ARIZONA SWORDS

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F385. RARE - CONFEDERATE HOLSTER & MARTIALLY MARKED SAVAGE NAVY REVOLVER: Confederate holsters are rare to find, and it is even more uncommon to find one for a Savage Navy Revolver.  I purchased this directly from Tim Prince of (College Hill Arsenal) and just love its look! The holster is brown leather; complete with the flap, and has the complete back belt loop, but missing the retention button. It is worn at the hammer location and at the bottom where the barrel is visible. The Savage Navy revolver has an even brown patina; is missing the front site; properly cycles; has original grip which have a carved cross over the original cartouche, but does not hold in the full cock position. Shipping & Insurance included. $3900.00

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C563: CONFEDERATE SIDE KNIFE: This is a Confederate side knife, which appears to have been made from a Thomas Griswold sword. The knife is 15 inches long with a 10 1/2-inch blade; has a steel S-shape cross guard; and a dark walnut grip, like a Pott knife, with a brass ferrule and a brass end cap. The sheath is made from a Griswold brass scabbard with two ring bands, one which has the ring, and is pinched shut at the end with pins and lead filled. The knife and sheath have untouched patina. Shipping & Insurance included. $1800.00

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CLICK THE ABOVE ICON TO READ THE COMPLETE HISTORY FOLDER

A244. INDIANIA PRESENTATION – SAUERBIER HIGH-GRADE STAFF & FIELD SWORD: Presentation swords for the state of Indiana are very rare and extremely difficult to find. This one was recently discovered and no one knew it was presented because the presentation is on the blade, which is very rare! The sword is a High-Grade Sauerbier Staff & Field sword with a non-regulation hilt with a German Silver grip that was originally gold washed; a pommel cap with a pewter UNION disk and a perched flying Eagle on top; a gold washed frosty blade; and a metal scabbard with beautiful chase above the drag. Between the original gold wash etching and the sword tip is the presentation:

Presented to Lt Ed Alexander

- By -

Co. B 52nd Regt Ind Vols

Lieutenant Edwin Alexander enlisted and mustered into “B” Company, Indiana 52nd Infantry Volunteers as a sergeant on 2/1/1862, and was promoted to Second Lieutenant on 9/4/1862. During his time of service, the 52nd was involved in the Battle of Fort Donelson, the siege of Corinth, as well as numerous smaller actions and operations against guerrillas, including scouting details from Fort Pillow. On a scouting expedition on 31 December, 1863, Lieutenant Edwin Alexander and five men were frozen to death in a snow-storm on an island in the Mississippi river. His grave stone would identify the location as being Island No. 10. Included with the sword is a binder of historical information. Shipping & Insurance included. $6900.00

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A119. MODEL 1850 STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is a Model 1850 Staff & Field sword with the large US basket hilt. It is 100% original with all the shark skin and triples wire grip; a tight blade; and steel scabbard with all mounts. The brass has an even patina; the blade was period sharpened; the etching is light from wear; and the scabbard mounts have attractive chase work. Shipping & Insurance included. $1500.00

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C564. LOUIS FROELICH – KENANSVILLE - SHORT ARTILLERY SWORD – FIGHTING KNIFE: This is a Louis Froelich – Kenansville Short Artillery sword, which was made into a fighting knife. It is all original and never apart, and has a blade is just under 8 inches. The hilt is tight and has the unique fish-scale grip attributed to Froelich. Untouched patina! Shipping & Insurance included. $1500.00

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A272. SAUERBIER - TYPE-2 CAVALRY OFFICER NARROW BLADE SABER - RETAILER BY SCHUYLER, HARTLEY & GRAHAM Sauerbier from Trenton New Jersey, made a variety of different swords and sabers many of which have unique design characteristics. This Cavalry Officer saber has a type-2 1860 guard with detail chase work on the inside and pommel cap; shark skin grip with twisted wire; a narrow blade; and a steel scabbard with detail mounts. Often, the blade was wider, but sometimes, it is a narrower version. The blade has the fuller design unique to Sauerbier, and is etched with  cavalry soldiers in battle, horses drawing a caisson and cannon; US, and the retailer mark for Schuyler, Hartley & Graham. The scabbard perfectly fits the blade and has ornate mounts and drag. This is a rare find and a version often missing from many Sauerbier collections. Shipping & Insurance included. $2900.00

