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C222. CONFEDERATE IMPORTED P-1859 CUTLASS BAYONET, NUMBER 889: This is an extremely scarce example of a Confederate imported British P-1859 Naval Rifle Cutlass Bayonet, for use on the Pattern 1858 “Enfield” Naval Rifle. These rifles had thicker barrels than the standard Pattern 1856 rifle and were rifled with 5 grooves instead of the normal 3 grooves. The British military wanted to create a dual-purpose bayonet for the rifle (much like Admiral Dahlgren did with his Bowie Knife/Bayonet for the US M-1861 Naval Rifle), and settled on a combination naval cutlass-bayonet as the most practical design.

Just under 10,000 Enfield “Short Rifles” of all patterns were purchased by the Confederacy in 1861 and early 1862. These guns were marked with the JS-Anchor mark and had engraved inventory numbers on the butt plates of the brass mounted guns and stamped numbers in the belly of the stock of the iron mounted guns. During the summer of 1861, Commander James D Bulloch of the Confederate Navy placed a separate order for 1,000 Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles, complete with Cutlass Bayonets. These short rifles with their cutlass bayonets were noted to have arrived in the Confederate port city of Savannah, GA on November 14, 1861, aboard the blockade runner Fingal (some sources note the arrival as 17th, but Bullock himself notes the 14th). Researchers believe that these Confederate purchased Naval Rifles and their accompanying bayonets were numbered in their own series from 1-1000. To date a total of 19 examples of Confederate marked and numbered P-1858 Naval Rifles are known, along with a total of around 35 Confederate numbered cutlass bayonets. The highest known number for either the rifles or bayonets is 999, which is found on a cutlass bayonet. This provides relatively concrete proof that only 1,000 of the numbered naval rifles and bayonets were purchased and imported into the Confederacy, making them incredibly scarce today. All known examples of the Confederate purchased cutlass bayonets have blades that are either unmarked, or marked with Solingen maker names or logos.

This Naval Cutlass Bayonet is in FINE+ condition complete with an original scabbard. All of the metal surfaces have a rich brown patina. The blade also has a light brown patina with minor pitting or nicks to the cutting edge. The blade is British inspection marked. The metal basket guard shows no dents or dings with little wear to the pressed leather grip. The left pommel cap of the bayonet is clearly engraved with the Confederate inventory number 889. The original locking latch, spring and stud are present on the pommel cap of the bayonet and still function correctly. The scabbard is in outstanding condition with all origianal fittings.

Overall this is a FINE+, solid example of one of the scarcest of all Confederate imported British bayonets. The bayonet is 100% complete, correct and original. It is one of only 35+ Confederate numbered P-1859 Cutlass Bayonets known to have survived the 150 years since their original arrival in the Confederacy. While CS imported and numbered bayonets do appear for sale on the market from time to time, these cutlass bayonets are a true rarity. While this is hardly a minty example, it is a wonderful original Confederate cutlass. It is a must have for any Confederate naval collector, any collector of CS edged weapons, or any collector of CS purchased, inventory numbered rifles and muskets. $3900.00

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U486. RARE - P.S. JUSTICE CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABER: This is a marked version of the P.S. Justice Cavalry Officer's saber. It is a rare find and not often seen because the Union contact was for only 100 sabers, and as a result, they often show evidence of being carried during the Civil War.  This saber displays great original patina on the hilt and scabbard, and retains much of the original gold wash. The hilt and grip are tight with no movement and 100% original sharkskin grip and original wire. The original leather blade washer is present, and the blade is in nice shape showing the expected wear and maker mark P.S. JUSTICE. The scabbard retains all the original brass mounts, throat piece, and drag (missing its screw), and displays the expected wear and dings; and there is a still some gold wash on all mounts. This is one of the rarest Civil War officer saber that often is missing in a collection.  $1495.00

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U463.  IDENTIFIED NAVAL OFFICERS' SWORD, UNIFORM, COMMISSION PAPER, BELT AND WAR RELIC:  This is truly a rare find,  a Civil War naval grouping identified to Howard D. Potts, Assistant Engineer U.S. Navy.  It includes a swollow-tail dress uniform, naval officers' sword, commission paper, war relic, Civil War naval belt with buckle, and a post-war naval belt with buckle. Howard Potts was born in Pennsylvania on December 16, 1840.  He entered service at the very outbreak of the war under "Presidents Lincoln's first call for 75,000 troops" as a private and band member in Captain McKnight's Ringgold Light Artillery from Reading Pennsylvania.  His original term of service was for three months, in keeping with the belief by both sides that the conflict would be a short one. Howard Potts re-enlisted in November 16, 1861 as a Third Assistant Engineer U.S. Navy where he began a long naval career.  He would later promote to Second Assistant Engineer.

