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F117.   M1816 - CONFEDERATE - CONVERSION MUSKETThis is an outstanding example of a Confederate converted M1816 musket. The lock, bolster are very unique and not of a Northern design. In fact, when you remove the barrel and the lock you will find the Roman numeral III marked on several parts.  It is on the wood under the lock, on the underside of the barrel, and on three of the internal lock parts.  This was a common practice associated with many Confederate repaired and altered musket.  The ram-rod has a cork screw twist that is often seen in other Confederate muskets.$2595.00


F118. M1851 CARBINE - TYPE I: This is an Austrian M1851 Carbine - Type I with a raised cheek piece common to many Austrian arms.  The stock is in outstanding condition. The action is strong, and works in both half and full cock positions. It does not have the two carry rings. The barrel bore has strong lands & groves. This one was designed to have a ram-rod. The M1851 carbine has long been considered an early war Federal import.



F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issued.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen.  The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife, and many of these bayonets had to be fitted to the gun. It is hard to find one, especially a Dahlgren Bowie, which will fit. I have a Dahlgren Bowie that appears to have been tooled to fit this rifle, and it is showed attached to the rifle in the last photo.  It goes on with ease and is a perfect fit. The information on that knife is listed separately for sale "U510" and if purchased with this rifle, I can make a package price.



F144.  CONFEDERATE JS MARKED ENFIELD –  INVENTORY CONTROL NUMBERED BUTT PLATE & RAM-ROD:  The P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is a classic example of a Confederate marked and imported musket that clearly saw extensive use in the field and fired many shots against Federal troops. The gun is marked in the wood behind the trigger guard with the classic J S / ANCHOR mark, and the buttplate tang is engraved with the inventory number 3423. The gun is a typical Birmingham contractor produced musket for export. The gun has the typical Birmingham style lock markings, a simple double line engraved lock with a Crown to the rear of the hammer and 1862 / TOWER forward of the hammer; however, the hammer is an arsenal replaced Springfield hammer with a brass washer, and the bayonet is also Union, but modified to fit the Enfield. These two parts have been with the gun since the Civil War and the deep brown patina is perfict from top to bottom. The ram-rod is also number marked, but with a different number; 1697. This Enfield is in outstanding attic condition and has never been sanded or cleaned.  The J S / ANCHOR is just the way you want to find it.  



F152.  CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY: During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. This is a great example of an untouched out of the attic Confederate marked Enfield rifle-musket with a Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark so strong & sharp it needs no magnification to read. The lock is marked with a Crown to the rear, and 1862 Tower forward of the hammer. The Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark on this gun is a Crown over S H / G 3.   Additionally, and thought faint, you can see the outline of the I.C. oval cartouche on the stock flat opposite the loc. This mark is usually found on Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marked guns as one of their inspector marks. After years of research and comparison to otheridentified and know Confederate Enfield muskets, the Crown over S H / G # is now considered 1 of 4 known markings use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. The numbers 1-5 are believed to be associated with the supplier.  The lock is maker marked S&W and the stock is marked H&E. The wood has never been sanded and has a nice light color with great original patina, and all the metal parts have the same even plum-brown patina. The lock functions properly, the nipple is original, and the rifle bore has strong rifling. This gun also come with an original bayonet that fits tight.  If you are looking to add to your collection a Confederate Enfield which shows use, but not abuse, this is it!



F155. CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & CO. MARKED BARNETT ENFIELD MUSKET :  During the Civil War a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. This is a Barnett Confederate P53 Enfield musket. The gun is complete and is Confederate marked Sinclair, Himilton & Co. by the butt-plate tang. It is a Barnett and has all original barrel parts in great condition and still has strong rifling in the barrel. Recently, a similarly marked Barnett M1853 3-band Enfield rifle sold for $4200.00.  This example is almost identical in condition, but available for $1000.00 less, which is a 30% discount.



F157. AUSTRIAN LORENZ RIFLE:  This Austrian Lorenz has been in a private collection and just recently surfaced at the Wheaton Civil War sword.  It is in great original condition and has indication of being Confederate carried. As most collectors know, the Union was not known for doing any arsenal/repair work on most foreign imported weapons.  This musket has a replaced hammer, which is often found on Confederate arsenal repaired muskets, and there are initials “WSP” carved in the cheek-rest of the stock, which is another common Confederate trait.  The lock-plate is stamped “853” and the gun retains the original complete rear site. The markings match on all the barrel bands, and the ram-rod is original, though tight in the ram-rod channel. The action is crisp and locks in both half and full cock. The barrel is full-length in the original .54 caliber and retains original rifling.  Both of the sling swivels are present and they still pivot. The stock has a fantastic look with excellent grain pattern.  



F171. "G"- MARKED 1854 LORENZ RIFLE - IDENTIFIED TO A TEXAS SOLDIER: This is a "G" Marked Lorenz Rifle, which came out of Texas and is identified to a soldier from the Texas 11th Infantry through family history. The gun was imported into the Confederacy by the state of Georgia as is evident by the "G" stamp on the side of the musket. It turns out that many of these "G" marked Lorenz rifle came through the blockade via Texas, and may explain how it ended up being issued to a Texas soldier.

