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F232. FLORIDA ROSE "CHEROKEE ROSE" MARKED - CONFEDERATE CAPTURED & ARSENAL REPAIRED & REISSUED BRIDGESBURG M1861 RIFLEDuring the Civil War, the Confederates would salvage weapons off the battlefield and send them to their arsenals to be cleaned, refurbished and repaired. The process was known a "Clean & Repair” and was well documented for Virginia with inspectors marking the weapons before being reissued. However; we know this was done at other locations such as Macon Georgia, but to dated there are no known inspector marks for these guns and it is believed none exist. It is not unusual to find weapons that have been modified; altered; or repaired, and have characteristics similar to the Virginia C & R guns. This is one such Model 1861 contract rifle; an 1862 dated Bridgesburg rifle. The Confederate Arsenal work includes an Austrian Lorenz hammer, a Confederate blade rear site, barrel bands held in place with period screws, and a Confederate made ram-rod. The rifling is faint and all but fired smooth; which is another indication of heavy Confederate use. On the right side of the stock is a circle design of unknown meaning; but on the left side is a six-point star. The State of Florida had the “Florida or Cherokee Rose Six Point-Star”. The Florida Rose or Six-Pointed Star was adopted by the Confederate supportive government of the state of Florida during the pre to early War period to mark its state militias as Florida troops. This was worn be some but not all Florida Confederate Soldiers, but found its way to being one of the few insignia utilizes by Florida Confederate Troops. No doubt this was a Confederate captured gun that found its way to a Florida Confederate soldier. The nipple has been replaced. Shipping included. $1700.00

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“T.S”

F266. CONFEDERATE 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE – BLOCK “T.S” MARKED - UNION CAPTURED & MASSACHUSETTS REISSUED: This is a Confederate 1853 Enfield Rifle with a rare Confederate block "T.S" mark forward of the butt plate tang, and an 1862 dated Tower lock. The butt plate is marked with an A over 45, which is for Company A, 45th Mass. The state of Massachusetts outfitted many of its units with captured Confederate Enfield rifles. The gun was either battlefield captured or more likely taken off a Southern blockade runner ship, and reissued.  The 45th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union army during the American Civil War. The regiment trained at Camp Meigs in Readville, Massachusetts before traveling to North Carolina, where they fought in the Battle of Kinston in December 1862, and in skirmishes in and around New Bern, North Carolina in the spring of 1863. They suffered heavy casualties in battle, and due to fever. In June they returned to Boston, where they patrolled the streets to quell any draft riots, and were discharged on July 21. On the underside forward of the trigger, a soldier carved his initials "C K". A quick search of the civil war data-base found over 1000 Confederate and 6500 Union soldiers with these initials, making a match impossible. The gun is in great condition with expected wear; the barrel and retention bands have matching patina; the bore has strong rifling; the rear site works; the lock works in both half and full cock; and both sling swivels are present.  Here is a rarely seen "T.S" marked Confederate Enfield rifle, which was Union captured and reissued. Shipping & Insurance included. $2200.00

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F267. H&P ALTERED U.S. MODEL 1822 SPRINGFIELD MUSKETThis H&P Civil War period conversion musket is .69 caliber with a 42" barrel retained by three flat barrel bands with springs. It is browned finish with a smooth walnut stock. It is marked with a {spread-winged eagle} over US forward of the hammer, and in three vertical lines: "SPRING / FIELD / 1830" at the tail of the lock: patent breech marked 1861 and H&P: a clear script "JT" cartouche and an A/2 reclassification cartouche, with a legible script "JS" final inspection cartouche behind the trigger guard. The gun retains the H&P added 1858 pattern leaf rear sight; the H&P added front sight blade on upper band, a socket bayonet lug, and a correctly modified button head ramrod dished for conical ammunition and sling swivels.  The New Jersey firm of Hewes & Phillips altered some 20,000 US Model 1816/22/18 and Model 1835/40 flintlock muskets to percussion during the American Civil War, roughly 8,000 "Type I" rifled and sighted alterations for the state of New Jersey and some 12,000 “Types II” for the US Ordnance Department, most of these being smooth bore. This is a classic "Type I," rifled with three lands and grooves with a clean out screw in the bolster with “NJ” New Jersey markings on the barrel. The gun is in Fine++ condition. Retains some brown finish mixed with an oxidized brown patina; markings in metal are crips and clear; markings in wood slightly worn, but strong. Mechanically functional with a very good bore with the last few inches nearest the muzzle dirty and somewhat pitted. The stock is crisp with sharp edges, showing scattered bumps, dings and marks, some minor hairline grain cracks are present as well, but appear non-structural. Shipping & Insurance included. $1600.00