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A235. SAUERBIER - TYPE-1 CAVALRY OFFICER NARROW BLADE SABER: Sauerbier, out of Trenton New Jersey, made a variety of different swords and sabers of which many have design characteristics unique to this maker. This Type-1 Cavalry Officer saber has a large heavy guard with detail chase work; a turned down pommel cap with a spinner screw at the tang; black leather and twisted wire; and a scalloped leather blade washer. Often, the blade was the heavy model 1840 version, but sometimes, it was a rarer narrow model 1860 blade as is the case with this saber. The blade has the fuller design unique to Sauerbier and is etched, but not maker marked, and is a little tired. The scabbard has ornate mounts and drag and perfictly fits the blade. This is a rare find and a version often missing from many Sauerbier collections. Shipping & Insurance included. $2500.00

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CLICK THE ABOVE ICON TO READ THE COMPLETE HISTORY FOLDER

A279. IDENTIFIED - CIVIL WAR PERIOD MODEL 1852 NAVAL OFFICERS' SWORD: This is an Ames M1852 Naval Officer’s sword identified to Acting Ensign George F. Bayley. He initially enlisted in the Massachusetts 3rd cavalry, but was discharged for disabilities on 16 June, 1862 at New Orleans Louisiana. He later accepted a commission in the United States Navy as an Acting Ensign and served on the USS Cornubia & USS Pampero. 1864-1866. Braley had his name and service period etched on his sword. The etching is in Old English script inside a rectangular panel above the original Ames etching. The marker mark is faint, but readable with magnification. The brass guard and pommel cap retain 100% original gold wash; the grip and wire are 100% original and complete; and there is a period replaced leather blade washer, which holds it all tightly together. The blade showed wear with period sharpening and some minor small nicks. No scabbard. Shipping & Insurance included. $1600.00

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C502. CONFEDERATE, GEORGIA – McELROY SHORT ARTILLERY SWORD:  This Confederate Short Artillery sword is believed to be made by McElroy, Macon Georgia. It has a similar hilt as seen on an E. J. Johnson short artillery sword, but with a flat sided blade with no fuller. This example is unique because it has a rarely seen narrow blade that is 1 1/2 inches wide at the base by 18 ¼ inches long, and is complete with an original wood scabbard with tins mounts. The hilt has a pleasing mustard-brown patina and is tight. The blade has never been clean and has great casting flaws. The scabbard perfectly fits and is complete with both tin mounts.  On the wood there is a period tag and under magnification “Foot Artillery Sword, Found Savanna Ga” can be read. This is a great example of a McElroy Short Artillery sword complete with the original wood/tin scabbard, which was captured when Savanna Georgia fell to Sherman in December 1864.  Shipping & Insurance included! $4500.00

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C455. BOYLE, GAMBLE & MCFEE ARTILLERY SHORT SWORDThis is an artillery short sword made by Boyle, Gamble & McFee of Richmond, Virginia. The sword is in great condition with a period sharpen blade; tight hilt; and the original copper-brass mounted scabbard with both mounts. The scabbard is strong; has expected crazing and some leather loose, and has shrunk allowing 1/2 of the blade to be exposed. There is a casting flaw in the grip, and the pinned tang is undisturbed. Shipping & Insurance included. $3600.00

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A168. SAUERBIER FOOT OFFIERS’ SWORD – FLAME MOUNT SCABBARD: Sauerbier produced a variety of unique swords, and also fabricated many from parts purchased from other manufacturers and retailers, who did the same with Sauerbier parts. This sword has a high-grade hilt; a Sauerbier pommel cap; original shark skin grip and triple-strand wire; Sauerbier blade washer; a faintly etched blade of unknown origin; and a Sauerbier leather scabbard with their unique flame designed mounts. Shipping and insurance included. $1500.00