The rifle is in outstanding condition. The stock is in great condition and never sanded. On the right side of the stock is the "G" mark, and a three half-cycle design to which itsmeaning is unknown to me. On the left side of the stock are the initials J. S. (most likely is the initials of the first soldier who carried this gun), and a six point star. All metal parts are original and have matching patina; the rear-site is complete and works; all sling swivels are present; and the ramrod is original. Finally, the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock, and the rifling is sharp and strong. Included is the guns original bayonet and it scabbard, both are in amazing condition and fit like a glove. With the gun is a letter from the descendant of Private Phillip K. Koonce, 11th Texas Infantry. It documents how this rifle was passed down from generation to generation and that Phillip K. Koonce owned it as his last known rifle.  Records indicate the existence of a Confederate Pension and he was buried in Shelby County Texas, White Rock Cemetery. Research is complete and I obtained the Pension File for Private Phillip K.Koonce, which will be included.

Koonce initially started in a Home Guard unit then joined the 11th Texas Infantry (Roberts Regulars) around December 1863, and remained with the 11th up to its surrender and disbandment in May 1865. He was with the unit for the Red River campaign, and engagements including Wilson's Farm, Carroll's Mill, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill in Louisiana.

Here is an outstand “G” marked Lorenz rifle identified to a Texas soldier.



F173.  CONVERSION MUSKET – CONFEDERATE:  This original flint-lock musket was converted to percussion; however, it is only the third I have seen which retained the original hammer with a piece of iron held in place as the striker. This is believed to be a Confederate conversion and there are no known Northern examples. In fact, there is a photos on page 41 of the book “Confederate Longarms and Pistols” by Hill & Anderson of a similar musket conversion. The walnut stock has seen heavy use and there are several brass and iron pins holding the stock together, again something I have only seen in Southern used muskets. Also, the triger action is soft and soetimes does not hold in the half-cocked posiiton. This is not an expensive musket, but one that shows heavy use and great Confederate characteristics. The bayonet in the photos did not come with the rifle and is only included in the photos to show the gun was modified to except one making it a combat serviceable weapon. 



F178. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1853:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The P-1853 Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.”. This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine –  and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching assembler hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s under side to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard. Upon closer examination, I found assembler hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel,which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

A respected collector/friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

These two-band rifles are scarce and this is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

A search of censes records for the state of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

The 50th Tennessee Regiment, was organized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. This is a great carbine which will easily be a center piece in any collection.



F186. WHITNEY ENFIELD RIFLE - MUSKET, SECONDARY CONFEDERATE: Between 1860 and 1863, Whitney produced somewhere between 3,300 and 3,500 of his “Enfield” rifle muskets. Other than having a general appearance similar to the Enfield, the guns were really an amalgamation of parts available to Whitney. The guns had 40” long, .58 caliber barrels that generally resembled that of the US M-1855 and M-1861 series of muskets, with round bolsters with clean out screws. Like most Whitney arms, the gun barrels were batch or serial numbered with an alphanumeric mark on top, behind the rear sight. The muskets either had a long-base Whitney designed rear sight that resembled that of the P-1853 Enfield and early US M-1855s, or had a Whitney “Mid-Range” rear sight that was a single L-shaped leaf with aperture that was mounted in a base similar to the US M-1858 and M-1861 rear sight. The front sight/bayonet lug was of the US pattern, with the outer diameter of the barrel being designed to accept either US M-1855 or British P-1853 pattern socket bayonets. The locks were a uniquely Whitney design. They were flat and were flush mounted in the mortise with a rounded rear, and an odd projection between the bolster and the hammer. The hammers were similar to US M-1855 and M-1861 hammers in profile, but again, distinctly Whitney. The lock was secured by two bolts that passed through brass lock escutcheons with rounded ears, similar to the British Enfield design, but again, slightly different. The trigger guard was more similar to US than British designs, in that it was two piece with the guard bow attached to a separate trigger plate. However, the bow was made of brass and the plate was iron. The brass guard bows were likely overruns from the US M-1841 Mississippi rifle contract, as they are of that exact pattern. The stock had either a Whitney style end cap or a British style brass Enfield cap, apparently based upon availability. Pair of sling swivels was provided; one on the face of the trigger guard bow and one on wide upper barrel band. The two types of ramrods that were provided with the guns were distinctly Whitney designs. Both had steel shanks and brass heads. One style had a cupped, semi-tulip shaped head similar to those on US M-1855 and M-1861 rifle muskets, and the other had a sort of trumpet style brass head, left over from M-1841 rifle production. The stocks were modified P-1853 Enfield stocks, altered to fit the components that Whitney installed in them. While the majority of the guns appear to have been finished bright, at least some (if note more) were apparently blued, as a handful of extant examples retain at least portions of their original, period blued finish. This finish would have been appropriate if Whitney was really trying to pass these second class arms off as real P-1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets.

While the guns were hardly uniform and followed no specifically established military pattern, Whitney managed to sell some 3,300-3,500 of them between 1860 and 1863. His largest customer was the state of Maryland, who ordered 2,000 of the guns immediately after the John Brown raid on the Harpers Ferry Arsenal. Various sources note that the guns were delivered in 1861 and used to arm the Maryland Volunteer Militia. According to Flayderman’s Guide to Antique American Arms, some 370 of those guns were captured by southern sympathizers during the April 19, 1861 riots in Baltimore. In November of 1860 the state of Georgia contracted for 1,700 of the guns, but it is believed that no more than 1,225 were actually delivered. In late 1860, the Clarke County, Mississippi militia (known as the Enterprise Guards) purchased 75 of the Whitney Enfield rifle muskets. The “Enterprise Guards” eventually became the core of Company B of the 14th Mississippi Volunteer Infantry. The US Ordnance Department acquired 100 of the guns on the open market through Schuyler, Hartley & Graham of New York, purchasing them on August 10, 1861. After the outbreak of hostilities, it appears that some smaller amounts of the guns were sold through agents such as William Read & Son and Fitch & Waldo.

