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F152.  CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY: During the Civil War, a large number of 1853 Enfield Rifles was supplied to the Confederacy by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. This is an untouched, out of the attic example of one of those rifles.

The lock is marked with a Crown to the rear, and 1862 Tower forward of the hammer. The Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark on this gun is a Crown over S H / G 3. Additionally, and thought faint, you can see the outline of the I.C. oval cartouche on the stock flat opposite the lock. This mark is usually found on Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marked guns as an inspector mark. After years of research and comparison to other know Confederate Enfield rifles, the Crown over S H / G # is now considered 1 of 4 known marks use by Sinclair, Hamilton & Company. The numbers 1-5 are believed to be associated with the different supplier.  The lock is maker marked S&W and the stock is marked H&E. The wood has never been sanded and has a nice light color with great original patina, and all the metal parts have the same even plum-brown patina. The lock functions properly, the nipple is original, and the rifle bore has strong rifling. The bayonet, which is an arsenal altered union bayonet, fits tight and is period original to the gun. This is common to many Confederate guns. $2500.00

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F153. RARE CONFEDERATE SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY  :During the Civil War, a large proportionate of 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets were supplied by the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company, and they may have received as many as five contracts from the Confederacy. Sinclair, Hamilton & Company acquired their arms through five furnishers: EP Bond, James Kerr, Parker, Field & Co, CW James and Scott & Son. The furnishers often marked their guns with a large single letter on the upper comb of the stock: B for Bond, a K for Kerr, and F for Parker, Field & Co, a J for James and an S for Scott & Son. These guns are found to have a Control Number on the butt plate, ram-rod, and the matching bayonet. Often the ram-rod and bayonet are no longer with the gun, or the numbers do not match due to the fact that these were interchangeable items. Also, these early muskets are normally JS marked.

Later version of Sinclair, Hamilton & Company Rifles are found with the following marks:

This Confederate Enfield is in near mint condition. The original nipple has no damage and retains its original case coloring. The stock is amazing with only a small hair-line crack from the trigger tang running back on the right side. Near the butt plate tang is the Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark.  This inspection mark also appears on the flat area opposite the lock. The lock is marked with the Crown, Tower, 1862 and the underside of the stock is a supplier marked JOHN  MARSON.  All the original bands are present as well as the sling swivels and rear site. All metal parts have the same plum-brown patina.$3150.00

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F178. CONFEDERATE ENFIELD ARTILLERY CARBINE – PATTERN 1853:  This is a beauty and rare find! This is the rifle many Confederate Cavalry troops wanted, and is so scarce that many collections are missing it. The P-1853 Artillery Carbine was particularly popular with Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia’s cavalry corps.  An October 7, 1862 message from Stuart states in part: “Application from General Stuart, commanding cavalry, to exchange rifles, for the Enfield carbines (artillery) in the hands of our infantry.”. This not only indicates Stuart’s preference for the short-barreled arm, but also indicates that some of these guns were seeing service in the ranks of Confederate infantry. The fact that it accepted a saber bayonet of the same pattern as the Pattern 1856/58/60 rifles made it a handy weapon for light infantry.

This is a Confederate M1853 Enfield Artillery carbine –  and it has just about every Confederate trait you could hope to find. It has the blockade “836” number on the butt plate; the soldiers name and initials carves in the stock; combat damage; matching assembler hash-marks on the barrel, lock, barrel underside, barrel retention screw, and one barrel band. The brass hardware has a beautiful deep unclean patina and the wood has the original finish and never been sanded or altered.  There is some wood damages around the tang and the lock plate and it most likely was sustained in combat. On the underside of the barrel is found the maker name BARNETT as well as additional numbers and initials, but more importantly are the Roman numeral hash-marks. The lock is marked HOLLAND London. On the inside of this lock, you can see four (IIII) hash marks, which match the same on the barrel’s under side to the right of the original initials I.J., and also appear on the top barrel band. On the barrel you will also see the marks (\\/II) which match those on the barrel retention screw. The sling swivels look to have been lost during the war and a hole was bored thought the stock to accommodate a lanyard. Upon closer examination, I found assembler hash-marks in the stocks ram-rod channel,which match those on the barrel.  Also, I was able to make out the serial number on the bayonet lug 825 or 875.