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A185. AMES MODEL 1850 STAFF & FIELD OFFICERS’ SWORD: This is an early Civil War period Ames Model 1850 Staff & Field Officers’ sword with a block “U S” etched blade. The swords condition is definitely a good indication this was carried on the field of battle. All the gold wash is gone and the brass has an even brown mustard patina on both the hilt and scabbard mounts. The grip shows wear with 98% original shark skin and 100% original twisted wire, and the guard is slightly bent back. The blade washer is gone, but the blade is tight with no movement. The Ames pen-etched maker mark is strong, but most of the remaining etching is light, and the blade was period sharpened and has a few minor nicks. The scabbard original finish is gone and the steel has a gray-brown patina. All mounts are present with only the drag screw missing, and the top mount is Ames marks in the rarely seen horizonal direction. Here is the opportunity to own an Ames Model 1850 Staff & Field sword that saw the elephant, but at a reasonable price. Shipping & Insurance included. $1400.00

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A231. SAUERBIER – MOUNTED INFANTRY OFFICERS’ SWORD: This is a Sauerbier Mounted Infantry Officers’ sword. Foot Officer swords have a leather scabbard whereas Mounted Officers carried their swords on horseback, and are metal. It is easily identified as a Sauerbier sword because of the unique featured attributed to this maker: The fuller design; the etching pattern; the leather grip and wire; the pommel cap design and how it is connected to the guard; and the spinner nut. The hilt has a dark brown patina with a small US in the guard. There is no blade washer, but the blade is tight. The blade has a nice gray patina, with beautiful Sauerbier etching which includes the US flag and shield, a 6-point star surrounded by 12 smaller stars on each side; a large U. S. and the Masonic symbol of a square and compasses with the letter "G". The scabbard  has the  original  brown finish with some scattered surface pitting and all egg corn adorned ring mounts and a rarely seen drag pattern. Shipping & Insurance included. $2600.00

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A227. MODEL 1850 FOOT OFFICERS’ SWORD: This is a Model 1850 Foot Officers’ sword with a larger guard more common to a Staff & Field sword without the US in the basket. The hilt is tight and the grip is 100% original shark skin with original twisted brass wire. The original leather blade washer holds the IRON PROOF blade tight, and the blade has a pleasing patina with strong etching of “US” and the American Eagle. The blade has a sharp point, some dark spot areas, but no rust or pitting. The scabbard is original to the sword and is strong, with all original mounts which are embellished with great chase work.  Shipping and Insurance is included. $1300.00

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C437. RARE – ALABAMA CONFEDERATE SHORT ARTILLERY SWORD:  This exceptionally rare Confederate short artillery sword is believed to have been made in Mobile, Alabama by an unknown maker, and is one of the hardest Confederate short artillery swords to find. It is well made, and complete with the original scabbard, which has been refurbished to insure its preservation. The leather on the scabbard was weak, flimsy, and extremely fragile with separation on the back side. The patina on the mounts match, which is a good indication they have been together from the start. The hilt is tight; has a deep rich brown patina, which match the mounts, and the blade also has a deep brown patina and pitting. Shipping & Insurance included. $3200.00

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C518. CONFEDERATE NAVAL CUTLASS - COURTNEY AND TENNENT, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA: This is a rare Civil War era Confederate Naval cutlass made by Robert Mole, Birmingham, England. Mole was an exporter who supplied military goods and swords to the Confederate central government through the importer Courtney & Tennent of Charleston, SC. It has a brass cavalry style guard with a checkered pressed leather grip. The iron blade is retailer marked “Courtney & Tennent / Charleston SC.” on the left ricasso and “MOLE” on the top edge of the blade, just below the guard. The cutlass blade is 20” long, double-edged, 1 3/4” wide at the grip and has a single, tapering fuller on each flat; and a pleasing, mottled medium gray patina with no rust or pitting. The edge appears to have been period sharpened. The hilt is tight with an even mellow patina. No scabbard. This is a very fine example of a Confederate cutlass that saw service during the American Civil War. Shipping & Insurance included. $4200.00

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C519. CONFEDERATE -  GRISWOLD & FROELICH - COPPER SCABBARD - CAVALRY OFFICERS SABER: This is a Confederate Cavalry Officers saber, which was either assembled by Louis Froelich - Kenansville, North Carolina, or at an unknown Confederate arsenal, using both Griswold and Froelich parts. The brass guard and pommel cap were made by Thomas, Griswold & Company, but not the oil cloth grip and wire; and the copper scabbard and blade are products of Louis Froelich; Kenansville, North Carolina. The hilt has all the Griswold casting traits to include the slit pommel cap and casting seams on the guard and other flaws, and has the number 140 stamped on the inside guard. Most Griswold officer sabers have leather with heavy twisted brass wire with more turns and a brass scabbard, but this hilt has an Oil-Cloth grip with light brass wire and a different twist. The Kenansville blade is pinned tight to the hilt and is undisturbed; has an unstopped fuller with evidence of period sharpened; and fits tight to the copper scabbard. The patina on the brass guard and pommel matches the brass throat and ring mounts on the scabbard, which has a deep reddish-brown patina that is original and untouched.