Here is a list of his assigned ships and posts during his career.  While at sea, he would see action against several Confederate naval vessels, and the Korean Punitive Expedition of 1871.This uniform tells of the years of service from the Civil War to the Korean Punitive Expedition of 1871.  The Naval Officers' dress uniform is an original Civil War period coat with all matching buttons and Assistant Engineer rank insiginal on the sleeve.

Philadelphia Navy Yard  

USS WaterWitch

Philadelphia Navy Yard

USS Tioga

Boston Navy Yard

Philadelphia Navy Yard

Boston Navy Yard

USS Pinola

Promoted to Second Assistant Engineer

Philadelphia Navy Yard

USS Dacotah

Philadelphia Navy Yard

USS Monocacy

Philadelphia Navy Yard

Naval Asylum

Naval Home

November 16 to December 2, 1861

December 2, 1861 to April 14, 1862

April 14, 1862 to May 9, 1862

May 9, 1862 to September 30, 1863

September 30, 1863 to November 27, 1863

November 27, 1863 to January 6, 1864

January 6, 1864 to March 21, 1864

March 21, 1864 to July 15, 1865

Promoted to Second Assistant Engineer

July 15, 1865 to November 24, 1865

November 24, 1865 to September 29, 1869

September 29, 1869 to July 22, 1869

July 22, 1869 to October 15, 1872

October 15, 1872 to October 26, 1874 (retired)

November 30 1875 to December 31, 1889

December 31, 1889 and died on August 13, 1906

The addition of the red is a Post-war addition. The jacket has some moth holes, but nothing major.  The inside has the padding expected in the Civil War uniform.  The sword is a Civil War version of the M1852 Naval Officers' sword retailed by Horstmann. The retailer marking is faint from years of wear, but reads "W. H. Horstmann & Sons Philidelphia," which is the Civil War period markings. The scabbard is complete and has Howard D. Potts name and USN on both sides of the throat piece. The patina is even and all original,  and the hilt is tight with 100% original wire and shark-skin grip. The Civil War period Naval Belt's leather matched the scabbard, and the buckle is the two-piece version.  The commission paper has been professional framed. The ink is faded, but readable. The post Civil War belt has one remaining hanger strap. Also included is a war relic. I do not know what it is, but suspect it is from one of the ships on which Potts served. Included is a binder complete with historical information of Potts' military service, with his complete pension record. I found a report he drafted about damage to the USS Tioga during the fight to capture the Confederate steamer Herald, in which a Confederate shot damaged his ships machinery.This is a great Naval group with an appraised value of $8000.00. Shipping will be $45.00 because two boxes will be required. $4050.00

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C228.  CONFEDERATE FOOT OFFICERS SWORD – UNKNOWN MAKER: This Confederate Foot Officers sword is the second know example of this design I have seen to date. The other surfaced in 2009 in Virginia and now is in a private collection here in Arizona. They are basically identical with the exception of the blade. The 2009 sword had a CS etching blade and this one is not etched. The hilt is exceptionally well made with an unusually circle/dot quillon; a guard branch design at the pommel with a high quality grip, and triple strand wire. The scabbard design copies a Sauerbier style , but the quality is not quite there. The mount designs are different and a little crude, and the lap-seam is lead and brass fill; common traits for a Southern made sword. The un-etched blade has a pen-knife single fuller designed found on other well-known Confederate Foot officer’s sword.  In the photos section I included more information and photos of this sword the 2009 sword and a third sword with the same bladedesign.  The 2009 sword sold for $5700.00, but I acquired this one at a great price and can offer it at a substantially reduced price. $4500.00

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U580.  M1860 CAVALRY SABER- ROBY 1864 DATED-15TH. PENNSYLVANIA IDENTIFIED: This 1864 dated Roby M1860 cavalry saber is identified to Louis B. Cross, 15th. Cavalry Regiment, 160th. Pennsylvania Volunteers. The saber is in untouched attic condition and complete with the original scabbard. The hilt is tight with original leather grip and double strand wire. The blade has a dark gray patina and is Roby maker marked and inspected and dated 1864.  The scabbard has a deep brown patina. L. B. Cross is stamped in three places on the guard. There is only one L. B. Cross in the entire Union army assigned to a Cavalry unit.

On 8/22/1862 Louis B. Cross mustered into "F" Co. PA 15th Cavalry and Mustered Out on 6/21/1865 at Nashville, TN.

