent concerning a number of small arms and ammunition they were preparing to simply.  

(Reprint of information from College Hill Arsenal Web-Site, Credit to Tim Prince)

This is one of the rarest of the Civil War import rifles that you will ever see available for sale. It is a Spanish made copy of the British P-1856 rifle, and there is now very strong evidence that a small number of these guns really did cross the ocean and see service during the American Civil War. In his seminal work “Civil War Guns” William Edwards classifies this rifle as being used during the war, but hypothesizes that it was used by US troops. In the best current work on Civil War used imported guns, Firearms From Europe Second Edition by Hartzler, Whisker, Yantz & Noe provide strong documentation that these may well have been purchased by the Confederate government. In a letter sent to Theodore Lewis (a CS arms purchasing agent), dated July 19, 1861 from CS agents W.G. Betterton & J.E. Chalard. 6,500 “Spanish Enfields” were reported to be in Havana, Cuba and ready for shipment to the Confederacy at $13.00 per gun. However, the paper trail does not end there. While this letter does not confirm the importation of the guns, only the availability of them, the following is concrete evidence that at least a handful of these guns entered America, and were eventually sold as surplus by the Federal government. Whether these surplus guns were US purchases or captured CS purchases we do not know, but this new research proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that at least a few of the Spanish made the rifles made landfall in America. The following documentation comes from the National Archives, and was kindly provided to me by Civil War import arms researcher and author David Noe. All of the following comes from government publication R6 156-124, better known as Abstract of Reports of Sales of Ordnance Stores: 1864-1907. Within these reports the following listings were found for .577 Spanish Rifles:

September 27, 1880: 56 pieces were sold @ $.35 each to Francis Bannerman, all listed as "Unserviceable". (Volume 5, page 373)

October 25, 1881: 1 piece was sold to S.R. Starr for $1.00, listed as "Unserviceable". (Volume 6, page 27)

December 3, 1881: 334 pieces were sold @ $.78 each to Simon Belcher, all listed as "New & Serviceable". (Volume 6, page 38)

One other gun is listed as being sold to Charles Townsend for $1.00, also unserviceable. (Volume 6, page 217)

The information above indicates that for whatever reason, the United States government was in possession of at least 392 Spanish Enfields after the conclusion of the American Civil War. However, there is some more new evidence that helps establish even further the connection between Spanish Rifles and the Confederacy.

A number of long-time collectors and researchers have long postulated that the Confederacy received at least two batches of these Spanish rifles. The first batch in late 1861 or early 1862 has always been associated with the famous Orphan Brigade from Kentucky. The Orphan Brigade was a collection of regiments from Kentucky that were mustered into Confederate service. Because the state of Kentucky never officially joined the Confederacy, these regiments were considered “orphaned”. The brigade included the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th & 9th Kentucky volunteer infantry regiments. These guns are inevitably dated 1861on the lock and have a serial number under 500 on the lock, stock and breech. The second group of rifles appears to have entered the Confederacy in late 1863 or 1864 and are 1863 dated. These guns have higher serial numbers, typically in the, mid 3,000 to mid 4,000 range. We have direct documentation of at least some of these later imports from the Official Records of the War of Rebellion. In a letter dated December 22, 1863, CS Major General Bankhead McGruder reported from his headquarters in Texas that “300 Spanish Rifles” had been recently received. These would have likely been the 1863 dated guns that collectors encounter today. However, the O.R.’s shed little light on the earlier importation of the guns and this is what I have spent some more time researching. The association with the 1861 dated Spanish Enfields and the Orphan Brigade originated with an ID’d Spanish M-1857 rifle that is concretely attributed to a member of Colonel Hiram Hawkins 5th Kentucky infantry. Hawkins helped to establish the 5th Kentucky Infantry, CSA and eventually became the Colonel of the Regiment. Hawkins also helped to outfit the unit out of his own pocket, including the purchase of a number of imported rifles. While no history of the unit officially identifies these guns, there is much circumstantial evidence that there were a number of Spanish Enfields included in that purchase. In addition to the ID’d extant example, there have been a number of the Spanish Enfields that have surfaced in Kentucky, and typically with a strong provenance and family story of Confederate Civil War use. These guns tend to appear in two states of condition: quite good or fairly rough. This is easily explained by the fact that the original 5th KY was mustered out of service on October 20, 1862. The unit was then reformed and the original members were offered the option to go home with an honorable discharge, re-join the newly reformed 5th KY or join another of the many CS units that were being formed in Kentucky at that time. This explains the very good condition guns, as they likely went home with the soldiers who opted out (the ID’d gun in a private collection has this story associated with it). The guns of the men who stayed would show significantly more wear. The final piece of the puzzle as to why Hawkins purchased Spanish guns was recently revealed while doing some research on the Orphan Brigade – that puzzle piece was William Preston. William Preston, who would eventually serve as the Division commander for the 5th KY, was a Kentuckian who had a long political and military service record. Preston served with distinction in the Mexican War as Lt. Col of the 4th KY volunteers. After the war he entered politics and became a very powerful and well-known Whig politician in Kentucky. When the Whig party dissolved, Preston joined the Democratic Party and threw his political support to Democratic Presidential candidate James Buchanan. After his election as President, Buchanan repaid Preston by making him the minister to Spain, and for the next few years Preston was based in Madrid, Spain. In fact, Preston was on his way back to American when the war broke out. A quick search of the Official Records shows that with the coming of the war, the Confederate government relied on Preston to help them establish contacts in Spain for the acquisition of arms. While Preston was skeptical about the availability and quality of Spanish arms, he appears to have been more that willing to help the Confederacy obtain whatever arms were available from Spain. Additional records reveal that Preston returned to the southern states via Cuba. This dovetails with the letter from Cuba and the time line works out well. All of this circumstantial evidence provides strong support for the stories about Confederate used Enfield pattern rifles that were manufactured in Spain. (Reprint of information from College Hill Arsenal Web-Site, Credit to Tim Prince)

This rifle is in outstanding! $3400.00

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F178. CONFEDERATE M1853 ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1858:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. It is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine – Pattern 1858 and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s underside to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard.

Upon closer examination, I found Confederate hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel, which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

A respected collector friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

These two-band rifles are scarce and this is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

A search of censes records for the state of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

The 50th Tennessee Regiment, was organized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. This is a great carbine which will easily be a center piece in any collection. $9750.00

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F181. SHARPS & HANKINS MODEL 1862 NAVAL CARBINE: This is a Sharps & Hankins Model 1862 Carbine, Navy type with a 24 inch barrel. It is a 52 rim-fire breechloader carbine in which the barrel slides forward when the trigger guard/level is released. The Navy type had a heavy barrel that was leather covered and secured with two screws at the breech of the barrel. These guns were believed to have seen extensive service aboard various vessels, which accounts for many with damaged or no leather remaining.  This carbine show heavy use, but is still fictional with strong rifling. It has an even dark brown patina and traces of gold & silver paint indicating it was once in a GAR hall. The serial number is 9820 and matches all parts; the leather is gone; all original screws are present; the stock had no damage; the guard/level and trigger work, and the safety device (often lost) works. The gun is maker marked and also Navy inspected (P over HKH).  This gun is new to the market and will display well with any Civil War gun or Civil War Navy collection. $650.00

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