Thomas, Griswold & Company manufactured swords to sell on the New Orleans market and wholesale to Confederate retailers. It is also known that Griswold & Company made swords for the Confederacy and various Southern state governments and most likely Griswold parts were removed from New Orleans before it fell in April 1862. Louis Froelich established the Wilmington Sword Factory where he made edged weapons of all types for the Confederacy. In the summer of 1862, Wilmington experienced a catastrophic outbreak of yellow fever and Froelich moved his business north to Kenansville. He rebuilt the Confederate States Armory and continued to supply weapons and accoutrements to the Confederacy. In July of 1864 the armory was set afire by Federal cavalry, but it was rebuilt and continued to supply weapons until March 1865 when the Union gained control of that part of eastern North Carolina. This is a great Confederate officer saber and is available at a fraction of the cost of other known examples of Thomas Griswold or Froelich officer sabers. Shipping & Insurance included. $6800.00

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C510. CONFEDERATE CLIP-POINT BOWIE SIDE KNIFE: This is a large Confederate Clip-Point Bowie Side knife. It is 17 3/4 inches long with a 13-inch clip-point blade made from a file, and has a thin steel S-shaped guard. The oak wood grip retains its original black lacquer finish and is pinned tight with a steel plate fitted to the wood. The blade shows both original file teeth and file marks and retain a period sharpen edge. Shipping and Insurance included. $3400.00

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A210. CLAUBERG – NON-REGULATION STAFF & FIELD SWORD: This is a Clauberg made Non-Regulation Staff & field sword with a brass guard and a high-grade scabbard. The brass hilt, pommel cap and back-strap are tight with 100% original shark skin grip and triple-strand wire. The blade is bright and frosty with great etching and is Clauberg maker marked. The original scabbard retains 100% original brown finish with gold-washed mounts and a fancy throat and drag. This is a quality sword! Shipping & Insurance included. $2400.00