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F309.  BATTLEFIELD RECOVERED – STILL LOADED –DOUBLE STAMPED SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY CONFEDERATE 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE: This is a Battlefield pick-up Confederate 1853 type-3 Enfield Rifle, which is still loaded. The stock is in great shape with no crakes, brakes or damage. On the underside to the rear of the trigger guard is a double stamped Crown over SHC Arrow for Sinclair Hamilton & Company.  All the metal is heavily pitted with a dark brown patina. The lock properly functions in both half and full cock and is marked with a crown and dated 1861 over TOWER and has the original nipple protector and chain, and the original sling swivels and barrel bands. There is a chip in the stock behind the lock. The barrel retains the original rear site, which properly functions, and the original front site. The bore shows good rifling, but is dark; however, there is still a loaded round in the breach. When the gun is unloaded, the ram-rod will completely go in the bottom of the barrel and there is a tinging sound when it hits bottom. When inserted now, it protrudes by an inch and sounds link it hits a soft substance like lead. This is an untouched, still loaded, battlefield recovered Confederate Sinclair Hamilton & Company marked 1853 Enfield rifle in great semi-relic++ condition! I wish I knew which battles this gun saw, because there is very little doubt the soldier how carried it was killed in action. It is extremely rare to find a period loaded musket. Shipping & Insurance included. $1700.00

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F313. SMITH CARBINE CAVALRY VERSION – 2nd WEST VIRGINIA CAVALRY: This is an example of the Smith Carbine - Cavalry version: serial number 4137. Serial number 4110 went to Company D, 2nd West Virginia Cavalry and serial number 4139 was issued to the Company H, 2nd West Virginia Cavalry Regiment; and though I cannot say for certain, there is a high probability this gun also went to the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry! Smith carbines were made by several contractors, and this one was made & marked by American Machine Works, Springfield MA. The gun is in great condition with an even plum-brown patina over the original blue on the barrel with the remaining metal having a smooth gray iron patina with the smallest amount of case-coloring. The stock is sound with a discernable cartouche and some scattered dings and dents, but no major issued. The action is crisp and the bore has nice rifling and is bright. It has the original saddle ring and retention bar; rear site with all the blades, but the front site is missing the aiming blade. The barrel is marked (L.F.R). As previously mentioned, there is a good likelihood this gun was carried by a 2nd West Virginia Cavalry soldier. The 2nd West Virginia Cavalry had extensive combat experience and by the end of 1864, the regiment was part of General George Armstrong Custer's 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps and continued to fight in the Shenandoah Valley, and were responsible for eliminating Confederate General Jubal Early's Army of the Valley from the war. Shipping & Insurance included. $2900.00

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F314. LONDON ARMOURY COMPANY BRITISH MILITARY CONTRACT P-1853 ENFIELD RIFLE: The London Armoury Company was established in 1856 with the sole intention to produce military pattern arms for the British War Department, as well as for the export market. The high quality, interchangeable part guns from L.A.C. were very desirable acquisitions for both the US and CS during the American Civil War, and both sides attempted to arrange to buy as many of these first-class muskets as possible. London Armoury P-1853 Enfield rifles of any type are very difficult to find, and those with any Civil War provenance or markings are particularly hard to located and extremely desirable. British military contract London Armoury P-1853s are relatively rare as well, due to the limited production of the gun when compared to the total numbers of Enfield rifles acquired by the British military during the 1860s. Early contract dated guns, made in 1861, are particularly hard to find in decent condition as the London Armoury guns were designated as a “First Class’ arms by the regular army and often saw hard use. This London Armoury P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket is a scarce example of an early produced British military gun dated 1861. It is clearly marked in two lines on the lock 1861 / L.A. Co. with the usual (British Crown) / VR to the rear of the hammer, and the British Crown Arrow mark. The lock, which properly function, is plain, without engraved boarder lines and has a plain hammer without feathers. The breech of the gun is marked with a pair of L.A.C. marks, as well as the usual British military Proof, View & Definitive Proof and inspection marks of a Crown over the number of the inspector. The barrel has the original L.A.C. marked rear site; original barrel bands; front site; all which have a pleasing plum-brown patina. The ram-rod is original to the gun, as are the sling swivels. The bore has good rifling with no pitting. The stock shows the usual minor scattered bumps, dings, dents and handling marks you expect to find on a 150-year-old military long arm, but no breaks or repairs. It retains crisp checkering at the wrist and forearm and shows minor handling wear, and is stamped with the round London Armoury Company mark: LONDON ARMOURY / BERMONDSEY around the date 1861 in the center on the buttstock. There is also a silver wrist escutcheon with the engraved Old English script initials WSS; however, it unknown to whom these letters belong. This is a 100% complete and correct example of a scarce London Armoury Company produced Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle musket. It is a very desirable gun to add to any collection of British military long arms; Enfield rifle collection, or Confederate guns. The gun is in wonderful condition and is extremely attractive. Shipping & Insurance is included. $2300.00

