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    F117.   CONFEDERATE - CONVERSION MUSKET This is an outstanding example of a Confederate converted musket. The lock, bolster are very unique and not of a Northern design. In fact, when you remove the barrel and the lock you will find the Confederate arsenal assembly marks on several parts on the wood under the lock; on the underside of the barrel; and on three of the internal lock parts.  This was a common practice associated with many Confederate repaired and altered musket.  The ram-rod has a cork screw twist that is often seen in other Confederate muskets.$2300.00

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    F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issues.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen. The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife. $1600.00

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    F171. "G"- MARKED 1854 LORENZ RIFLE - IDENTIFIED TO A TEXAS SOLDIER: This is a "G" Marked Lorenz Rifle, which came out of Texas and is identified to a soldier from the Texas 11th Infantry through family history. The gun was imported into the Confederacy by the state of Georgia as is evident by the "G" stamp on the side of the musket. It turns out that many of these "G" marked Lorenz rifle came through the blockade via Texas, and may explain how it ended up being issued to a Texas soldier.

    The rifle is in outstanding condition. The stock is in great condition and never sanded. On the right side of the stock is the "G" mark, and a three half-cycle design to which its meaning is unknown. On the left side of the stock are the initials J. S. (most likely is the initials of the first soldier who carried the gun, and a six point star. All metal parts are original and have matching patina; the rear-site is complete and works; all sling swivels are present; and the ramrod is original. Finally, the action is tight and holds in both half and full cock, and the rifling is sharp and strong. Included is the original bayonet and its scabbard, both are in amazing condition and fits like a glove. With the gun is a letter from the descendant of Private Phillip K. Koonce, 11th Texas Infantry. It documents how the rifle was passed down from generation to generation, and that Phillip K. Koonce owned it as his last known rifle.  Records indicate the existence of a Confederate Pension and that he was buried in Shelby County Texas, White Rock Cemetery. Research is complete and I obtained the Pension File for Private Phillip K.Koonce, which will be included.

    Koonce initially started in a Home Guard unit then joined the 11th Texas Infantry (Roberts Regulars) around December 1863, and remained with the 11th up to its surrender and disbandment in May 1865. He was with the unit for the Red River campaign, and engagements including Wilson's Farm, Carroll's Mill, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill in Louisiana. Here is an outstand “G” marked Lorenz rifle identified to a Texas soldier. $4500.00

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    F178. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1853:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The P-1853 Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.”. This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

    This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine –  and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching assembler hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s under side to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard. Upon closer examination, I found assembler hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel,which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

    A respected collector/friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

    These two-band rifles are scarce andthis is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

    A search of censes records for thestate of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

    The 50th Tennessee Regiment, wasorganized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of thegarrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

    After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. $6900.00

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    F201. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The serial range for the US contract is 25,000 – 37,000, while the state purchased guns are believed to be earlier numbers. This 4 1/2 inch revolver has serial number #24240, which is just a little earlier then the US Government contact, but close.  The gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and much original blue finish and original finished grips. The shorter barrel gun is  an officer version similar to those carried by officers of the French Foreign Legion. With a serial number so close to the US Contract range, this revolver could have been purchased by the Government or one of the Union States. $1300.00

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    F207. STARR .36 CAL. NAVAL REVOLVER: This Starr revolver is a unique revolver developed prior to and used during the Civil War.  It was designed with a sliding switch on the trigger to allow the soldier or sailor to use the gun in a double-action configuration, or single-action by cocking it with the main trigger and using a second smaller trigger to fire the gun.  You will see the more common Army version all the time, but the Naval .36 Caliber version is rare to find.  This Navy Starr revolver has a brown-gray patina and only small traces of original blue. The frame is marked Starr Patent Jan. 15. 1856 on one side, and Starr Arms Co. New York on the other side. All screws are original to the gun. The bore has strong rifling and the cylinder has original nipples, and they are all very nice. The cylinder, grip, upper receiver, and lower receiver under the grip have matching serial number 2636, the trigger has number 2372; however, its patina matches the gun and I have no doubt was factory installed.  The one piece grip is in very nice condition, and has a sailor’s name, FORD, carved in it. Overall, this great example of a rare and not often seen Navy Starr Revolver and is a great piece of Civil War naval history. $1650.00