The Whitney Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is in about Exceptional overall condition. The gun is a classic Whitney pattern Enfield with a full-length, 40” 6-groove barrel, brass nose cap, brass trigger-guard steel butt-plate, steel tipped Whitney rammer and a long-range Whitney rear sight. The gun is all original, and all steel parts have a plum-brown patina. The entire stock is in amazing condition with, Enfield pattern barrel bands. The barrel is unmarked, other than with the serial number behind the front sight. The bore of the gun is in about VERY GOOD condition. It retains strong rifling, but shows light scattered pitting along its entire length. The lock of the gun is crisply marked in a single line, forward of the hammer: E. WHITNEY, and functions flawlessly on all positions, crisply engaging the half cock and full cock positions, and responds to the trigger, as it should. The gun retains its Whitney pattern, long base, long-range rear sight, as well as the front sight/bayonet lug. Both sling swivels are present on the gun, and the original Whitney ramrod with a steel tulip shaped head is present in the channel under the barrel. The rod is full length and retains good threads at its end. The brass furniture all has a deep, unclean patina that is very attractive.

Many of the known Maryland Whitney Enfield are marked and identified to the Maryland Volunteer Militia. This gun does not have those markings and is believed to have gone to the state of Georgia.  Overall this is a really attractive, crisp and untouched example of a rather rare and important Whitney produced Enfield rifle musket. These guns do not appear on the market very often. Whether you are a collector of Whitney long arms, or simply a collector of Civil War era military arms, you will be very happy with thiswonderful rifle musket.



F189. CONFEDERATE 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE-MUSKET CAPTURED & 110 N.Y.V. REISSUED: During the American Civil War, the North blockaded the South to prevent both military and economic supplies from entering, and whenever a blockade runner ship was captured with usable contents, the seized war bounty was sent north to be auctioned off. Many usable military items, such as Enfield Rifles, found their way to U. S. military units. This appears to be one of those Confederate purchased M1853 Three-band rifles, which was captured, sold, and issued to a soldier from the State of New York.

This Pattern 1853 Type III “Enfield” rifle-musket bears the (CROWN) / SH / G1 double stamped above the brass trigger guard tang.  This mark is one of several known and identified Confederate marks attributed to Sinclair, Hamilton & Co., which appear either on the butt comb by the butt plate tang or by the trigger guard tang.

This musket has an1862 dated Tower lock marked R.H. (R. Hughes) with matching assembly marks \ / X on the lock and lock screws; the barrel screw; all three barrel bands, and in the ram-rod channel. Also in the ram-rod channel is stamped R. Hughes. On the trigger guard tang is stamped 17. E. 110 N.Y.V. for soldier number 17, Company E, 110th New York Volunteers. Records identify this soldier as Charles Curtis.

Charles Curtis enlisted August 1, 1862 and was discharged August 28, 1865. The 110 N.Y.V. regiment left the State August 29, 1862; served in the Middle Department, 8th Corps, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, at Baltimore, Md., from August 30, 1862; in Sherman's Division in Louisiana, from December, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 1st, Emory's, Division, Department of the Gulf, from January, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 19th Corps, from February, 1863; at Fort Jefferson, Fla., from February 9, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Charles Hamilton, August 28, 1865, at Albany. Engagements include Franklin, La, Siege of Port Hudson and Vermillion Bayou, La. During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 5 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 1officer, 9 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 192 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 206 enlisted men; aggregate, 211 whom 1 enlisted man died in the hands of the enemy.  It is not often that you find a Confederate 1853 Enfield, which was captured with documented history of being issued to a Union soldier from New York with combated unit history at Port Hudson, La. Pension record included.



F191. CONFEDERATE 3-BAND ENFIELD RIFLE-MUSKET CAPTURED & UNION REISSUED TWICE: This is a Confederate import 3-band Enfield rifle musket, which was captured and reissued to at least two Union soldiers. The gun is in amazing condition and 100% original and complete with matching patina on all metal parts, and matching assembly hash-marks / \ \ on the barrel; barrel retention screw; all three barrel bands; the lock; and its two retention screws. The lock plate is marked Tower and dated 1862. A CROWN SH/G3 is double stamped by the trigger guard tang. After years of research and comparison to other identified and know Confederate Enfield muskets, the Crown over S H / G # is now considered one of the known markings use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and the numbers 1 to 5 are believed to be associated with the supplier of these guns.

On the barrel is stamped the name John S Lozier, as well as the letters J S L on the left side of the stock. Additionally, there are five mother-of-peal inlays in the stock, which help identify this gun to Ohio.  On one side there is a Heart, Crescent moon, and a Beech tree leaf, and on the lock-plate side a small Heart and Shield. This gun was discovered in Ohio, and since the Beech tree leaf is a common Ohio tree, it helped in the identification. The heart was the Union Army, XXIV Corps, 1st Division Badge, The Crescent moon was the Union Army, XI Corps, 1st Division Badge, and the shield was the XXIII Corps, Dept. of Ohio badge. Records show John S. Lozier (Losier) served in the 86th Ohio Infantry Regiment 6/22/1863 – 2/10/1864 (second organization), and the 164th Ohio Infantry Regiment 5/11/1864 – 8/27/1864.  The 86th Ohio Infantry was a six-month regiment reorganized at Camp Cleveland near Cleveland, Ohio on July 17, 1863 and mustered in for six months service under the command of Colonel Wilson C. Lemert. The regiment was attached to DeCourcy's Brigade, Willcox's Left Wing forces, XXIII CorpsDepartment of the Ohio, to October 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps, Department of the Ohio, to February 1864. The 86th Ohio Infantry mustered out of service at Cleveland, Ohio on February 10, 1864.

