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F221: ENFIELD - PATTERN 1856 SHORT RIFLE, COMMERCIAL VERSION, SINCLAIR, HAMILTON & COMPANY: This is a Confederate Sinclair, Hamilton & Company marked brass mounted commercial version Enfield – Pattern 1856 Short Rifle. The butt-plate is brass as is the trigger guard, which is not extended. As a result, the real swivel would be screwed directly into the stock, but is gone from hard use.  The pin for the nipple protector chain is also missing in action. The rifle stock is solid with no breaks or major issues. It does show heavy use with expected nicks and dings. The letter W is carves is several location on the stock. There is heavy saddle-wear on the underside of the stock behind the rear band. There is also a good amount of nipple-burnt wood. The lock is fully functional and hold strong in both positions, and it is marked: Crown, Tower, 1861. The lock and its screws; the barrel retention screw; the front band; and the ramrod channel all have matching assembly marks ///. The rear band has British proof marks, which is not unusual. The barrel and the lock have a deep rich brown patina. The bore is bright with very strong 3-grove rifling. The front band is original, but I am not sure about the swivel. Also, the front bayonet lug is the early version with the extended key, which is rare. Finally, on the underside of the stock near the tang of the brass guard you will see the Crown SHC - Sinclair, Hamilton & Company mark.

Sinclair, Hamilton & Company Rifles are found with the following marks:

Here is an opportunity to own a rare Confederate 2-band brass mounted commercial version Enfield – Pattern 1856 Short Rifle with the highly desired Sinclair, Hamilton& Company mark. $1800.00 SALE PRICE $1500.00

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U566. UNUSUAL STYLE IMPORT NON-REGULATION U.S. CAVALRY OFFICER:  This saber is likely made in Solingen for the American Civil War and is considered a Non-Regulation pattern, and is a style seldom encountered. It is a smooth bird’s head shape pommel with an integral back strap. The grip is sharkskin, triple copper wire wrap with the center strand being dragoon twist. The knuckle bow has no slot for a saber knot. There are two cavalry style branches also undecorated. There are two shield shape langets and a flat disk quillon. The blade has the flat spins of the 1840 pattern. The ricasso is short with no markings. The 12.5 inch etched panel is beautifully done with scroll work and an American Eagle under stars and an E. Pluribus Unum ribbon. The reverse has a stand of arms in place of the Eagle. The scabbard body is German Silver. The mounts appear to be silver with heavy gilt.  The top mount is a long, 4.5 inch throat with a banded carry ring with line chased designs. The center mount matches, but smaller in size and the drag has the same chase-work of a line design around the blade and at the top.$2000.00 SALE PRICE $1800.00

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U619. M1852 NAVAL OFFICERS SWORD – BOATSWAIN JOHN A. FLOYD: This Model 1852 Naval Officers sword is identified to Boatswain John A. Floyd. The sword is not maker marked, but might be an Ames product; however, it is marked by the retailer A. W. Pollard & CO. Boston, MA.  The hilt retains much of the original gold wash and it tight, and on the outside guard is etched JOHN A FLOYD.  The grip material, which is original, is unusual in that it is a fine brass mesh material with twisted brass wire. The scabbard is missing the drag, and the back seam is open below the second mount. Both mounts retain 100% original gold was and have the retention screw. The top mount has JOHN A FLOYD etched on the back side.

John Adams Floyd was born in Boston November 26,1826 and a resident of Abington, Massachusetts, and died May 13, 1894 at the age of sixty-eight.

He enlisted in the Navy April 18, 1838 as aLandsman for three years, and served on the USS Columbus (Date of Enlistment - May 26, 1838) and on the USS Cyane (May 27, 1838 – May 29,1842) until discharged.  However, he did not stay out long and would shortly reenlist, but under the alias Charles Smith. The reason for the name change is unknown.

On April 19, 1843 he reentered the navy as a Seamanand was assigned to the receiving ship, USS Pennsylvania (Date of Enlistment – May 22, 1843). He would then be assigned to the USS Macedonia (May 23, 1843 – May 10, 1845), when he was discharged. He would again reenlist as Charles Smith on October 13, 1846 as a Seaman for the “Cruise” and serves on the USS Vincennes (Date of Enlistment – April 13, 1847).