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CLICK THE ABOVE PHOTOS TO SEE THE ORIGINAL COLLEGE HILL ARSENAL DESCRIPTION

F319: CONFEDERATE IMPORTED PATTERN 1858 ENFIELD NAVAL RIFLE WITH MATCHING NUMBERED RAMROD:  I purchased this Confederate rifle from Tim Prince of (College Hill Arsenal) and have provided a hyper-link to his original listing so you can read a detailed description.

The Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle was in many respects similar to the standard Pattern 1856 rifle, but with a few minor cosmetic differences and one major performance difference. The P1858 was a brass mounted rifle, instead of iron mounted, and had the rear sling swivel attached to the front bow of the trigger guard, rather than being screwed into the toe of the stock. The P1858 retained the 1,100-yard rear sight and 33” barrel of the P1856 rifles, but the barrel was much heavier and was rifled with 5 grooves instead of the 3 used on the P1856 rifles.  The heavier barrel and improved rifling pattern made the P1858 rifles more accurate than the P1856. The heavier barrel also dissipated heat more effectively, resulting in less change to the point of aim / point of impact after repeated firings. This barrel and rifling pattern were so successful that the British military adopted the heavier, 5-groove barrel for use on later production Pattern 1860 Short Rifle in 1860, superseding the earlier Pattern 1856 rifles. The gun remains in about GOOD+ to NEAR VERY GOOD condition when grading by NRA Antique Arms standards, which translates to “Confederate Very Good” due to the hard use Confederate long arms tended to see. As noted, the gun has the engraved Confederate inventory number 823 on the tang of the brass butt plate with the matching inventory number engraved on the shank of the ramrod. It is difficult to explain how incredibly rare it is to find a Confederate numbered Enfield that retains its original matching numbered ramrod. Only a very few such Enfields of all pattern survive today. As would be expected, the standard JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mark is found on the lower wrist of the stock, behind the trigger guard tang. There is also a weak {CROWN}/B/SA/T behind the trigger guard indicating that the gun was produced by a member of the Birmingham Small Arms Trade. The name of the contractor who produced the gun, Thomas Turner, is stamped in the toe line of the stock and reads T TURNER. All of the markings in the wood remain fully legible but all suffer some weakness and smearing due to wear on the stock. The rifle is clearly marked on the lock plate with the typical English {CROWN} to the rear of the hammer and TOWER / 1861 forward of the hammer. The interior of the lock is marked with a small TT (Thomas Turner) over the mainspring and with the file slash mating mark | | | on the top edge of the plate. The same mating mark appears on the necks of both the lock mounting screws and the breech plug tang screw, as well as under the barrel. The lock functions on the full cock position, but the half cock notch is damaged as is the nose of the sear, so the hammer will not hold at the half cock position. The skirt around the hammer nose is also chipped and damaged from heavy use. The lock has a mostly smooth, moderately oxidized appearance with a mottled brown and gray coloration, showing some scattered surface roughness and some light pitting. An original “Snap Cap” (percussion cone protector) is present, attached by an iron split ring to the trigger guard sling swivel and is complete with the original and correct pattern flat, teardrop shaped brass chain. The steel cone protector is in place at the end, but most of the original leather padding is missing. The markings on the lock remain deeply struck and are fully legible. The barrel of the rifle was marked with the standard Birmingham commercial provisional proof, definitive proof and view marks, as well as a pair of 25 gauge marks, indicating .577 caliber. However due to heavy oxidation and moderate pitting in the breech area from heavy use, the markings are mostly illegible. The bottom of the barrel is marked with the mating mark | | | as well as with the initials of the master contractor Thomas Turner, TT.  The barrel is also marked by the Birmingham barrel maker who delivered it to Turner, BEASLEY BROS. The barrel has a thickly oxidized and untouched patina and a rich chocolate color with some tiny flecks of trace blue scattered here and there. The barrel is mostly smooth forward of the rear sight, with some scattered surface roughness and light pitting over this portion of the barrel. The breech and bolster area show moderate to heavy pitting and significant wear and erosion due to substantial use. This is the result of the extremely caustic nature of the percussion cap flash. The bolster also shows an old, brazed repair to shore it up and potentially to fill an area of blow out. The repair is very old and is typical of many of the coarse and simple repairs made to Confederate arms that saw substantial use. The percussion cone (nipple) is heavily worn, battered and damaged as well. The bore of the rifle retains the original and correct pattern 5-groove rifling, and rates about GOOD. The rifling remains visible along the entire length of the bore, although it is weak near the muzzle. The bore is heavily oxidized as well, matching the exterior of the barrel, and shows moderate pitting along its entire length. The gun lost its original rear sight at some point during its lifetime and quality reproduction Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket sight has been attached to the barrel in the correct position. The original front sight remains in place near the muzzle of the rifle. The original bayonet lug, which accepts the Pattern 1859 Type II Cutlass Bayonet, is in place on the barrel, near the muzzle. The lug is marked with the mating number 61, which would have been found stamped on the pommel cap of the cutlass bayonet that had been fit to the rifle. The gun retains both of its sling swivels, but the two screw protecting doughnuts on the ends of the Palmer patent barrel band tension screws are missing. This is not uncommon. As noted, the original Enfield short rifle ramrod is present in the channel under the barrel and is numbered to the gun. The rod is full-length but has damaged threads on the end. The brass furniture has a dull golden patina that is quite attractive. As noted, the butt plate tang is engraved with the Confederate inventory control number 823, which remains full visible, although some minor impact marks make the “8” look somewhat like a “3”. The engraving style with the flat top on the “3” makes it quite clear that the first number is in fact an “8”. The stock of the rifle rates about NEAR VERY GOOD. The stock is full-length and solid with no breaks or repairs noted. There is some wood loss behind the bolster due to “burn out”. This would be expected on any percussion rifle that shows as much erosive pitting in the breech and bolster area and matches the balance of the gun perfectly. The stock shows moderate wear with some softening of the sharp edges and hard lines but does not appear to have been sanded. There are some tiny surface chips of wood missing around the edge of the lock mortise and around the rear edge of the breech plug tang. None of this is significant or major but is mentioned for exactness. The stock shows the numerous scattered bumps, dings and impact marks from actual use and service, but no abuse or significant damage. Again, the stock wear matches the overall wear and use indicated on the balance of the gun. Overall, this is a solid and very scarce example of a real Confederate Naval contract Pattern 1858 Naval Rifle. With only about 20 CS numbered Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles known with numbers under 1,000, these are very scarce examples indeed. That fact that this gun retains its original matching numbered ramrod is almost unbelievable for a gun that saw four solid years of war. This gun can be directly tied to a specific contract, a specific blockade runner and a specific port of entry on a specific date. Rarely can that much specific information be directly attached to Civil War used long arm. The only detraction at all is the replacement rear sight and adding an original rear sight to the gun would make it 100% period and correct. This is a great Confederate gun that saw heavy use and has a really wonderful, untouched look. Rarely to real Confederate Naval Rifles appear on the market for sale, and this is a solid and very attractive example that you will be proud to own and display. Shipping & Insurance included. $9700.00