On the underside above the trigger guard is carved C W INGE and scratched into the trigger guard tang is the name INGERSOLL. The Civil War data base list two Charles W. Ingersoll in the infantry from the state of Indiana. One was with the 86th Indiana Infantry regiment 3/5/1864 – 6/5/1865, and the other with the 51st Indiana Infantry regiment 3/3/1864 – 12/13/1865.

Looking at the time line for these soldiers, the only one that is plausible is that John S Lozier carried this gun during his first enlistment with the 86th Ohio Infantry Regiment 6/22/1863 – 2/10/1864, and Charles W. Ingersoll of the 51st Indiana Infantry regiment had it during his enlistment 3/3/1864 – 12/13/1865.

This is a Confederate purchased Enfield rifle, which was captured and issued to two different Union soldiers. How and when the gun changed hands is unknown; however, the markings on the gun tell a great story, and are a work of art! The gun properly functions and has a great bore.


F192. ANCHOR-S MARKED CONFEDERATE ENFIELD: The most iconic of the imported arms to see service with the Confederacy during the American Civil War is the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, marked with the Confederate JS / (ANCHOR) viewer’s mark of John Southgate, combined with an engraved Confederate inventory control number on the tang of the brass butt-plate. However, the inspection mark that that replaced the JS / (ANCHOR), the (ANCHOR) / S is just as important and just as Confederate as its better-known predecessor. When encountered, the (ANCHOR) / S mark is found on the comb of the stock, just forward of the brass butt plate tang. The (ANCHOR) / S mark is a cryptic and enigmatic mark that has long confused and confounded researchers who specialize in arms that were imported by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Substantial circumstantial evidence, combined with examination of extant examples has helped researchers to establish a significant argument to support the fact that it is a Confederate inspection mark. The basic premise is based upon a chronological study of known Confederate inspection marks and their progression of placement. The most well-known Confederate mark is the J S / (ANCHOR). This mark appears on Confederate imported Enfield pattern arms produced under contract from October 1861 through at April 1862. This marking system coincides with the 2nd Confederate contract with Sinclair, Hamilton & Company for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields. On the guns delivered under that contract, the mark is located behind the trigger guard and is typically found with a Confederate inventory number engraved on the tang of the brass butt plate. The ramrods and the bayonets for these guns were also engraved with matching inventory numbers.  At the completion of the 2nd contract it appears that the numbering of Enfields was discontinued completely, likely due to both time and cost, but the J S / (ANCHOR) mark remained in use, at least briefly. During the period that would be considered the 3rd Sinclair, Hamilton & Company contract (likely running May-October of 1862), the inspection mark continued to be placed, at least briefly, behind the trigger guard, and then was moved to the top of the stock comb, in front of the butt plate tang. Due to the very small number of extant P-1853 Enfields encountered with the J S / (ANCHOR) mark and no engraved inventory number, It is believed that this stamp only remained in use for a very limited time during the middle of 1862, and was subsequently replaced by one or more the well-known Sinclair, Hamilton & Company stamps, probably variations of the (CROWN) / S / HC / (ARROW) stamps that are well known to Confederate collectors. Interestingly “Sinclair Hamilton” marks seem to be confined to arms dated 1861 (1st Sinclair, Hamilton & Company Contract), 1862 (probably 3rd SHC contract) and a very few dated 1863 (end of 3rd or beginning of 4th contract). At this time, the inspection mark reverts to master viewer John Southgate’s initial “S” and the Birmingham assay office “anchor” mark. The new mark was an (ANCHOR) / S and appears as a single strike on most P-1853s it is encountered on, located on top of the stock comb, in front of the butt-plate tang. The guns are inevitably dated 1863 or 1864 if they are Birmingham production, and the 1864 dated guns are scarce, suggesting that the 4th Sinclair Hamilton contract arms were mostly delivered in 1863 or few of the 1864 dated guns made it through the blockade. It appears the 4th SHC contract was essentially an 1863 contract, and the 6-month delivery terms may have become longer due to difficulties in the Confederacy paying their bills with the English contractors. The (ANCHOR) / S mark is also found on Birmingham and London produced P-1856 cavalry carbines, that were Confederate purchased, and those guns that are dated are marked either 1863 or 1864. On the carbines, the mark is often double struck in the wood, while it is normally single struck on the P-1853 “long Enfields”. While most of the “long Enfields” during this period were delivered through the port of Wilmington, NC; fueling the Eastern Theater ordnance depot system, the carbines appear to have mostly arrived through Texas, and were fed into the Western Theater depot system. If a collector were to have only one true Confederate imported weapon in their collection, a Confederate marked Enfield would be the perfect addition. There is no more striking image than that of the ragged Confederate infantryman with a P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket in his hands, doggedly defending his belief in States rights and defending his boarders from the perceived Northern invasion.