15th Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry (160th Volunteers)

Overview:

Organized at Carlisle, Pa., July to October, 1862. Engaged in scout and picket duty near Chambersburg, Pa., during Maryland Campaign, September 6-24, 1862. Attached to Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, unassigned, September, 1862. A Detachment moved to Greencastle, thence to Hagerstown, Md., September 6-15. Skirmish near Hagerstown September 12-13. Hagerstown September 15. Advance to Jones' Cross Roads September 16, and scouting during battle of Antietam, Md., September 17. Led advance of Pennsylvania Militia to Williamsport September 20-21. Regiment left State for Louisville, Ky., November 7, 1862, thence moved to Nashville, Tenn., December 8. Served unattached, Army Cumberland, to December, 1862. Reserve, Cavalry Brigade, Army Cumberland, to March, 1863. Unattached, Cavalry Corps, Army Cumberland, to June, 1863. Headquarters Army Cumberland to October, 1863. Unattached Cavalry, Dept. Cumberland, to May, 1864. Post and District of Nashville, Dept. Cumberland, to August, 1864. Unattached, Dept. Cumberland, to November, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 6th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District East Tennessee, Dept. Cumberland, to June, 1865.

Service:

Skirmish on Hillsboro Pike, near Nashville, Tenn., December 25, 1862. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Nolensville December 26-27. Triune December 27. Wilkinson's Cross Roads December 29. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Lavergne December 30, 1862. Scout to Woodbury January 4, 1863. Lytle's Creek January 5. At Murfreesboro till June. Scout to Woodbury April 4. Near Woodbury April 5-6. The Barrens April 7. (Cos. "B," "H" and "K" at Dept. Headquarters.) Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 22-July 7. Near Rover June 24. Winchester August 1. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Duty in Sequatchie Valley till November. Near Dunlap October 2. Sequatchie Valley October 26. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 3. Gatlinsburg December 10. Near Dandridge Mills December 13. Near Morristown December 14. Near Dandridge December 22-23. Dandridge December 24. Mossy Creek, Talbot Station, December 29. Scout from Dandridge to Clark's Ferry January 10-11, 1864. Schultz's Mill, Cosby Creek, January 14 (Detachment). Near Wilsonville January 22 (Detachment). Indian Creek January 28. Fair Garden January 28-29. Fain's Island January 28. Expedition from Marysville to Quallatown, N. C., January 31-February 7. Quallatown February 5. Moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., arriving February 12. Demonstration on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Scouting till May. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., May 4, and duty there till September. Gillem's Expedition from East Tennessee toward Southwest Virginia September 20-October 17. Jonesboro and Watauga River September 29. Kingsport October 7. Rogersville October 8. Scouting about Chattanooga till December. Dalton December 13. Pursuit of Hood's forces and trains December 20, 1864, to January 6, 1865. Near Decatur, Ala., December 28. Pond Springs December 29. Near Leighton December 30. Russellville December 31. Nauvoo, Ala., January 2. Thorn Hill January 3. Near Mt. Hope January 5. Pursuit of Lyon January 13-16. Red Hill January 14. Warrenton January 15. Paint Rock January 26. Stoneman's Raid into Southwest Virginia and Western North Carolina March 21-April 25. Demonstration on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to near Lynchburg, Va., March 26-April 6 (Detachment under Major Wagner). Yadkin River March 29. Boone, N. C., April 1. Hillsville and Wytheville, Va., April 3. New London, Va., April 8. Martinsville April 3. Near Greensboro April 11. Capture of Saulsbury April 12. Jamestown, N. C., April 19. Howard's Gap, Blue Ridge Mountains, April 22. Pursuit of Jeff Davis May. (A Detachment of Regiment was on duty at Headquarters Army Cumberland June 24, 1863, to December, 1864; participated in the Atlanta Campaign and Nashville Campaign.) Mustered out at Nashville, Tenn., June 21, 1865. Company "A" retained in service till July 18, 1865.

 

Records indicated the unit was issued new equipment in 1864, and it is presume that is when Cross received this saber. A binder completed with historical information is included and additional researched is pending to obtain Cross’s muster sheets and pension record. If you wish to do the researched and obtain the additional historical records, I can drop the $75.00 research fee otherwise it is available at the listed price. Let me know before the research is started in by the end of October.  $1375.00

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F98.  M1816 CONVERSION MUSKET -  M1816 BAYONET:  This is a great example of a classic conversion musket with a US over SC marked M1816 bayonet! The gun is in great condition overall! The metal mostly has a smooth even light brown patina. The stock is original and retains 98% of the original finish with some bumps and dings, and a small chip near the barrel tang.  The lock-plate retains the original 1836 date, but the US and maker names were buffed down during the conversion, indicating a good possibility of being Confedeate carried.  On the left side of the stock you can see the faint remains of the painted number 27.  There were 37 units combined in the North and South that used the number 27.  Of this number fifteen were Confederate regiments.  On the underside of the barrel it is marked "LXXIX" and where the barrel and bolster are welded it is marked  "48 X   X 48".  I believe the ram-rod is a replacement and not period, but it has a nice matching patina.   It is a nice musket with pretty good eye-appeal! $1295.00