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"Z"

F323. CONFEDERATE – “Z” MARKED CLEANED AND REPAIRED MODEL 1842 HARPERS FERRY RIFLE: The Model 1842 was the first regulation percussion musket to be manufactured at both Springfield and Harpers Ferry Armories, as well as the first to be produced by both national armories with fully-interchangeable parts. These were also the last .69 caliber smoothbore arms to be produced by the U.S. government. After Virginia voters passed an ordinance of secession in 1861, the town was occupied by Confederate soldiers and Confederates removed armory machinery, tools, rifles, and parts to Richmond, Virginia and Fayetteville, North Carolina. This M1842 rifle has a Harpers Ferry 1847 dated lock, which is crisp and holds in both half and full cock. The original barrel inspection marks are faint and only the number 1 from the date on the barrel tang is visible; most likely buffed off during the Clean & Repair process at Richmond. The smooth bore is original and is bright; all barrel bands are original and both sling swivels are present. The stock is in great shape with no breaks or cracks, but there is a little wood lose near the forward lock screw. On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the letter “Z”.  The “Z” mark is associated with Captain Louis Zimmer, who was involved with Confederate cleaning and repair operations at Richmond. On one side of the real stock are two sets of initials “JJC” and “JKAF” and on the other side are 5 circles and the initial “CCC over the number 14. Forward is another circle and one with the number 2 opposite the lock.  I have searched my resources and have not been able to find a match for the “JJC” and “JKAF” initials, and as for the triple-C over the number 14, It is most likely a unit identifier and an issue number, but I can’t say for sure to whom. This is an outstanding Harpers Ferry Confederate carried musket. Shipping & Insurance included. $2900.00