This (ANCHOR) / S marked P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket is a classic example of a Confederate imported musket that clearly saw use in the field. The gun is in about VERY GOOD condition and shows signs of significant use in the field. The wood is marked in front of the butt-plate tang with a deep and clear (ANCHOR) / S. The obverse stock is deeply struck with a Birmingham Small Arms Trade roundel, and the toe of the stock is marked with the name of the contractor who made the gun: Cook & Son. J. Cook & Son were a well-established Birmingham based gun making firm that manufactured a large number of military and civilian arms during their many decades in business. The firm was located at both 88 Shadwell Street and 80 New Street in Birmingham, and operated from 1855 through 1875. The lock is crisply marked 1863 / TOWER forward of the hammer, and with the usual British Crown to the rear of the hammer. There is no “VR” under the crown, as would be expected on a commercial gun, not intended for the British military. The interior of the lock is marked with an M over the mainspring, as well as J COOK. The top edge of the lock plate bears the assembly mating mark X / /, and this mark is found throughout the musket, indicating that the major components (lock, stock and barrel) were all originally assembled together and belong together. The gun bears no British military marks at all, which is typical of English commercial guns of the era. The upper left of the breech is marked with the usual Birmingham commercial View, Proof and Definitive Proof marks, interspersed with a pair of 25 gauge marks, indicating .577 caliber. The bottom of the barrel also bears the matching mating mark X / /, as found on the top edge of the lock, the number 384, the name J COOK and J R Cooper. This is the mark of the Birmingham gun manufacturing firm of Joseph Rock Cooper. Cooper was also a principle partner in the firm of Cooper & Goodman, but did a significant business producing barrels for other Birmingham makers, under his own name. Stamped in the bottom of the stock, behind the trigger guard is a C&S, Cook & Son, maker mark, as well as a BSAT (Birmingham Small Arms Trade) mark. Both are worn and somewhat weak due to handling and use.

As previously noted, the overall condition of the gun is about VERY GOOD, and for a Confederate used and carried rifle musket is really pretty nice shape and remains essentially complete and all original. The exposed metal of the gun has been cleaned to a medium pewter gray color and no original finish remains. As would be expected, the breech and bolster area do show light to moderate flash pitting, which is expected from a combat used percussion rifle musket. There is also some light to moderate pitting around the muzzle of the musket. The balance of the barrel shows lightly scattered areas of pinpricking and light pitting on its surfaces. The bore of the gun is in about FAIR condition. It has been bored smooth and retains no rifling. This not an uncommon occurrence with CS used Enfields that made it home after the war, where they were often altered to fowlers. Thankfully, this one was not shortened, nor was its original rear sight removed. The brass furniture has been lightly cleaned as well, and has a medium golden color to it. The original long-range rear sight is present, and is fully functional, although the elevation ladder is bent. The front sight/bayonet lug is present near the muzzle as well, and is fully functional. Two original, period, sling swivels are on the gun, but they may be more recent replacements to make the gun more complete. None of the three original Palmer pattern clamping barrel bands retain their doughnut-like keepers at the end of the band screws. The original ramrod, remains in the channel under the barrel. It is full length, with threads on the end, and has the same, pewter patina as the musket. The stock is in about NEAR VERY GOOD overall condition. The stock is full length, with no breaks, or repairs noted, and the wood to metal fit is very good throughout. The stock remains fairly crisp and sharp throughout and does not appear to have been sanded, although it was likely cleaned at some point in time. The wood is marked in front of the butt plate tang with a deep and clear (ANCHOR) / S inspection stamp and the obverse stock is deeply struck with a Birmingham Small Arms Trade roundel. The toe of the stock is marked with the name COOK & SON, the contractor who made the gun. Additional marks are present in the wood behind the trigger guard. They are not nearly as distinct, but appear to be a small BSAT (Birmingham Small Arms Trade) mark, and a C&S manufacturers’ mark. The most significant issue worth noting about the stock is that two large slivers of wood are missing at the forward end right behind the nose cap. These large slivers have been gone for a very long time, almost certainly since the period of use, and are worn quite smooth. This area is well documented in the photos below. Other than this, the stock remains solid and complete, and shows no significant abuse. The stock does show a number of bumps and dings from field service and use over the century and half of its lifetime, as would be expected.

Overall, this a fairly crisp and quite solid example of a completely authentic Confederate imported and used Enfield Rifle Musket that not only saw field service, but apparently spent the decades after the war in the hands of a soldier or soldier’s family, providing game for the cooking pot. The gun is complete and fully functional and retains a very clear (ANCHOR) / S mark. For a collector of Confederate imported Enfields, this is an essential piece, a sort of book end to be placed with your JS/Anchor, numbered Enfield; with the JS/Anchor gun being the early war import and the Anchor/S gun being the later war import. A few Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marks and a Barnett CH/1 would fill in the gaps of other well-known Confederate inspection marks. This is a very nice gun that would clearly be at home in any Confederate arms collection and would be a nice addition to any collection of Confederate Enfield.  The bayonet was purchased separately at the same time because it fit the gun like a glove.