On May 16, 1862, Floyd would again enlisted in theNavy for the Civil War serving on the USS North Carolina (May 16, 1862 – June 30, 1862); the USS Adirondack (July 1, 1862 – September 7, 1862) up until it sank; and the USS Conemaugh as a Chief Boatswain’s Mate (September 8, 1862 – December 16, 1864) until his discharge and promotion. On December 22, 1864 he would promote as an officer to Acting Boatswain and be assigned to the USS Richmond for the remainder of the war until mustered out on August 15, 1865.  Boatswain Floyd was on the USS Richmond and present with Farragut's fleet. He was recognized for his bravery while leading a rescue party to save crew members from a stranded ship on the sand bar in Mobile Bay.

199 pages of historical documentation included. $2800.00 SALE PRICE $2300.00

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U627. T- MARKED, M1850 FOOT OFFICERS SWORD by P. (PHILLIP) H. TUSKA: T-marked blades once thought to be a Tomes product were in fact made by P. (Phillip) H. Tuska. Tuska was a military outfitter in New York City for 2-years: 1861-1863. This makes this an early and rare Civil War sword. All Tuska M1850 Foot Officer swords have identical features to include a black leather grip with triple-wire; “T” marked blade; a large eagle with a turned down beak and unwarded turned wings; and US vertical to the blade. The scabbard leather body is like that made by Ames or Roby. The hilt is tight with 100% original leather and wire; the white leather washer keeps the 31-inch blade tight, and the blade retains light original frosting and deep etching. The scabbard fits tight, has all original mounts with some minor leather lose and crazing. Rare but affordable. $1200.00 SALE PRICE $1000.00

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U726. M1850 STAFF & FIELD / MOUNTED OFFICERS SWORD: This sword is considered a Staff & Field sword because of the size of the guard, but also thought to be a Mounted Officers sword because of the metal scabbard. The hilt and pommel cap are tight with a pleasing patina, and the grip retains 100% original sharkskin grip and triple-strand wire. The bright blade has the original blade washer, is maker marked Clauberg and retailer marked Schuyler Hartley & Graham New York. The etching is frosty with a center panel with US and one with the spread eagle. The steel scabbard has a pleasing brown patina and dent free with evidence of wear on the drag. $1500.00 SALE PRICE $1200.00

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C280. COLUMBUS, GEORGIA NAVAL IRON WORKS CUTLASS: This Confederate Naval Cutlass was made at the Columbus, Georgia Naval Iron Works. There are several known variations of knives/swords that were made at the Naval Iron Works.  The most common and well known of these is a cutlass that utilizes the identical blade and wooden grip pattern as that shown here with an “S” shaped cross guard made of either brass or iron.  This is iron guard version. There is some loose play in the guard, but the grip is tight and in near-mint condition. $3300.00 SALE PRICE $2600.00

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C309. CONFEDERATE SIDE KNIFEThis is a nice 12 1/2 inch Confederate side knife complete with its scabbard. The knife has a nice maple handle with steel and a copper cross-guard, and a 7 1/4 inch speer-point. The scabbard is leather with tin mounts.  $1300.00 SALE PRICE $900.00

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C312. KENANSVILLE TYPE-3 CAVALRY SABER – BRASS SCABBARD: This is a Kenansville Type-3 Confederate cavalry saber complete with its rare brass scabbard. Due to the limited number of known examples as compared to the steel version, it is speculated these were made for officers.  Both the hilt and scabbard show great casting flaws and filling marks. The guard and pommel cap are tight and there is no movement in the grip. The original leather is gone, but a single-strand wire remains. The scabbard did its job of protecting the blade, which is 34 1/2-inch long; has an unstopped fuller; was never sharpened and has no pitting or rust at all. The brass scabbard has its original mounts with steel rings; a brass throat; a lapped seat and a steel drag. From top to bottom you can see great tools marks and brass brazing along the seam and lead around the drag! Also, there are areas where you can see a high copper content in the brass especially above the drag and between the mounts.  This saber is all original and a rare find with the brass scabbard. $3500.00 SALE PRICE $2800.00