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F333. CONFEDERATE - PATTERN 1856 SHORT RIFLE – "COMMERCIAL VARIANT": This Confederate Pattern 1856 Short Rifle is referred to as a "commercial variant" because of the brass butt plate and the four - groove barrel. The original bayonet bar with the extended key was period removed, but you can still see its silhouette, and there is no rear site. The barrels dark patina indicates this gun has been this way for a long time and is totally original to the period. The stock is all original and never sanded, and the Sinclair, Hamilton, & Company viewers mark “Crown over block “SH” / “G3” is forward of the butt stock, and on the flat opposite the lock is a faint second Confederate mark: Script “J.C” within and Oval. The lock is marked TOWER 1862 with a CROWN and no British proof marks. The action holds in both half and full cock positions, and the nipples is period original, and the rifling is strong. There are no sling swivels. “Crown over block “SH” / “G3” are not often seen on Pattern 1856 rifles and is very unique. Shipping & Insurance included. $2300.00

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F335. SMITH & WESSON #2 OLD ARMY REVOLVER: The Smith & Wesson No 2 Old Army revolver was a six shot, .32 caliber single action revolver that fired a .32 caliber rimfire cartridge. The revolver was introduced in 1861 and remained in production until 1874. During that time some 77,155 of the revolvers were manufactured. Those pistols under serial number 35,731 were produced prior to May 1, 1865 and are considered Civil War use. The gun was very popular for soldiers and officers on both sides during the conflict.  From the standpoint of size, the Smith & Wesson No 2 was probably one of the most practical pistols to carry in the field. It was lighter and easier to deal with than a Colt Navy or Colt Army percussion revolver. This Smith & Wesson No 2 is serial number 31534, which places it later in the American Civil War. The serial number is very clearly stamped in the bottom of the grip frame and is also stamped inside of the right grip panel. The gun is mechanically excellent with a crisp action and a very tight lock up, and times and indexes exactly as it should. Typically, these “tip up” revolvers are found with excessive play in the hinge between the barrel and frame and they tend to wiggle. This one is nice and tight. The top of the barrel rib is clearly marked: Smith & Wesson Springfield. MASS, and the cylinder is marked: PATENTED APRIL 3, 1855. JULY 5, 1859 & DEC. 18, 1860.  There is a good amount of original blue finish with a beginning brown patina. Shipping & Insurance included $1200.00

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F347. 11TH NEW YORK CAVALRY 1860 NEW ARMY REVOLVER - “CRISPIN REVOLVER CARBINES”: Captain Silas Crispin, acting as the Ordnance Department’s representative in New York was contacted with a proposed sale of 1000 Colt 1860 Armies with shoulder stocks, and being authorized to purchase them, they were acquired and delivered on March 1,1862 for the 11th New York cavalry. These pistols, complete with shoulder stocks, were purchased on the open market and did not pass through the Government inspection process; however, they do have some unique characteristics that enable them to be positively identified. In the book "The Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver" by Charles W. Pate, there is a detailed account of these revolvers - pages 311-318:  Approximate serial number range 15000-23000. Unit associations - 11th New York Cavalry. Revolver characteristics - Third Model (third-type frame) four-screw frame with OMN-like capping cut in recoil shield and no capping grove. Revolver markings – Standard “O” by all serial numbers above or below the serial number on barrel, frame, trigger guard and backstrap, but not the cylinder; "44 Cal" stamped on left rear trigger guard and no military inspectors marks. This revolver has serial number 16552 “O” on all parts except the matching cylinder 16552. The wedge is numbered (17553), which is within the ranges for the revolvers for the 11th New York Cavalry and most likely was switch by soldiers when cleaning their guns. The gun has an even brown patina, original grips, good rifling, and properly functions. This is a rare find and positively identified to the 11th New York Cavalry. Shipping & Insurance included. $3500.00

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“Z”

F353. CONFEDERATE - "Z" MARKED - CAPTURED, CLEANED, REPAIRED & REISSUED SPRINGFIELD RIFLEThis is an example of a Springfield rifle, which was Confederate captured, cleaned, repaired, and reissued (C&R). The gun is in great condition with no breaks or major issues. On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the letter “Z”. Many captured and reissued Confederate weapons simply required a light cleaning in order to pass inspection. Others, required more extensive work. Some people think these guns should be unflawed as if original, but that is incorrect and often not the case!  It is the flaws that show what work was performed to make the gun serviceable. In fact, you hope to find the repair issues! After completing the work, the weapon would have been tested for functionality and then approved for re-issue by an inspector and marked with their respective stamp “A, F, Q, T, Z, D” before being shipped off for issuance in the Army of Northern Virginia. This gun is in great condition, and looks like the repair was a replaced barrel. When Springfield produced the rifle, a matching production year was stamped on the lock plate and the barrel. Here the lock is dated 1862, but no date on the barrel, but you can see vice-clamp marks, which is common on Confederate repaired rifles. The action holds in both half & full cock, and the bore has strong rifling. On the underside of the stock near the butt-plate are two carves XX’s. This was most likely done by a soldier and notduring the C&R process. Shipping & Insurance included. $2500.00 REDUCED  $2000.00