F195. CONFEDERATE – Circle S F - BARNETT P-1856 CAVALRY CARBINE: This is a rare and complete example of the scarce Confederate Pattern 1856 “Enfield” Cavalry Carbine as imported during the American Civil War.  The P-1856 Cavalry Carbine is a rarely encountered Civil War era long arm, and even those carbines without Confederate import marks bring significant prices. This gun is marked with a newly discovered Block “SF” within a Circle, which is similar to the Circle CH1; Circle Script “JS”; Circle “SL” and Circle Script “JH” all of which have been identified as Confederate viewer marks and are located by the butt plate tang. While the US Government records indicate that only 250 of the P-1856 carbines were purchased, the Confederacy purchased approximately 10,000 of this gun, which means better the 97% of these are Confederate. Examples of commercial (non-British military) P-1856 carbines tend to appear in two conditions: heavily used & very well worn, or nearly mint guns condition from captured Confederate Blockade Runners. In either case, the guns are very scarce and are rarely found available for sale. One reason for their lack of survival comes from the Report of William H. H. Terrell, Adjutant General for the State of Indiana. The report dated December 1865 concerning the Seventh Indiana Cavalry states in part "On the 21st of December (1864) the Seventh Cavalry moved from Memphis with a cavalry expedition under General Grierson. On the 28th Forrest's dismounted camp at Vernon, Mississippi, was surprised and captured, and a large quantity of rebel stores destroyed, including sixteen railroad cars, loaded with pontoons for Hood's army, and four thousand new English carbines." This clearly indicates a reason for the scarcity of these guns, when the Federal troops found them, they destroyed them. Since nearly all US cavalry were armed with some form of breech loading carbine, a muzzle-loading carbine was of no real value. However, US troops regularly used captured CS imported Enfield rifle muskets, as they were of use to the infantry. The Pattern 1856 Cavalry carbine was primarily a late war purchase and imported by the Confederacy. To date, only a small number of P-1856 carbine invoices have been located that are dated prior to 1863, all of which were purchased through S. Isaac, Campbell & Co. However, in 1863 and 1864 a number of the guns were purchased by the Confederacy. Somewhere between 2,500 and 5,000 were purchased from Sinclair-Hamilton & Co, and it is possible that more were acquired from this preferred provider of arms to the Confederacy.  All documented Confederate purchased P-1856 carbines have locks that are marked Barnett, EP Bond or TOWER. While a handful of JS/Anchor and Anchor/S marked Confederate carbines are known, it appears that many were probably unmarked, as the entire system of marking import arms became more and more lax as the war drug on. It is also reasonable to assume that as least some P-1856 carbines were purchased by Confederate speculators for sale in the South, and these guns would not have had any type of Confederate importation marks.

This Pattern 1856 Cavalry Carbine is in about VERY GOOD+ to NEAR FINE condition. It appears to have seen some use, but does not show heavy wear or abuse. The gun was manufactured by John Edward Barnett & Sons of London, a maker that truly deserves the name Gun Maker To The Confederacy”. The lock of the gun is clearly marked BARNETT forward of the hammer, and a Crown over TOWER to the rear of the hammer. The lock, barrel, mounts and screws all have matching plum brown patina. The interior of the lock is marked Barnett and is mechanically excellent and functions flawlessly. The barrel is marked with standard London commercial proofs at the top left of the hammer and Barnett on the underside. The bottom edge of the lock is marked with a file slash mating mark \. This mark appears on each lock screw, the bottom of the barrel and the barrel screw, both barrel bands and in the ram-rod channel,leaving no doubt the gun is all original. The original ram-rod is intact, rifling is strong, and an original tampion is present.  As mention, this gun is marked by the butt plate tang with the viewer marks Circle SF, and to date, all Enfield long gun marked in this manner have been positively identified as Confederate. Additionally, this is the only known example with the Circle SF mark. It is faint, but visible.


F199. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE:  This is a beauty and rare find! It is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.” This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine – It is in near fine+ condition with just a little wear and some minor dings to show it was carried. It has a Tower 1861 lock which functions properly. All metal parts have matching plum-brown patina. The ram-rod is original to the gun, the front swivel is presents, but the back one is gone. The barrel is marked, and the bore is strong. The stock is maker marked “BENTON & PLAYER” BIRMm MAKER. In the ram-rod channel you can see the assembly mark I /, and if you were to pull the lock and barrel you would find these same marks as well.  I looked for a viewer mark on the stock, and thought I saw an arrow used by Sinclair, Hamilton & Co., but it is hard to say. So I make no claim. Regardless, this is a rare gun and in such fine condition.


F200. M1854  LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is  25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to have earlier numbers. This 6 inch revolver has a serial number that falls in the range of the US Government contact #35367, and is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch. The gun is tight, retains all original screws, and lanyard-ring, and has very nice grips. The gun has a nice mellow gray finish.  This is a rare gun to find in any condition! $1400.00


F201. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #24240, which is just a little earlier then the US Government contact, but close.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and much original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States.



F202.  3-BAND 1853 ENFIELD MUSKET with REBEL BLACKSMITH MADE RAMROD: This is a model 1853 3-Band Enfield rifle-musket made for export to America for the Civil War, and totally void of English inspection marks. I believe this one was sold to the North (Union), but recovered off a battlefield by the Confederates and put in service to defend the South. The stock is all original with many dings and dents, but has never been sanded. The rear and front sight are original, and there is still strong rifling in the bore. It has the original rear sling swivel, but not the front. The ramrod is not original, but a Confederate wartime replacement made by a blacksmith. It is very crude and covered with hammer marks and is threaded at the end. On the butt of the stock is the circular Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp, on the underside near the trigger tang is another BSAT stamp. On the underside of the stock is maker name: Joseph Wilson.  The barrel was made by Ezra Millward, but is also marked with the retailer name Joseph Wilson.  Matching assembly marks “M  X \ \” appear on the bottom of the barrel, lock, and underside of the trigger housing. If the barrel would not have been clean at one time.  