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F427. ENGLISH - BRITISH PATTERN 1855 ROYAL ENGINEER’S CARBINE - ROYAL SAPPERS & MINERS CARBINE, WITH LANCASTER’S OVAL BORE: In January of 1852, the British Board of Ordnance began taking the first tentative steps towards designing what would eventually become the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket. It was the knowledge that a smaller bore rifle musket was necessary to stay competitive with the armies of Europe. The submissions by the various makers were all different calibers and with different patterns of rifling and each used a bullet of their own design, with only constant that the bullet weight was to be about one ounce, a weight considered the minimum for an effective infantry musket. Lancaster’s submission was his “oval bore” design. This was a mechanical rifling system that from all appearances was a smoothbore design. However, the bore was very slightly oval in cross-section with a minor axis of .543” and a major axis of .557” at the breech, which was slightly reduced to .540” and .55” at the muzzle. The bore itself twisted along the length of the barrel, creating mechanical rifling similar to the systems that would be subsequently patented by Sir Joseph Whitworth and Westley Richards. The pitch of the rifling also increased along the length of the bore, in other words the rifling spun slower at the breech and more quickly at the muzzle. The oval bore rifling performed very well in the trials, as did the five-groove design of Wilkinson and the 3-groove design submitted by Enfield. These experimentations resulted in what would become the basic design specifications for the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle musket: a 39” barrel secured by three-barrel bands, with a .577” bore, rifled with 3-grooves with a 1:78 rate of twist, weighing in at slightly more than 9 pounds including the socket bayonet, which would incorporate a locking ring. It was further specified that the lock would include a “swivel” (stirrup) so that the mainspring did not bear directly upon the tumbler as it did in earlier designs. The specification regarding a rear sight remained somewhat open to discussion, as several designs had been submitted, several of which were quite good. Interestingly the rifling pattern was not completely established either, for although the initial specifications called for the three-groove bore of Enfield design, the performance of the Lancaster and Wilkinson pattern rifling left significant doubt in the minds of the Small Arms Committee as to whether the correct decision had been taken as to the style of rifling to be use. A bullet design, which was a collaboration of William Pritchett and William Metford, was adopted for use in the nominally .577 bores of the guns.  In January of 1853, an order for 1,000 of these newly specified rifle muskets, 500 with one pattern or rear sight and 500 with another, was placed, in order to begin real field trials of the weapon. In the end the sight designed by Charles Lancaster became the rear sight that we are familiar with on the Pattern 1853 Enfield today. The result of the committee’s lack of confidence that they had “chosen wisely” regarding the rifling system was readily apparent in early 1853, when Wilkinson and Lancaster were both asked to submit Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Muskets that conformed exactly to the pattern as was newly adopted, with the only exception being the rifling of the bores, which were to be of the two makers’ patent designs. In June of 1853, the trials of the three rifling systems began and the Lancaster oval bore shot better than either of its competitors. Initially, Lancaster asked to have his guns fired with his own cartridges that used specially sifted powder. However, it was soon discovered that the standard British military service load with standard service powder and the 530 grain Metford-Pritchett bullet shot better in the Lancaster gun than his own specially designed cartridge! Wilkinson insisted on using his own proprietary cartridge as well and did not acquiesce to the use of the standard service load during testing. The result of testing the three systems at 500 yards, aimed at a 6’ foot target resulted in the Lancaster rifling system placing all shots in a 4’ group, while the Enfield rifling could only keep 75% of the shots on target at that distance. The Wilkinson system fared far worse, failing to reliably keep shots on the 6’ target at 200 yards! The results of the testing were so promising that an additional 20 oval bore P1853s were ordered from Lancaster for further evaluation by the Committee on Small Arms. In addition, it was decided to issue the available 3-groove P1853s very sparingly, in the event that Lancaster’s system was eventually adopted over the Enfield 3-groove bore. To further indicate that the decision was not yet set in stone, it was ordered that all P1853s in the production pipeline (some 20,000 contract arms) be made smoothbore, pending the final decision regarding the rifling pattern. The additional testing in August of 1853, shooting at distances of up to 800 yards, again showed the superior accuracy of the Lancaster design. However, two issues had raised concerns among the nay-sayers who supported the Enfield pattern rifling. The first was that the increasing spiral of the bore was complicated and difficult to produce, which would make it harder for the various arms contractors (as well as R.S.A.F.) to manufacture the Lancaster patent barrels. The second concern was that the relief at the breech, being slightly larger than the muzzle, could allow a loaded bullet to move forward when the arm was in service, leaving an air gap between the bullet and the powder charge. It was feared that this gap might create an unsafe situation resulting in increased pressures and a burst breech when the gun was fired. Lancaster subsequently performed tests with bullets that were not fully seated, which proved that this fear was unwarranted. However unfounded, the concern would affect further testing of the Lancaster system and in some ways conspired to help it fail.