A respected collector/friend writes: "I think those hash marks are assembly numbers put there during manufacture. They are found on every Enfield I've ever seen. Since the lock matches with all the other hashes.. It was probably made that way .... When the maker ran out of locks and used whatever he could beg, or buy... Such as the CARR locks on LAC/KERR RMs and rifles. To get the case filled and out the door. Business before quality." It is still a rare piece..we figure less than 5000 shipped. And a very low survival rate.

These two-band rifles are scarce and this is made more rare and unique because it is identified to a soldier: Carved on the stock is the last name Goodwyn and the initials WTG. A search of all Confederate records reveals only one match: Private William T. Goodwyn from Tennessee.

A search of censes records for the state of Tennessee shows only one William T Goodwyn from the county of Davidson, and list his age as 21 in 1860, a farmer, and married. He originally enlists as a private on 12/18/1861 when mustered into "C" Co. TN 11th Cavalry Battalion. However, this was a short lived organization, and very little is known of its activities. This explains why only an initial enlistment muster sheet for Goodwyn exists. Shortly thereafter, he surfaces as a private in the “G” Co. TN 50th Infantry Battalion and would remain on this units muster rolls for the remainder of the war.

The 50th Tennessee Regiment, wasorganized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time, the majority being captured, were sent to Northern prison camps. Goodwyn appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois, August 1, 1862, and was sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged September 5, 1862.

After being reorganized, the 50th Tennessee Regiment entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisiana and took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in the latter part December, 1862. It remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this time. During this period, Goodwyn was still with “G” Company except when listed sick in Hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May-June 1863. He returns to duty prior to the Battle of Chickamauga.  The 50th Tennessee Regiment went into this battle with 190 men, came out with about 50, and Private William T. Goodwyn was wounded on 13 September, 1863. He would remain in the hospital for the remainder of his service, and died September 10, 1864 of Cholera. This is a great carbine which will easily be a center piece in any collection. $7900.00

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F211. COLT 1851 NAVY REVOLVER, 1858: This is a good solid example of a Colt 1851 Navy Revolver that was built in 1858, and marked with the Hartford Address, which only appeared on this model from approx. 1858 up to April 1861.  Many collectors feel the Colt revolvers with the Hartford address have a strong association to the Confederacy. It has the standard 7-1/2" octagonal barrel with six shot cylinder and walnut grips. There appears to be a factory error with the serial number because 87789 appears on all parts to include the grip, except for one part numbered 88789. These numbers are within the same production time frame, and the die-stamped numbers are the same; human error.  Even the fragile hand-inked number on the inside of the grips is still visible and matching; 87789. There is still some trace silver on some brass, and some original blue on the underside of the loading lever. Overall the gun is brown. The cylinder scene is visible as well as the COLT PATENT No. 88789. The nipples are to perfict and I believe they have been replaces. The rifling is strong and the action is tight. $2000.00

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F215. M1854 LEFAUCHEUX PIN-FIRE REVOLVER: The Pin-Fire revolver was a new invention at the time of the Civil War, and the Lefaucheux revolver made in France was the version of choice. During the Civil War several states to include Kansas, Colorado, Ohio and Missouri ordered close to 1500, while the United State government purchased just over 24,000. The Confederacy also purchased several, but the exact number and serial number range for the Southern acquired pin-fire revolvers is unknown. This gun is complete with the original unloading rod and cylinder latch; is tight; retains all original screws; lanyard-ring; and original finished grips. The 6 1/4 inch barrel gun is engraved the top and side. It is Lefaucheux maker marked with an early low serial number LF 7727. $1050.00

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F216.  MODEL1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSION: The M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

This rifle is an example of the percussion conversion with a seven grooved barrel, and the rifling is very strong. The stock is in great condition showing normal dings and wear. The original lock plate is marked US DERINGER PHILADA, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in full cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, and both swing swivels are present.  These are getting harder to find in such nice condition. $1300.00

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