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F359. CONFEDERATE - "Q" MARKED - CAPTURED, CLEANED, REPAIRED & REISSUED 1864 TRENTON RIFLE: This is an example of an 1864 Trenton contract rifle, which was Confederate captured, cleaned, repaired, and reissued (C&R). The gun shows heavy combat use with bumps and dings, but is in good working condition with no breaks or major issues. The lock properly functions in both half & full cock positions; the nipple is period original; the barrel has original inspection marks, but the date is gone due to heavy use, and the ram-rod is original. Many captured and reissued Confederate weapons simply required a light cleaning in order to pass inspection. Others, required more extensive work. Some people think these guns should be unflawed as if original, but that is incorrect and often not the case!  It is the flaws that show what work was performed to make the gun serviceable. In fact, you hope to find the repair issues! This gun has a replaced front site, as well as the barrel bands, which may be Confederate made. After completing the work, the weapon would have been tested for functionality and then approved for re-issue by an inspector and marked with their respective stamp “A, F, Q, T, Z, D” before being shipped off for issuance in the Army of Northern Virginia. On the underside, forward of the trigger tang, is stamped the letter “Q”, which is faint but visible.  It is the proper size, with an oval shape and squiggly tail. On the flat side opposite the lock are the initial “F I” and on the side of the butt stock is carved a large cross, also known as a crutch cross. Shipping & Insurance included. $1850.00

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F364. PATTERN 1856 ENFIELD 2-BAND RIFLE:  The Pattern 1856 Enfield 2-band rifle was purchased by both the North and South during the Civil War, and without certain markings it is hard to know which side carried this gun. It is complete with all original barrel band, sling swivels, adjustable real site, steel butt plate and trigger guard, and ramrod. The lock is TOWER marked and dated 1861 with a CROWN and no British governments markings, and properly functions in both half and full cock; and the nipple is original. The stock has expected dings and bumps and is complete with no breaks, and is maker marked T. TURNER. Also, to the real of the trigger guard and swivel is stamped a faint CROWN and B S A for the Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA). All the steel has the same matching plum-brown patina. The barrel rifling is gone and is a smooth bore, which is common for a Confederate gun. Shipping & Insurance included. $1800.00 REDUCED  $1700.00

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F369.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is an example of the US M1861 Naval Rifle as produced under contract by the Whitney Arms Company and referred to as the Plymouth Rifles. The rifle is essentially a copy of the French M-1853 Carbine “Tige, but unlike the French musket, which was 18mm (about .708 caliber), the US variant used the more typical US .69 caliber bore. While the US Army was headed towards a reduced bore .58 rifle and rifle musket in the late 1850s, Dahlgren felt it important to retain the large bore for the rifles used on board ships. When the pattern was officially adopted as the US M1861 Naval Rifle, Whitney was awarded a contract in July of 1861 to deliver 10,000 of the rifles to include a brass handled saber bayonet. The first substantial delivery, of 100 arms, was made in early February of 1863. Some of the first M1861 Naval Rifles to see service aboard ships were issued to the Nansemond, the William Bacon and the Eutaw, all of which served with the Atlantic Blockading Squadron during 1863. By the end of 1863, Whitney had managed to catch up on his contract, and had delivered 5,300 of the rifles to the Navy. An additional 4,695 rifles had been delivered to the Navy by the end of 1864. Arms historian and author John D McAulay notes in Civil War Small Arms of the US Navy & Marine Corps that nearly all of the rifles delivered by the summer of 1864 were issued to warships. No doubt this is a rifle used by Civil War Sailor and Marines.This rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts, and has an even brown patina, and most likely was on a ship in the Atlantic Blockade Squadron. The sling swivels are present, but the front is frozen. The lock works in both half & full cock, and is dated 1864. The US and Whitney-ville marks are faint, but I do not see an eagle stamp. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and the bore still has good rifling. The Plymouth rifle saber bayonet in the photos does fits, but the numbers do not match and is sold separately. Shipping cost is $100.00, but will be free if both the gun and bayonet are purchased together. Shipping & Insurance included. $1600.00