C204.  SPENCER REPEATER CARBINE – 3RD IOWA CAVALRY REGIMENT: There is probably no weapon of the Civil War more representative of the overwhelming force of the industrial North against the South than the US M-1860 Spencer Carbine Spencer. Various single-shot, breech-loading percussion carbines were the standard issue cavalry long arms prior to the war; however, the Spencer firmly established an era of the repeating metallic cartridge carbines by the end of 1863. The .52 caliber 56-56 RF Spencer round was much more comparable to a real service rifle load and delivered far greater downrange stopping power. The Spencer was also very fast to reload, with a 7 round tubular magazine that fed through the buttstock, troopers could carry pre-loaded magazine tubes and reload almost as quickly as today’s shooter exchanges magazine. While the Spencer shooter did have to manually cock the hammer for each shot, the robust design and powerful cartridge combined to make it the most prized and feared cavalry long arm of the Civil War. Roughly 50,000 of these were produced (in the 11,000 to 61,000 serial number range) between 1863 and 1865, and almost all of them saw service during the war. After the war, many were altered and modified at US armories and many remained in service through the early 1870’s; however, this gun is all original with no modifications.

This is a great example of the US M-1860 Spencer carbine. The gun is 100% complete, correct and original in every way. The action works perfectly, both in terms of cycling the breech, cocking and firing the gun.  The gun retains its original sling ring and buttstock swivel, and the original rear sight is in place and flips up as it should. The gun retains very legible and clear markings on the receiver, the top of which is marked in three lines: SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO BOSTON, MASS, / PAT’D MARCH 6, 1860. The gun is in great overall condition with even smoky brownish gray patina in the receiver area, and a smooth barrel with an even plum-brown patina. The bore retains strong 3-groove rifling, is bright, with excellent rifling. The original magazine tube is present with the gun and is also in great condition.  The stock is in nice condition with much original finish, and while it is not typical to find a carbine with visible cartouches, this one has two that are faint but readable. The buttstock is solid and free of any breaks, cracks or repairs with a letter H carve in it. Both the buttstock and the forearm do show some scattered bumps and dings from service and use, but there are no significant wear issues or any damage worthy of note

The serial number 42022 is clearly stamped into the rear of the upper receiver, in front of the buttstock joint.  A check of the Springfield Research serial number books reveals the closest noted serial number to be 42023, which is a Spencer carbine issued to Company G 3rd Iowa Cavalry Regiment, and there is another Spencer 42125 issued to Company C. 3rd Iowa Cavalry.  No doubt this Spencer saw service with the 3rd Iowa Cavalry Regiment.

3rd Regiment, Iowa Cavalry


Organized at Keokuk August 30 to September 14, 1861. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., November 4-6, and duty there till February 4, 1862. (Cos. "E," "F" "G" and "H" detached to Jefferson City, Mo., December 12, 1861, and duty in Northern and Southern Missouri till July, 1863. See service following that of Regiment.) Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," "I," "K," "L" and "M" moved to Rolla, Mo., February 4-6, 1862. (Cos. "I" and "K" detached to garrison, Salem, Mo., February 11, 1862. Scout to Mawameck February 12. Expedition to Mt. Vernon February 18-19. Action at West Plains February 20. Scouting after Coleman's guerillas till April. Actions near Salem February 28 and March 18. Rejoin Regiment near Forsythe April, 1862.) Regiment march to join General Curtis February 14-18. (Co. "L" detached at Springfield, Mo.) Attached to Curtis' Army of Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, February to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Tennessee, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Tennessee, to June, 1863. Bussy's Cavalry Brigade, Herron's Division, Dept. of Tennessee, to August, 1863. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of Arkansas, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to June, 1865. District of Georgia to August, 1865.