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C256. MASSIVE CONFEDERATE BOWIE FIGHTING KNIFE This Confederate knife with original russet scabbard is well made and heavily constructed.  It is 21.5 inches long, 1 3/4 inches at its widest point, and weighs 1 pounds 14 oz. The knife would normally be in the blacksmith made category, but the quality is very good and there are several known examples which are almost identical. There is a published example with DEATH TO ABOLITION carved in the blade. There is another with a D-guard configuration, one with a partial S-Guard design, and another 2 identical to this; making five known examples. All five have the same grip and blade design, and russet scabbard. This scabbard would have had a reinforced band and heavy belt loop, but that is gone on this example; however, the leather remains very strong with original stitching, and "J A C" carved near the top. The spin of the blade has been cleaned, and the knife shows evidence of being sharpened at some time since the Civil War. $1300.00 SALE PRICE $1050.00

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C293. CONFEDERATE NAVAL BOARDING CUTLASS BY THOMAS GRISWOLD & CO., NEW ORLEANS: This is one of the rarest Confederate Naval Cutlass on the market. Its grip is a brass cast fish scales copy of the Ames M1841 Naval Cutlass, but with rolled over edges and no rivets, and a pommel cap with an eagle and shield. It is 27 inches long with a double-edged 21 1/2 inches blade by 1 3/4 inches wide at the guard. It is makers marked Thomas Griswold & Co. New Orleans. It is quite sturdy with no play at all, and is absolutely authentic. Currently, there is another known example for sale for $4650.00; however, this is available for less. $3900.00 SALE PRICE $3600.00

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U620. AMERICAN ETCHED (WAR OF 1812): - ENGLISH P-1796 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICERS' SABER: In 1796 the British War Department adopted a newly designed saber for use by the Light Cavalry based upon John Gaspard Le Merchant military experiences in the field. Le Merchant saw the inadequacies in the British cavalry saber design while he was serving as a brigade major with the British Cavalry in Flanders, during the Low Countries campaign in the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars (1793-1795). Upon returning to England, he enlisted the aid of English cutler and sword maker Henry Osborn and between them was born the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber. The saber had a curved blade with relatively short slashing tip, referred to as a “hatchet” tip. The blade was typically between 32 ½” and 33” long and had a simple stirrup shaped iron guard with languets on either side of the guard. The grip had a grooved wood core wrapped with braided cord and then wrapped with leather. A pair of iron ears extended from the back-strap on either side of the grip’s center, and a transverse pin reinforced the grip to the back-strap attachment; strengthening it and keeping the grip from wobbling or working itself loose from the hilt. The design was strictly for hacking and slashing, and not for thrusting designed as a standard fighting saber for the use of the light cavalry troopers and no “officers” pattern were made. While the British War Department often created specific, official “officers’” pattern swords for wear with dress uniforms, etc. no specific officers’ light cavalry saber was authorized or codified. As such, a variety of enhanced variants of the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Saber were produced for use and wear by officers. Some were little more than lightened versions of the trooper saber with wire wrap on the grip and some level of ornamentation on the blade, varying from simple acid etching to fire blued blades with gold gilt decorations. Heavily ornamented hilts were available as well. The popularity of Le Merchant’s design is also seen in the number of American sabers (often called “Bird’s Head” pommels) that are known from the era of the late 1790s through the early 1820s, often utilizing the same stirrup guard (often called “D” or “P” guards) in both brass and iron. The form seems to have been quite popular with mounted American militia officers during the Federal Era, and variants are known with connection to infantry, cavalry and artillery officers. As many American swords and sabers in the post-Revolutionary War through pre-War of 1812 era originated with the cutlers and swords makers in England, it is not surprising that current British military patterns were frequently imported by American retailers. Some American retailers acquired only their blades from England and hilted the swords themselves, but other retailers purchased completed swords from the English for sale in America.