In late August, five trial P1853 Enfields were set up at Enfield with Enfield made, Lancaster patent barrels. The barrels had a minor axis of .577” and a major axis of .587” and has the standard 1:78” rifling pitch. The barrels did not have the breech relief of the Lancaster made barrels, nor did they use progressive twist rifling, so the rate of twist remained constant through the length of the bore. These five rifles were tested against Lancaster’s submissions and were found to be sorely lacking, with the Lancaster produced rifles placing 99 of 100 rounds in a reasonable group on a 300-yard target, and the Enfield produced oval bores missing the target entirely 68 times at the same distance!  Amazingly, this additional confirmation only resulted in additional testing, with the Board of Ordnance’s decision-making process moving with all the speed of a receding polar ice cap! This fourth series of tests of the Lancaster system in 1853 again proved that the oval bore rifling was superior not only to the conventional 3-groove rifling employed at Enfield, but also to the Enfield made version of the oval bore. In these tests, the Enfield “oval bore” showed a tendency to “strip” after a significant amount of firing, what a modern shooter would refer to as the bore being “shot out”, with the rifling being worn beyond the point of serving its purpose. While the Lancaster made rifles did not show this tendency, it was implied that since this defect existed in the Enfield made arms, that “production quality” oval bore rifles, not produced with the same precision as Lancaster’s trial rifles, would suffer the same fate. Thus, a fifth set of tests were performed in November 1853, this time eliminating the Enfield made oval bores and once again putting the Lancaster oval bore in a head-to-head competition with the 3-groove Enfield. This last series of tests for 1853 showed that even Lancaster’s well-made guns, after a significant amount of firing, began to “strip” as the Enfield made versions had. The report noted that no visible (or even measurable) deterioration was noted, but that after repeated firing the accuracy of the guns gradually eroded. It appears that the Small Arms Committee was performing the tests with the same five trials rifles that had been supplied that summer, and it was likely at this point that thousands of rounds had been fired through the guns. Amazingly, this report resulted in a new series of tests in early 1854. This sixth test required more than 1,000 rounds to be fired from a single Lancaster oval bore rifle musket versus a standard Enfield P1853. As had been discovered in the final testing at the end of the previous year, the Lancaster system began to “strip” and the accuracy degraded over time. The reason for the failure could not be discovered, and as the oval bore system was so much more accurate than the 3-groove system when the bore was new, the supporters of Lancaster’s design lobbied for another test (the seventh) in February of 1854, with the results being the same. At this point, it appears that serious pursuit of the Lancaster rifling system by the Small Arms Committee was abandoned. However, only a year later, Lancaster’s design was adopted for limited production and issue to the Royal Engineer Corps, as the Pattern 1855 Royal Engineer’s Carbine, or more commonly as the Royal Sappers & Miners Carbine, with Lancaster’s Oval Bore. So, as we can see the oval bore concept was far from dead and still had several supporters with the small arms and ordnance communities. The Pattern 1855 Royal Engineer’s Carbine looks very much like the Pattern 1856 Enfield “Short Rifle” at first glance. The brass mounted rifle had a 31.5” round barrel, secured by two clamping barrel bands and was nominally 48” in overall length. A bayonet lug to accept a saber bayonet was mounted to the barrel, near the muzzle. Like most variants of the shorter “Enfield” pattern long arms, the lower swivel was mounted in the toe of the stock and the upper swivel was attached to the upper band. While the 1.5” difference in length between the barrels of the Royal Engineers “Sappers & Miners” carbine and the Pattern 1856 short rifle is not immediately noticeable, the mounting of the rear sight “backwards” from the conventional direction on the Lancaster guns is a quick identifying feature. Due to Lancaster’s control of the patent, he managed to be the only contractor to produce the military contract Royal Engineer’s Carbines from their adoption through November of 1858. After that time, contracts were let to the various Birmingham and London makers who could produce the gun. However, the guns were never acquired in large numbers as their issue was to a very specific and small branch of the British military. Despite the limited production for British military use, the outstanding accuracy of the Lancaster design found favor with the British “Volunteer” movement.

Offered here is a GOOD condition example of a scarce Pattern 1855 Royal Engineer’s Carbine. The gun is clearly marked on the lock, in two engraved lines: C. LANCASTER’S / PATENT. The barrel is further engraved: 151 NEW BOND ST LONDON. The barrel measures 31.75”; the top of the barrel is stamped with the usual London commercial view, proof and definitive proof marks, as well as the gauge mark 25, indicating a nominally .577 bore. The “carbine” has the correct pattern leaf rear sight that is mounted in reverse with the 1000-yard graduations on the bottom of the leaf, so they are seen by the shooter when it is lifted. The original front sight, an improved version of the standard military “block and blade” sight, is present near the muzzle. The saber bayonet lug is of the correct Pattern 1856 “Type I” pattern with a .75” key forward of the main lug. The exposed iron surface shows light pitting, but it is under a deep brown attractive patina. The lock has a slightly mottled plum brown and gray patina, with double boarder line engraving that remains clear and sharp, as does the engraved Lancaster information. The lock is mechanically excellent and functions perfectly. As noted, the original rear sight and front sight are present, as is the original bayonet lug, the original full-length ramrod and both sling swivels. Even the original screw protecting “doughnuts” are present at the ends of the tension screws for the two Palmer pattern clamping bands. All of the brass furniture from the buttplate to the nose cap has a smooth patina that matches the balance of the gun well. The stock is in about VERY GOOD condition and is made from an attractive and nicely figured piece of walnut. The stock is solid, full-length, and complete and free of any repairs, breaks, with a few hair-line cracks near the butt-plate. The stock retains very good line and edges and does not appear to have been sanded. Overall, this is a very attractive, 100% complete and correct example of a commercial or “Volunteer” version of the Pattern 1855 Royal Engineer’s CarbineShipping & Insurance included. $1700.00