Expedition to Fayetteville, Ark., February 22, 1862. Battles of Pea Ridge March 6-8. (Cos. "D" and "M" escort prisoners to Rolla, Mo., March 12-31.) March to Batesville via Cassville, Forsythe, Osage and West Plains April 6-May 1. (Cos. "L" and "M" detached at Lebanon, Mo., operating against guerillas till November, 1862; then join Cos. "E," "F," "G" and "H"). (Co. "D" guard train to Rolla, Mo., May 25 to June 20.) Action at Kickapoo Bottom, near Sylamore, May 29. Sylamore May 30. Foraging and scouting at Sulphur Rock June 1-22. Waddell's Farm, Village Creek, June 12. March from Batesville to Clarendon on White River June 25-July 9. Waddell's Farm June 27 (Co. "K"). Stewart's Plantation, Village Creek, June 27. Bayou Cache July 6 (Co. "I"). Hill's Plantation, Cache River, July 7. March to Helena July 11-14. Duty there and scouting from White River to the St. Francis till June, 1863. Expedition from Clarendon to Lawrenceville and St. Charles September 11-13, 1862. LaGrange September 11. Marianna and LaGrange November 8. Expedition to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Oakland, Miss., December 3. Expedition up St. Francis and Little Rivers March 5-12, 1863 (Detachment). Expedition to Big and Little Creeks and skirmishes March 6-10. Madison, Ark., March 9 (Detachment). Madison, Ark., April 14 (Detachment). LaGrange May 1. Polk's Plantation, Helena, May 25. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-8. Siege of Vicksburg June 8-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Near Canton July 12. Canton, Bolton's Depot and Grant's Ferry, Pearl River, July 16. Bear Creek, near Canton, July 17. Canton July 18. At Flowers' Plantation till August 10. Raid from Big Black on Mississippi Central Railroad and to Memphis, Tenn., August 10-22. Payne's Plantation, near Grenada, August 18. Panola August 20. Coldwater August 21. Moved to Helena, Ark., August 26; thence moved to Little Rock, arriving October 1. Duty at Berton, Ark., October 1 to December 20. Expedition to Mt. Ida November 10-18. Near Benton December 1. Expedition to Princeton December 8-10. Ordered to Little Rock December 20. Regiment Veteranize January 5, 1864. Veterans on furlough January 6 to February 5. At St. Louis, Mo., February 6 to April 26. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., April 26. Operations against Forest May to August. Sturgis' Expedition to Guntown, Miss., June 1-13. Near Guntown June 10. Ripley June 11. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21. Saulsbury July 2. Near Kelly's Mills July 8. Cherry Creek July 10. Huston Road July 12. Okolona July 12-13. Harrisburg, near Tupelo, July 14-15. Old Town or Tishamingo Creek July 15. Ellistown July 16 and 21. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Holly Springs August 8. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13, 14 and 19. College Hill August 21. Hurricane Creek August 22. Repulse of Forrest's attack on Memphis August 21 (Detachment). Moved to Brownsville, Ark., September 2. Campaign against Price in Arkansas and Missouri September-November. Independence, Big Blue and State Line October 22. Westport October 23. Battles of Charlot, Marias des Cygnes, Mine Creek, Little Osage River October 25. White's Station, Tenn., December 4 (Detachment). Grierson's Raid from Memphis on Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 27, 1864, to January 6, 1865 (Detachment). Near White's Station December 25. Okolona December 27. Egypt Station, Miss., December 28. Mechanicsburg January 3, 1865. At the Pond January 4. Moved from Vicksburg, Miss., to Memphis, Tenn.; thence to Louisville, Ky., January 6-15, 1865, and rejoin Regiment. Regiment at St. Louis, Mo., and Louisville, Ky., till February, 1865. Moved to Chickasaw, Ala.; Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Montevallo March 31. Six-Mile Creek March 31. Maplesville April 1 (Co. "L"). Ebeneezer Church, near Maplesville, April 1. Selma April 2. Fike's Ferry, Cahawba River, April 7 (Co. "B"). Montgomery April 12. Columbus, Ga., April 16. Capture of Macon April 20. Duty at Macon and at Atlanta, Ga., till August. Mustered out August 9, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 79 Enlisted men killed and mortallywounded and 4 Officers and 230 Enlisted men by disease. Total 318.

Companies "E," "F," "G" and "H" orderedto Jefferson City, Mo., December 12, 1861. Attached to Army of Southwest Missouri to February, 1862. District of North Missouri to August, 1862. District of Southwest Missouri to November, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, District of Southeast Missouri, to June, 1863. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of Southeast Missouri, to August, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Arkansas Expedition, to October, 1863.


Engaged in operations against guerillas about Booneville, Glasgow, Fulton and in North Missouri at Lebanon, and in Southwest Missouri covering frontier from Iron Mountain to Boston Mountains till June, 1863. Companies "L" and "M" joined November, 1862. Actions at Florida, Mo., May 22, 1862. Salt River, near Florida, May 31. Boles' Farm, Florida, July 22 and 24. Santa Fe July 24-25. Brown Springs July 27. Moore's Mills, near Fulton, July 28. Kirksville August 26. Occupation of Newtonia December 4. Hartsville, Wood's Fork, January 11, 1863. Operations against Marmaduke April 17-May 2. Cape Girardeau April 26. Near Whitewater Bridge April 27. Castor River, near Bloomfield, April 29. Bloomfield April 30. Chalk Bluffs, St. Francis River, April 30-May 1. Davidson's march to Clarendon, Ark., August 1-8. Steele's Expedition to Little Rock August 8-September 10. Reed's Bridge or Bayou Metoe August 27. Shallow Ford, Bayou Metoe, August 30. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Rejoined Regiment at Little Rock October 1, 1863.

The overall condition of this Spencer is really great, and it is not easy to find a Spencer in this condition for sale these days. This is a really attractive M-1860 Spencer Carbine that is 100% complete, correct and original and has tons of eye appeal. The gun is an original Civil War carbine that was not altered after the war. This is a truly outstanding, “no apologies” Spencer that would be a fantastic addition to any Civil War collection. Even if Civil War carbines are not your area of collecting interest, no collection of Civil War arms is complete without a Spencer.  



F207. STARR .36 CAL. NAVAL REVOLVER: This Starr revolver is a unique revolver developed prior and used during the Civil War.  It was designed with a sliding switch on the trigger to allows the soldier or sailor to use the gun in a double-action configuration, or single-action by cocking it with the main trigger and using a second smaller trigger to fire the gun.  You will see the more common Army version all the time, but the Naval .36 Caliber version is rare to find.  This Navy Starr revolver has a brown-gray patina and only small traces of original blue. The frame is marked Starr Patent Jan. 15. 1856 on one side, and Starr Arms Co. New York on the other side. All screws are original to the gun. The bore has strong rifling and the cylinder has original nipples, and they are all very nice. The cylinder, grip, upper receiver, and lower receiver under the grip have matching serial number 2636, the trigger has number 2372; however, its patina matches the gun and I have no doubt was factory installed.  The one piece grip is in very nice condition, and has a sailor’s name, FORD, carved in it. Overall, this great example of a rare and not often seen Navy Starr Revolver is a great piece of Civil War naval history.



F208. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #33390, which puts it is the middle of the US Government contact.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and some original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is believed to be an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Northern States.




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