This is awonderful example of a British Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Officers’ Sword that was clearly intended for the American market. The saber appears to be a slightly lighter version of the common trooper’s saber with the exception that the grip has no reinforcing ears, and the leather-covered grip has an additional wire wrap. However, when the blade is drawn from the iron scabbard, the acid etched blade with American military motifs is immediately apparent. Approximately 15” of the 29 ½” long curved blade is etched with a variety of martial images. The obverse starts with floral splays and an arched bridge near the ricasso, with the word WARRENTED etched over the bridge. This is followed by a martial panoply of drums, canons, flags and pole arms, with the central pole arm being tipped with the “liberty cap”. Next is another floral splay that is topped with a spread-winged American eagle. The eagle clutches the usual olive branch in it left talon and 3 arrows in its right, and has a banner bearing the de facto motto of the United States E. Pluribus Unum (out of many, one), secured in its beak. The breast of the eagle is an American flag shield with 11 vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16 stars on the upper portion. The number of stars is interesting; suggesting the saber dates to between 1796 and 1803, although it could date as late as 1820. In 1796 Tennessee entered the union as the 16th state, the first since the adoption of the 15-star flag in 1795. The 17th state, Ohio, entered the union in 1803, and was followed by Louisiana (#18) in 1812, Indiana (#19) in 1816 and Mississippi (#20) in 1817. However, the 15-star flag remained the official American flag until 1820, when it was replaced with a new 20-star flag. This does not mean that flags with different star counts were not used during the time, and for a period a 16-star and 16-stripe flag was used unofficially, circa 1797-1803. Above the American eagle is another floral splay. The reverse of the saber starts with the same style of floral decoration and arched bridge near the ricasso, and continued with floral splays up the blade. The central image is another martial panoply featuring a drum, a canon, pole arms (with the central one again tipped with a “Liberty Cap”) and a shield with an American flag motif. Again the shield has 11-vertical stripes on the lower portion and 16-stars on the upper portion. Above the martial display is another floral splay. The curved blade is 29 ½” in length and 1 1/8” wide at the ricasso and the spine is a ¼” wide at that location as well. A single, wide fuller extends from the ricasso approximately 21 ½” towards the tip of the saber. The stirrup hilt and back strap are of iron, as they would be for any but the highest end English P-1796 officer’s saber. The hilt is 4 ½” long and the overall length of the saber is about 34 ½”. The rear of the guard is slotted for a saber knot and a pair of 15/16” long iron languets, the same width as the blade, extend form the front of the guard. The top of the guard extends 1 ½” above the blade and is tipped with a flat, round quillon. The wooden grip is grooved with an obvious palm-swell and covered in thin dark brown leather. Seven wraps of bronze or copper wire are present in the grooves. The wire has a wound center strand, flanked by two plain strands of wire, quite similar to the wire found on US Model 1833 Dragoon sabers. Interestingly the 1833 Dragoon was based upon the replacement for the Pattern 1796 saber, the Pattern 1821 saber. Other than the word “WARRENTED” no other identifying mark can be found on the saber other than a very tiny letter stamped on the spine, which may be a “C” or “G”. If it is a “G”, it may suggest Thomas Gill made the saber for the American market. The saber is in about FINE overall condition. The frosted etching on both sides of the blade is very clear and crisp and is about 90%+ present. The highly polished blade retains about 85%+ of its original bright polish as well. The etched panels show only some minor discoloration from freckled surface oxidation and some scattered flecks of discoloration. The last 8” of the blade, from the end of the fuller to the tip has been very lightly cleaned, and some minor surface scratches are visible in the polished steel. The blade is free of any significant dings or nicks, but a few tiny impact marks can be felt along the cutting edge if you carefully run your thumb along it. This is typical of any old sword that probably saw some light use, and then some additional action as a family heirloom "toy" reenacting the deeds of grandpa or great-grandpa. The iron stirrup hilt and back strap have an untouched mottled gray and brown patina with a mostly dark brown even coloration along the back strap, and some small areas of scattered minor surface oxidation scattered over the hilt. The leather wrap is original and is about 80%+ present, with largest single area of loss being at the obverse rear of the grip, where it has flaked away and another piece of leather has lifted and may flake off soon as well. The other areas of loss are some small wear spots on the reverse of the grip. The wire all appears to be original, and remains relatively tight and secure, with only some minor looseness noted at the obverse rear where the leather wrap has started to flake. The saber is accompanied by its original iron scabbard, and fits it perfectly. The scabbard retains both original iron suspension rings and is complete, including its throat. The scabbard was painted black a very long time ago, possibly during the period of use or immediately thereafter as a means of protecting a family heirloom. The scabbard was then decorated on the obverse with gold paint in a floral motif between the mounts. Only about 30%-40% of this paint remains, having worn off the scabbard from handling, storage and use over the years. The scabbard remains solid with the only condition issues worth noting being a tiny seam crack, about ½” long, 3 ¼” below the lower drag, and pair of deep dents between the mounts on the reverse. The upper dent is the deeper and larger of the two. A smaller, thumb-sized dent is also present on the obverse just below the upper mount. The scabbard matches the saber well and the old painted decorations really add to the overall eye appeal of the saber.