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C220. CONFEDERATE IMPORTED P-1859 CUTLASS BAYONET, NUMBER 213: This is an extremely scarce example of a Confederate imported British P-1859 Naval Rifle Cutlass Bayonet, for use on the Pattern 1858 “Enfield” Naval Rifle. These rifles had thicker barrels than the standard Pattern 1856 rifle and were rifled with 5 grooves instead of the normal 3 grooves. The British military wanted to create a dual-purpose bayonet for the rifle (much like Admiral Dahlgren did with his Bowie Knife/Bayonet for the US M-1861 Naval Rifle), and settled on a combination naval cutlass & bayonet as the most practical design.

Just under 10,000 Enfield “Short Rifles” of all patterns were purchased by the Confederacy in 1861 and early 1862. These guns were marked with the JS-Anchor mark and had engraved inventory numbers on the butt plates of the brass mounted guns and stamped numbers in the belly of the stock of the iron mounted guns. During the summer of 1861, Commander James D Bulloch of the Confederate Navy placed a separate order for 1,000 Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles, complete with Cutlass Bayonets. These short rifles with their cutlass bayonets were noted to have arrived in the Confederate port city of Savannah, GA on November 14, 1861, aboard the blockade runner Fingal (some sources note the arrival as 17th, but Bullock himself notes the 14th). Researchers believe that these Confederate purchased Naval Rifles and their accompanying bayonets were numbered in their own series from 1-1000. To date a total of 19 examples of Confederate marked and numbered P-1858 Naval Rifles are known, along with a total of around 35 Confederate numbered cutlass bayonets. The highest known number for either the rifles or bayonets is 999, which is found on a cutlass bayonet. This provides relatively concrete proof that only 1,000 of the numbered naval rifles and bayonets were purchased and imported into the Confederacy, making them incredibly scarce today. All known examples of the Confederate purchased cutlass bayonets have blades that are either unmarked, or marked with Solingen maker names or logos.

ThisNaval Cutlass Bayonet is in GOOD+ condition. All of the metal surfaces have a rich brown patina. The blade also has a deep brown patina with surface oxidation towards the last 8 inches of the blade, but no nicks to the cutting edge. The blade is unmarked. The metal basket guard shows no dents or dings with little wear to the pressed leather grip, but some shrinkage. The left pommel cap of the bayonet is clearly engraved with the Confederate inventory number 213. The original locking latch, spring and stud are present on the pommel cap of the bayonet and still function correctly.

Over all this is a good+, solid example of one of the scarcest of all Confederate imported British bayonets. The bayonet is 100% complete, correct and original. It is one of only 35+ Confederate numbered P-1859 Cutlass Bayonets known to have survived the 150 years since their original arrival in the Confederacy. While CS imported and numbered bayonets do appear for sale on the market from time to time, these cutlass bayonets are a true rarity. While this is hardly a minty example, it is a wonderful original Confederate cutlass. It is a must have for any Confederate naval collector, any collector of CS edged weapons, or any collector of CS purchased, inventory numbered rifles and muskets. $1900.00

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U538.  PRESENTATION GRADE - M1860 CAVALRY OFFICER'S SABER: This is a high quality Presentation Grade M1860 Cavalry Officer's Saber. The saber has a German silver grip, ornate hilt and pommel cap, with a German silver scabbard made by Clauberg, and is in outstanding condition.  The Clauberg marked blade has a nice grayish patina, which gives the etching of the Eagle and US a striking look.  The blade has never been sharpened and is nick and ding free.  The scabbard has high-grade mounts with ornate chase work, and retrains all original screws. Between the ring mounts is etched the presentation:

Presented to

FirstLieut J. L. Halstead

Company C Washington Greys

by his

personal friends as a token of their

REGARD

May18, 1868

Lt.Joshua L. Halstead was a member of a National Guard unit from New York City knownas the Washington Greys. During the Civil War many of the National Guard units were attached to state units formed for the war.  Records show that members of the Washington Greys were attached to the 47th NY Infantry, the 8th Regiment NY, the 4th Independent Battery, and the 3rd Cavalry Regiment, NY. Currently, I have been unable to find Lt. Halstead in the Civil War data base to place him with any of these units; however, that is not unusual for members of National Guard units from the Civil War.  Further research at the New York State Archives for the state records is needed.

I was able to find him listed in the post-war records of the Annual Report of the NYAdjutant General's Office for 1869 that list Joshua L. Halstead as a LT. in Co. C of the Washington Grey’s Cavalry. Normally a sword of this caliber would be listed around $5500.00, but with the post-war inscriptionI have priced it accordingly.  This is a great sword for any collector, especially one interested in the military history of New York City. $3600.00

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