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U981. PLYMOUTH RIFLE SABER BAYONET: This bayonet fits the Plymouth rifle above, but is not a match to the gun (9989). It is sold separately.  It is Collins & Co. marked, serial number 5867 and complete with the original scabbard, which is in near-mint condition.Shipping cost is $25.00, but will be free if both the gun and bayonet are purchased together. Shipping & Insurance included. $600.00

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F371. WHITNEY NAVY REVOLVER - 2ND MODEL, 4TH TYPE: This is a Whitney Navy percussion revolver from the era of the American Civil War. The Whitney Navy was a 6-shot, .36 caliber, single action percussion revolver that was manufactured from the late 1850s through the early 1860s. Some 33,000 Whitney Navy revolvers were produced during the production run, with many seeing US government use. The US Army acquired 10,587 of the revolvers between 1861 and 1864 and the US Navy purchased an additional 6,226 between 1863 and 1865. The state of New Jersey purchased 920 Whitney Navy revolvers in 1863, but 792 of those guns were subsequently resold to the US Army in 1863 and 1864. A number of Whitney Navy revolvers also appear to have been acquired by the South and saw service during the American Civil War. Some were purchased prior to the outbreak of hostilities and many more after the conflict started. These later production guns were no doubt obtained through a combination of capturing weapons and purchasing the guns surreptitiously from secondary retailers rather than Whitney. At least two-dozen Whitney Navy revolvers are known to have been repaired for use by the 4th Virginia “Black Horse” Cavalry, and a handful of identified Whitney Navy revolvers with Confederate provenance exist was well. It is not surprising that the revolver found favor on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line. This Whitney Navy revolver is all original and complete with matching numbers. The serial number "23867 A". The number is stamped on the cylinder, loading lever and underside of the barrel, and on the grips. The action it tight and the hammer properly drops. The grips are original and complete, and the cylinder scene is weak but visible under magnification. Shipping & Insurance included. $1550.00

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F372. WHITNEY NAVY REVOLVER - 2ND MODEL, 4TH TYPE: This is a Whitney Navy percussion revolver from the era of the American Civil War. The Whitney Navy was a 6-shot, .36 caliber, single action percussion revolver that was manufactured from the late 1850s through the early 1860s. Some 33,000 Whitney Navy revolvers were produced during the production run, with many seeing US government use. The US Army acquired 10,587 of the revolvers between 1861 and 1864 and the US Navy purchased an additional 6,226 between 1863 and 1865. The state of New Jersey purchased 920 Whitney Navy revolvers in 1863, but 792 of those guns were subsequently resold to the US Army in 1863 and 1864. A number of Whitney Navy revolvers also appear to have been acquired by the South and saw service during the American Civil War. Some were purchased prior to the outbreak of hostilities and many more after the conflict started. These later production guns were no doubt obtained through a combination of capturing weapons and purchasing the guns surreptitiously from secondary retailers rather than Whitney. At least two-dozen Whitney Navy revolvers are known to have been repaired for use by the 4th Virginia “Black Horse” Cavalry, and a handful of identified Whitney Navy revolvers with Confederate provenance exist was well. It is not surprising that the revolver found favor on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line.This Whitney Navy revolver is unique because the number on the frame and loading lever are “16871 M” but the cylinder and matching grips have a different number “19132 A” and the gun frame was modified to have a lanyard for cavalry use. When I see such modifications, I wonder if this gun was Confederate captured and arsenal modified. The action it tight and the hammer properly drops. Shipping & Insurance included. $1550.00

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F376: 1864 PRODUCTION - COLT MODEL 1851 NAVY REVOLVER: This is a rare 1864 produced Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver. The majority of these revolvers were made prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. The percussion revolver was .36 caliber, with a 7 ½” octagonal barrel and a six-shot cylinder. As with most Colt designs of the period, the revolver was made in two primary sections. A removable wedge secured the barrel and loading lever assembly to the cylinder arbor, which was screwed into the handgun’s frame. This is a solid example of a 4th model Colt M1851 Navy percussion revolver in FINE ++ condition. The gun is a typical Fourth Model revolver with the large brass trigger guard, thick loading lever latch and large percussion capping cutout. The revolver is clearly rolls stamped on the top of the barrel: − ADDRESS COL. SAML COLT NEW-YORK U.S. AMERICA – The serial numbered 175685 placing production in 1864 during the American Civil War. The number match throughout, with the exceptions of the loading lever, which is blank,but the wedge matches! The action is tight; all nipples are original; the cylinder scene is very strong; there is much original blue, and the grips are original. Shipping & Insurance included. $3525.00