While it is impossible to know the exact date of manufacture and the exact period of use of this sword, it is almost certainly c1800 and most likely pre-War of 1812. The number of stars in the etched panels and the overall pattern are typical of earlier, rather than later Federal Era officer’s swords, which tend to be more heavily embellished. This sword, with its relatively short 29 ½” blade was almost certainly an infantry officer’s or artillery officer’s saber and the iron scabbard suggest use while mounted. This is a very attractive sword with a wonderful blade and lovely etching. It would be a wonderful addition to any collection of early American swords. This is a scarce pattern, and I have only seen a handful of these English P-1796 officer type swords etched with American martial motifs. It is a sword you will no doubt be very glad to add to your collection and to display on your wall.$1950.00 SALE PRICE $1700.00

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F117.   CONFEDERATE - CONVERSION MUSKET This is an outstanding example of a Confederate converted musket. The lock, bolster are very unique and not of a Northern design. In fact, when you remove the barrel and the lock you will find the Confederate arsenal assembly marks on several parts on the wood under the lock; on the underside of the barrel; and on three of the internal lock parts.  This was a common practice associated with many Confederate repaired and altered musket.  The ram-rod has a cork screw twist that is often seen in other Confederate muskets.$2300.00 SALE PRICE $1900.00

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F120.  PLYMOUTH RIFLE: This is a Plymouth Rifle produced by Whitney and dated 1864. The rifle is complete with its original rear site, ram-rod, and all factory parts. The metal has an even brown patina and has never been cleaned, and the stock has no issues.  The sling swivels are both present, but the front one is frozen. The lock works in both half & full cock, and the plate is dated 1864, and the US and Whitneyville marks are faint; however, I do not see an eagle stamp and am not sure if one was ever there. The tang on the barrel has the serial number 9989, and there is still good rifling in the bore. This rifle was designed with a rifle lug for either a saber bayonet made by Collins or the Dahlgren Bowie bayonet knife. $1700.00 SALE PRICE $1400.00

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F217.  M1817 COMMON RIFLE, PERCUSSION CONVERSIONThe M1817 common rifle (also known as Deringer M1817 rifle) was a flintlock muzzle-loaded weapon issued due to the Dept. of Ordnance's order of 1814, produced by Henry Deringer and used from the 1820s to 1840s at the American frontier. Unlike the half-octagon barreled Model 1814 common rifle that preceded it, it had a barrel that was round for most of its length. The 36-inch barrel was rifled for .54 caliber bullets. For rifling it had seven grooves. Like the Model 1814, it had a large oval patch-box in the buttstock; however, the buttstock dropped steeper than on the Model 1814. After producing the Model 1814 common rifle through contractors, the military decided to do the same with the Model 1817. The Harper's Ferry Arsenal produced a pattern weapon, which was then taken to gunsmiths to be copied. The rifle was built by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia (13,000 made), Nathan Starr & Co. of Middleton, Conn. (10,200 made), Simeon North of Middleton, Conn. (7,200 made), R. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (5,000 made), R. & J. D. Johnson of Middleton, Conn. (3,000 made). Over time, the rifles became obsolete, but they still saw service during the Civil War; originally flintlocks, most were converted to percussion cap for their firing mechanism. They saw service in the west, as far as California, where there were still Model 1817s in the Bencia, California arsenal in the 1860s.

ThisM1817 Common Rifle is unique. First, the bore was rifle with eight straight groves with no twist. This was done to improve accuracy with Buck & Ball ammunition, not a standard bullet. When I opened the patch-box cover, I saw four hash marks ////, and I found those same marks on the barrels retention screw.  The stock is in average condition showing hard use with normal dings and expected wear for a gun used in combat. The original lock plate is marked US R JOHNSON MIDDLETON, has the percussion conversion, and is functional in both full & haft cock. The patch-box opens and closes with ease, but the rear sling swivels is missing. $1300.00 SALE PRICE $995.00

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