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F443. ADAMS REVOLVER - MODEL 1851 DOUBLE ACTION REVOLVER: The Adams Model 1851 double action percussion revolver was one of the most successful English revolver designs of the mid-19th century and many were imported for use during the American Civil War. Robert Adams received his patent for a solid frame, one-piece revolver design in 1851. The patent covered his design for a very strong revolver, where the frame and barrel were produced from a single forging. Adams additionally patented a self cocking lock work, which today would be referred to as “double action only.” This mechanism cocked the hammer, rotated the cylinder, and released the hammer, all as the result of a single pull of the trigger. In 1854 Adams also patented refinements to his original frame design by adding a sliding frame mounted safety on the right side of the frame. Those revolvers produced by Adams himself are usually suffixed with an “R” or with no letter at all. Some were purchased directly by the US government, and Schuyler, Hartley & Graham purchased a quantity for private sale to officers and State units. Some of the Schuyler, Hartley & Graham guns (about 300) are reported to have been purchased by the state of Alabama prior to the start of the war. Virginia and Georgia are reported to have made pre-war purchases as well. Though the Confederate government did not have a contract for Adams revolvers, Southern units were known to have them. Several Confederate identified and presented Adams revolvers exist in public and private collections, including in the Museum of the Confederacy, and two Adams revolvers attributed to the Confederate naval aboard the CSS Shenandoah. Most Confederate war-time purchases are believed to have fallen within the 33,000 to 42,000 serial number range, although it is quite likely that guns produced prior to that range, and many of those previously imported to America, were used as well. In some cases, the guns were “new old stock”, sitting on the shelves of London and Birmingham firearms retailers, that were sold to Confederate speculators. Civil War regiments that are known to have carried or been issued Adams’ patent revolvers include the 8th PA and 2nd MI cavalry on the US side and the 1st, 5th & 18th VA and 5th GA cavalry on the CS side.

This Adams Model 1851 Percussion Revolver is in about VERY FINE. It is the classic 54-Bore handgun with a 5-shot cylinder and a 6 1/8” long octagon barrel. The obverse frame is engraved in a single line below the cylinder: ADAMS’ PATENT . No. 30352. The top barrel flat is unmarked, and the cylinder bears the matching serial number engraved: No. 30352. This serial number is close to the known range of Confederate guns (33,000 to 42,000)! The cylinder has the Birmingham commercial proof marks alternating between the chambers, a {CROWN} Cross Arrows / V and the barrel has a Birmingham commercial view marks, {CROWN} Cross Arrows / V on the upper left angled flat. The revolver is unadorned and shows no engraved embellishments other than some simple boarder line engraving around the edges of the frame. The octagonal barrel is rifled with three wide grooves, and the rates about VERY GOOD++ and is bright. The entire gun retains much original blued finish. The cylinder has a dark, mottled smoky blue-black patina, typical of an Adams cylinder that has seen some real use and service, and retains all original cones (nipples). The hammer shows age discoloration, and the trigger has a silvery-gray patina. The iron trigger guard has an untouched mottled gray-brown patina. The butt cap has a dark, even, plum brown patina with moderate oxidation and some pinpricking. The action of the revolver properly functions, and the gun times, indexes and locks up perfectly. The loading lever is complete is functions. The revolver retains the original front sight base on the top of the barrel. The original notch rear sight on the rear of the frame is undamaged. The checkered one-piece walnut grip is in about VERY GOOD+ to NEAR FINE condition. The grip is solid with no cracks or repairs and is in genuinely nice shape. Overall, the condition of the revolver is indicative of a gun that saw some use and was fired to some degree during its lifetime but was well maintained. Overall, this is a nice example. Shipping and insurance included. $2500.00

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