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    F215. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The Confederacy also purchased several, but the exact number and serial number range for the Southern acquired pin-fire revolvers is unknown. This gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and original finished grips. The 6 1/4 inch barrel gun is engraved the top and side. It is Lefaucheux maker marked with an early low serial number LF 7727. $1050.00

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    F216.  MODEL1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSION: The M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

    This rifle is an example of the percussion conversion with a seven grooved barrel, and the rifling is very strong. The stock is in great condition showing normal dings and wear. The original lock plate is marked US DERINGER PHILADA, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in full cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, and both swing swivels are present.  These are getting harder to find in such nice condition. $1300.00

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    F217.  M1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSIONThe M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

    This M1817 Common Rifle is unique. First, the bore was rifle with eight straight groves with no twist. This was done to improve accuracy with Buck & Ball ammunition, not a standard bullet. When I opened the patch-box cover, I saw four hash marks ////, and I found those same marks on the barrels retention screw.  The stock is in average condition showing hard use with normal dings and expected wear for a gun used in combat. The original lock plate is marked US  R JOHNSON MIDDLETON, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in both full & haft cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, but the rear sling swivels is missing.  The straight rifling is worn from heavy use, but can been seen with a good bore light. $1300.00

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    F221: ENFIELD - PATTERN 1856 SHORT RIFLE, COMMERCIAL VERSION, SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY: This is a Confederate Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marked brass mounted commercial version Enfield – Pattern 1856 Short Rifle. The butt-plate is brass as is the trigger guard, which is not extended. As a result, the real swivel would be screwed directly into the stock, but is gone from hard use.  The pin for the nipple protector chain is also missing in action. The rifle stock is solid with no breaks or major issues. It does show heavy use with expected nicks and dings. The letter W is carves is several location on the stock. There is heavy saddle-wear on the underside of the stock behind the rear band. There is also a good amount of nipple-burnt wood. The lock is fully functional and hold strong in both positions, and it is marked: Crown, Tower, 1861. The lock and its screws; the barrel retention screw; the front band; and the ramrod channel all have matching assembly marks ///. The rear band has British proof marks, which is not unusual. The barrel and the lock have a deep rich brown patina. The bore is bright with very strong 3-grove rifling. The front band is original, but I am not sure about the swivel. Also, the front bayonet lug is the early version with the extended key, which is rare. Finally, on the underside of the stock near the tang of the brass guard you will see the Crown SHC - Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark.

    Sinclair, Hamilton & Company Rifles are found with the following marks:

    Here is an opportunity to own a rare Confederate 2-band brassmounted commercial version Enfield – Pattern 1856 Short Rifle with the highly desired Sinclair, Hamilton& Company mark. $1900.00

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    F222. CONFEDERATE 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE - SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY MARKED:  During the Civil War, a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company and are found with the following marks:

    This Confederate 1853 3-band Enfield is in fine to near-mint condition with the Oval SCH mark.  This gun was discovered in Virginia and most likely was carried by a soldier from that state. This rifle has amazing original bluing on the barrel and mounts, and a wood has pleasing eye appeal. There is even a screw in the wood behind the nipple which appears to be orignal to the gun because it has period bluing with a little wear. The stock is maker marked WILLIAMSON BROTHERS, and the middle barrel band and lock are marks T. & W. W. Also, the inside stock near the barrel screw; the barrel and the lock are all marked H.C.

    The  Oval SHC mark is by the butt plate tang, and on the flat area opposite the lock, and between the top barrel band and the brass nose cap there is the silhouette of a large oval, but the SHC is worn and difficult to see.  This third mark is extremely rare! The rifle still retains the original rear sight, which still works, and there remains good rifling in the bore. It is extremly rare to find a Confederate Enfield with nearly 100% original bluing.  $3800.00

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