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F386. RARE - ALLEN & WHEELOCK LIP FIRE ARMY REVOLVER: The development of Allen’s “Lip Fire” self-contained cartridges were truly revolutionary, especially because the rimfire cartridges of the era that were offered by Smith & Wesson in their #1 and #2 revolvers were only .22 and .32 caliber respectively, while Allen offered self-contained handgun cartridges in the much larger calibers of .36 and .44. Unfortunately, the production of Allen & Wheelock Lip Fire and Rim Fire series of revolvers was brought to a screeching halt due to litigation from Smith & Wesson, who were defending the bored through cylinder patent of Rollin White, to which they had purchased exclusive access. Allen managed to produce his side-hammer rimfire revolvers for slightly more than 3 years, from about 1859 until November of 1863, before the patent infringement suit shut down the production of that product line as well. His revolutionary Lip Fire revolvers saw a much shorter production life, with the guns being introduced in late 1860 or early 1861 and being put out of production by the November 1863 court order. The Allen & Wheelock Center Hammer Lip Fire “Army” revolver was the large bore, .44 caliber revolver in the series. It used a single-action mechanism but fired Allen’s proprietary, self-contained .44 Lip Fire cartridge. It is estimated that between 250 and 500 of these revolvers were produced from about mid-1860 until November of 1863, when a court order ended production of Allen revolvers with bored through cylinders. As a result of the relatively small production numbers, this scarce revolver is often missing from even advanced collections of Civil War era secondary martial revolvers. The Allen & Wheelock Lip Fire Army revolver had a six-shot cylinder and a 7-inch half-octagon/half-round barrel. They guns were produced with two different styles of loading gate, with the earliest production guns having a gate hinged at the top and the later production guns having one hinged at the bottom. The guns were also produced with two different styles of grips, one being a standard taper (the most commonly encountered version) and the other having a pronounced “flare” towards their bottoms. The guns used a unique cam-action trigger guard to actuate the ejector, which removed the spent cases from the cylinder. This same mechanism provided the loading lever action for the percussion version of the Center Hammer Army revolver. The revolvers were blued, with color case hardened hammers and trigger guards, and the two-piece walnut grips were varnished. The guns were “serial numbered” (assembly numbered) on most of the major components, including the frame (under the grips), on the face of the cylinder, on the cylinder arbor pin, on the ejector rod, inside the grips and on many of the internal parts. The only other markings usually found on the Allen & Wheelock Lip Fire Army revolver was the two-line address and patent date mark found the left side of octagon portion of the barrel.

This revolver is all original and is fully functional. The action is tight and the cylinder properly cycles and the hammer locks correctly, and the unique loading lever properly works.  The assemble number 121 matches on all parts. The gun has an even grayish light brown patina, but the marking are weak due to the overuse of the die stamp. This is a rare and difficult Civil War period revolver, which is often missing for advanced collections. Shipping & Insurance included. $2750.00

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F395. CONFEDERATE ALTERED - HARPERS FERRY 1842 MUSKET - 1845 DATED:  This 1842 Harpers Ferry musket is Confederate altered to the size of a 2-band rifle, and once had a Confederate blade site. It is in attic-found condition and has not been cleaned and is all original! The stock is rough with a few splits in the stock near the left side of the barrel, but the wood is strong and not loose. The lock properly functions in both half & full cock position and is dated the same as the barrel;1845. The ramrod is originally for an 1860 Springfield rifle, but was shorten and treaded at its bottom, not just cut down. On the top of the barrel, you can see two groves for a Confederate blade site, which is long gone. There is also is saddle wear on the underside forward of the trigger guard.  Shipping & Insurance is included. $995.00

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F396. CONFEDERATE - PATTERN 1856 SHORT RIFLE - "COMMERCIAL VARIANT"This Confederate Pattern 1856 Short Rifle is referred to as a "commercial variant" because of the brass butt plate and trigger guard, and the four - groove barrel. It is all original with both barrel bands, both sling swivels, the nipple protector attached to the ring and chain, and the bayonet lug without the extended key. The bore is mirror bright with strong rifling, and the barrel retains the original rear site. The 1861 dated lock is tight in both half & full cock and properly functions. The stock has expected wear, but is solid with good staddle wear, and the letter “W” carved in the stock opposite the lock and on the side of the butt stock. The stock is all original and never sanded, and the Sinclair, Hamilton, & Company viewers mark “Crown over block “SHC” is to the rear of the trigger guard. The wood Springfield rifle tompion came with the gun. I got this gun at a great price and am passing on the saving to the next owner.  Shipping & Insurance included. $1600.00

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